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November 17, 2010 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 2010-11-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

I Wedesday Novmber 7, 200.//The Satemet El

Magazine Editor:
Trevor Calero
Editor in Chief:
Jacob Smilovitz
Managing Editor:
Matt Aaronson
Deputy Editor:
Jenna Skoller
Sara Boboltz
Corey DeFever
Photo Editor.
Jed Moch
Copy Editors:
Erin Flannery
Danqing Tang
The Statement is The Michigan
Daily's news magazine, distributed
every Wednesday during the
academic year.

superhero career illustrations by simon borst

engineers, videographers and game/app devel-
opers, according to a study by the University
of California at San Diego. These professionals
will be called upon to design new applications
and features for even more advanced smart-
phones in the future.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics, graphic designers with experience in
website design and animation will be espe-
cially desirable in the coming years as com-
panies become more involved in interactive
media. The Bureau also states that computer
software engineer employment opportuni-
ties will increase by 32 percent from the years
2008 to 2018.
According to the Bureau, graphic design-
ers should have a bachelor's degree in graph-
ic design and be knowledgeable of computer
graphics and design software. Similarly, soft-
ware engineers need at least a bachelor's
degree in computer science, software engi-
neering or mathematics - though graduate
degrees may be preferred.
Today, the most popular smartphones
in the market are Apple's iPhone, Google's
Android and Research in Motion's Black-
berry. As companies are looking to grab hold.
of a larger market share, they will need fresh
minds to create innovative applications for
their smartphones. Who better to take on
the job than eager college graduates, ready to
tackle the new age of mobile media?

chemical from the factory or design a way
to contain the chemical from further human
Other work-related injuries or fatalities
are often caused by traffic accidents and
homicide, where bystanders like taxi drivers,
gas station employees and 24-hour conve-
nience store attendents are indirectly caught
in criminal crossfire. Construction, fishing
and mining are other occupational industries
that have high numbers of on-site accidents,
Keyserling said.
OHS specialists are important in the work-
place not only for their efforts to ensure
hazard-free work environments, but also to
minimize the costs associated with high-
risk workplaces. Keyserling explained that
when a person is injured, sick or killed on a
job, the employer is responsible for covering
that person's medical costs and loss of earned
wages through workers' compensation plans.
If OHS specialists can decrease a workplace's
risks, these potential costs to employers will
go down.
J. Paul Leigh, a professor of Public Health
Sciences at the University of California at
Davis, estimated that in 2005, the total cost
for job-related injuries and illnesses in the
United States was about $163 billion.
People who work in OHS generally come
from a background in engineering. While
the University does not have its own OHS
undergraduate major, it does have an OHS
graduate program. Keyserling said the Uni-
versity's graduate program prefers students
with backgrounds in electrical, chemical or
mechanical engineering. He added that lib-
eral arts students with a focus in math and
science are common.
Keyserling said auto companies, pharma-
ceutical companies and consulting companies
that specialize in OHS often hire graduates
from the University's OHS program.
He added that as technology develops, so
does the amount of added risks in the work-
place. OHS specialists are needed to combat
the risks associated with novel technologies.
By the year 2020, the Hispanic population in
the United States is projected to reach 59.7
million, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
That number is expected to climb further to
102.6 million in 2050.
The U.S. Hispanic population is nowAmer-

ica's largest racial minority group and the
second largest Hispanic population outside of
Mexico. As the proportion of Spanish-speak-
ing people living in the United States increas-
es, the need for Spanish/English translators
and interpreters will become more pertinent,
especially in states with large Hispanic com-
munities like California, Texas, Florida, New
York and Illinois.
Opportunities for Spanish translation
jobs are expected to increase in the next few
decades, especially in healthcare and law,
according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statis-
The Bureau also noted the many fields that
translators and interpreters can expect to
work in, including jobs in educational insti-
tutions, healthcare and social assistance,
government, interpreting and translating
agencies, publishing companies, telephone
companies and airline companies.
Trusted Translations, Inc. reports that
the U.S. Hispanic population has become a
tremendous force both in terms of consumer
trends and national, state and local politics.
Thus, translators and interpreters can also
expect to find employment opportunities in
commercial companies, advertising agencies
and in politics.
Students interested in pursuing a career
in this field must be fluent and well-read in
at least two different languages. Students
are encouraged to spend time abroad and to
talk directly to people native in the languages
in which they are fluent. Many companies,
according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
prefer people with experience and a degree
in translation studies.
While a job as a translator and an interpret-
er go hand in hand, they are inherently differ-
ent jobs. Traditionally, translators specialize
in transferring written words to a different
language. On the other hand, interpreters
work with spoken words and often converse
back-and-forth between their two languages
of expertise. Both professions however, are
not only responsible for translating between
different languages, but also for conveying
meaning, ideas and concepts.

jumped on board the sustainable bandwagon
too, seeing increases in both profitability
and community relations.
In fact, the popularity of "going green"
is so widespread that, according to a study
by the University of California at San Diego,
"by the mid-21st century, all jobs will be
green jobs."
Allison Shapiro, a student in the Univer--
sity's Erb Institute MBA/MS Program, said
publicly-traded companies especially are
adopting sustainable practices in an effort
to maximize profits and to retain investor
The greening of business is expected to
impact nearly every sector, which means
that those with a background in environ-
mental studies will have a leg up in the job
Shapiro said people today are more self-
motivated to protect the environment than
they were in the past and that businesses go
green by examining their company from a
holistic perspective. Not only do actions like
recycling paper, turning off computer moni-
tors and installing energy efficient light-
bulbs matter, but a company also needs to
"engage their employees and customers and"
suppliers" to go green as well, she said.
Large and small companies in nearly
every industry are concerned with green
initiatives. Walmart, for example, is push-
ing its suppliers to reduce 20 million metric
tons of greenhouse gas emissions by 2015,
according to The Associated Press.
Since the company is such a powerhouse,
Shapiro said Walmart has been able to have a
huge impact on changing the way the private
sector considers the environment "by forc-
ing companies to meet their standards when
selling goods."
The federal government has also pledged
to become more eco-friendly, Shapiro said,
by providing energy-efficient vehicles for
government employees and implementing a
paper-saving program.
Even Facebook has launched a green cam-
paign that involves using energy efficient
data centers, providing employee shuttle
buses to and from work, practicing water
connervation and implementing recycling
and compost programs, according to green-
Since companies of all types of sectors
are going green, students in all fields will
undoubtedly come face-to-face with envi-
ronmentally-friendly initiatives at their
place of work. Thus, students of all disci-
plines should be familiar with basicdsu-
tainable business practices and eco-friendly
For students who know that they will
pursue a job specifically relating to environ-
mental studies, Shapiro recommends taking
environmental science classes and environ-
mental policy classes.

Global Policy Perspectives Symposium:
International Migrations and Development

Friday, November 19th, 2010
4:00-5:30 p.m.
Ford School of Public Policy
Annenberg Auditorium
1120 Weill Hall
For info, call Zana at (734) 674-3429
Sponsored by:

David McKenzie, Panelist
Senior Economist, World Bank
Dean Yang, Panelist
Associate Professor, University of Michigan
Paolo Abarcar, Moderator
PhD Candidate, University of Michigan


Individuals in the field of occupational health
and safety are concerned with making work-
places free from injury, illness and fatality.
OHS specialists are responsible for under-
standing the risks associated with working
in different industries, as well as the ways to
prevent accidents.
Monroe Keyserling, associate director
of the University's Center for Occupational
Health and Safety Engineering, explained
that specialists in the field "try to eliminate
those exposures in the workplace that are
known to be associated with disease and
Eeynerling pointed to an excesaive rate of
cancer among factory employees an an exam-
ple of a typical problem that OHS specialists
might analyze. In this scenario, different
types of OHS specialists - epidemiologists,
toxologists and chemists - would combine
their efforts to locate the chemical linked to
the cancer, determine the rate of the chemi-
cal's exposure and either eliminate the

Just as students at the University are
embracing the green trend by printing dou-
ble-sided, purchasing reusable water bot-
tles and actively recycling, businesses have

inernationalPoh Center

International Policy

For more information, e-mail design@michigandaily.com.

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