The lvichigan Daily
Vol. XC, No. 23-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, June 10, 1980 Ten Cents Sixteen Pages
ANGRY MIAMI CROWD HURLS BOTTLES, ROCKS
Carter's limo stoned
From AP and UPI
MIAMI - An angry crowd hurled
bottles and rocks at President Carter's
limousine last night as he left a meeting
with community leaders in the riot-
scarred Liberty City area of Miami.
The president was not injured, and
said later that he was unaware of the
violence. However, one beer bottle
struck the rear of his car and windows
were broken in another vehicle as the
presidential motorcade sped from the
THE ONLY reported injury was to a
photographer, who, struck by a bottle,
was thrown against a car. The crowd
dispersed after the president left.
In Washington earlier, congressional
black leaders warned Carter there is a
"Mount St. Helens ready to explode in
any urban community," and said he
fails to understand the depth of feeling
of jobless American blacks.
They said they will talk to the
president again in about two weeks to
see if he has made enough changes in
his policy to earn their support in the
REP. CARDISS Collins (D-Ill.), who
spoke for the caucus, repeatedly ac-
cused Carter of "misunderstanding
what we're trying to say" during a 90-
minute meeting with the Congressional
"We have come away with a feeling
of real disappointment," Collins said.
According to a secret service agent in
Liberty City who was driving the car
immediately in front of Carter's, "A
bunch of people across the street star-
ted throwing a lot of rocks and bottles at
us. It all started coming our way."
CARTER HAD gone to the ravaged
area to address black leaders, local
politicians, and business leaders.
Discussing the violence of last month,
Carter said, "I will meet you at least
half way in carrying out our program
for a better life here in Liberty City if
you will meet me the other half way."
Minutes later he walked outside to his
limousine and waved to the crowd of
about 400 persons waiting behind police
barricades. Many had been booing
loudly and responded to Carter's wave
with even louder insults. Some began
lobbing bottles and rocks.
CARTER DUCKED into his car and it
sped off, as planned, for Miami Inter-
national Airport. There, asked if he
knew of theincident, he said "no."
Although Carter's car was not
delayed at the scene of the violence,
those behind him were as scores broke
through the barricades and ran into the
Earlier, a presidential aide said
Carter had gone to Florida in part to
explain that he felt he could not, under
law, declare Liberty City a major
disaster area, which would have made
it eligible for .federal aid and low-
THE AIDE, Jack Watson, said
federal law limits such declarations to
natural disasters and does not cover
The area bears the scars of three
days of killing, burning, and looting
that began May 17 after a Tampa jury
acquitted four former policemen
charged in the beating death of black
insurance executive Arthur McDuffie.
Sixteen people died in the violence.
Carter, arriving at the Liberty City
meeting, had been greeted by signs
reading "Remember McDuffie" and
"Tax the rich, rebuild black Miami."
EARLIER IN THE day, in Miami
Beach, Carter pledged that a balanced
budget will not be achieved "by im-
posing sacrifices on the poor," and said
he is sorry those most hurt by the
Miami rioting "are those who already
have the least."
See MIAMI, Page 2
A really big pledger
The two-acre "Great American Flag," with only two of its fifty stars exposed, arrives at the Lincoln Memorial
grounds yesterday. The seven-ton flag'was constructed in Evansville, Indiana and will be unrolled on Flag Day,
From UPI and AP
ALGIERS, Algeria-Iraq's compromise proposal
that OPEC members unify oil prices at $32 per barrel
yesterday was dismissed by Iran as "too low" and
apparently rejected by Saudi Arabia as too high.
As expected, price unification was the central topic
as the oil ministers from the 13 members of the
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
opened their 57th biannual strategy meeting in
IRAQ TOOK THE initiative by proposing a com-
promise that it said was supported by the majority of
OPEC members. But Iran and Saudi Arabia quickly
killed the proposal, for opposite reasons.
The Iraqi proposal would have unified oil prices,
which currently range from between a low of $28 per
barrel for Saudi crude to $38.21 per barrel charged by
Algeria, by setting a fixed, across-the-board price of
$32 per barrel.
But Iranian Oil Minister Ali Akbar Moinfar, one of
the most radical "hawks" within OPEC, said a $32
marker for OPEC crude was "too low," and
suggested $35 might be more acceptable to him.
"WE WILL NOT COME down in price for the sake
of price unity," said Moinfar. "We don't have a
unified price for what we buy, so why should we have
a unified price for what we sell."
Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Sheik Ahmed Zaki
Yamani told reporters he was "very pessimistic" the
latest price-unifying effort would succeed. And Moin-
far said he was "sure" there would be no agreement.
Yamani had indicated earlier that Saudi Arabia
was not prepared to.increase the cost of its crude by
as much as $4 per barrel as it would have to do under
the terms of the Iraqi proposal.
See SAUDI, Page 6