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May 06, 1982 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1982-05-06

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The Michigan Daily

Vol. XCII, No. 2S

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, May 6, 19

New hope
for cease-fire
in Falklands

From AP and UPI reports
In the wake of Argentina's first major
military gains, a cease fire in the
Falkland crisis yesterday seemed a
distant possibility. Reports from later
in the evening, however, rekindled the
possibility of peace in the battle-
scarred islands.
Grim but determined following the
loss of the destroyer HMS Sheffield,
Britain said yesterday afternoon there
would be no cease-fire in the South
Atlantic war until Argentina withdraws
its forces from he Falkland Islands.
ARGENTINA also showed no sign it
was ready to stop the war when it
tightened its belt with a peso
devaluation and picked up military
support from Venezuela.
Late yesterday evening, however,
Argentina boosted hopes for peace talks
by seemingly accepting the terms of a
peace proposal drafted by Peruvian
United Nations Secretary-General
Javier Perez de Cuellar.
'I'm glad to tell you that I have got a
positive reaction from the Argentine

government and I expect - I hope - to
have tomorrow the reaction of the
British government," the secretary
general said.
Perez de Cuellar made the announ-
cement at the United Nations, following
a four-hour closed-door session on the
South Atlantic crisis.
The plan developed by Perez de
Cuellar was submitted to Argentina and
Britain during the weekend. It calls
for an immediate cease-fire and
negotiations to end the conflict, the
withdrawal of Argentine and British
forces from the area, and the creation
of a peacekeeping force on the islands
for an interim period.
BRITISH U.N. Ambassador Sir An-
thony Parsons left the U.N. without
comment.
Officials in London said they were not
able to offer any immediate reaction to
the sudden turnabout in the Falkland
crisis.
The State Department also declined
to comment on the plan.
See ARGENTINA, Page 4

The wait is over
A little girl smiles with anticipation from behind a window in Ann Arbor's
Embassy Hotel as she realizes that spring has finally arrived.

EPA to ease pollution standard

-AM6

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Environ-
mental Protection Agency is planning a
major relaxation in health standards'
for carbon monoxide through changes
in federal regulations, according- to in-
ternal agency documents released
yesterday by three Democratic
congressmen.
They said the change will increase the
average concentration of the air
polutant by 33 percent. Some cities
could show a 50 percent increase, they
said.
THE AMERICAN Lung Association
and the American Heart Association,
joining the congressmen at a news con-
ference at the Capitol, said the changes
outlined will mean- "more pain and
more physical restrictions" for 7.7
million Americans who suffer heart
disease.
Dr. Kevin Cooper, speaking for those
organizations as well as the American
Public Health Association, added that
the EPA proposal could affect the
health of millions more people.

'Any increase in allowable carbon monoxide con-
centration will certainly result in a decline in
human health and possibly human mortality.'
-Dr. Kevin Cooper

"Any increase in allowable carbon
monoxide concentration will certainly
result in a decline in human health and
possibly human mortality," said
Cooper. "The only question is how
much."
EPA SPOKESMAN Byron Nelson
called the charges 'ridiculous" and ac-
cused the legislators of "playing a
numbers game" in an effort to influen-
ce congressional consideration of the
Clean Air Act.
He said the proposal, pending for
more than three years, had not been
submitted to EPA Administrator Anne
Gorsuch. But scientific review has in-
dicated it would not result in unhealthy
levels of carbon monoxide, Nelson said.
Carbon monoxide is an odorless gas

thay comes chiefly from automobile,
exhausts. It displaces oxygen in the
bloodstream,'impairing perception and
thinking and slowing reflexes. In suf-
ficient concentrations, it can cause
drowsiness or death.
FOR PEOPLE with heart disease, it
can cause physical pain from angina by
preventing oxygen from reaching the
heart muscle. It can also affect the
development of the fetus in pregnant
women.
The internal EPA documents - a
draft copy of proposed final regulations
and an "action memorandum" to Gor-
such urging their adoption - were
released by Reps. Timothy Wirth (D-
Colo.) Toby Moffedtt (D-Conn.) and
Ron Wyden (D-Ore.).

The congressmen said the proposed
change sounds deceptively harmless.
It would not change the base health
standard for carbon monoxide from the
current allowable 9 parts per million.
But it would allow the standard to be
exceeded five times each year rather
than only once, as is allowed in current
regulations.
IN THE FINE print of the proposed
regulation is a scientific study that con-
cludes, however, that the change is the
equivalent of boosting the health stan-
dard to 12 parts per millin, a 33 percent
increase.
"In short, we are saying to the states:
BRhave as if your air is cleaner by
ignoring the five worst days of air
pollution," Wyden said. "That's like
the NCAA allowing coaches to toss out
the five worst grades of each player in
calculating whether they meet
scholastic eligibility rules."
With the change, he said, the number
of cities failing to meet air pollution
ceilings for carbon monoxide by the end
of this year would drop from 110 to 39.

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