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The Michigan Daily - michigandaiiy.com

Friday, October 11 2013 - 3

The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom Friday, October 11, 2013 - 3

DETROIT
Ex-Mayor Kwame
Kilpatrick gets 28
years in jail
A former Detroit mayor was
sent to federal prison for.nearly
three decades Thursday, after
offering little remorse for the
widespread corruption under his
watch but acknowledging he let
down the troubled city during a
critical period before it landed in
bankruptcy.
Prosecutors argued that
Kwame Kilpatrick's "corrupt
administration exacerbated the
crisis" that Detroit now finds
itself in. A judge agreed with
the government's recommenda-
tion that 28 years in prison was
appropriate for rigging con-
tracts, taking bribes and putting
his own price on public business.
It is one of the toughest penal-
ties doled out for public corrup-
tion in recent U.S. history and
seals a dramatic fall for Kilpat-
rick, who was elected mayor in
2001 at age 31 and is the son of
a former senior member of Con-
gress.
WHEELING, W. Va.
Ex-police officer
warns people
before shooting
The ex-police officer who
opened fire on a federal court-
house in West Virginia was a
trained shooter who knew how
to kill, yet federal officials said
Thursday that he waved people
away moments before he started
spraying bullets into the glass
facade and was later shot dead by
law enforcement.
Neither the FBI nor federal
prosecutors would discuss the
motive for 55-year-old Thomas
J. Piccard's assault. But two pos-
sible theories emerged as inves-
tigators gathered evidence and
neighbors revealed that Piccard
had recently told them he was
dying of canter.
U.S. Attorney William Ihlen-
feld said the building being the
target and other evidence he
wouldn't specify indicates Pic-
card "had an anti-government
bias."
TEHRAN, Iran
Rebels kill Iranian
Revolutionary
Guards
An Iranian semi-official news
agency is reporting an armed
group has killed five members of
the elite Revolutionary Guards
in a Kurdish area near the Iraqi
border.
The Thursday report by Fars
quotes an unnamed official as
saying two other members of
the Guards were wounded in the
midday clash with "counterrevo-
lutionary armed guerrillas" near
the Kurdish town of Baneh, some
305 miles (488 km) west of Teh-
ran.

The report did not name any
group but the area is scene of
occasional clashes between gov-
ernment forces and rebels.
ATHENS, Greece
Google executive
t disagrees with
complaints
Eric Schmidt, Google's execu-
tive chairman, said Thursday
that he respects but disagrees
with complaints about his com-
pany's privacy policies made by
data protection authorities in six
European countries.
Schmidt said the Internet
search and ad giant has "very
broadly communicated" its poli-
cies to authorities in the coun-
tries where the complaints have
been made.
Data watchdogs in France,
Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain
and the Netherlands have said
Google needs to provide addi-
tional guarantees to comply with
national privacy protection rules
in each of those countries.
Schmidt made his comments
in Athens while attending a
technology event there, and after
meeting with Greek Prime Min-
ister Antonis Samaras.
-Compiled from
Daily wire reports

PROP
From Page 1
2, she gave a dramatic speech on
the Diag promising to maintain
diversity at the University.
"Make no mistake: We will
find the route that continues our
commitment to a richly diverse
student body," Coleman said in
2006.
When commentingFisher v.
University of Texas last year,
Coleman rejected the argument
that affirmative action was no
longer necessary and said she
couldn't foresee a day when such
programs were no longer neces-
sary.
Immediately after the vote,
a number of pro-affirmative-
action groups filed suit against
the state and its public higher
education institutions in order to
nullify the law, claiming itviolat-
ed the U.S. Constitution. In addi-
tion, another suit was filed by a
group of University students and
professors with similar allega-
tions as the first challenge to the
law. State Attorney General Bill
Schuette, a Republican, joined
the cases as a defendant.
In 2011, Judge David Law-
son of the federal district court
for the Eastern District of
Michigan granted Schuette's
motion for summary judgment,
which had the effect of uphold-
ing Michigan's constitutional
amendment and banning affir-
mative action. The coalition and
university plaintiffs appealed to
the Sixth Circuit Court, which
struck down the amendment,
agreeing that it violated the
Constitution and federal statu-
tory law. The sixth circuit then
reviewed the case again with
the full number of judges serv-
ing on the court and agreed with

the earlier decision striking
down Michigan's constitutional
amendment.
Last year, the U.S. Supreme
Court agreed to hear arguments
on the case. The court issued a
notice Thursday that the oral
arguments would take place
Tuesday regardless of the gov-
ernment shutdown, which has
paralyzed most of Washington
D.C.
Law Prof. Richard Friedman,
an expert on U.S. Supreme Court
history, said the plaintiffs will
likely make the argument that
this amendment is a type of polit-
ical restructuring that disadvan-
tages minority citizens.
Friedman said the arguments
will likely mirror the string
of Supreme Court cases that
dealt with violations of the 14th
Amendment. Freedman cited
the 1969 Supreme Court case
Hunter v. Erickson in which the
City of Akron, Ohio could not
amend their city charter to allow
housing ordinances with racial,
religious or ancestral discrimi-
nation.
Friedman added that the
plaintiffs will argue that the
case is similar to a Seattle case
from 1982,Washington v. Seattle
School District No. 1, in which
the state attempted to amend its
constitution banning busing for
purposes of racial desegregation
but allowed children to be bused
from district to district for other
purposes. Justice Harry Black-
mun held in the majority opinion
that it was a type of restructuring
and violated the equal protection
granted in the 14th Amendment.
"That is the best case that the
plaintiffs have" said Friedman,
He indicated the similarities that
both Schutte and the Seattle case
involved a state-wide decision
impacting something that might
be done in favor of minorities.

Both states attempted to amend
their constitutions to say, "No,
we aren't going to do it," Freed-
man explained.
However, Friedman said
today's bench will probably be
less inclined to follow previous
courts' decisions. He noted that
the court's decision on the Seat-
tle case functioned as a larger
statement on discrimination,
something he said today's court
is unlikely to do.
"It is a very different atmo-
sphere today from 1969 and
1982," Friedman said. "So, you
look at busing back then. Some
courts were ordering busing in
some circumstances- it was
nevertheless a remedy that was
being used to counter segre-
gation. So when people voted
against it, it had a strong racially
tinged feeling. It was going a lit-
tle bit against the judicial tide."
Friedman said based on evi-
dence of the current .court's
history with affirmative action -
the law school case only won by
a 5-4 vote, and in the case earlier
this year, Fisher v. University of
Texas, the Court tightened up
where affirmative action was
going to be allowed - he sus-
pects the court will hold that
Michigan voters can ban affir-
mative action without violating
the federal constitution.
"It is very hard here for a state
to get past the Supreme Court
saying we want to do affirma-
tive action" Friedman said, " so
when a state says we don't want
the university to do affirmative
action, I think the court is much
more likely to be receptive to
that.,"
"Here, affirmative action itself
is hanging by a thread. When
people say no I don't want it, I
think some of the justices are
going to say of course the people
can saythat."

BIZ,
From Page 1
cial resources and connections
he wouldn't have had otherwise.
Engineering lecturer Moses
Lee is the founder of another
SPARK stage-two company,
Seelio, which helps students
create a portfolio of their work
before graduating. Lee and his
co-founders are all University
alumni.
Seelio currently has 11
employees and is growing
quickly, but Lee said SPARK

has helped the company expand
across the country.
"It allows us to focus in on
operating our company and get-
ting success and building the
business and not having to worry
about space - having to worry
about the internet and coffee or
things along those lines," Lee
said.
He added that SPARK is one
of the many business incubators
in Ann Arbot that are helping
foster growth for the large num-
ber of startups in the area. He
said Seelio will likely move into
its own office within the nextsix
to l2 months.

BAR
From Page 1
bill is about consumer protec-
tion.
Knezek said the only opposi-
tion he has received is from res-
taurant owners concerned that
they may have to purchase all
new glassware to abide by the
new law, should it pass.
Several Ann Arbor-area bars,
including Good Time Charley's,
the Brown Jug Restaurant and
The Blue Leprechaun, said they
already use 16-ounce glasses for
their standard drinks and don't
anticipate the possible passage
of this bill having an impact on
their serving habits.
"Some places use 14-ounce
glasses, but, according to. the
industry standard, you're sup-
posed to have about an inch
of head on every glass, which
accounts for about an ounce,"
David Root, general manager of
the Brown Jug,
said. "If this standard was
applied to liquor, though, it
would help create a standard
because everyone pours differ-
ently, so what's one shot at one
place might be closer to two at
another."
He said the Brown Jug would
probably not adopt these policies
because management considers
their establishment a bar and res-
taurant rather than a dance club.
"We're not a club, so people
are coming in to drink but also to
eat," Root said. "Right now peo-
ple start coming in for the night
at about 11:30 (p.m.), so it would
be pretty terrible for the staff if
it didn't start until 1:30 or later."
Root also sees the extended
hours as a potential safety haz-
ard, both with patrons consum-
ing more alcohol and policing
issues.
"By 2 a.m., most people are
pretty maxed out, and, by 3
o'clock, anhour after bars close, a
lot of the police have left the area
and gone back to their normal
shifts, so it definitely might not
be as safe that way," Root said.
"I think that if something like
that was happening over here,
word would get around pretty

fast," he said. "As far as I know,
a pint is 16 ounces so that's what
we use and that's whatI've heard
most people use."
Gradillas said if the legislation
passed today, The Blue Lepre-
chaun would probably pay the
$10,000 fee, but would gauge stu-
dent reaction before implement-
ing them.
"This is such a smaller city
than, say, Chicago, where bars
are always open this late, and
being a college town, students
have classes and other commit-
ments and might not embrace
staying out until 4 a.m. regular-
ly," Gradillas said.
Ben Hammond, assistant
manager at Good Time Char-
ley's, doesn't think his bar
would implement the new policy
because of the logistical diffi-
culty.
"Michigan has always been
a 2 a.m. state, and by that time
people seem pretty worn down,"
Hammond said. "Increasing our
hours would increase the cost
of labor a lot depending on what
the clientelewants,andwe're not
in a position to benefit from it as
much as clubs and casinos in a .
place like Detroit are."
LSA senior Katie Marenghi,
who favors Ashley's and the
South University bars, said she
would definitely be in favor of the
extension of bar hours.
"Some nights I feel like clos-
ing time is a good excuse to go
home, but other nights it's 2 a.m.
and I'm like, 'Where's the after-
party?'" Marenghi said.
'LSA senior Elise Huerta said
the increased bar time wouldn't
make much of an impact on her
tab.
"I don't have time to go to bars
during the school year, so staying
out until four isn't really a possi-
bility for me," she said. "I could
see how some people might think
it's great but if you think about
going to a house party where
you can stay as long as you want,
people generally leave around 2
or 2:30 because that's just when
things naturally end."
Huerta pointed to her experi-
ences in Europe, where it's the
norm for bars to be open much
later, and that Americans begin
nights out earlier.

4

DEBATE
From Page 1
2003, was forced to restruc-
ture its holistic approach to the
applications process so as not to
include race.
Data from the Law School's
admissions department shows
that most minority students
have not been affected by
admissions without acknowl-
edging race. The number of
enrolled Black students, how-
ever, did decrease substantially,
from 25 in 2006 to 14 in 2013.
Sarah Zearfoss, the direc-
tor of admissions for the Law
School, said the admissions
department began to more
actively seek out a more diverse
applicant pool as the depart-
ment could not award points to
an applicant's individual diver-
sity.
"We can use our best efforts
to recruit an applicant pool
and to matriculate the people

who we've admitted, but with-
out being able to take race into
account in the decision-making
process we necessarily have to
admit fewer minorities than
we did when we could employ
affirmative action," Zearfross
said. "We aggressively recruit
and have a number of recruiting
efforts that we make to try and
do our best but ... we have fewer
African-Americans in the class
post-Prop 2."
She added that after the pas-
sage of Proposal 2, the depart-
ment decided they still wanted
to achieve a racially diverse stu-
dent body - though it would not
longer be a part of the applica-
tion review.
"There's no good substitute
for that as a factor in the deci-
sion-making," Zearfross said.
"We can't and we still want to
have a diverse student body so
we do alot to, as we say, create a
diverse applicant pool."
The law school applica-
tion process follows a self-

proclaimed holistic approach,
in which the school considers
all aspects of the applicant,
excluding race. Zearfoss said
that she never knows the race
of an applicant she is reviewing.
Zearfross said that if the
U.S. Supreme Court decides to
overturn the ban on affirmative
action pending in Schuette v.
Coalition to Defend Affirmative
Action, which it will hear next
week, the department would
have to reevaluate what its
admissions process would be.
"If they struck down Prop 2,
then we would be in the same
place as every other private
school in the nation, which
does take race into account - at
least, the elite schools do, and
they have to comply with the
Fisher decision from last term,"
Zearfross said. "We haven't
really had to think about Fisher
because Prop 2 trumps Fisher
for us. If Prop 2 were to be
struck down, we would have to
start all over from scratch."

Four former U.S. officials
meet with Edward Snowden

Former officials
say Snowden has
no regrets about
leaking information
MOSCOW (AP) - Four for-
mer U.S. government officials
who met with former National
Security Agency systems ana-
lyst Edward Snowden said
Thursday that he is adjusting
to life in Russia and express-
es no regrets about leaking
highly classified information.
Separately, Snowden's father
arrived to see his son.
The Americans, who once
worked for the CIA, FBI, Jus-
tice Department and NSA, have
criticized the U.S. govern-
ment and exposed what they
believed was wrongdoing in
the security agencies. All sup-
porters of Snowden, they are
the first Americans known to
have met with him since he
was granted asylum in Russia
in August.
In interviews with The Asso-
ciated Press, they described
spending the previous evening
with Snowden to present him
with an award given annually
by a group of retired national
security officers.
"He spoke about going out
and about and getting to under-

stand Russia and its culture
and the people," said Thomas
Drake, who started working for
the NSA in 2001 and disclosed
an electronic espionage pro-
gram that he saw as invasive.
"This is where he lives now,
and. so where you live is your
home."
Snowden's father, Lon, did
not say when or where he would
meet his 30-year-old son, but
expressed optimism about his
situation.
"You know, I have heard so
many things through the media,
and my assumption is certain-
ly, given the circumstances,
he's doing as well as could be
expected," Lon Snowden told
the AP shortly after he arrived
in Moscow. "He's safe and he's
free, and that's a good thing."
The elder Snowden said he
doubts his son will return to
the United States, where he
is charged with violating the
Espionage Act for disclosing
the NSA's surveillance of phone
and Internet usage around the
world.
The four former U.S. officials
refused to say where they met
with Snowden or where he is
living.
"For his own safety it's best
that no one else knows where
he actually lives," Drake said.
"But I believe he is making the
best of his circumstances and is

living as normally as possible."
Like Snowden, Drake was
indicted under the Espionage
Act, but the felony charges
were dropped before trial and
he was found guilty in 2011 on a
lesser charge and sentenced to
one year of probation and com-
munity service.
Drake and the other Ameri-
cans - Raymond McGovern,
Jesselyn Radack and Coleen
Rowley - said Snowden was in
good spirits and still believes
he did the right thing in dis-
closing the NSA surveillance
program.
All but McGovern are past
recipients of the Sam Adams
Award, named for a CIA ana-
lyst during the Vietnam War
who accused the U.S. mili-
tary of underestimating the
strength of the enemy for
political purposes. The award
is given annually by the Sam
Adams Associates for Integrity
in Intelligence.
The winner of the award in
2010 was WikiLeaks and its
founder, Julian Assange.
McGovern, a 74-year-old
retired CIA officer who had
worked with Adams, said the
anti-secrecy group had facili-
tated its trip to Moscow and
that WikiLeaks staffer Sarah
Harrison, who had arrived
with Snowden from.Hong Kong
in June, remained by his side.

COST
From Page 1
value and opportunities for stu-
dent success after graduation.
The University placed behind
the University of Virginia and
the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, which ranked first
second, respectively. The Uni-
versity's average starting salary
of $51,300 ranked above the two
schools and its average net price
of attendance is calculated as
being $14,074.
Just as at the national level,
the issue of college affordability
sits at the forefront of concerns
for University administrators,
especially during the presiden-
tial search process.
At University President Mary
Sue Coleman's annual leader-
ship breakfast Tuesday, she
reiterated the fundraising goals
of the upcoming development
campaign, Victors for Michigan.
With a $1-billion goal for student
aid, raising money to lower the
cost of attendance is the cam-
paign's main focus.
"We must provide the finan-
cial support to make a Michigan
education possible for more stu-
dents," Coleman said Tuesday.
"These are the campaign goals:

engaged learning, bold ideas and,
most importantly, the number
one-priority is student support. "
University tuition has risen
over the past decade due to
declining state appropriation.
While Coleman has completed
her tenure amid national eco-
nomic, turmoil, . tuition has
raised from $7,484 to $12,948
for in-state residents and $23,198
to $40,198 for non-residents
between 2002 and 2013
"Higher education is the
single most important invest-
ment students can make in their
futures, and U of M is the place
where they can invest, achieve
and not be set back by financial
burdens," Coleman said.
In a September. interview,
University Provost Martha Pol-
lack said affordability is a prima-
ry concern in the coming years.
Although Coleman will leave her
position in July, Pollack said she
hopesthe newpresidentwillcon-
tinue to lead efforts towards cost
containment with the help from
current administrators working
towards keeping the University
as affordable as possible.
"I think we have a good team
in place to keep on pushing, and
I'm very optimistic that the new
president will have support for
where she needs to handle these
challenges," Pollack said.

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