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May 10, 1980 - Image 7

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1980-05-10

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The Michiganr DaifjSdfurday May 10,71980-Page 7
Carter talks tough
in year's first speech
outside Washington

From AP and UPI
PHILADELPHIA-President Carter,
making his first speech outside
Washington in more than six months,
declared yesterday that detente with
the Soviet Union remains his goal, but
said it must be "built on a firm
foundation of deterrence."
"The Soviets must understand that
they cannot recklessly threaten world
peace-they cannot commit
aggression-and still enjoy the benefits
of cooperation with the West," the
president said.
IN HIS FIRST major foreign policy
speech since his Jan. 23 State of the
Union address, Carte said the Soviet
invasion of Afghanistan "has had a
profound adverse effect on American
public attitudes."
While that statement drew applause,
the president's speech generally
received a polite, but less than
enthusiastic, response from the World
Affairs Council here.
"There can be no business as usual in
the face of aggression," he said.
THE PRESIDENT said a failure to
respond "convincingly" to the Sovit
intervention in' Afghanistan "would
only invite its repetition" elsewhere,
and stated:
"Soviet success there, even at the
high cost in blood and respectability
which Moscow is now paying, could

turn Afghanistan from a roadblock
against aggression into a launching pad
for further incursions," threatening
Pakistan, Iran, and other nations.
"Soviet aggression in
Afghanistan-unless checked-con-
fronts all the world with the most
serious long-term strategic challenge
since the Cold War began," Carter said.
"To underestimate the magnitude of
that challenge would constitute an
historic error-an error with probably
historic consequences."
HIS SPEECH TO the foreign policy
group surveyed the "compass points'
guiding his adminstration's
international policy, which political
challengers say has wavered
Carter chose Philadelphia to open
what aides said will be a season of
travel after six months of relative
isolation in the White House.
He was welcomed to Philadelphia by
Mayor William Green, who has
endorsed Sen. Edward Kennedy for
president. Said Green, "I'm delighted
he's coming. I'm delighted to welcome
Carter promised that in seeking
future peace, "we will stay on the
steady course to which we have been
committed over the last three-and-one-
half years."

PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER looks grim as he delivers his first speech
6utside Washington, D.C. in more than six months. Carter expressed a tough
new stance on foreign policy.
China to test-fly new

PEKING (AP)-China yesterday an-
nounced plans for its first full-flight test
of a rocket that would be capable of
carrying a nuclear warhead to
anywhere in the Soviet Union or to the
U.S. West Coast.
The official Xinhua news agency said
an experimental launch of a "carrier
The operator of the crippled Three Mile
Island nuclear plant can stay in
business and raise customer rates. See
Story, Page 11.
rocket" was planned between May 12
and June 10 from mainland China into a
70-nautical mile radius target area near
the Solomon Islands in the South
will carry out operations in that area.
For the safety of passing vessels and
aircraft, the Chinese government
hereby requests the governments of
other countries concerned to inform
their vessels and aircraft not to enter
that area and the space over it during
the period of the experiment," Xinhua
This is China's first ICBM (inter-con-
tinental ballistic misfile), although the
rocket is believed to be basically the
same as some that have launched
Chinese satellites into orbit.
In London, an expert on Chinese
1missile at the International Institute

not have any nuclear capability in the
test, I would suspect they would put out
an instrumentation ship downrange ...
The CSS-3 was tested first back in
around 1976. People have been expec-
ting a fuller range test since 1977-78 and
now we're having it."
THE ROCKET IS believed to be
China's three-stage, 20-ton CSS-4 China
Surface-to-Surface Experimental
Number 4, with a range of about 6,200
miles. It is believed capable of carrying
a three-megaton nuclear warhead.
Japan's Kyodo News service said
China appeared to be developing
missiles to cope with Soviet missiles
reportedly deployed along the China-
Soviet border.
Xinhua did not give the exact rocket.
launch site but it was expected to be at
test ranges in far northwest Sinkiang
FROM THERE, THE rocket could
travel about 2,000 miles over Chinese
land and 4,200 miles over the Pacific
Ocean to the target area, Xinhua gave
coordinates for the center of the target
area as 7 degrees south latitude and 171
degrees 33 minutes east longitude.

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