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January 29, 2013 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2013-01-29

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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
NEWS BRIEFS HANLON
From Page 1
LANSING

Snyder asks for
court ruling on
right-to-work law
Gov. Rick Snyder on Monday
asked the Michigan Supreme
Court to rule quickly on the
constitutionality of a right-to-
work law that takes effect in two
months, saying questions over its
impact onstate employees must be
resolved before new contract talks
begin this summer.
By requesting an , advisory
opinion, the Republican governor
sought to avoid a "proliferation"
of state and federal legal challeng-
es expected to be filed in lower
courts by labor unions.
"The uncertainty over the law's
,impact upon state civil servants
that protracted litigation would
create would be very divisive and
would not serve the interests of
judicial economy," Snyder wrote
in a letter to Chief Justice Robert
Young Jr. Snyder is hoping for a
rulingbefore the court's term con-
cludes at the end July.
NEW YORK
J.C. Penney sales
increase after
* tough quarter
J.C. Penney is bringing back
sales.
The struggling department
store chain this week will begin
addingback some of the hundreds
of sales it ditched last year in
hopes ofluringshoppers who were
turned off when the discounts dis-
appeared, CEO Ron Johnson told
The Associated Press.
Penney also plans to add price
tags or signs for more than half of
its merchandise to show custom-
ers how much they're saving by
shopping at the chain - a strat-
egy used by a few other retailers.
For store-branded items such as
Arizona, Penney will show com-
parison prices from competitors.
OMAHA, NEBRASKA
Japan's new
import rules help
U.S. beef industry
Ranchers welcomed Japan's
decision Monday to ease restric-
tions on U.S. beef imports, say-
ing it will provide a boost to the
American meat industry but
cautioning that it will take time
before exports to Japan reach
their levels of a decade ago.
Japan is one of the biggest
importers of U.S. beef, despite
restrictions that for years haven't
allowed the import of beef from
cattle older than 20 months
instead of the industry standard
of 30 months. Those restricted
imports were only allowed after
Japan banned U.S. beef altogeth-
er in 2003 after the U.S. recorded
its first case of mad cow disease,
which can cause a fatal brain dis-
ease in humans.
The news of the expanded
export market is especially wel-
come now because the beef

industry has been hurt by sev-
eral years of high feed prices and
the drought that hit cattle coun-
try hard the past two years, said
J.D. Alexander, president of the
National Cattlemen's Beef Asso-
ciation.
THE HAUGE, NETHERLANDS
Dutch Queen
stepping down,
son will be king
The Netherlands' Queen Bea-
trix announced Monday that
she is ending her reign after 33
years and passing the crown to
her eldest son, who has long been
groomed to be king but who will
have to work hard to match his
mother's popularity.
The widely expected abdication
comes at a time of debate over the
future of the largely ceremonial
Dutch monarchy, but also as calm
has descended upon the Nether-
lands after a decade of turmoil
that saw Beatrix act as the glue
that held together an increasingly
divided society.
-Compiled from Daily wire
reports

very complex topic ... and it is
one that is very importantto the
University," Hanlon said.
Faculty members asked
about affirmative action based
on socioeconomic status and
about admissions policies that
compensated for the ban on
race-based affirmative action.
Hanlon said the University
attempted to recognize the dif-
ficulty of growing up in a finan-
cially disadvantaged household
by giving weight to how well
students overcome adversity.
Many faculty members in
attendance expressed both
enthusiasm that college afford-
ability was being addressed
and disappointment that they
had known so little about the
University's financial aid ini-
tiatives."
Senate Assembly Chair Kim-
berlee Kearfott, professor of

nuclear engineering and radio-
logical sciences, said financial
aid and affordability had been
a staple of many Senate Assem-
bly meetings.
"Many, many Senate Assem-
bly (meetings) have gone off to
this topic," Kearfott said. "This
is something we care about."
Kearfott said she was happy
Hanlon had made his presenta-
tion and felt that the University
is headed in the right direction.
"It is my understanding that
the University is fully commit-
ted to making Michigan afford-
able for all in-state students
and their policies reflect that,"
Kearfott said.
Senate Assembly member
Ellen Muehlberger, an assistant
professor of Near Eastern Stud-
ies, said student perception of
an expected kind of lifestyle
made the University culturally
inaccessible for students of a
lower socioeconomic status.
"I identify with students
who say Michigan has a rich

culture, and it is hard to be a
student who is not rich here,"
Muehiberger said.
Muehlberger said, for her, the
question that remained on the
table was how to make the Uni-
versity accessible for students
who "have the talent to be here"
but may not show it in a tradi-
tional manner.
"The things we use to mea-
sure merit just reproduce socio-
economic status," Muehlberger
said. "We should do a lot more
to make the University accessi-
ble not only financially but also
culturally."
Kearfott said the issue of
affordability and financial aid
would be further discussed in
a Senate Assembly meeting in
March. That meeting will fea-
ture a presentation by Vice Pro-
vost Martha Pollack.
"I am very much looking for-
ward to the additional discus-
sions and presentations so we
can have a complete picture,"
Kearfott said.

TECH
From Page 1
on the sounds that he or she
'hears.'"
C-FAR aims to create the
"technology of 2030" by improv-
ing devices' use of semiconductor
components, called transistors.
Bertacco, who leads reliable sys-
tems research at C-FAR, called
these tiny components the "build-
ing block" of any electronic
device.
However, C-FAR researcher
Krste Asanovi, a professor of
computer science at the Universi-
ty of California, Berkeley, said the
tiny computer chips are reaching
their limits in size and ability.
"We're hitting the physical
limits," Asanovi said. "They're
not getting much faster or much
smaller."
Transistors switch electronic
signals within electronic devices,
providing the processing power
for a machine. They are used in
every modern electronic device
- often with billions in an indi-
vidual machine.
Engineering Prof. Scott Mahl-
ke, who's part of Asanovi's team,
said transistors used to be able to
shrink by half each year, allowing
more of these components to fitcon
a single chip. The rapid increase
in the density of transistors dra-
matically increased the overall
computing power of electronics
over the past half-century.
"We lost the ability to double
speed," Mahlke said. "They just
can't get any smaller. Once the
computer industry loses the dou-
bling, what do we do? We can't
rely on circuits. We need better
architecture that uses the exist-
ing transistors better that provide
the gains people are used to."
Because transistors may not
be able to shrink further with-
in the next five years, devices

Tuesday, January 29, 2013 - 3
will require better, specialized
architectures to improve overall
performance and functionality,
Asanovi said.
"One of the big trade-offs in
processing is 'more specialized,
less general purposes,' "AsanoviĀ®
said. "How are we going to
make specialized devices widely
usable? You want to specialize
more but you want to retain (gen-
eral functionality)."
Mahlke said cell phones that
are aware of their environment
could be a product of special-
ized technology currently under
development. , For instance,
one's cell phone might be able to
instantly translate a sign written
in a foreign language.
"You can look things up on
the web, but it's not really aware
of your presence," Mahlke said.
"Cell phones are going to be a lot
more aware of your surround-
ings. It could whisper in your
ear, 'That's Mr. Jones over there
and you don't like him.' Today's
phones couldn't keep up."
Moinuddin Qureshi, associate
professor of computer systems
and software at the Georgia Insti-
tute of Technology, is a researcher
for the C-FAR storage team. He
studies ways to make tomorrow's
phone "keep up" in terms of mem-
ory capacity; noting that future
memory systems could be 100
times faster than current systems.
Qureshi and his fellow
researchers are focused on pack-
ing more bytes, or units of mem-
ory, into the same physical space
to allow more advanced and com-
plex systems.
These futuristic operating
systems could then be used to
instantly restore data and pro-
grams in use before power was
lost. The research also focuses
on improving power efficiency -
perhaps one day enabling heavy
users to go a day without toting
around a power cable or extra
battery.

PIZZA
From Page 1
pizza, better quality (and)
being established here for 16
years" are all factors that will
help NYPD maintain their cus-
tomer base.
"I don't know if (Toppers)
will have any impact on my
business because we make very
different products," Telemaco
said. "We both make pizza ... I
think we make different kinds
of pizza."
Telemaco said he has a loyal
customer base that will keep
NYPD busy for the foreseeable
future.

"We've been here for long
enough that people know us in
town," Telemaco added. "One
quality about us is that the
product has never changed -
it's been consistent."
LSA senior Robert Bowen
said he goes once a week to
NYPD, where he enjoys eating
and studying.
"I think the food is good, and
it's reliable, and I think they're
friendly here," Bowen said.
He said eating at NYPD is an
"experience" beyond just hav-
ing a meal.
"(The employees) go the
extra mile. They're really
friendly - it's more of a per-
sonal environment than a lot

of the other stores," Bowen
said.
Bowen said though he will
remain loyal to NYPD, he
thinks the other pizza restau-
rants on the street will succeed
because of the high demand for
pizza in the area.
LSA junior Nadeem Persico-
Shammas said he also goes to
NYPD once a week and, though
he enjoys eating there, he's
open to trying the new restau-
rants in the area.
Persico-Shammas said he
would change his routine
of going to NYPD - which,
according to him, is the "best
pizza in town" - to try Top-
pers.

WEBSITE
From Page 1
to share some of those interest-
ing stories of the past."
"We know that the Univer-
sity's bicentennial is in 2017 ...
so we said we better start think-
ing about this and the different
ways to showcase the Univer-
sity's history, so our role at this
point is to share some of those
interesting stories of the past,"
Clarke said.
Serious consideration went
into curating the right stories
on the site's timeline theme. She
said the research team wanted
to pick names that would sound
at least slightly familiar to stu-
dents, such as the first women
at the University and William
Revelli of Revelli Hall.
"When you read what the
first women were dealing with,
you might have a better sense
of what it's like for, perhaps, a
first-generation student from a
low-income family, or someone
from another country," Clarke
said. "I think you'd see some
similar threads even though the
episodes are 120 years apart."
The website currently con-
tains 10 stories with accompa-
nying photos. Clarke said the
goal is to add one story each
month starting next year and
lasting until the bicentennial.
They already have a tentative
outline of stories for the coming

year.
The plans for the web-
site after the bicentennial are
unknown at this point, though
Clarke said she would like to see
it a permanent part of the Uni-
versity's archives.
Research for the website was
all done at the Bentley Histori-
cal Library on North Campus,
which is the official archive for
the University.
Karen Jania, head of the ref-
erence division at the library,
said the site shows the Uni-
versity is not only focused on
academia but on its rich past as
well.
"The way you go through the
story and the way you see all
the images (is) fantastic," Jania
said. "It's for anyone who wants
to learn anything about the Uni-
versity." '
DelBene, the LSA senior
working on the project, said the
site was time consuming but
worthwhile because of the sto-
ries she discovered.
"It can be really challenging
because you don't know what
you're going to find, but ulti-
mately you find a story worth
telling (and) it's super reward-
ing," DelBene said.
She added that seeing the
culmination of two and a half
years' work was a great moment
for her. k
"The most obvious draw is
for alumni just because they like
to still have the connection to

the University now that they're
gone, and I think the most obvi-
ous interest is there," DelBene
said. "But I think for students
it's just really important, learn-
ing the history. It's allowed me
to really appreciate what's here
today and how it came to be."
Like Clarke, University
spokesman Rick Fitzgerald said
the website is the first step in
preparing for 2017. He added
that the University wants peo-
ple to be informed of its history
inorder to reallyunderstandthe
significance of the milestone.
"What you're seeing on the
website are some of the stories
that tell some of the rich histo-
ry of the people, the issues and
the topics that Michigan people
have struggled with or gotten
their heads around and really
worked through for almost 200
years being captured in very
unique ways," Fitzgerald said.
"I just think there's some
really fascinating stories of peo-
ple who've went on to do great
things and also people who did
great things almost in anonym-
ity."
Fitzgerald said the site is evi-
dence that there is always his-
tory being made here in Ann
Arbor.
"We keep on writing new
chapters of the Michigan his-
tory each day and each year, so
I'm confident there will be great
stories to share for many years
to come," Fitzgerald said.

Boy Scouts consider
no-gay policy reform
Change could come ebrated its 100th anniversary
in 2010, has long excluded both
after public outcry, gays anld atheists. Smith said
a change in the policy toward
holds on corporate atheists was not being consid-
ered, and that the BSA contin-
donations ued to view "Duty to God" as
one of its basic principles.
NEW YORK (AP) - The Boys Protests over the no-gays
Scouts of America is consider-, policy gained momentum in
ing a dramatic retreat from its 2000, when the U.S. Supreme
controversial policy of exclud- Court upheld the BSA's right to
ing gays as leaders and youth exclude gays. Scout units lost
members. sponsorships by public schools
Under the change now being and other entities that adhered
discussed, the different reli- to nondiscrimination policies,
gious and civic groups that and several local Scout councils
sponsor Scout units would be made public their displeasure
able to decide for themselves with the policy.
how to address the issue - More recently, amid petition
either maintaining an exclu- campaigns, shipping giant UPS
sion of gays or opening up their Inc. and drug-manufacturer
membership. Merck announced that they
Monday's announcement of were halting donations from
the possible change comes after their charitable foundations to
years of protests over the policy the Boy Scouts as long as the
- including petition campaigns no-gays policy was in force.
that have prompted some cor- Also, local Scout officials
porations to suspend donations drew widespread criticism in
to the Boy Scouts. recent months for ousting Jen-
Under the proposed change,, nifer Tyrrell, a lesbian mom,
said BSA spokesman Deron as a den leader of her son's Cub
Smith, "the Boy Scouts would Scout pack in Ohio and for refus-
not, under any circumstanc- ing to approve an Eagle Scout
es, dictate a position to units, application by Ryan Andresen,
members, or parents." a California teen who came out
The Boys Scouts, which cel- as gay last fall.

INTERNATIONAL
From Page 1
offs for the flexibility afforded
by the program, as it was a lib-
eral arts program that encour-
ages development of critical
thinking skills and not a pre-
professional program.
"The cost of flexibility is that
they need to be more entre-
preneurial (in the job market)
about who they are and what
their experience has been,"
he said. "I would encourage
students to get disciplinary
grounding and define them-
selves as possessing a particu-
lar tool box when they enter the
work force."
The diversity in curriculum
attracted LSA junior Danielle
Butbul to PICS. She said her

wide variety of interest hap-
pened to fit neatly within the
global health and environment
track of international studies.
"I got to take every class that
I was interested in, and they .
really are accommodating to fit
it into my major," Butbul said.
Butbul added that interna-
tional studies could benefit any
career, but she plans to go to
law school.
"I think that having a global
perspective about a lot of dif-
ferent governments and differ-
ent countries and the way the
United States is incorporated
and related to those is really
important to have," Butbul
said.
LSA senior Danielle Lumetta
became involved with PICS on
a deeper level by running for
president of the major's student

advisory council in her junior
year when she realized that
PICS was struggling to deal
with its rapid growth.
She said PICS has under-
gone many structural changes
recently including hiring a
new student-orientated direc-
tor and streamlined require-
ments - changes that aim to
improve the quality of the pro-
gram.
"They are really changing
the face and the people who the
program because they realized
it was growing so fast."
Clark said he was proud of
PICS and the caliber of stu-
dents it is attracting.
"We are attracting very
smart, very engaged and very
energetic students, and it is my
pleasure to get to know them,"
Clark said.

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