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December 09, 2014 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2014-12-09

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2 - Tuesday, December 9, 2014

The Michigan Daily --- michigandaily.cam

2 . usa, Deebr9,04TeM.ianDiy-mciadiyo

(he r,04,at DAM
420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1327
Editor in Chief Business Manager
734-418-41u3 eat. 1251 734-418-4118 eat. 1241
pjshahin@michigandailycom dangaolo@michiandailycom

Prof. finds passion in Peace Corps

Mike McGovern is aprofessor of
political anthropology at the Uni-
versity, with afocus on West Afri-
ca. Before coming to the University
in 2011, McGovern taught anthro-
pology at Yale University for six
years. For the past 25 years he has
been living back and forth between
the United States and Guinea. He
has also served as the West Africa
project director of the Internation-
al Crisis Group, a Brussels-based
organization that specializes in
analyzing the causes of armed
conflict. He received a Ph.D. from
Emory University in 2004.
How did youbecome interested
in your fieldof study?
I was a Peace Corps volunteer

in Guinea between 1989 and 1991.
I was a math teacher there, and
I really didn't know anything
about the place when I went. It's
a francophone country in West
Africa, and I spoke some French
and had done calculus in col-
lege. I grew to love the country
and ended up going back sev-
eral years later to do my Ph.D.
What project are you
I'm currently working on a
book called "A Socialist Peace."
It's about why wars don't break
out in some places. Because the
Ebola epidemic began about 20
miles from where I have lived

on and off for the past 25 years,
I've been doing a lot of stuff on
Ebola for the past four months.
I'm putting what I already know
from years of research on the
history and the culture of that
What project are you most
proud of?
I really very much enjoyed
doing my last book, which is
called "Unmasking the State."
It's about an attempt to eradicate
masks and other kinds of wooden
figurines from a part of Guinea
where I work and what that was
all about.

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Lady Darla, a therapy dog, helps students de-stress
at the Shapiro Undergraduate Library on Monday.



On a day full of activities,
Dr. Marc Lamont Hill
will deliver the keynote
memorial lecture. Other
activities include a youth
program and a discussion
about different roles in
social justice.
Edwards Bros.
Last February, the Universi-
ty bought property on South
State Street from Edwards
Brothers Malloy. The com-
pany is movingout in a few
weeks, paving the way for

De-stress on
the Diag
WHAT: Hot chocolate,
tea and coffee will be
served to help students
relax before exams.
WHO: Center for Campus
Involvement, Maize Pages
Student Organizations
WHEN: Today from
noon to 2 p.m.
WHERE: The Diag

Nick Lowe "William Tell
holiday concert performance

WHAT: Singer-songwriter
Nick Lowe will perform
Christmas songs from his
album Quality Street as
part of his "Quality Holiday
WHEN: Today at 8 p.m.
WHO: Michigan Union
Ticket Office
WHERE: The Ark

Baroque Saxophone
performance studio recital

WHAT: More than 200
members of the Teatro
Regio Torino Orchestra
and Chorus will perform
music from Rossini's opera
"William Tell."
WHO: University Musical
WHEN: Today at 7:30 p.m.
WHERE: Hill Auditorium
Gulf Women
WHAT: Wayne State Prof.
May Seikaly will discuss the
achievements of women in
the Arabian Gulf.
WHO: Osher Lifelong
WHEN: Today from 10 a.m.
to 11:30 a.m.
WHERE: Rave Cinema
" Pleasereport anyerror
in the Daily to correc-

Prince William met with
President Barack Obama
at the White House dur-
ing a brief visit to the United
States, The Washington Post
reported Monday. They were
overheard discussing Prince
William's excitement about
the birth of his son, George.
The Wolverines aren't
the only football team
in Ann Arbor. The team
at Concordia College plays,
too, but they do so without
scholarships, expensive
facilities or sleep.
Egyptian police
arrested 25 men
on suspicion of
homosexual activity during
a raid on a Cairo bath house,
the AP reported Monday.
Eight men were sentenced to
prison for celebrating a same-
sex wedding last month.

Katie Burke Managing Editor kgburke@michigandaiy.com
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and Jack Turman
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Thoichigsa" Daly (S50745-7)i'pu'l'"he'd'Mo"day th'o"hFidydr'"sgthfll adwinterterosby
studens at the University ofMichigan. one copy is avalabefree of arge toiloaders. Additionacopies may
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be spreaidT eMchigan Daily is a member of The Assoited Press and TheAssocated Collegiate Press.


WHAT: Joseph Gascho
and Aaron Berofsky
will direct a chamber
orchestra performance
of baroque style pieces
by composers including
Bach, Charpentier, Pur-
cell and Vivaldi.
WHO: School of Music,
Theatre & Dance
WHEN: Today at 8 p.m.
WHERE: Moore Build-
ing - Britton Recital Hall

WHAT: Students of Saxo-
phone Prof. Tim McAllister
will perform classical and
contemporary works as well
as a few holiday songs in a
saxophone studio recital.
Kathryn Goodson will play
WHO: School of Music,
Theatre & Dance
WHEN: Today at 8p.m.
WHERE: Walgreen Drama
Center - Stamps Auditorium

U.S. has reduced carbon emissions,

University planetarium aims *

but pollution still rising globally to bring stars in full focus

Gasoline and diesel
exports contribute
to overall global
warming trend
(AP) - Heat-trapping pollution
released into the atmosphere
from rising exports of U.S. gaso-
line and diesel dwarfs the cuts
made from fuel efficiency stan-
dards and other efforts to reduce
global warming in the United
States, according to a new Asso-
ciated Press investigation.
Under President Barack
Obama, the U.S. has reduced
more carbon pollution from
energy than any other nation,
about 475 million tons between
2008 and 2013, according to U.S.
Energy Department data. Less
than one-fifth of that amount
came from burning less gasoline
and diesel fuel.

fuel than ever to other parts
of the world, where efforts to
address resulting "pollution are
just gettingunderway, if advanc-
ing at all. U.S. exports of gaso-
line and diesel released roughly
1 billion tons of carbon pollution
into the atmosphere elsewhere
during the same period, accord-
ing to AP's analysis.
This fossil fuel trade has
helped President Barack Obama
meet political goals to curb car-
bon dioxide at home, by taking it
off America's pollution balance
sheet. But that does not neces-
sarily help the planet.
Despite efforts by the U.S.
and others, pollution linked to
global warming is still rising
In Panama, imports of diesel
and gasoline from the U.S. have
nearly quadrupled since 2008.
Panama is the largest recipi-
ent of diesel fuel dirtier and
more carbon-laden than would
be allowed in the U.S., in part

Yet the U.S. is sending more because the fuel is used in cars

and trucks that do not have the
same efficiency standards and,
are not regularly inspected and
maintained, the AP's investiga-
tion found.
Panama's requirement that
drivers test emissions, including
for carbon dioxide, are almost
completely ignored.
"It's a false image," said Onel
Masardule of the Indigenous
People's Biocultural Climate
Change Assessment Initiative,
a Peru-based environmental
group. "In reality, the U.S is still
Obama has overseen a domes-
tic boom in oil and natural gas
production and ordered the big-
gest increases in fuel economy
in history.
That's helped the U.S. reduce
oil imports, create jobs, boost
exports and shrink the trade
But for global warming, fuel
exports mean that, at the very
least, the administration is
making a smaller dent than it
"This is their hidden success
story that they would like to
keep hidden," said Kevin Book,
a Washington-based energy
analyst and a member of the
National Petroleum Council, a
federal advisory group in the
"It has done a lot to improve
our balance of trade standing,
but it is not the most climate-
friendly way to do it. There is no
way to avoid that there is a big-
ger emissions impact when you
have more to combust," Book
There is no clear accounting
of what America's growthdas a
fossil-fuel powerhouse is doing
to the global-warming picture.
U.S. projects that increase ener-
gy exports could be considered,
such as huge terminals planned
for the West Coast to send more
coal abroad for power plants.
Trade agreements could factor
in the implications of energy
trade on global warming. But
no trade pactsnegotiated by the
White House mention it.

Natural History
museum offers talks
every Saturday,
Sunday all year
For theDaily
Every weekend, dozens of
people head inside to observe
the night sky. Q
The University of Michigan
Museum of Natural History
offers the program "Star Talk:
The Sky Tonight" year-round
on Saturdays and Sundays.
Small groups attend each pro-
gram, which runs about 45
minutes long and takes place
in the museum's 36-seat plan-
Though each presenter's
content is different, audience
members can expect to see
constellations visible from
Earth, view other planets in
our solar system and leave the
Milky Way to observe celes-
tial bodies far outside our gal-
axy, even those on the edge of
the universe. The planetarium
enables simulated observation
of the night sky based on actual
astronomical data, without the
impacts of light pollution or
adverse weather conditions.
Audience members usu-
ally include the general public,
K-12 students on field trips,

as well as University students
who may find themselves in
the planetarium as part of an
astronomy course.
Planetarium manager Matt
Linke said many people come
to a star talk during the sum-
mer to become familiarized
with constellations and to be
able to identify them on camp-
ing trips.
"We focus on those objects,
those patterns, that are most
dominant over the season,"
Linke said. "What we decide to
do with content really is based
on what do we think people
want to see when they go out-
Each star talk is delivered
unscripted, and each presenter
interacts with the audience in
a different way. All presenters
are University students, most
of whom study astronomy,
physics or a closely related sci-
ence. .
"There is no one star talk,"
Linke said. "I give them the
opportunity to design the star
talk the way it makes sense for
them to present it. If you go to
three different shows, you'll
get three different star talks."
For example, LSA senior
Alyssa Keimach, one of the
planetarium's operators,
included close-up observation
of the International Space Sta-
tion and the Mars rover in her
presentation, as well as further
observation of several galaxy

clusters. She outlined the cri-
teria for classifying planets
and discussed the discovery of
cosmic background radiation,
mentioning that the Milky Way
will collide with the Androme-
da Galaxy in four billion years.
"I believe in probability,"
Keimach said. There is prob-
ably some other form of life
out there. It doesn't have to be
Keimach also explained to
audience members that light
from distant stars can take
billions of light years to reach
Earth. Certain stars in distant
galaxies could have implod-
ed millions of years ago and
ceased to exist, but scientists
may never know.
"When we view deep space
stuff, we're also actually look-
ing back in time," she said.
During her star talks, Kei-
mach sometimes encourages
audience members to sign up
for a NASA program that alerts
participants whenever the
International Space Station is
observable from their city.
Star talks are offered Satur-
days at 11:30 a.m.,1:30 p.m. and
3:30 p.m., and Sundays at 1:30
p.m. and 3:30 p.m. Additional
seasonal programs include
"Season of Light" and "Extra-
solar Planets - Discovering
New Worlds."
Admission to the museum
is free, and planetarium pro-
grams charge $5 per person.


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