The Michigan Daily-Thursday, May 8, 1980-Page 15
Proposals to shift MX missile
off U.S. coast heard by Senate
WASHINGTON (AP) - Proposals to
shift the controversial MX mobile
missile system to submarines or sur-
face ships off the U.S. coast were
presented to a Senate subcommittee
Witnesses, including high-ranking
retired military officers and scientists
specializing in defense issues, told the
Senate Appropriations subcommittee
on military construction that plans to
deploy the MX in the western deserts
carry serious flaws.
"IT'S IMPOSSIBLE to target a
mobile force at sea on schedule," said
retired Adm. Thomas Moorer, a former
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
"The ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic
missiles) that are fixed in the middle of
the country can be targeted 10 years in
Moorer and his colleagues followed a
day of testimony by Pentagon officials,
who argued that the land-based MX
design is virtually complete and should
be approved by Congress.
As envisioned by the Pentagon, the
MX system would put 200 missiles on
mobile launchers and shuttle them
among 4,600 hardened shelters, most
likely in the desert valleys of Utah and
BY SHUTTLING real and simulated
missiles among the shelters, the Pen-
Carter stays at home
during Tito ' funeral
(Continued from Page 14) aligned course in world affairs.
assure you flat the relations of frien- U.S. Ambassador Lawrence S.
dship and mutual understanding, which Eagleburger told reporters, "No one,
Tito helped build between our two coun- no Yugoslav, has indicated the least
tries, will be sustained and unhappiness to me" over Carter's
strengthened in the future." decision.
Mondale's words of support may help American officials privately defen-
sooth any ruffled feelings caused by ded Carter's decision to send Mondale,
Carter's absence from the funeral. Car- saying Mondale had visited Yugoslavia
ter, French President Valery Giscard in 1977 and had helped American-
d'Estaing and Cuban President Fidel Yugoslav relations move toward what
Castro were the only prominent world Washington considers their best level
leaders to stay at home. since World War II.
Other leaders who will attend Thur- Mondale met for an hour with
sday's state funeral include Chinese Yugoslav officials and assured them
Premier Hua Guofeng, Britain's Prime the United States would "be of help if
Minister Margaret Thatcher, West we are asked," American sources said.
German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, Mondale, Treasury S:e cretary G.
Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira of William Miller, and New York Federal
Japan and Prime Minister Indira Gan- Reserve Bank President Anthony
dhi of India. Solomon met with a Yugoslav group
All of the Soviet Union's Eastern headed by Lazar Kolqsevski, successor
European Communist allies also sent to Tito as president of the country's
their top leaders in a show of respects collective Presidency.
for the Communist leader who suc- Belgrade airport had the busiest day
cessfully resisted Moscow's domination in its history, with aircraft landing
and charted Yugoslavia on a non- every 15 to 30 minates.
tagon says, Soviet spy satellites could
not tell where the real missiles are,
making it virtually impossible to
destroy them ina Soviet attack.
But the Senate subcommittee was
told yesterday that, while it's true
present U.S. missile forces are
becoming vulnerable to Soviet missiles,
the MX is not necessarily the answer.
The MX could be targeted just as the
present Minuteman fleet, the panel was
Moorer and others said a sea-based
system would be better, most likely in
small, quiet submarines carrying two
to four missiles each that would stay
relatively close to the U.S. coastline.
"THE ONLY significant difference
from the MX missiles on land will be
that the mini-submarine missiles can-
not be located and are thus not
targetable, so their potential
vulnerability is much less," said Her-
bert Scoville Jr., president of the Arms
"Diversity in strategic forces will be
maintained even though two legs of the
new triad will be at sea," he said.
"There is nothing sacred about a triad
which requires one leg to be on land,
one at sea and one in the air."
And Dr. Sidney Drell of Stanford
University, a consultant to the National
Security Council, said fears that such a
system could be vulnerable to artificial
"tidal waves" created by Soviet
nuclear blasts in the water are groun-
dless. He said that is a hazard only in
waters less than 400 feet deep, while the
subs would be based in deeper water.
Another military expert, retired
Navy Capt. John E. Draim, argued for
an even simpler system - floating
missiles that could be fired while bob-
bing vertically in the ocean.
He said such missiles, not requiring
elaborate launch vehicles, could even
use freighters for transport and be
dropped in the water, ready for launch,
during military alerts.
Retired Army Lt. Gen. Daniel
Graham, a former director of the
Defense Intelligence Agency, said the
new U.S. defense effort should concei-
trate on putting heat-seeking anti-
ballistic missiles in orbit, where they
can destroy Soviet missiles before they
ever reach U.S. airspace.
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