The Michigan Daily-Friday, May 21, 1982-Page 11
COMPANY TOWN PROVIDES WORK SECURITY
Toyota City: Life in the
TOYOTA CITY, Japan (AP) - Once
known for its silkworm farms, Toyota
City, Japan's automotive captial, is a"
model of how large Japanese industries
wrap their workers in a cocoon of job
and life security.
The paternal hand of Toyota Motor
Co., Japan's largest automaker,
reaches throughout this company town
of 290,000, in facilities ranging from a
free hospital to mountain resorts and
CHEAP HOUSING, a high school, a
food -cooperative and a large sports
center are also available to the families
of the 52,000 workers who work at eight
Toyota plants in this city in central
Like most Japanese companies with
ample funds, Toyota is committed to
keeping its "family" content as part of
the lifetime employment system where
(Continued from Page 1)
should get into the reasons why they
were made," Noah said, citing a num-
ber of previous court cases where the
right of peremptory challenge was
upheld by courts, including the
Supreme Court of the United States.
IN RESPONSE to the implied claim
that he has been selectively excluding
black jurors, Noah said, "The
prosecutor's office has never, to my
knowledge, made a peremptory
challenge because someone was black,
even though the law says we can do so."
Under state law, both attorneys have
the right to exercise their allotted num-
ber of peremptory challenges, and no
reason must be given to support why a
juror is excused. In addition, a judge
has no authority to deny a peremptory
Judge Ross Campbell deferred
swearing-in of the jury until after
Waterman's challenge of array. "On
Monday morning, you should research
and present any reasons why I should
not swear the jury in for the taking of
testimony," Campbell said.
"I HAVE TO determine if there's any
systemic method of excluding
minorities from the jury selection,"
Waterman said after court had been ad-
journed about the task he faces in
challenging the array.
In fact, there has been only one
challenge to array in Washtenaw Coun-
ty, according to jury selection clerk
Virginia Nichols. Nichols said that that
challenge was in 1970 during the case of
John Norman Collins, and to her
knowledge the challenge never went to
the Court of Appeals.
IF WATERMAN'S challenge succeeds,
it will affect not only this case, but
every case that had a jury selected by
the present method. "This would affect
all the cases," both Noah and assistant
prosecutor Brian Mackie said. "The
problem with that is obvious," Noah
Both attorneys stated that any num-
ber of cases already decided could be
appealed if the challenge succeeds.
If the challenge by Waterman fails,
the jury will be sworn in and the trial
will begin at 9 a.m. Monday morning. If
Waterman wins his challenge, the jury
seletion will have to beginagain.
'We regard our large expenditures on employee
welfare as only natural..' _ Yasuo Sasaki,
workers dedicate their working careers
to one company in exchange for job
security. Toyota officials say job tur-
nover on the assembly line is only about
3 percent or 4 percent a year, with
almost all engineers and upper level of-
fice workers staying on until
"We regard our large expenditures
on employee welfare as only natural,"
said . Yasuo Sasaki, a Toyota
MANY LARGE Japanese companies
provide low-cost housing, recreational
facilities and other perks to their em-
ployees, but none on the scale of
"We are not different in basic
philosphy from other big companies,
just more comprehensive because we
have people from all over the country in
this small community," Sasaki said.
Since Kiichiro Toyota founded the
plant here in 1938, one of the biggest
benefits in becoming a Toyota man or
woman is good housing, the most
elusive of material dreams on these
FOR NEW AND single workers,
there is dormitory space for 19,000
people at $6.38 a month. Fifty percent
of food costs is paid by the company, so
workers can eat three meals for around
$4.25 a day.
Young marrieds often live in one of
about 4,500 company apartments.
Comfortable by Japan's pinched stan-
dards, the four-room units rent from $30
to $42.50 a month.
With cheap living, a company savings
plan paying almost twice normal in-
terest rates and average hourly wages
of $9.75, it is easy for workers to save,
Toyota officials say. By their early 30s,
workers are ready to buy a home, and
many choose tracts developed by
"Toyota Home," a company subsidiary
which makes pre-fab units.
There is free medical and dental care
at the 403-bed, 23-doctor Toyota
Hospital, which costs the automaker
about $15 million a year.
One hump or two?
At the Columbus Zoo, Hua Hua the camel provides protection to her three-week-old offspring, the first camel born at the
zoo in 18 years.
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