The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
From Page 1A
is because the University will not
"It's the same as approved in
prior years, not an administrative
failure on our end, but (the Uni-
versity) won't accept it," Jao said.
Jao added that if the chapter
is not re-instated, other student
organizations could also be at
"Any group that's honest
about their requirements will
be impacted if (the University)
applies it fairly," Jao said. "It will
affect Orthodox Jewish groups
on campus, (the) MuslimAssocia-
Jao said the group does not dis-
criminate, but believes it makes
sense for the leadership council
of the chapter to adhere to tradi-
tional Christian values.
"Every student, regardless of
beliefs, is welcome to attend meet-
ings," he said. "But we believe it
makes sense for a religious group
to select religious leaders."
Sara Chang, a local recruiter
for InterVarsity, said the chapter
has worked with the University
since 2010 to be in compliance
with the University's standards.
"Our plans are that we would
be able to work with the Uni-
versity and have open, honest
discussion about nature of non-
discrimination policy, asking
them that they would revise it to
be as it stands but also give room
for religious groups to choose
religious leaders," Chang said.
According to the InterVaristy
website, . other chapters have
faced similar obstacles. The group
was derecognized after the 2010
U.S. Supreme Court decision,
Christian Legal Society v. Marti-
nez, which allows public institu-
tions to require that on-campus
groups accept all students regard-
less of their "status" or "beliefs."*
"InterVarsity will continue
its ministry at the University of
Michigan Ann Arbor campus
regardless of whether our chap-
ters are officially recognized, but
our desire is to maintain a posi-
tive relationship with the univer-
sity," a statement on the group's
website reads. "We are currently
working with university officials
a to resolve this situation."
From Page 1A
the Hackathon as a whole.
MHacks eclipsed PennApps,
a semi-annual hackathon held at
the University of Pennsylvania, to
become the most well-attended
college hackathon in the nation.
In January, PennApps had over
The initial count for Mhacks:
unclear. But Fontenot's original
count was 521 people. About 20
to 30 people came after that, and
a facilities manager at Palmer
Commons counted about 600
people. In fact, there were so
many attendees that 20 to 30
were temporarily moved to the
UGLi, Fontenot noted.
Still, he said that it was more
than just the sheer number
of hackers that attended that
made the event a success. The
evidence: a huge number of
toothbrushes and toothpaste
From Page 1A
with ink or chemicals, his lab
uses precisely inscribed grooves
to yield an observable color.
"Rather than using these chem-
icals, you could basically emboss
the structure - a very'green' print
Not only would printed prod-
ucts be more environmentally
friendly, they would also not be as
prone to fading that occurs with
current coloring techniques.
"(Current print companies are)
using huge amounts of chemi-
cals," he said. "A press company
is not exactly the greenest place
... In the future, this can all be
done using structural color and it
would be long lasting."
Unlike traditional color, which
is produced when molecules
absorb light, this new process,
called "structural color," is the
result of nanocavities trapping
light at specific wavelengths that
depend on the cavities' depths.
Most importantly, the cavities
themselves have no chemically
imposed color. Their structure
alone allows them to display
color to an observer.
"By making a structure rather
than using these molecules, it's
purely a physical effect," said Guo.
This same phenomenon can
be seen in nature, such as the
colors in the feathers of peacocks
and the wings of some species of
butterflies, Guo said.
By varying the depth of the
cavity, the researchers can create
many different colors. Because
each depthcorrespondsto adiffer-
ent observable color, Guo referred
to this as a selective property."
The cavities are manufactured
through an extremely precise
nano-imprinttechnique in the lab.
cavities) with an ordinary micro-
scope because (the size) is beyond
Guo's lab has been work-
ing on similar technology for
several years. However, previ-
ous attempts have been "angle
dependent," meaning that the
observable color would change
based on the viewing angle. This
new development has almost
completely alleviated this prob-
lem, allowing the image to be
viewed at any angle without
In addition to green printing,
this technology has potential
applications in anti-counterfeit-
ingefforts becauseofthe property
that makes it difficult to replicate.
"These structures are really
provided in the bathrooms,
1,900 cans of donated Red Bull
consumed and a "huge, epic"
snowball fight that took place at
4 a.m. on Sunday.
In total, the budget of the
event was about $57,000, which
was paid for by main sponsors
Facebook, Defense contractor
* Raytheon and the Central Stu-
dent Government along with 22
other sponsors, including -the
University's Center for Entre-
At the final ceremony, 10 teams
out of a total of 123 demonstrated
the apps they developed. Two
btothers, Ali and Ehsan Razfar
from the University of Illinois,
won the grand prize (among oth-
ers) including two trips to Cali-
fornia for hacking competitions
and more than $1,000.
The Razfars' app, Speakeasy,
lets users chat with one anoth-
er in one language and have it
actively translated into another
language - plus it translates
tiny ... and extremely hard to
reproduce," Guo said. "In addi-
tion, you can only see this kind of
structure when the electrical field
is perpendicular to the grating
... That kind of property is much
more difficult to reproduce."
The lab looks forward to
applications in the development
of a colored e-book, similar to
a Kindle, which would have ari
extremely low power usage.
"If you make these sub-pixels
colored - and control them on
and off - you could get a reflec-
tive e-book," Guo said. "If it can
stay on and doesn't consume
much power, that's what the orig-
inal e-book was aiming for. The
stand power could be amonth."
Rackham student Yi-Kuei Wu
has worked extensively with Guo
on the project. Current discus-
sions with industry suggest that
this technology will come to mar-
ket in the near future, he said.
"Traditional LCD is strug-
gling with some of the issues of
(current) color filters," Wu said.
"I worked with Samsung Elec-
tronics to get a lot of practical
ideas ... We are trying to push
this pretty hard with Samsung."
video chats. not somethingthat can be chang-
It was Ali Razfars's sixth or ing the world in any way," Ali
seventh hackathon, he said,. but said. "You really need to spend a
his brother's first. He said the lot of time with smart people to
organizers of MHacks "knew do that."
what a hackathon is." The prospects of fame and.
"This is by far the most cra- fortune that can result from suc-
ziest (hackathon)," Ehsan said. cessful apps don't tempt Ali. The
"That David Fontenot guy is Illinois senior said dropping
frickin' awesome ... even though out of school to pursue develop-
(MHacks) had a lot of sponsors, ing full-time is unthinkable and
he focused on the hackers." unwise for students.
Ehsan said they slept six or "Dropping out of school is the
seven hours - a fair amount for a dumbest idea ever," Ali said. "You
hackathon according to Ali. can build things very quickly in
"(It was) more than other peo- (computer science) and then you
ple, but not enough," Ehsan said. get a taste of it and then you think
Engineering sophomore Andy you can do more, but really you
Modell, who was in charge of need to learn the fundamentals."
maintaining the wireless Inter- The second team that won a
net at the event, said the brothers' tripto California came from the
app "worked flawlessly." University.
Despite the duo's success, Ali Engineering sophomores Joe
said that hackathons are only the Constantakis, Billy Irwin and
start of great ideas - you need Chris O'Neil - with some help
more than 36 hours to change the from LSA sophomore Chris
world. Simon - made the "chaos pad,"
"All these hacks, even ours, is an app that acted like a digital
START-UP 'my community," Motheram said.
"I then went on to think of solu-
From Page 1A tions to that problem, and that's
where I came up with my idea."
neering or computer science LSA freshman Kevin Moses
backgrounds, approximately 40 brought forward a pitch that would
percent of Startup Weekend par- create a virtual platform to join
ticipants had coding experience. entrepreneurs with the "ideas and
"We've got a mix of people the business sense" to people with
here," Salacata said. "We have technical skillsthey may lack.
almost all the undergraduate Moses explained that his busi-
schools represented, and with ness idea was born out of the
them we have graduate students need to find a solution for a per-
and non-student professionals of sonal difficulty he faced when he
the community." tried to build a business.
Canton Middle School stu- "When I was in high school, no
dent Himaja Motheram was one one I knew could program and do
of the community members in all the stuff for me that I needed
attendance. Motheram decided to pursue the idea that I had,"
to try her hand at pitching a busi- Moses said.
ness idea that would allow bud- - Moses added: "We have an
get-constrained high school and MBA on team, two developers
college students to find odd jobs and two freshmen, working on
around their communities. the business model and market
Motheram's pitch involved evaluation. We are really empha-
designing a "virtual billboard" sizing on trying to getdevelopers,
web application where people and they are doing a great job so
who needed help completing far because building a website is
small tasks could interact with the key feature of (our business)."
local youths looking for work. Motheram said that through
"The first thing I started networking during the weekend,
with (when brainstorming was) she was able to collaborate with
thinking of a problem to solve in another participantwith a market-
Monday, February 4, 2013 - SA
whammy bar for electric gui-
tars. Taped to a guitar, users can
swipe their fingers across the
smartphone to produce avariety
of effects for the guitar, includ-
ing tremolo and harmony.
While the app currentlyneeds
a computer to function, the team
said they plan to phase it out
- meaning several hundreds
of dollars worth of equipment
could be replaced by download-
ing an app and buying asspecial
O'Neil said he enjoys the
inherent "deadline" of the
"You don't have the excuse,
:Oh, I can put it off,'" he said.
Irwin added that being in
such close quarters with other
programmers is also benefi-
"It's a really good way to
-Austin Reed and Paula
Friedrich contributed to this report,
ing and business experience who
complemented her codingskills.
"I hope to learn more about
how to work with ateam to actu-
ally create something," Moth-
eram said. "I want to learn how
to manage my time when creat-
ing a business in just three days."
his teammateswere all students with
minimal entrepreneurial experience,
they relied on each other's individual
"I think it's awesome that I can
meet people that have different
skillsets than I do," Moses said.
"Even if our startup does not (win),
I've met four people that I can con-
tinue arelationship with andmaybe
start something else up with.'
At the end of all the network-
ing, planning and developing, the
judges announced the results.
This year'swinner was Gramofon,
a social networking application
that lets users share sounds with
people asthey experience them.
According to Salacata, network-
ing is keyto building a business.
"While not everybody can win
in Startup Weekend, everybody
can get their name out and build
their entrepreneurial network."
Samsung and other companies
stand to make major improve-
ments to their current technol-
ogy through implementation of
physical color, Wu said. Current
color filters account for 30 per-
cent of the cost of device pro-
duction, not to mention a large
portion of the energy usage.
"Samsung wants to get
involved'in every part of the fab-
rication," Wu said. "They want
this technology to betransferred
to their company so they can
make this device themselves."
Rackham student Cheng
Zhangmade major contributions
to the work, particularly toward
fabricating a sample image to
demonstrate the viability of the
technology. This project provid-
ed a unique opportunity to see
the results of a new technology
in daily life, he said.
"We are pushing towards
some real applications," Zhang
said. "(We fabricated), five dif-
ferent colors in a single sample ...
three of them are the basic col-
ors for reflective color filters."
Zhang said this project has
ies can be utilized outside the lab.
"We always talk about aca-
demics ... but how can we really
use it?" Zhang said. "I didn't
reallyseeitin mydailylife. From
this project, I know (the applica-
tions) ... We have the chance to
make something that has never
Cheap Student Tickets.
HALF PRICE STUDENT TICKETS
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aside a limited quantity of half price tickets for students.
Purchase online (ums.org) or at the Michigan League.
Details at: ums.org/students
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