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October 09, 2013 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2013-10-09

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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Wednesday, October 9, 2013 - 3A

The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom Wednesday, October 9, 2013 - 3A

Detroit gets 35
days to develop
plan for lawsuits
A federal judge issued an order
Tuesday giving Detroit officials 35
days to develop and present a plan
to settle lawsuits that were pend-
ing before the city filed for bank-
ruptcy protection.
The order from Judge Steven
Rhodes would allow a lawsuit by
the mother of a slain police offi-
cer to move forward at the end
of the 35-day period unless the
city's plan was approved or a time
extension granted.
Dozens of unsettled lawsuits
against the city automatically
were put on hold July 18 when
Detroit emergency manager
Kevyn Orr filed the bankruptcy
Stocks slide as
stalemate drags on
The stock market is closing at
its lowest level in a month as the
U.S. government enters a second
week of being partially shut down.
Investors fear the budget stale-
mate could prevent Congress from
raising the government's borrow-
ing limit by next week's deadline,
bringing a threat of a debt default
by the U.S.
The Dow Jones industrial aver-
age fell 136 points, or 0.9 percent,
to close at 14,936 Monday.
The Standard & Poor's 500
index fell 14 points, or 0.9 percent,
to 1,676, the lowest in a month.
The' Nasdaq composite fell 37
points, or 1 percent, to 3,770.
Two stocks fell for every one
that rose on the New York Stock
Exchange. Volume was much
lighter than usual at 2.6 billion
Judge hears
estimates of BP oil
spill damages
For weeks after BPs massive
2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico,
people across the globe were cap-
tivated by a live video feed from
underwater cameras that showed
the company's blown-out well
belching plumes of black crude
into the water.
On Monday, more than three
years later, clips from the spill
cam were projected on a screen
in a New Orleans courtroom
while lawyers for BP and the fed-
eral government quarreled over
how much oil gushed out of BP's
Macondo well during the 87-day
crisis. The images helped some of
the scientists calculate how much
oil polluted the Gulf.
Determining how much oil
spilled is a multibillion-dollar
question for U.S. District Judge
Carl Barbier, who is presiding
over the trial involving the deadly

Deepwater Horizon rig explosion
and the nation's worst offshore oil
spill. The judge ultimately could
decide how much more money BP
owes for its role in the disaster.
1,600 ivory pieces
hidden in sesame
Kenyan officials are counting
and weighing more than 1,600
pieces of illegal ivory found hid-
den inside bags of sesame seeds in
freight traveling from Uganda to
Kenya's major port city, Mombasa.
Kenya Wildlife Service offi-
cial Arthur Tuda said Tuesday
that smugglers hid small pieces of
ivory inside hundreds of 90-kilo-
gram (200-pound) bags of seeds.
Tuda said officials have found
1,642 ivory pieces weighingnearly
5 tons in two shipping containers
bound for Turkey.
Tuda said the seized ivory, dis-
covered by officials last week, did
notcome fromrecentkills. He said
no suspects were in custody.
Wildlife officials are alarmed at
the increasing number of African
elephants and rhinos being killed
to feed demand in Asia, particu-
larly China, for ivory and rhino
horn powder.
-Compiled from
Daily wire reports

From Page 1A
"an intellectual passport, not a fis-
cal anchor," she said.
"Investing in Michigan pro-
vides life-long dreams," Coleman
said. "Higher education is the
single most important invest-
ment students can make for their
Coleman and her husband, political
scientist Kenneth Coleman, contrib-
uted to student aid with as $1-million
gift that will provide financialsupport
forstudy-abroad programs.
She will leave the University
only a few months into the new
development drive.
"Campaigns are notthe vision of
the president, but rather the aspi-
rations of the broader University
community," Coleman said. "The
immense planning that has gone
into it is a wonderful gift to the
University's next leader."
Coleman also touched on an
array of accomplishments from the
previous year. When she began her
tenure in 2002, she completed for-
mer University President Lee Bol-
linger's work with the Michigan
Difference campaign.
She also oversaw the comple-
tion of the Life Sciences Institute,
which is celebrating its 10th anni-
versary this year. Throughout
her years as president, Coleman
launched the Residential Life Ini-
tiative, which continues with the
renovation of South Quad Resi-
dence Hall, and approved the ren-
ovations of the student unions and
recreation buildings.
The breakfast was not only the
last for Coleman, but also for var-
ious administrators who plan to
step down from their roles. Ted
Spencer, executive director of
undergraduate admissions, and
Lester Monts, senior vice provost
for academic affairs, will resign
from their respective positions,
serving for more than 25 years
and 20 years, respectively.
Additionally, Constance Cook, the

executive director for the Center for
Research on Learning and Teach-
ing, and Ruth Person, the chancellor
of the University of Michigan-Flint,
willretire from their roles.
Though Coleman's speech
urged the University to push for-
ward, she did not end her final
State of the University address
without lingering in the past.
With the University's 2017
bicentennial, Coleman said the
anniversary serves as an opportu-
nity to redefine the campus. Cole-
man appointed Gary Krenz, who
serves as special counsel to the
president, to work as the co-chair
for programs surrounding the
"The bicentennial compels us to
rediscover this impact, tell it and
celebrate it," Coleman said.
Prompting the audience to visual-
ize the University's vast history early
ees to imagine "a seminal moment"
when a stranger, newly arrived in
Ann Arbor from Detroit, came for-
ward to support the University.
"It's- 1840," Coleman began.
"And what we know was the Diag
was a scrubby pasture. A lone
classroom building faces State
Street ... And now a gift arrives. It
is a German encyclopedia from a
fur trader who has never been to
Ann Arbor. We don't know why he
chose the University, but we know
he believed strongly in educating
the next generation, including his.
own children."
Channeling that distant moment
from the penthouse of a building
she helped bring to reality, Cole-
man allowed a speech on the Uni-
versity's future to dip into its past.
"The University of Michigan
is about legacies, and it is about
futures, about historic encyclope-
dias and talented freshmen," she
said. "We're reflecting on all of
them, on everything that's been
accomplished in using those expe-
riences to move forward on bold
ideas, crazy dreams, and using
them to create the University of

From Page 1A
bus route would be more effec-
tive than expanding SafeRide,
a University service for late-
night transportation between
campus buildings and areas
within a one-mile radius of
While the initial cost of
$30,000 to run the route for the
first semester will be equally
split between IFC and the CSG

executive branch's discretion-
ary budget, running the route
for additional semesters will
rely on the success of the pro-
gram and a permanent stream
of financial support from spon-
The operation of the bus
route during additional days
of the week will depend on the
support of CSG and other spon-
sors, Proppe said. He hopes that
by the time January hits,he will
secure approximately $70,000
to run the route all week.

Because the idea for an off-
campus transportation system
was initially conceived in the
IFC; Dishell said the council
wanted to continue to collabo-
rate with CSG. IFC President
Michael Freedman said the
councilwas optimistic about its
"It all really depends on
the numbers and the results,"
Freedman said. "But we're
pretty positive in thinking that
the crime rates will go down
because of the bus route."

From Page 1A
The John Templeton Founda-
tion was founded in 1987 to fund
research projects that include
focuses on science, character
virtue development and free-
dom and free enterprise.
The foundation's website
states, "Our vision is derived
from the late Sir John Tem-
pleton's optimism about the
possibility of acquiring 'new
spiritual information' and from
his commitment to rigorous
scientific research and related
With the grant, Krause and
his colleagues from across the
country will conduct a survey
of 3,000 people over the age of
18 around the United States.
The teamhas pinpointed a vari-
ety of religious factors to test as
well as biological markers such
as weight, blood pressure and
presence of stress-related hor-
From Page 1A
At a national level, Delta
Gamma has chosen to sup-
port Service for Sight, a char-
ity which raises awareness
about obstacles for the blind
or nearly blind populations
and the resources available to
Lectureship speakers do
not have to relate to the soror-
ity's chosen cause, but Steir
said the chapter and alumni
were excited about Hingson's
connection to activism for"
the blind. Hingson previously
spoke at the Delta Gamma
National Convention in Indi-
Hingson discussed his
own experiences as a dis-
abled person and his foun-

Krause said some of the reli-
gious dimensions the survey
will examine include social
relationships in religious coin-
munities, prayer, forgiveness
and religious coping responses.
"The list goes on and on, and
that's one of the reasons why
we're doing the study, because
the list is so long, it's time to
pare this down a little bit and
see if we can isolate important
components," he said.
Krause initially entered the
research field to study stress and
health among older adults. He
said that as he interviewed his
subjects, religion became a com-
mon factor in dealing with stress
- a fact that is contrasted by
trends of younger generations.
The application for the grant
was a long, tedious process.
Krause said he spent a few
years focusing his research and
finding the right questions to
present to the foundation. The
foundation has two grant-mak-
ing cycles each year, and full
proposals can only be submit-
ted by invitation only.
dation's work advocating for
the blind.
"As a society, we don't toler-
ate differences, we fear them,"
Hingson said. "I look forward
to the day I can walk into a res-
taurant and be handed a menu
in Braille."
In 2011, Hingson estab-
lished Roaceles Dream Foun-
dation, named in honor of the
heroic guide dog. Proceeds
benefit blind people in need
of technological aids, such
as the $5,495 machine that
allows them to take notes in
Members of the Manchester
Lions Club-- a local chapter of
the national service organiza-
tion - traveled from Manches-
ter, Mich. to the event. Lions
member Peggy Allen said she
heard about the event through
the Ann Arbor Lions Club,
and wanted to attend because

According to the founda-
tion's website, grants are aimed
at "contrarians" and "intellec-
tual entrepreneurs" to connect
different fields and address
research questions that have
previously gone unanswered.
With regard to political and
social implications of religious
impacts on health, Krause said
his team is focused on basic ini-
tial research rather than exe-
cuting any institutional change.
"Let's say I go over to the
hospital and try to implement
something that's religiously
oriented; that could certainly
be interpreted as a conflict of
church and state," he said.
Krause said religion may not
always be a positive factor in
relation to health.
"I'm not coming into this
thinking that religion is good
for everybody or that it's the
silver bullet we've all been
waiting for, because what my
research and what other peo-
ple's research has found is that
it can have detrimental effects
on people, as well."
of the Lions' work support-
ing leader-dog programs for
the blind and supplying low-
income or disabled people
with eyeglasses.
Engineering freshman
Nikki Steltenkamp, a mem-
ber of Delta Gamma, said she
heard about the event during
sorority recruitment.
"One of the biggest pieces of
advice my dad gave me before
leaving for school was to go to
everything, no matter what,"
Steltenkamp said. "An event
like this shows that college is
not just about parties or study-
LSA sophomore McKenna
Meyer said she expected the
lecture to center on Higson's
experience during 9/li, but
was pleased to hear about his
daily experience as a blind
individual and the subjectifi-
cation he faces.

Obama nominates
Yellen to head U.S.
monetary pOlicy as
Fed. Reserve head

After Summers
withdrew nom.,
Yellen would become
first chairwoman
dent Barack Obama will nomi-
nate Federal Reserve vice chair
Janet Yellen to succeed Ben
Bernanke as chairman of the
nation's central bank, the White
House said Tuesday. Yellen
would be the first woman to head
the powerful Fed, taking over at
a pivotal time for the economy
and the banking industry.
Both Yellen and Bernanke
are scheduled to appear with
Obama at the White House
on Wednesday for a formal
Bernanke will serve until his
term ends Jan. 31, completing a
remarkable eight-year tenure in
which he helped pull the U.S.
economy out of the worst finan-
cial crisis and recession since the
Under $ernanke's leadership,
the Fed created extraordinary
programs after the financial
crisis erupted in 2008 that are
credited with helping save the
U.S. banking system. The Fed
lent money to banks after credit
markets froze, cut its key short'-
term interest rate to near zero
and bought trillions in bonds
to lower long-term borrowing
Yellen, 67, emerged as the
leading candidate after Law-
rence Summers, a former Trea-
sury secretary whom Obama was
thought to favor, withdrew from
consideration last month in the
face of rising opposition.
A close ally of the chairman,
she has been a key architect of
the Fed's efforts under Bernanke
to keep interest rates near record
lows to support the economy;
and she would likely continue
steering Fed policy in the same
direction as Bernanke.
The White House announce-
ment comes in the midst of a

confrontation between Obama
and congressional Republi-
cans, particularly those in the
House, over the partial govern-
ment shutdown and the looming
breach of the nation's $16.7 tril-
lion borrowing limit. Obama has
been harshly critical of Repub-
licans for demanding either
changes in health care or spend-
ing policies in exchange for pay-
ing for government operations
and raising the debt ceiling.
White House aides, however,
said Obama was not likely to use
Yellen's nomination announce-
ment for partisan remarks on the
shutdown and debt limit. f.
Mark Zandi, chief economist
at Moody's Analytics, said that
the administration probably
decided to go ahead with the
announcement to send a signal of
policy stability to financial mar-
kets, where investors are grow-
ing increasingly nervous over
the partial shutdown and what
they perceive as the much bigger
threat of a default on Treasury
debt if Congress does not raise
the borrowing limit.
"Markets are very unsettled
and they are likely to become
even more unsettled in coming
days," Zandi said.. "Providing
some clarity around who will be
the next Fed chairman should
help at least at the margin."
As vice chair since 2010, Yel-
len has helped manage both the
Fed's traditional tool of short-
term rates and the unconven-
tional programs it launched to
help sustain the economy after
the financial crisis erupted in
2008. These include the Fed's
monthly bond purchases and its
guidance to investors about the
likely direction of rates.
Sen. Tim Johnson, D-S.D.,
who heads the Senate Bank-
ing, Housing and Urban Affairs
Committee, which must approve
Yellen's nomination, said he will
work with the panel's members
to advance her confirmation
"She has a depth of experience
that is second to none, and I have
no doubt she will be an excel-

From Page 1A
Solomon responded by rais-
ing more than $1,130 through
a private donation website -
most coming in from family and
friends of her team.
An additional $600 of
funding was granted by a
Central Student Government
resolution passed late Tues-
day night by a unanimous
vote. The resolution requires
attendees to present a report
to the assemblyonthe confer-
ence and further sustainabil-
ity initiatives the University
can pursue.
Results from the Power-
shift conference can be seen
on several U.S. campuses. The

"Divest and Invest" campaign
- which Solomon helped start
at the University - began just
two years ago after a workshop
hosted by two universities at
Powershift 2011.
According to Michigan's Stu-
dent Sustainability Coalition,
the University has almost $1
billion dollars invested in fossil
fuel industries, which accounts
for 5 percent of total fossil-fuel
investments fromU.S. universi-
In addition to "Divest and
Invest," this year's conference
will focus on environmental
justice, which is a growing part
of the environmental move-
"How our environment is
affecting the people - a lot of
time that is ignored in national

campaigns," Solomon said.
"People don't look at the peo-
ple aspect of 'it and that is so
important to motivate other
The group initially reached
out to churches for lodging, but
many were already booked, and
others unwilling to accommo-
"You don't want a bunch
of college students sleeping
on your floor when you're not
there and you have services to
run Sunday morning," she said.
"It's a big ask."
Solomon said she is opti-
mistic they will find friends
at nearby schools that can
squeeze 10 people on the floor,
and will consider couch-surfing
or camping, if it comes down to

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