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February 20, 2014 - Image 6

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6A - Thursday, February 20, 2014

The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

6A - Thursday, February 20, 2014 The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom

UK court backs detention
of ournalist's partner

Accused man
possessed files
stolen by Snowden
LONDON (AP) - Britain's
High Court on Wednesday
endorsed the decision by police
to hold journalist Glenn Green-
wald's partner at a London air-
port on terrorism grounds last
summer. The ruling sent chills
through free expression advo-
cates and media groups.
The panel of three judges said
London's Metropolitan Police
officers acted properly when
they invoked Britain's Terror-
ism Act to stop David Miranda
at Heathrow Airport on Aug. 18,
seizing encrypted devices and
questioning him for nearly nine
hours. Writing on the panel's
behalf, Lord Justice John Laws
said that the devices contained
a large number of files stolen by
former National Security Agen-
cy contractor Edward Snowden,
including nearly 60,000 "highly
classified UK intelligence docu-
ments."
The detention "was a propor-

tionate measure in the circum-
stances," Laws said. He said the
objective - finding out whether
there was anything in the files
which might be a boon to terror-
ists - "was not only legitimate,
but very pressing."
Both sides acknowledge that
Miranda was carrying intel-
ligence documents at the time
when he was detained on his way
from Germany back to Brazil.
But defenders of the 28-year-old
student argue that the docu-
ments amounted to raw mate-
rial for Greenwald's reporting
on the National Security Agency,
which has rattled the intelli-
gence establishment and sparked
a broad-based movement to rein
in or at least reform the agency's
domestic surveillance programs.
The government, they say,
wasn't trying to determine
whether there was anything
in Miranda's files which could
somehow help terrorists. Rath-
er, it arbitrarily tarred him as a
terror suspect in order to seize
his files and intimidate his col-
leagues.
The use of terror legislation in
this case has drawn widespread

criticism.
Rosie Brighouse, a legal offi-
cer with London-based Liberty,
said the law had been used in a
"blatantly abusive way," while
Paris-based Reporters Without
Borders demoted the U.K. three
ranks in its World Press Freedom
Index following the incident.
Others accused the govern-
ment of trying to put investiga-
tive reporters in the same bag as
nihilistic killers.
"It is only in the U.K. where
our journalism is considered not
just criminal but 'terrorism,"'
Greenwald said Wednesday in a
statement carried by The Inter-
cept, his new media venture.
Some legal commentators said
that was taking things too far.
"It's pushing the judgment to
say that it equates journalism to
terrorism," said Carl Gardner, a
former government lawyer and
legal blogger.
David Lowe, a former coun-
terterrorism officer who
teaches law at Liverpool John
Moores University, said the
quantity and the sensitivity of
Miranda's material made him
an exception.

EFREM LUK A T SY/AP
An anti-government protester, center, throw a Molotov cocktail during clashes with riot police in Kiev's Independence
Square, the epicenter of the country's current unrest, Kiev, Ukraine, Wednesday.
Ukraine leader names new
army chief after protests

Ex-soldier who killed Iraqi
family hangs himself in prison

Three other former
soldiers are serving
sentences in
military prison
LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) - A
medical examiner said Wednesday
that a former soldier hanged him-
self at a federal prison where he was
servinglifesentencesforrapingand
killing a teenage Iraqi girl and using
ashotgunto slayher family.
PimaCountyAriz.,DeputyChief
Medical Exniner Dr. Eric Peters
said an autopsy completed Tuesday
concluded that 28-year-old Steven
Dale Green's cause of death was
suicide by hanging. Prison officials
foundhiminhis cell Saturday at the
federalpenitentiaryin Tucson.

Green, of Midland, Texas, was a
private in the 101st Airborne Divi-
sion based at Fort Campbell on
the Kentucky-Tennessee state line
whenhe deployed to Iraq.
Green and three other soldiers
went to the home of an Iraqi fam-
ily in Mahmoudiya, near a traffic
checkpoint in March 2006. At the
home, Green shot and killed three
members of the al-Janabi family
before becoming the third soldier
to rape 14-year-old Abeer Qassim
al-Janabi before killing her. He was
convicted and sentenced in2009.
Three other soldiers - Jesse
Spielman, Paul Cortez and James
Barker - are serving lengthy sen-
tences in the military prison at Fort
Leavenworth, Kan., for their roles
in the attack. Each is eligible for
parole in2015.
Green was the first American

soldier charged and convicted
under the Military Extraterritorial
Jurisdiction Act. Signed in 2000,
that law gives the federal govern-
ment jurisdiction to pursue crimi-
nal cases against U.S. citizens and
soldiers for acts committed in for-
eign lands.
Green was discharged from the
military in May 2006 after being
found to have a personality disor-
der.
In multiple interviews from
prison with The Associated Press,
Green frequently expressed regret
at taking part in the attack and
frustration that he was tried and
convicted in the civilian system,
which does not afford inmates
parole, while the others involved
went through the military jus-
tice system and have a chance to
be released from prison.

~, - VI-

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Riots reflect division
between nation's
various constituencies
KIEV, Ukraine (AP) -
Ukraine's protest leaders and the
president they aim to oust called
a truce Wednesday, just hours
after the military raised fears of
a widespread crackdown with a
vow to defeat "terrorists" respon-
sible for seizing weapons and
burning down buildings.
The two sides agreed to negoti-
ate in an effort to end the violence
that left at least 26 people dead
and more than 400 injured on
Tuesday. Protesters say the casu-
alty toll is substantially higher.
The intense clashes between
police and protesters led Presi-
dent Viktor Yanukovych to
declare that the military would
take part in a "national anti-
terrorist operation." The param-
eters weren't specified, but the
military's involvement and Yanu-
kovych's appointment of a new
military chief of staff fueled new
worries.
As protective fires blazed
around the tent camp in Kiev
for a second night and protesters
defending it showed no signs of
yielding, Yanukovych met with
top opposition leaders. A state-
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ment on his website said they had
agreed on a truce and negotia-
tions.
Vitali Klitschko, a leader of the
protests that have sought to keep
Ukraine open to Europe and out
of a close alliance with Russia,
said Yanukovych assured them
that police would not storm the
protesters'encampmentonKiev's
Independence Square, according
to the Interfax news agency.
The brief statement on the
president's website did not give
details of what terms a truce
would entail or how it would be
implemented. Nor did it specify
how the negotiations would be
conducted or give an indication
of how they would be different
from previous meetings of the
president and the opposition
leaders.
Perhaps crucially, there was no
immediate indication of whether
radical elements among the pro-
testers would observe the truce
or be mollified by the prospect of
negotiations.
Although the initial weeks
of protests were determinedly
peaceful, radicals helped drive an
outburst of clashes with police in
January in which at least three
people died. And the day of vio-
lence on Tuesday - the worst
in nearly three months of anti-
government protests that have
paralyzed Kiev - may have radi-
calized many more.
The two sides are locked in
a battle over the identity of this
nation of 46 million, whose loyal-
ties are divided between Russia
and the West. The protests began
in late November after Yanu-
kovych turned away from a long-
anticipated deal for closer ties
with the European Union.
After Yanukovych shelved the
agreement with the EU, Russia
announced a $15 billion bailout
for Ukraine, whose economy is in
tatters.
Political and, diplomatic
maneuvering has continued, with
both Moscow and the West eager
to gain influence over this former
Soviet republic. Three EU for-
eign ministers - from Germany,
France and Poland - were head-
ing to Kiev on Thursday to speak
with both sides before an emer-
gency EU meeting in Brussels to
consider sanctions against those
responsible for the recent vio-
lence in Ukraine.
President Barack Obama
also stepped in to condemn the
violence, warning Wednesday
"there will be consequences" for
Ukraine if it continues. The U.S.
has raised the prospect of joining
with the EU to impose sanctions
against Ukraine.
On a visit to Mexico, Obama
said the Ukrainian military
should not step into a situation
that civilians should resolve
and added that the U.S. holds
Ukraine's government primar-
ily responsible for dealing with
peaceful protesters appropriately.
Russia's Foreign Ministry, in
turn, described the violence as
an attempted coup and even used
the phrase "brown revolution,"
an allusion to the Nazi rise to
power in Germany in 1933. The
ministry said Russia would use
"all our influence to restore peace
and calm."
In Kiev, Ukraine's top secu-

rity agency accused protesters
Wednesday of seizing hundreds
of firearms from its offices and
announced a nationwide anti-ter-
rorist operation to restore order.
Demonstrators, meanwhile,

forced their way into the main
post office on Kiev's Indepen-
dence Square, also known as the
Maidan, after a nearby building
they had previously occupied
was burned down in fierce, fiery
clashes late Tuesday with riot
police. Thousands of activists
armed with fire bombs and rocks
had defended the square, a key
symbol of the protests.
"The revolution has turned
into a war with the authorities,"
Vasyl Oleksenko, a retired geolo-
gist from central Ukraine, said
Wednesday. "We must fight this
bloody, criminal leadership. We
must fight for our country, our
Ukraine!"
Before the truce was
announced the bad blood was
running so high it has fueled
fears the nation could be sliding
toward a messy breakup. While
most people in the country's
western regions resent Yanu-
kovych, he enjoys strong support
in the mostly Russian-speaking
eastern and southern regions,
where many want strong ties
with Russia.
Neither side had appeared
willing to compromise, with the
opposition insisting on Yanu-
kovych's resignation and an early
election and the president appar-
ently prepared to fight until the
end..
Opposition lawmaker Oleh
Lyashko warned that Yanu-
kovych himself was in danger.
"Yanukovych, you will end like
(Moammar) Gadhafi," Lyashko
told thousands of angry protest-
ers. "Either you, a parasite, will
stop killing people or this fate
will await you. Remember this,
dictator!"
Before the truce announce-
ment, Yanukovych had blamed
the protesters for the violence
and said the opposition leaders
had "crossed a line when they
called people to arms."
"I again call on the leaders
of the opposition ... to draw a
boundary between themselves
and radical forces, which are
provoking bloodshed and clashes
with the security services," the
president said in a statement. "If
they don't want to leave - they
should acknowledge that they are
supporting radicals."
He called for a day of mourn-
ing Thursday for the dead.
In Moscow, the Kremlin said it
put the next disbursement of its
bailout on hold amid uncertainty
over Ukraine's future and what it
described as a "coup attempt."
French Foreign Minister Lau-
rent Fabius told reporters that
he and his counterparts from
Germany and Poland would meet
both sides in Ukraine ahead of
the EU meeting on possible sanc-
tions. He said he hoped the two
sides "will find a way for dia-
logue."
Possible sanctions include
travel bans and asset freezes,
which could hit hard the pow-
erful oligarchs who back Yanu-
kovych.
Ordinary Ukrainians, mean-
while, are struggling amid a
stagnating economy and soar-
ing corruption. They have been
especially angered to see that
Yanukovych's close friends and
family have risen to top govern-
ment posts and amassed fortunes

since he came to power in 2010.
Yanukovych's dentist son, Olek-
sander, has become a financial
and construction magnate worth
$187 million, according to Forbes
Ukraine.

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