The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
Wednesday, February 17, 2010 - 3A
The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom Wednesday, February 17, 2010 - 3A
EAST LANSING, Mich.
MSU leads U.S.
funded study of
Researchers are recruiting preg-
nant Wayne County women for part
of a $75 million federal study of the
causes of autism, cerebral palsy,
asthma and other diseases.
Michigan State University is
heading an alliance of Michigan
universities and health providers.
The National Institutes of health is
funding the work.
The study looks at how genetics
and environment affect children's
health. It will track 100,000 chil-
dren from womb to adulthood.
Michigan State epidemiologist
Nigel Paneth heads the project and
says the National Children's study
is starting in 30 counties nation-
wide after years of preparation. It
will follow 1,000 women per coun-
Research in Michigan later will
expand to Genesee, Grand Tra-
verse, Lenawee and Macomb coun-
An Afghan man with a gunshot wound is carried toa waiting helicopter to be evacuated by a U.S. Army Task Force Pegasus heli-
copter crew in Marjah, Afghanistan on Monday.
Taliban leader's arrest
SAN FRANCISCO blow t insurgents
Calif. race-based1r a o O n~ n
The law that bars the Universi-
ty of California from considering
race in student admissions vio-
lates the civil rights of black, Lati-
no and Native American students
who are underrepresented at the
state's most prestigious campuses
and blocked from seeking redress
through the school's governing
board, a class-action lawsuit filed
" The federal court suit was
brought by the Michigan-based,
pro-affirmative action group By
Any Means Necessary. It chal-
lenges the constitutionality of
Proposition 209, a ballot measure
approved by California voters
in 1996 that prohibited racial or
gender preferences in public con-
tracting, education and employ-
A federal appeals court and the
California Supreme Court have
rebuffed earlier efforts to over-
turn the 13-year-old law.
RIO DE JANEIRO
Heat wilting Rio
The hottest temperatures in
five decades were melting Car-
nival revelry yesterday after five
days of dancing, drinking and
"I never thought I would say
this, but it is too hot to party,"
said 20-year-old Thiago Cerveny,
standing on a corner with his girl-
friend in Ipanema and debating
whether to hit a big street party
on the last full day of festivities.
Rio's summer has seen record
highs of up to 110 F (44 C). Couple
that with the seaside city's suffo-
cating humidity and the chances
that partiers will fall ill increases.
It was 106 F (41 C) yesterday.
Dr. Luis Fernando Correa took
to the Globo television network
to warn those still partying to
"drink a lot - but nothing alco-
Taking the booze out of what
Brazilians call the world's big-
gest bash is certainly a chal-
lenge. Health officials say more
than 1,400 revelers have been
treated since Saturday, the
majority for heat-related illness.
Military court to
review Abu Ghraib
The U.S. military's highest
court says it will review the con-
viction of an Army reservist who
prosecutors said was the ring-
leader of detainee abuse at Abu
Ghraib prison in Iraq.
Former Cpl. Charles Graner Jr.
was sentenced in 2005 to 10 years
in prison for his role in the scandal.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for
* the Armed Forces in Washing-
ton said yesterday it will consider
whether the trial judge erred by
refusing to let jurors see memos
approving "enhanced interroga-
tion tactics" for detainees.
Graner, of Uniontown, Pa., was
accused of stacking naked prison-
ers in a human pyramid and order-
ing them to masturbate while
other soldiers took photographs.
- Compiled from
Daily wire reports
Second in command
ISLAMABAD (AP) - The cap-
ture of the Afghan Taliban's No.
2 commander by a joint CIA and
Pakistani team dealt a fresh blow
to insurgents under heavy U.S.
attack and raised hopes that Pak-
istani security forces are ready to
deny Afghan militant leaders a
Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar's
arrest in the Pakistani port city
of Karachi may also push other
insurgent leaders thought to be
sheltering on this side of the bor-
der toward talks with the Afghan
government - a development
increasingly seen as key to end-
ing the eight-year war.
Baradar, in his late 40s, was
the second in command behind
Taliban founder Mullah Moham-
mad Omar and was said to be in
charge of the day-to-day running
of the organization's leadership,
council, which is believed based
in Pakistan. He was a founding
member of the Taliban and is
the most important figure of the
hardline Islamist movement to be
arrested in the war.
Baradar, who also functioned
as the link between Mullah Omar
and field commanders, has been
in detention for more than 10
days and was talking to interro-
gators, two Pakistani intelligence
officials said yesterday. One said
several other suspects were also
captured in the raid. He said Bara-
dar had provided "useful informa-
tion" to them and that Pakistan
had shared it with their U.S. coun-
terparts. They spoke on condition
of anonymity because of the sensi-
tivity of the information.
The White- House declined
to confirm Baradar's capture.
Spokesman Robert Gibbs told
reporters the fight against
extremists involves sensitive
intelligence matters and he
believes it's best to collect that
information without talking
President Barack Obama's
administration has vowed to kill
or seize Taliban and al-Qaida
leaders in Afghanistan and Paki-
stan. The arrest comes as relent-
less CIA missile strikes against
militant targets in the border
tribal region have killed several
Obama has ordered 30,000
extra troops to southern Afghan-
istan. On Saturday, thousands of
them began a major attack on the
town of Marjah in the southern
province of Helmand, one of the
regions that Baradar is believed
Former members of the Tal-
iban regime in Afghanistan and
security experts said the arrest
would hurt the Taliban but was
far from a decisive blow. They
said Baradar would likely be
quickly replaced and that local
commanders had a lot of auton-
omy from the leaders based in
Nevertheless, the capture is
likely to cause short-term disrup-
tion, since Baradar was the day-
to-day commander of the Taliban
and his successor would not have
the same prestige.
"It's a great tactical success
that the coalition forces should
be pleased with, but by no means
is it the beginning of the end,"
said Will Hartley, an analyst at
Jane's Terrorism and Insurgen-
cy Center in London. "This will
have a noted effect on the short-
term ability of the Taliban to-
operate the way it was. However,
it has proved itself a resilient
VIENNA (AP) - Russia, the
U.S. andFrancehave urged Iranto
stop enriching uranium to higher
levels and suggested the project
reinforces suspicions that Tehran
is seeking to make nuclear weap-
ons. The joint statement, made
public yesterday, reflects unified
Russian and Western opposition
to Iran's increased enrichment.
Shrugging off international
concerns, Iranian President Mah-
moud Ahmadinejad announced
the country was moving ahead
to expand its enrichment capaci-
ties by installing more advanced
machinery at its main enrichment
Ahmadinejad told reporters in
Tehran yesterday the new centri-
fuges are not yet operational but
are five times more efficient than
the model now in use at its under-
ground Natanz enrichment plant.
Officials at the Vienna-based
International Atomic Energy
Agency said they had no comment.
The latest IAEA report on Iran
in November said that as of early
October no advanced centrifuges
had been installed at the plant,
although some were being tested
in a separate area of the facility.
Because enrichment can pro-
duce both nuclear weapons as
well as reactor fuel, Iran is under
three sets of U.N. Security Coun-
cil sanctions for refusing to stop
its program. Its determination to
expand such activities had been
criticized worldwide even before
an announcement earlier this
month that Tehran would enrich
to a higher level.
The confidential letter critical
of the higher-enrichment plan was
shared yesterday with The Asso-
ciated Press. Dated Feb. 12, it was
addressed to IAEA chief Yukiya
Amano and signed by senior U.S.,
Russian and French envoys.
Moscow in the past has often
put the brakes on Western
attempts to penalize Tehran for
defying U.N. Security Council
demands that it freeze its enrich-
ment program, which can pro-
duce both nuclear fuel and the
fissile core of warheads. But while
Russia has recently signaled more
support for new U.N. sanctions,
China - a veto-wielding member
of the U.N. Security Council that
depends on Iran for much of its
energy needs - remains opposed.
The letter questioned the ratio-
nale of Tehran's assertion that it
had started the higher enrich-
ment project to provide fuel to a
research reactor providing medi-
cal isotopes for cancer patients.
"If Iran goes ahead with this
escalation, it would raise fresh
concerns about Iran's nuclear
intentions, in light of the fact that
Iran cannot produced the needed
nuclear fuel in time" to refuel the
research reactor, said the letter.
Iran's decision to enrich to
the 20-percent level is "wholly
unjustified, contrary to U.N.
Security Council resolutions and
represent(s) a further step toward
a capability to produce highly
enriched uranium," said the letter
to IAEA chief Amano.
The 20-percent mark rep-
resents the threshold between
low-enriched and high-enriched
Although warhead material
must be enriched to a level of 90
percent or more, just getting its
present low-enriched stockpile to
the 20 percent mark would be a
major step for Iran's nuclear pro-
gram. While enriching to 20 per-
cent would take about one year,
using up to 2,000 centrifuges af
Tehran's underground Natanz
facility, any next step - moving
from 20 to 90 percent - would
take only half a year and between
Since its clandestine enrich-
ment program became known
eight years ago, Iran has insisted
it is meant only to generate nucle-
ar fuel. But its secrecy and refusal
to cooperate with an IAEA probe
of allegations that it experiment-
ed with aspects of a weapons-
program had increased concerns
even before Ahmadinejad's Feb.7'
announcement that Iran wilt
raise the enrichment bar.
Ford lays off 900 workers
DETROIT (AP) - Ford Motor
Co. said yesterday that it plans to
cut 900 workers at the Michigan
plant that makes the Mustang,
which saw sales drop sharply last
year, but most will get positions.
at other facilities.
Ford will reduce shifts from
two to one in July at the AutoAl-
liance International plant in Flat
Rock, Mich. The plant, which is
jointly owned with Mazda Motor
Corp., also makes the Mazda6
The plant employs nearly 2,300
people. Most of the layoffs will be
hourly manufacturing workers,
but some salaried positions also
will be cut, Ford spokeswoman
Marcey Evans said. A majority of
workers will be offered positions
at other plants, she said.
Evans said there was signifi-
cant down time at the plant last
year. By speeding up the line and
eliminating down time, Evans
said Ford can build the same num-
ber of vehicles with one shift.
Demand for both vehicles fell
last year, but Ford is hoping it
will pick up again as the economy
improves and it introduces the
more powerful 2011 Mustang
this spring. Mustang sales fell 27
percent last year, in part because
of competition from the Chevro-
let Camaro, which went on sale
in the spring and came within
5,000 cars of outselling the Mus-
tang. The Camaro hasn't outsold
the Mustang since 1985. Mazda6
sales were down 34 percent.
Most of the Flat Rock workers
are expected to get jobs at other
plants. Ford said last month it
will hire 1,200 workers at its
Chicago Assembly Plant to build
the new Ford Explorer. Explorer
production will start at the end
of this year. Ford also recently
announced a plan to create 1,000
jobs in Michigan to make elec-
tric car batteries. Evans said the
company also needs workers at
the Michigan Assembly Plant in
Wayne, Mich., which is sched-
uled to begin producing the new
Ford Focus later this year.
Ford currently has around
600 workers on indefinite layoff
nationwide. Those workers and
the ones to be laid off at Flat Rock
will have the first opportunity
to take jobs at facilities that are
hiring. The company has been
trying to thin the ranks of hourly
'workers, most recently offering
buyout packages to all 41,000
U.S. hourly workers in December.
story begins wth-
Suburban homeless: rising
tide of women,, families
Bishop believed to
have shot brother
HUNTSVILLE, Ala. (AP) -
When a young woman in Massa-
chusetts killed her brother with a
shotgun blast in 1986, authorities
waited more than a week to ques-
tion family members and the death
was ultimately ruled an accident.
Now, a quarter-century later,
Amy Bishop is accused in another
shooting - an attack that killed
three fellow biology professors
at the University of Alabama in
In the days 'since Friday's
shooting, revelations about Amy
Bishop's past have raised ques-
tions about whether much of the
violence could have been prevent-
ed. In the latest twist, police said
Tuesday that Bishop had also been
charged with assaulting a woman
in 2002 during a tirade over a
child's booster seat at a restaurant.
The story started more than
two decades ago when police were
called to the Braintree, Mass.,
home Bishop shared with her
parents. Authorities found her
18-year-old brother, Seth, dead of a
shotgun wound to the chest.
Bishop's father later told police
he and his daughter had a dis-
agreement and she went to her
room. She said she had wanted to
learn to load a shotgun her parents
had bought after a recent break-in.
Bishop said she accidentally
fired the gun in her bedroom as she
tried to unload it, then went down-
stairs to ask her brother to help,
accordingto a police report.
She said the gun went off again
as Seth, a Northeastern University
freshman and a virtuoso violinist,
walked across the kitchen.
She told police she thought she
had ruined the kitchen, but did not
realize she had hit her brother. She
said she ran away and thought she
dropped the gun, which went off a
third time. She did not remember
anything else until she was takeri
to a police station.
But police and witnesses say
she fled with the gun to a car deal-
ership, where she pointed it at
employees and demanded a get-
away car. She told them her hus-
band was going to come after her
and she needed to flee.
She was caught but never charged;
Police said it took 11 days before they
could interview family members'
because they were so distraught
When they finally did, authorities
decided to let her go, declaring the
John Polio, who headed the
Braintree police force at the time,
at first defended the handling of
the case. The 87-year-old said
Tuesday that he recently read a
1987 report on the investigation
written by a state trooper. At the
time, he had not seen the docu-
ment. But now, he says, "I would-
have wanted a lot more questions
The Norfolk County district.
attorney at the time was Williant
Delahunt, now a Democratic con-
gressman from Massachusettsp
He was traveling in the Middle
East and did not reply to repeate'
requests for comment.
The current district attorney,
WilliamKeating, said yesterday tha.
newly found police reports show"
there was probable cause to arrest
Bishop in 1986 on charges of assault'
with a dangerous weapon, carrying
a dangerous weapon and unlawful
possession of ammunition.
But, Keatingsaid, the reports do
not contradict accounts that the-
shooting was an accident.
Bishop and her husband, James
Anderson, graduated from North-
eastern in 1988 with biology
degrees. In 1993, Bishop earned.
a doctorate in genetics from Harm
Rural and suburban
homelessness at 32
percent in 2009
ROOSEVELT, N.Y. (AP) -
Homelessness in rural and subur-
ban America is straining shelters
this winter as the economy found-
ers and joblessness hovers near
double digits - a "perfect storm of
foreclosures, unemployment and a
shortage of affordable housing," in
one official's eyes.
"We are seeing many families that
never before sought government
of Social Services in Suffolk County
on eastern LongIsland.
"We see a spiral in food stamps,
heating assistance applications;
Medicaid is skyrocketing," Blass
added. "It is truly reaching a stage
of being alarming.",
The federal government is again
counting the nation's homeless
and, by many accounts, the sub-
urban numbers continue to rise,
especially for families, women,
children, Latinos and men seeking
help for the first time. Some have
to be turned away.
"Yes, there has definitely been
an increased number of turnaways
this year," said Jennifer Hill,
executive director of the Alliance
to End Homelessness in suburban
Cook County, Illinois. "We're see-
ing increases in shelter use along
the lines of 30 percent or more."
The U.S. Department of Hous-
ing and Urban Development's
annual survey last year found
homelessness remained steady
at about 1.6 million people, but
the percentage of rural or subur-
ban homelessness rose from 23
percent to 32 percent. The 2009
HUD report, which reflected the
12 months ending Sept. 30, 2008,
also found the number of sheltered
homeless families grew from about
473,000 to 517,000.
Greta Guarton, executive direc-
tor of the Nassau-Suffolk Coali-
tion for the Homeless on Long
Island, led a recent group of about
40 volunteers to scour vacant lots
and industrial parks for this year's
HUD survey; results are expected
in several months.
"One of the things that we've
noticed is a lot more unsheltered,
mostly men who claim this is the
first time they've been homeless,
who indicate that it's due to a loss
of wages or loss of job, because of
the economy," Guarton said.
Stephanie Hawkins, who lost
her manager's job when a shel-
ter for drug addicts and alcohol-
ics closed last summer, is now
among about a dozen or more
"guests" living in a different kind
of Long Island shelter - this one
for women who have nowhere
else to go.