The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
LSA sophomore Firas Shalabi writes a letter yesterday to state lawmakers to stop the construction of coal plants on the Great Lakes.
From Page 1
- as research funds and other rev-
enues had increased - it was inev-
itable that the state's percentage of
contribution to our budget would
decline," Sullivan said.
While state funding has
decreased, Sullivan said that
doesn't mean that the state's inter-
est in higher education has fallen
as well. She said stategovernments
across the country are making dif-
ficult decisions regarding state
budgets and that universities have
the ability to alleviate some of that
"Rather than focusing on what
legislatures and governors are
not doing for universities, I think
we should emphasize what public
universities are doing to help the
states," she said, citing steward-
ship of university resources, start-
up companies helping economies
to grow and educated students
who enter the workforce and
"energize the economy."
After Sullivan spoke, assembly
members questioned her about
potential moves that could relieve
some of the University's budget
Gina Poe, Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs
member and associate profes-
sor of anesthesiology, asked if
the University has considered
accepting more undergraduate
students to increase revenue for
Though the University accepted
roughly 200 more students in this
year's freshman class than in last
year's class, Sullivan responded
that, in order to maintain small
class sizes, the University doesn't
intend to increase the size of the
"The truth is we could expand,"
she said. "There are a lot more
students who want to be at Michi-
gan than we currently admit, but
for quality reasons, I don't think
that's the way to go."
Another assembly member
expressed concern that educa-
tion at the University will become
inaccessible for some students if
tuition costs continue to rise to
help balance the budget.
The cost of tuition increased 5.6
percent this year for in-state and
Sullivan said the University is
trying to hold down tuition costs
as much as possible, but that finan-
cial aid is available for students
who can't meet costs.
She added that the University
has been successful in obtaining
financial aid funds from donors.
"Four years ago, the convention-
al wisdom was you couldn't raise
money from donors for financial
aid, they wouldn't give for that,"
she said. "And we've proven that's
The University has also pledged
to meet the full financial need of
any Michigan resident.
However, Sullivan said the gov-
ernment's decision to eliminate
the Michigan Promise Scholar-
ship put a strain on that commit-
ment because money set aside for
financial aid was used to replace
the lost Michigan Promise Schol-
arship funds for need-based stu-
Sullivan said she appreciates the
active engagement and coopera-
tion of students, faculty and staff in
tackling budget issues.
"The budget challenges before
all of us are considerable," she said.
"As we address them we have to
look forward, developing systems
and plans that not only address
our immediate problems, but also
establish a strong foundation for
COPYRIGHTS FOR FACULTY
After Sullivan spoke, the assem-
bly discussed aproposalthat would
give the University ownership of
all copyrights of faculty scholarly
articles. The University would
then make the articles available in
an open access repository on the
Internet for members of the Uni-
Currently, faculty members
own the copyright to their written
However, Michael Thouless,
chair of SACUA, said that pub-
lishers have historically taken
advantage of copyright proce-
dures. He cited instances where
publishers have produced works
in more formats than what was
originally intended and have
packaged articles with other
works and then sell them for a
different purpose than the author
had in mind.
Thouless said the University
cannot protect what it doesn't
own, which is why the faculty
must collaborate on the issue.
"It's us that own the copyright,"
he said. "It's up to us to protect,
Other universities - like Har-
vard University, the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology and
Kansas University - have passed
similar open access proposals.
Accordingto Bob Fraser, SACUA
member and assistant director of
the Mardigian Library, there are
now more than 40 universities in
the United States where faculty
members have worked with pub-
lishers to create policies that allow
university communities to access
From Page 1
"We make it really cheap up
front and then, at the end of the
semester, you don't have to go and
not be able to sell them back or get
a fraction of what you paid from
the campus bookstore," he said.
Students from more than 6,400
campuses have used the website,
according to Phumbra. The web-
site has a ticker that counts the
number of dollars the company has
saved students in real-time. Cur-
rently, the number is at more than
$71 million and counting.
The rental concept and the larg-
er online market could cause trou-
ble down the road for traditional
campus bookstores, like Ulrich's
Bookstore and Michigan Book &
Supply, if they can't find a way to
compete with the lower prices
at Chegg.com and other popular
online vendors like Amazon and
Managers at Ulrich's and Michi-
gan Book & Supply refused to com-
ment for this story.
This past June, Ann Arbor
bookstore Shaman Drum closed its
doors after 29 years. Former owner
Karl Pohrt partially attributed the
closing to the rise of Internet book
Shaman Drum began suffer-
ing financially due to "customers
migrating to the Internet coupled
with the frightening economic
crisis," Pohrt wrote in an open let-
ter published by The Ann Arbor
Chronicle on Feb. 17.
Pohrt said in a Feb. 19 article in
From Page 1
was defeated countywide.
The millage would have
increased property taxes $2 for
every $1,000 of taxable value over
a five-year period, with revenue
distributed to districts on a per-
Roberts said the millage tax
would have helped alleviate some
of the district's deficit.
If the millage had passed, Rob-
erts said AAPS would be dealing
with a roughly $6 million to $9
million deficit versus the betweens
$17 million aod,$20 million deficit
it now faces for the 2010-11 aca-
"By law, (the millage was) our
only way to increase operatingrev-
enue," Roberts said.
Without the millage revenue,
the district must make cuts to deal
with the anticipated drop in state
funding, Roberts said.
To that end, Ann Arbor school
officials will hold a series of pub-
The Michigan Daily that textbook
sales in particular were steadily
declining at the local bookstore
before it closed because more stu-
dents bought textbooks online.
Many students said that in
deciding where to buy textbooks,
price is a larger factor than loyalty
to campus bookstores.
Art & Design senior Chris Firlik,
who rented textbooks from Chegg.
com during both semesters last
year, said the lower prices led her
to the site.
"To a certain extent, it's impor-
tant to support local businesses.
That's why I like going in to book-
stores to buy ones for my English
classes," Firlik said. "But in some
cases, people cannot afford to pay
those high prices."
"It's pretty irritating to buy a
book for a couple hundred dollars
and then maybe get8 percent back
for it," she added.
Firlik said she no longer uses
Chegg.com because the classes she
takes now use novels rather than
traditional textbooks. She said she
likes to keep the novels after the
classes end, so reselling the books
is not a problem.
Engineering junior Kurt
Kurzenhauser also said he decides
where to buy books based on price,
but that he likes to keep certain
textbooks for reference in more
"For some textbooks, especially
new editions, (renting) sounds
useful," he said. "But as I get more
advanced, I want to keep my text-
books. I use them in other class-
Engineering sophomore Hiroko
Nakahama said she considered
lir meetings in January to address
proposed budget cuts.
The meetings will start at 6:30
p.m. and will take place in district
intermediate and high schools.
The first meeting is scheduled
for Jan. 7 at Huron High School.
Subsequent dates include Jan. 12
at Skyline High School, Jan. 14 at
Scarlett Middle School and Jan.19
at Pioneer High School.
Roberts said he hopes the meet-
ings will serve as a forum for com-
munity feedback and suggestions.
"We'll be asking for feedback
from folks that are there at the
meeting," Roberts said. "If there
are thoughts about possible sav-
ings, we'd take those from folks
Roberts said district represen-
tatives are currently outlining cost
reduction options for the 2010-11
school year, which they will dis-
cuss at the January meetings.
"Our goal is to maintain high-
quality education programs and
keep the cuts away from the class-
room," Roberts said.
While Roberts discussed plans
Tuesday, December 1, 2009 - 7
renting textbooks from Cheggcom
last semester but found it to be too
"I looked up Bio and Material
Science. It's stupid to borrow Bi
for $100 or Material Science for
$60 when it's not that much more
to just buy it," Nakahama said.
Nakahama also said that the
process of selling books back is a
"I hate having to go through
selling," Nakahama said. "You go
to the bookstore and a lot of times
they don't buy the books back for
She added, though, that she
recently bought a new edition of
her biology book hoping she could
sell it back for a better profit than
what it would have cost to rent it.
Phumbra wouldn't say if he
agrees that Chegg.com would "put
campus bookstores out of busi-
ness," aclaim arepresentative from
the company made in an e-mail to
the Daily on Nov. 17.
But, he added that he thinks
"everyone's really happy about
saving students money."
Phumbra said the company has
not yet turned a profit but will do
so after the books have been lent
out a few times. Chegg.com now
owns 2.4 million books, but looks
to widely expand that collection
with $57 million in venture capital
the company reported receiving on
The company has rental periods
from 60 t 125 days, with slight
price alterations based on duration.
The company also allows students
to highlight books "within reason"
without repercussions, according
in general, he refused to comment
on specific cuts until a finalized
budget is settled upon.
"We're looking at all options... at
this point we aren't talking about
specific reductions," Roberts said.
But no matter the plan, Roberts
said cuts are sure to include staff-
"With roughly 85 percent of
(AAPS's) costs in people, we're
going to have to reduce costs in
that area," Roberts said.
Roberts said further cuts will
target services AAPS provides,
like transportation and facility
Before the public meetings,
AAPS representatives will discuss
the budget deficit with the Board
of Education this Thursday and
will hold conversations with its
staff in December.
"We're looking at all our possi-
ble options, hoping to have as little
impact as possible on students if
we can," Roberts said.
The district hopes to finalize a
year by the end of February.
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For Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2009
(March 21 to April 19)
This is an enjoyable day because you
feel positive and hopeful about your
future. Isn't it amazing how our state of
mind affects everything'? Curious but
true (and something to remember at all
(April 20to May 20)
This is a wonderft day for business
and commerce. It's also a good day for
shopping. wheeling and dealing, and
buying and selling. Ka-ching!
(May 21 to June 20)
You feel hopeful and enthusiastic
about something today. You might even
be overjoyed. Travel plans for something
having to do with groups will please
(June 21to July 22)
Solitude in beautiful surroundings is
just what you need today. You want to
Pull your act together sO you can take it
ems the road.
(July 23 to Aug. 22)
A discussion with a fesnale could lead
to invitations or future travel opportuni,
ties. Meetings, committees, classes and
conferences will go well today.
(Aug. 23 to Sept. 22)
Personal details about your private life
might suddenly be made rather public
today. Fortunately, it's all positive and
perhlas even humorous. Enjoy your day.
(Sept. 23 to Oct. 22)
Try to do somsething different today.
Break froms your daily routine. You want
to learn something new: plus, you want
some adventure! (Go someplace you've
never been before.)
(Oct. 23 to Nov. 2 1)
Focus on shared property and your
responsibilities to others today. Taxes,
debt, inheritances, insuranceiatters and
anything that is jointly owned gets top
(Nov. 22 to Dec. 21)
You'll have to go more than halfway
when dealing with others, because the
Moon is opposite your sign today. Since
people are so upbeat, this should be easy.
(Dec. 22to Jan. 19)
Relationships with co-workers are
friendly today. News pertaining to a
small pet could be quite joyful. Work-
related travel is also likely.
(Jan. 20to Feb. 18)
You feel prankish and playful today!
You want to have a good time. And why
not? Life is short - and fat. Playful
activities with children, sports, love and
romance are all areas that get a lovely
(Feb. 19 to March 20)
Invite people over to your home today.
You'll enjoy any kind of gathering -
whether it's a family gathering or a
group of people who want to study
something together. People are in a good
YOU BORN TODAY You have a
driving force that propels you through
life, in part because you're fiercely com-
petitive. Although you have a strong per-
sonality yourself, you often become
devoted to someone you admire. You
have high ideals, which you apply to
yourself and others. Your year ahead
might be one of the most powerful years
of your life. Dream big!
Birtidate of: Georges Seurat, artist;
Monica Seles, tennis player; Maria
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2009 King Features Syndicate. Inc.