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October 23, 2013 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Wednesday, October 23, 2013 - 3A

The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom Wednesday, October 23, 2013 - 3A

TRAVERSE CITY, Mich.
Bomb damages
Sleeping Bear
Dunes outhouse
A bomb explosion severely
damaged an outdoor toilet at
Sleeping, Bear Dunes National
Lakeshore in northwestern Mich-
igan but caused no injuries, offi-
cials said Tuesday.
The device apparently deto-
nated around 4:30 a.m. Sunday,
Leelanau County Sheriff Mike
Borkovich said. His office received
a call from a man who heard the
boom and said it shook his house.
Deputies searched the area but
found nothing suspicious.
Later that day, someone report-
ed damage to the outhouse, locat-
ed at the School Lake boat launch
in Cleveland Townshipabout 2
miles from where the initial caller
lives.
Technicians with the FBI
and the Michigan State Police
determined that a bomb had
been placed in or next to the out-
house, Borkovich said. He said he
couldn't provide any details about
the device.
DETROIT
Review shines
light on Detroit
streetlamp troubles
A review of two Detroit neigh-
borhoods reveals that nearly half
of the streetlights don't work.
The Public Lighting Author-
ity of Detroit said Tuesday that
about 2,200 of more than 4,900
streetlights in the block-by-block
review are out.
The review is the first phase
of two pilot projects and will be
used to design new street light-
ing for both areas. Installation
of new lights is expected to start
next month.
Fewer than half of Detroit's
88,000 streetlights are believed
to work, resulting in complaints
from residents and business
owners. Entire blocks are left in
the dark at night because over-
head lights are blown or busted,
or because the wiring has been
ripped out of ground-level trans-
former boxes by thieves.
OAKLAND, Calif.
SF transit agency,,
unions reach deal
to end strike
The San Francisco Bay Area's
main commuter train system
and its unions reached a tenta-
tive agreement on a new contract
Monday night, ending a crippling
four-day strike.
Union officials announced the
deal, which still requires approv-
al from union members, then
from the Bay Area Rapid Transit's
board of directors.
BART spokeswoman Alicia
Trost said limited service would
begin Tuesday at 4 a.m. on all
lines. BART officials hoped trains
would be running at full strength
in time for the afternoon com-
mute.
BART is the nation's fifth-larg-

est rail system, with an average
weekday ridership of 400,000.
STOCKHOLM
Norway freezes aid
to South Korean
climate group
The Norwegian government
said Tuesday it has frozen its
donations to a South Korea-based
environmental organization after
reports emerged thatits chairman
spent huge sums on flights and
food.
TheGlobal GreenGrowthInsti-
tute, which advises developing
nations on low carbon growth pol-
icies, came under fire in Denmark
last week after it was revealed its
Danish chairman, Lars Lokke
Rasmussen, spent more than
$180,000 on first class flights and
. food during 15 trips. Lokke Ras-
mussen heads Denmark's liberal
party Venstre and served as the
country's prime minister in 2009-
2011.
GGGI's finances have previ-
ously been criticized in an audit in
South Korea.
-Compiled from
Daily wire reports

LAMA
From Page 1A
He added that Buddhism
as a spiritual practice leaned
towards a scientific approach.
"The Dalai Lama has said
if there are any beliefs in
Buddhism which turn out to be
contradicted by what scientists
are finding, then Buddhism
is going to have to change its
beliefs so it's consistent with
science," Meyer said
The Mind and Life Institute
chooses a topic each year
for its week-long dialogues.
Addiction, the topic this year,
is a key question in Buddhism
and science alike. Buddhism
posits craving as the root of all
suffering. An overabundance
of craving can develop into
addiction, which concerns
psychologists like Berridge.
"Addiction is basically just
a kind of chronic craving
GRATZ
From Page 1A
scale to evaluate applicants,
and 100 points were needed to
guarantee admission. While a
perfect ACT or SAT score was
12 points, a 20-point bonus was
given to applicants who identi-
fied as African-American, His-
panic or Native American.
In her remarks, Gratz sug-
gested that University's defini-
tion of diversity is too limited to
race.
"If the director of diversity was
here right now, he or she couldn't
tell you how many cello play-
ers there were," Gratz said. "She
couldn't tell you how many red-
heads there were. But she damn.
well could tell you how many
Blacks,how many Hispanics, how
many Native Americans there are.
Thatrightthereiswhattheymean
whenthey say diversity."
Though it's often alleged and
the Court has opined that the
policies benefit the entire cam-
pus by increasing the perspec-
tives available, Gratz finds them

over which somebody who is
addicted doesn't have control,"
Meyer said. "Regardless of
whatever you're addicted to,
you're goingto have veryintense
cravings and it's impossible to
completely satisfy that craving.
As a result of being unsatisfied,
you suffer."
Berridge's role at the
dialogue is to explain the
scientific background of
addiction. It is impossible to
discuss solutions to addiction
without understanding how an
addict's brain functions.
"I think that my perspective
might help them to understand
the essence of craving and
the essence of good and bad
cravings," Berridge said. "I'm
there to describe the problem
better and help them come up
with a better solution."
Berridge's research shows
that there are two sections
of the brain behind cravings:
wanting and liking. A person,
unjust and against the constitu-
tional value of equality.
"It argued that I should, for
the good of society, accept dis-
crimination," she said. "We
should be working toward the
promise of the 1964 Civil Rights
Act. We should be judging peo-
ple based on their character and
their merits, not based on their
skin color or their sex."
Gratz v. Bollinger was heard
by the Supreme Court in 2003,
where it was found unconsti-
tutional to have a point system
based on one's race. However,
on the same day, a decision was
made for Grutter v. Bollinger,
which questioned the legal-
ity of affirmative action admis-
sions policies at the University
Law School. Law School poli-
cies were found constitutional
because it employed a holistic
rather than formulaic approach
to admissions.
"On the day where I had this
great personal victory, I liter-
ally felt the weight of an entire
movement on my shoulders,"
she said. "It was a lonely battle."
Liana Mulholland, a Detroit

wanting an ice cream cone
because they like ice cream
would likely have both areas
of their brain activated.
Addicts, conversely, may have
the "liking" sections of their
brains turned off, but their
active "wanting" sections can
impel them to seek substances
that they know are harmful
and that they do not like.
These conferences improve
the public well-being in the
long run, Meyer said. The
Mind and Life Institute uses
the information discussed in
these meetings to decide what
research to fund.
Meyer said he valued the
opportunity to meet the Dalai
Lama in 2009, whom he noted
had both profound humility
and keen intelligence.
"You would never start
off expecting that some day
you might wind up having a
personal conversation with
someone like the Dalai Lama."
resident and University alum,
attended the talk because she is
an organizer for By Any Means
Necessary, a national organiza-
tion with membership on cam-
pus that fights for affirmative
action, equality and immigra-
tion rights.
"This is something I've been
fighting for since I was 13," she
said. "As someone who grew up
in Detroit and went to public
schools in the city and the sub-
urbs, I reallygot to see that there
are real separate and unequal,
conditions in our society."
LSA sophomore Cody Chip-
man, YAL co-president, said
they had Gratz speak because
she represents views of the
organization.
"We try to have a mix
between intellectual discussion
as well as activism and hostipg
speakers like Jennifer," he said.
Gratz said her movement is
far from over.
"Our government needs to
say we judge people based on
content of character not color of
skin," Gratz said. "That's what I
fight for."

MARQUEE
From Page 1A'
at Crisler Center or Michigan Sta-
dium," he said.
Though Taylor noted he is
aware of the University's "appro-
priate" autonomy from the city,
he still hopes they will at least
understand the issue at hand.
"In my view, complying with
this request does not undermine
their autonomy and would be a
neighborly act," Taylor said.
Councilmember Sabra Bri-
ere (D-Ward 1) echoed Taylor's
concerns for the safety of resi-
dents who may be distracted by
the board while driving but said
she disagrees with Taylor in the
hours the board should be turned
off.
"It's most distracting at the
times when there's the most traf-
fic in the area, both pedestrian
KIRK
From Page 1A
himself to urban planning and
filmmaking. His documentary,
"Insights into a Lively Down-
town," uses the city of Ann Arbor
as a model to highlight the essen-
tial features of downtown city
planning.
Shortly after moving to Ann
Arbor, Westphal sought to get
more involved in local affairs.
He was soon appointed to the
city's planning commission,
which he now chairs, as well
as the environmental commis-
sion.
Westphal cites his experi-
ence with these groups, as well
as his business background, as
distinguishing characteristics
qualifying him for city coun-
cil.
"I'm grounded in data and
lessons from successful cities,"
Westphal said. "I bring a perspec-
tive based on what has worked
elsewhere."
Westphal added that he'd
like to see more University
involvement in local affairs.
He applauded the efforts of his
CARTS
From Page 1A
the enterprise will be a temporary
project because their lease ends in
April.
Perlman said he expects
there to be three to six carts,
including The Beet Box and
Cheese Dreams, both of which
he co-owned and were oper-
ated at Mark's Carts for two
seasons. Some of the expected
carts would like to set up in
January, Perlman said, adding
that he hopes it will have "a ton
of variety by the time it ends in
April."
The outdoor space will be reno-
vated by a project design team. He
said the space will have the nec-
essary room and electricityto run
the operation as well as a tempo-
rary structure to help combat bad
weather.
Perlman said he chose the loca-

and vehicular, and that's just
before games," Briere said. "Some
members of council were think-
ing in terms of 'allowing it to be
lit just before games. I don't have
a strong view of how distracting
it is on a regular basis, but I can
tell you when I've driven by it, it's
distracting."
Jim Kosteva, the University's
director of community relations,
said in a statement that while the
University respects the council
members' opinions, it maintains
that the sign doesn't pose a safety
threat.
"This may simply be a matter
of the city and University dis-
agreeing about the marquee's
use, size and effect," Kosteva said
in the statement. "We believe
the marquee can safely inform
patrons about events that they
or their families might enjoy that
wouldn't receive attention other-
wise."
opponent, Conrad Brown, for
running as a current University
student.
"Local activism used to be
cool," Westphal said. "I've seen
photos and read articles about
protests on South U during par-
ticularly divisive national issues;
I'd love to see that come back
because a majority of our city
is somehow affiliated with our
University, so to be missing that
voice is, I think, to all our detri-
ment."
Westphal considers the Down-
town Development Authority and
the city's zoning policies as rela-
tively successful, but thinks they
require evaluation and tweaking
over time.
Westphal said the greatest
difference between his plat-
form and that of Jane Lumm,
an independent who currently
represents Ward 2 on the coun-
cil, is a focus on long-term
goals.
"I never had aspired to politi-
cal office, I just think it was time
for me," Westphal said. "I felt
like I wasn't getting great rep-
resentation. I would hate to see
Ann Arbor enter an era of missed
opportunities."
tion because of its close proxim-
ity to the Diag and its spot in an
area where students frequently
eat, but more options would be
welcome.
Sumi Bhojani, who co-owns
and operates the Hut-K cart in
Mark's Carts, will relocate to the
Hub once Mark's Carts closes for
the season in October or Novem-
-ber. She said she's excited for the
new location and thinks the space
will offer different food options
than Mark's Carts.
The Beet Box cart will have
the same menu, Perlman said, but
will serve "linners," which are hot
meals served between lunch and
dinner, starting at around 4:30
p.m.
Perlman said the food will be
prepared quickly and packaged to
go as Eat The Hub will be making
deliveries as well.
Eat The Hub will be open late
in the night, closing at 3 a.m. on
busy nights.

Amnesty criticizes U.S.
drone program in Pakistan

Laborers, elderly
woman indicated
as victims of U.S.
missile fire
ISLAMABAD (AP) -
Amnesty International called
on the U.S. to investigate
reports of civilians killed and
wounded by CIA drone strikes
in Pakistan in a report released
Tuesday that provided new
details about the alleged vic-
tims of the attacks, including
a 68-year-old grandmother hit
while farming with her grand-
children.
Mamana Bibi's grandchil-
dren told the London-based
rights group that she was
killed by missile fire on Oct.
24, 2012, as she was collect-
ing vegetables in a family field
in the North Waziristan tribal
area, a major militant sanctu-
ary near the Afghan border.
Three of Bibi's grandchildren
were wounded in the strike, as
were several others who were
nearby, the victims said.
The U.S. considers its drone
program to be a key weapon
against insurgentgroups that it
says stages cross-border forays
into neighboring Afghanistan.
But the belief, widespread in
Pakistan, that the strikes kill
large numbers of civilians
sparks resentment and compli-
cates the two countries' ability
to coordinate efforts against
militants based in the country,
including al-Qaida.
An even deadlier incident
noted by the report - titled
"'Will I be next?' U.S. drone
strikes in Pakistan"- occurred
in North Waziristan on July 6,
2012. Witnesses said a volley
of missiles hit a tent where a
group of men had gathered for
an evening meal after work,
and then a second struck those
who cameto help the wounded,
one of a number of attacks that
have hit rescuers, the rights
group said.
Witnesses and relatives said
that total of 18 male laborers

with no linksto militant groups
died, according to Amnesty.
Pakistani intelligence officials
at the time identified the dead
as suspected militants.
The U.S. did not respond
to request for comment on
the strike. President Barack
Obama said during a speech
in May that the U.S. does not
conduct a drone strike unless
there is "near-certainty that
no civilians will be killed or
injured." But Amnesty said
the U.S. is so secretive about
the program that there is no
way to tell what steps it takes
to prevent civilian casualties.
They say it has "failed to com-
mit to conduct investigations"
into alleged deaths that have
already occurred.
Several different organiza-
tions have tried to track the
number of civilian casualties
from nearly ten years of drone
strikes in Pakistan, including
the Long War Journal web-
site, the New America Foun-
dation think tank and the
Bureau of Investigative jour-
nalism. These groups indicated
that the attacks have killed
between 2,065 and 3,613 peo-
ple, the report said. Between
153 and 926 were thought to be
civilians.
Amnesty said it is concerned
that the attacks outlined in the
report and others may have
resulted in unlawful killings
that constitute extrajudicial
executions or war crimes, even
though the U.S. insists the
strikes are legal.
"We cannot find any justifi-
cation for these killings. There
are genuine threats to the USA
and its allies in the region, and
drone strikes may be lawful
in some circumstances," said
Mustafa Qadri, Amnesty Inter-
national's Pakistan researcher.
"But it is hard to believe that a
group of laborers, or an elder-
ly woman surrounded by her
grandchildren, were endanger-
ing anyone at all, let alone pos-
ing an imminent threat to the
United States."
Amnesty called on the U.S.
to comply. with its obliga-

tions under international law
by investigating the killings
documented in the report and
providing victims with "full
reparation."
The U.S. carried out its
first drone strike in Pakistan
in 2004 and has carried out
nearly 350 more since then, the
majority of which have been in
North Waziristan. President
Barack Obama significantly
ramped up attacks when he
took office in 2009, and the
number peaked the following
year with over 100 strikes. The
frequency has steadily dropped
since then, partly because of
growingtension between Paki-
stan and the U.S. There have
only been around two dozen
strikes so far this year.
Pakistani officials regularly
denounce the attacks in public
as a violation of the country's
sovereignty, but senior mem-
bers of the government and
the military are known to have
supported the strikes in the
past.
"Amnesty International
is also extremely concerned
about the failure of the Paki-
stani authorities to protect
and enforce the rights of vic-
tims of drone strikes," said the
report. "Pakistan has a duty to
independently and impartially
investigate all drone strikes in
the country and ensure access
to justice and reparation for
victims of violations."
Amnesty said victims they
interviewed with no appar-
ent connection to militant
groups have either received no
compensation or inadequate
assistance from the Pakistani
government.
The top political official in
North Waziristan gave Bibi's
family around $100 to cover
medical expenses for the chil-
dren injured in the strike,
even though the total cost to
the family, including loss of
livestock and repairs to their
home, was around $9,500, the
rights group said. None of the
victims in the attack on the
laborers received compensa-
tion, Amnesty said.

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