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Friday, February 1, 2013 - 5

The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom Friday, February 1, 2013 - 5

TUITION
From Page 1
Because of its autonomy, the
regenta could even make the
argument that it does not need the
authority of the state of Michigan
to circumvent some of the barri-
ers imposed by the laws. How-
ever, such unilateral action would
likely face public resistance and
draw the University into injunc-
tive lawsuits to reverse the policy.
In an interview last Friday,
University Provost Phil Hanlon
said the difficulty in solving the
issue is caused more by policy
barriers than financial issues.
"Certainly the legal issues are
really the ones that are most com-
plicated and difficult to work out,"
Hanlon said.
California is among 12 states
that have enacted state provi-
sions that allow institutions of
higher education to give benefits
to undocumented individuals.
Enacted in 2001, the California
DREAM act allows public insti-
tutions to grant in-state tuition
to undocumented students who
have graduated from an in-state
high school and arrived to the
United States as minors.
Members of Congress have
proposed similar legislation at the
federal level to no avail.
During the regents' re ent trip
GIFT
From Page 1
sity, and that his company is using
this endowment asa way to fulfill
their responsibility of giving back
to the community.
"I've had a great career - a
great life - and Michigan was a
big contributor to my success and
my life and I thought I'd give back
to the Engineering school," Man-
ganello said. "I'm a proud Michi-
gan graduate."
Manganello wants to help sus-
tain the high level of innovation
and technological output of the
College of Engineering.
"I want (Michigan Engineer-
ing) to continue to be a world
leader in technology ... (and) to
help mankind ... I'm quite confi-
dent that they will continue to be
FEMINISM
From Page A
feminism, which she describes as
"the relationship between differ-
ent countries and political, eco-
nomic and social phenomena and
how we understand them."
"It's meant to provoke people
to think about howwe learn about
the world," Fernandes said. "And
ways that we can think about
viewing the world in ways that
don't produce a nationalistic per-
spective."
Cotera said the event was a
great dialogue between like-

to California, Robert Birgeneau,
chancellor of the University of
California, Berkeley, discussed
with them the circumstances that
allow Berkeley to provide in-state
tuition and Cal Grants - which
provide up to $12,000 in aid - to
undocumented students.
Coleman said Michigan faces
different challenges than Cali-
fornia to support undocumented
students.
"I would love to have the same
circumstances here, but we don't,"
Coleman said. "At the same time,
I want the issue of undocumented
students to be solved."
When California enacted its
version of the DREAM Act in
2001, the UC system was spe-
cifically granted immunity from
civil suits seeking damages by
the state legislature. Despite the
protection, the UC system was
sued for injunctive relief - which
would have reversed the policy
without awarding compensation
- but later won its case before
the California Supreme Court.
The precedent set by the Cali-
fornia court has no standing on
the federal level or in other states.
While Michigan does not have
a similar policy in place, Coleman
said she advocates for state provi-
sions that would ease the Univer-
sity's path towards a resolution of
the tuition equality issue.
"It would be so helpful if we

could change things at the state
level and do it as a comprehen-
sive plan because I feel it's just
an issue this country has stuck its
head in the sand about forever,"
Coleman said. "And it's not right."
Hanlon said that while admin-
istrators are interested in the
issue of tuition equality, it is
important to note that the UC
system is empowered by the state
of California to grant a generous
level of financial aid.
Still, the University's Coali-
tion for Tuition Equality hopes
to make the University a leader in
implementing tuition equality in
the state, according to LSA junior
John D'Adamo, a spokesperson
for CTE.
D'Adamo noted that the Uni-
versity's Mission Statement
includes a commitment to diver-
sity. He believes the University
should resolve the issue of tuition
equality to adhere to that and
other values.
"There is a clear block to diver-
sity, and it is something that we
believe, as an organization, is
wrong," he said. "It's a civil rights
issue. We believe that these stu-
dents who have fought, bled, cried
and lived for the majority of their
lives in Michigan deserve a fight-
ing chance."
D'Adamo said that CTE is also
working with representatives in
the state legislature on the issue,

but declined to disclose who the
group has worked with or the
details of their discussions.
A task force that includes Uni-
versity attorney Donica Varner,
Senior Vice Provost Lester Monts,
LSA senior Luz Meza LSA senior
Yonah Lieberman and Public
Policy senior Kevin Mersol-Barg
- who is a Daily columnist - is
developing a report on tuition
equality to present to the Board,
possibly in February, D'Adamo
said.
D'Adamo said he hopes that
although the report will weigh
the pros and cons of tuition equal-
ity, he hopes it will provoke a
quick discussion among adminis-
trators in support of the cause.
"We have done what we need
to do, and now it's in the hands of
the administration and President
Coleman to make sure tuition
equality happens," D'Adamo said.
"They have the power."
CTE has also met with some
members of the Board of Regents.
D'Adamo said he hopes that new
Democratic Regents Mark Ber-
nstein and Shauna Diggs will
support the issue, which was
highlighted in Bernstein's cam-
paign last year.
D'Adamo said CTE may pres-
ent the report at the Feb. 21 Board
of Regents meeting, and remains
optimistic about having a timely
response from the Board.

ACLU
From Page 1
legislative staff in order to pre-
vent the public and many mem-
bers of the press from entering.
"The case, filed on behalf of
a journalist, citizens, legislators
and unions, charges that gov-
ernment officials, in an unprec-
edented assault on democracy,
deprived the public of their right
to participate in the legislative
process," the group's statement
said.
. The suit asserts that barring
the public from entering the
chamber demonstrated a sus-
picious attempt to pass the bill
without public commentary.
Elmir assailed the lack of legis-
lative accountability during the
legislature's lame-duck session
as well as the law's provisions
that make it immune to a'state-
wide referendum.
An Ingham County circuit
judge ruled in December that
state police were within their
legal rights to lock down the
capitol. However, the judge did
say the constitution requires
that an effort be made to open
the Capitol as much as possible.
Kurt Weiss, a spokesperson
for Gov. Rick Snyder, declined to
comment on the filing of the suit.
"While we are not comment-
ing specifically on this pending
litigation, the governor believes
Michigan is on the right track
and that we will keep moving

forward by working together,"
Weiss said.
State Rep. Jeff Irwin (D-Ann
Arbor) said the actions taken to
prevent people from entering the
Capitol are "unprecedented."
"It raised some serious alarms
with anyone who cares about
democracy, openness and gov-
ernment," Irwin said. "The
strongest claims to the case
revolve around those concerns
... The Capitol has never been
locked down before in my life-
time until just last December."
Irwin added that it would be
difficult for the lawsuit to pass
through the courts because of
the current mix of judges. If
the case reached the Michigan
Supreme Court, it would face a
conservative majority.
"The courts are very rena-
scent, naturally, to get in the leg-
islature's way," Irwin said.
Irwin said the ,issue is too
politically divisive in nature to
be impartially considered by
judges.
"One of the reasons it's going
to be a challenge is this whole
issue is 100-percent political,"
Irwin said. "Even if you get in
there and find some good claims
... that (the actions) are really
anti-democratic and maybe even
illegal, it's going to be hard for
the judges to make that judg-
ment call on whether those
issues are important enough to
overturn the law because it (the
law) serves their interests."

as successful in the future as they
have been in the past," Mangan-
ello said.
Munson said the donation is
crucial to progressing the engi-
neering program, and hopes it
encourages further funding.
"This gift is a landmark for the
College of Engineering," Mun-
son said. "Our, hope is that this
unprecedented display of corpo-
rate, foundation and individual
commitment to a specific engi-
neering discipline will inspire
others in the Michigan engi-
neering community to consider
similar support for other depart-
ments."
Department chair Kon-Well
Wang, now the Tim Manganello-
BorgWarner mechanical engi-
neering department chair, said
that the generous donation will
generate funds to help carry out

important department initiatives
and achieve some of the depart-
ment's strategic goals planned for
the next few years.
"This gift will allow us to
explore new ideas that are high-
risk but also high-gain in research
and also in education," Wang
said. "It will give us an edge as
compared to our peers, enabling
mechanical engineering at Michi-
gan to make an even bigger and
broader impact in the near future
and generations to come."
Unsurprisingly, the Univer-
sity's MRacing team was also in
attendance-BorgWarner is their
main sponsor. This team works to
build a formula racecar and com-
pete with it ina collegiate motors-
port racing series.
Engineeringjunior Joe Martin,
MRacing's project manager, said
he credits much of the team's suc-

cess to BorgWarner's support.
"I'm happy to hear that Borg-
Warqer and Tim Manganello have
extended their generosity to the
mechanical engineering depart-
ment as a whole," Martin said.
At the end of the ceremony,
attendees learned that -Mangan-
ello didn't attend his graduation
from the College of Engineering
in 1972. In order to tie up these
loose ends, a small "graduation
ceremony" was re-enacted by
Dean Munson and Manganello,
both clad in the traditional yel-
low-tasseled engineering gradua-
tion caps.
Upon "re-graduating" the Uni-
versity's class of 1972, Munson
and Manganello concluded the
dual graduation and endowment
ceremony with a chest bump -
perhaps a true display of Univer-
sity-corporate relations.

150 skulls found
in Mexico puzzle
researchers

minded scholars in the field.
"This was a wonderful oppor-
tunity to read my colleagues'
work," Cotera said. "It was really
focused on how women's studies
as a discipline can re-think the
way it represents women from
other places."
Cotera said transnational
feminist theory is mainly about
proactivity - training graduate
students to become professors
who can relate the concept back
to the next generation of under-
graduates.
"It's basically about interven-
tions, from organizing knowl-
edge, training everyone from

professors to undergraduates, in
terms of thinking not just from a
U.S. centered perspective trying
to diversify our perspective as
opposed to constantly speaking
from this implied center about
other women and their own ways
of understanding feminism,"
Cotera said.
While the lecture was set with
a more scholarly angle in mind,
some professors encouraged their
undergraduate studentsto attend.
LSA freshmen Jessica Eisma
and Lauren Trulik said that they
decided to attend to learn about
the material in tandem with their
Filipino culture class.

"We didn't really know what
transnational feminism was until
now," Eisma said. "We're actually
here for our Filipino culture class;
we thought it would be interest-
ing."
"Even though it's an Ameri-
can culture class, our teacher is
also a women's studies professor.
She encouraged us to go," Trulik
said.
Both agreed that their under-
standing of transnational
feminism had improved after
attending the discussion, though
they wouldn't have known about
it without the recommendation
from their professor.

health-care analyst for the Uni- Provisions in the Affordable sustainable among employees
HEALTH versity's Center for Healthcare Care Act are also encouraging or if they really save employers
From Page 1A Research and Transformation, employers to start such pro- money.
said wellness programs are grams to promote good health, "If your main (desired) out-
becoming increasingly popu- Hemmings said. Unfortunately, come is employee satisfaction -
improve overall fitness. Cur- lar. A significant number of Hemmings added that no defin- promoting a culture of health,
rently, 55 percent of employees employers are either develop- itive long-term studies have those ... might be reasons for
are enrolled in Active U. ing or continuing to use of simi- been done to examine if the employers to continue using
Brandon Hemmings, a lar programs. benefits of these programs are these program."
Depression conference to' e held

Farming village
unexpected
location of shrine
MEXICO CITY (AP) -
Archaeologists say they have
turned up about 150 skulls of
human sacrifice victims in a field
in central Mexico, one of the first
times that such a large accumu-
lation of severed heads has been
found outside of a major pyramid
or temple complex in Mexico.
Experts are puzzled by the
unexpected find of such a large
number ofskulls at what appears
to have been a small, unremark-
able shrine. The heads were
carefully deposited in rows or
in small mounds, mostly facing
east toward the risingsun, some-
time between 660 and 860 A.D.,
a period when the nearby city-
state of Teotihuacan had already
declined but the Aztec empire,
founded in 1325, was still centu-
ries in the future.
Georgia State University
archaeologist Christopher
Morehart, who found the skulls
last year in Xaltocan, a farming
village just north of Mexico City,
said that between 150 and 200
adultskulls or their equivalent in
bone parts have been excavated
so far from fields that stand on a
former lake bed.
Experts weren't expecting to
find anything of this kind in the
flat, undistinguished pasture
land and corn fields. The site is
near, but not immediately adja-
cent to, Teotihuacan, one of the
biggest pre-Hispanic cities. It
reached its height between 100
B.C. and A.D. 750 and was aban-
doned by the time the Aztecs
arrived in the areain the 1300s.
Morehart was conducting
a study of ancient agricultural
patterns and human landscape
uses in the northern part of the
Mexico Valley in 2007, when
during a walking survey of the
site he started noticing looters'
pits that had turned up human
bones. A subsequent season of
excavations in 2012 turned up
dozens more skulls. The results
of the 2007 dig were just pub-
lished in the academic journal
Latin American Antiquity.
While the Teotihuacan cul-
ture and the Aztecs were known
to practice human sacrifice, and
remains of hundreds of victims
have been found in their pyra-
mids or other large structures,
the Xaltocan mound "is like a
bump in the landscape that you
could really easily walk over and
not know you're standing on it,"
Morehart said.

"The interesting question is,
why are we seeing this kind of
sacrificial act that we often asso-
ciate with something like Teoti-
huacan or a big center. Why do
we see this ... ina place that's not
associated with these cities?"
Physical anthropologist Abi-
gaill Meza Penaloza of the Insti-
tute of Anthropology at Mexico's
National University said her
team was still cleaning and
assembling the skulls, but have
a confirmed count of about 130
skulls so far, all of which appear
to be of adult males.
Meza Penaloza said it was the
first find of its kind, both because
of the location - a small, artifi-
cial mound built in the middle
of an agricultural field - and
the kind of decapitations carried
out there. She said mass sacri-
fices had been documented at
temple inaugurations of temple
closings, but not in the middle of
fields.
She said it was also unusual
in thatthe skulls appear tocome
fromavaried population, includ-
ing people who practiced cranial
deformation and others who did
not, as opposed to more homog-
enous groups of sacrifice victims
found in the past.
The skulls were also found
with a shorter length of verte-
brae attached to the skulls than
is the case of other such finds,
suggesting the decapitation cut
was made closer to the base of
the skull.
Still other strange details
emerged: Morehart said some of
the skulls were found with finger
bones inserted into the eye sock-
ets. "It was common enough that
it was intentionally placed there
in the eye socket," Morehart
said, though the ritual signifi-
cance of that remains unclear.
Arizona State University Dr.
Michael E. Smith, who was-not
involved in the project, said "this
is certainly an impressive and
very puzzling find," adding, "I
am not aware of any other finds
ofmass burialsor mass sacrifices
outside of major settlements."
The key to the placement
might be the natural springs
that provided fresh, clean water
in an area dominated by shal-
low, brackish lakes. The springs
existed for centuries until they
were covered and tapped by
pipes around the 1950s. The
ancient inhabitants of Xaltocan
apparently used those springs to
water lakebed farm plots. Carv-
ings associated with the water-
god Tlaloc and corn and chile
plants were found at the excava-
tion site, suggesting it may have
been an agricultural shrine.

11th-annual event
to focus on
'healthy self-care'
By LIANA ROSENBLOOM
Daily StaffReporter
Students and staff from col-
leges and universities throughout
the nation will come together in
Ann Arbor at the end of Febru-
ary to gain and share knowledge
about managing depression on
college campuses.
The 11th Annual Depression
on College Campuses conference
will be held on Feb. 26 and 27,
with a special focus on "healthy
self-care."
Trish Meyer, program direc-
tor for outreach education for the
University Depression Center, is
one of the primary organizers of
the conference. She said the goal
of this year's conference is to help
students manage symptoms of
depression on a daily basis in a
healthy way. There will be a series

of speakers, panel discussions and
workshops over the course of the
two-day conference.
"We're not talking about that
students should be able to take
care of this by themselves but in
conjunction with professional
treatment ... there are lots of
strategies they can use, includ-
ing exercise, better sleep, journ-
aling ... that are healthy self-care
strategies, as opposed to the more
unhealthy self-care strategies
such as drinking or drug use,"
Meyer said.
Meyer said the stress of a col-
lege environment can bring
symptoms of depression to the
forefront.
"Given all of the otherstressors
that are unique to a college set-
ting, including lack of sleep and
perhaps alcohol and substance
abuse, it sort of creates the per-
fect storm for people who have a
vulnerability to developing these
illnesses when they might first
experience it," Meyer said.
Increasing early diagnosis is a
positive development and is help-

ing many people with mental
health disorders reachtheir goals,
one of which may be going to col-
lege.As aresult, college campuses
need to be more aware of how to
provide resources to these stu-
dents, Meyer said.
The conference is set apart by
its multi-disciplinary structure,
bringing experts from multiple
fields and all community mem-
bers are welcome.
Meyer said organizing such
a large conference has been a
rewarding experience.
"So often, on big campus like
U of M, everybody's in their little
area and they do their thing,"
Meyer said. "But the opportunity
to kind of collaborate and con-
nect across campus with people
all working toward the same goal
is also really valuable, and often
leads to new collaborations."
John Greden, the executive
director of the University's Com-
prehensive Depression Center,
is one of three co-chairs of the
conference planning committee.
He too stressed the importance of

conversation about depression on
campuses.
"We're dealing with illnesses
that affect one in every six peo-
ple in the country," Greden said.
"What we're emphasizing this
year is the identification of strat-
egies for students and counselors
and parents and everybody else
to pick up on that really help the
situation rather than send it back-
wards. I think that's what the
terms self-care and self-manage-
ment mean."
Greden said the conference
began when the Board of Regents
approved the formation of a cam-
pus Depression Center. Shortly
thereafter, there was a student
suicide on campus. He said this
event sparked the desire to hold
a conference to learn and teach
how to best handle depression in
a college setting.
Greden said the first confer-
ence attracted attendees from
nearly 50 campuses nationwide.
Eleven years later, he said he
hopes the conference is still mak-
ing a difference.

'

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