in teirmots an
CHICAGO (AP) - Cigarette and
cigar smokers who switch to chewing
tobacco or snuff in the hopes of avoiding
lung cancer may instead be risking
jdangerous sores in their mouths and
Cthroats, a doctor says.
Indeed, snuff and chewing tobacco
may prove even more dangerous than
cigarette smoking to the delicate
linings ofthemouth and esophagus, ac-
crigtD.Alan Blum, a family,
physician specializing in community
BLUM'S WARNING was printed in
the July 11 issue of the Journal of the
American Medical Association as a
response to a question from a journal
In the same issue, a major article
discussed so-called "smokeless tobac-
co" products and their possible
usefulness in weaning nicotine addicts
from cigarette habits.
Some researchers believe a nicotine
gum, manufactured in Sweden, may
help smokers break the habit. The ar-
ticle said previous research showed the
gum increases the nicotine levels in the
blood near to those produced by
cigarettes, thereby satisfying some of
the craving for cigarettes.
But the gum "reputedly tastes
somewhat vile" and is known to
produce such side effects as hiccups,
nausea, dizziness, and a burning sen-
sation at the back of the throat, the ar-
'disease, tohabrassion and whte pat-
ches on the throat which can become
cancerous. He also said chewing tobac-
co can lead to cancer of the mouth,
throat, and digestive tract.
(Continued fronm Page 12)
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LANSING (UPI)-Michigan's deepening recession is
creating a growing army of unemployed workers with
alcohol and drug problems, straining treatment programs
already hard hit by budget cutbacks, officials said yesterday.
Admissions to substance abuse centers are up 16 per cent
over last year, with 88,000 eXpected to seek help in 1980 com-
pared with 76,000 in 1979, according to Dick Calkins of the
state Officeof Substance Abuse Services.
A GROWING PERCENTAGE of those new clients are
recently laid-off workers, Calkins said, and some centers in
economically ravaged southeast Michigan have been forced
to institute waiting lists for the first time in years.
While most of the unemployed clients are grappling with
alcoholism, a higher than average number are involved with
The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, July 9, 1980-Page 13
heroin, he said, predicting the situation will get worse before
it gets better.
"What we're going to start to see is a lot of people using
alcohol as a way of dealing with the stress of having a middle
class lifestyle" threatenedby unemployment, Calkins said.
EARLIER THIS YEAR, with unemployment soaring over
the double digit level, the percentage of unemployed workers
among drug treatment patients rose to 30 per cent from an
average of 25 per cent in 1979, Calkins said.
Because alcohol and drug problems often don't crop up
until some time after a worker is laid off, he said, the
problem should grow in severity next year.
Calkins said the unemployed worker's twin problems of
boredom and anxiety over their family's economic security
are key contributing factors in the rise of drug abuse.
Student Newspaper at The University of Michigan
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