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a The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

TM n ch yMonday, September 22, 2008 - 3A

NEWS BRIEFS
MUMBAI, India
Gunman tied to
Pakistani group,
Indian official says
The only gunman captured
after a 60-hour terrorist siege
of Mumbai said he belonged to
a Pakistani militant group with
links to the disputed Himalayan
region of Kashmir, a senior police
officer said yesterday.
The gunman was one of 10 who
paralyzed the city in an attack
that killed at least 174 people and
revealed the weakness of India's
security apparatus. India's top
law enforcement official resigned,
bowing to growing criticism that
the attackers appeared better
trained, better coordinated and
better armed than police.
The announcement blaming
militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba,
threatened to escalate tensions
between India and Pakistan.
However, Indian officials have
been cautious about accusing
Pakistan's government of com-
plicity.
WASHINGTON
Obama to appoint
six top posts
President-elect Barack Obama
plans today to announce six expe-
rienced hands to fill top admin-
istration posts, hioving at record
speed to name the leadership team
that will guide his presidency
through a time of war and reces-
sion.
His selections include longtime
advisers and political foes alike,
most notably Democratic primary
rival Hillary Rodham Clinton as
secretary of state and President
Bush's defense secretary, Rob-
ert Gates, staying in his current
post. The two were among six
who Obama planned to announce
at a news conference in Chicago,
Democratic officials said.
The officials said Obama also
planned to name Washington
lawyer Eric Holder as attorney
general and Arizona Gov. Janet
Napolitano as homeland security
secretary.
He also planned to announce
two senior foreign policy positions
outside the Cabinet: campaign
foreign policy adviser Susan Rice
as U.N. ambassador and retired
Marine Gen. James L. Jones as
national security adviser.
EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif.
Space shuttle.
completes 16-day
mission
Space shuttle Endeavour and its
seven astronauts safely returned
to Earth on Sunday, taking a
detour to sunny California after
storms hit the main landing strip
in Florida.
Endeavour wrapped up a 16-day
trip that left the international
space station freshly remodeled
and capable of housing bigger
crews' d
The shuttle dropped off all kinds

of home improvement equipment,
including a new bathroom, kitch-
enette, exercise machine, two
sleeping quarters and a recycling
system designed to convert astro-
nauts' urine and sweat into drink-
ing water.
But the mission wasn't without
its problems. Astronaut Heidema-
rie Stefanyshyn-Piper let go of a
$100,000 tool bag during the first
spacewalk, muttering "Oh, great"
as it floated away.
S
NEW YORK
Students claim
honesty, but stats
show otherwise
In the past year, 30 percent of
U.S. high school students have
stolen from a store and 64 percent
have cheated on a test, according
to a new, large-scale survey sug-
gesting that Americans are too
apathetic about ethical standards.
Educators reacting to the find-
ings questioned any suggestion
that today's young people are less
honest than previous generations,
but several agreed that intensified
pressures are prompting many
students to cut corners.
"The competition is greater, the
pressures on kids have increased
dramatically," said Mel Riddle of
the National Association of Sec-
ondary School Principals. "They
have opportunities their prede-
cessors didn't have (to cheat). The
temptation is greater."
- Compiled from
Daily wire reports

Bush sends Rice to New
Delhi to support India

Admininstration
seeks "solidarity"
after attacks
WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi-
dent George W. Bush yesterday
dispatched Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice to New Delhi in
support of India following the ter-
rorist attacks thatkilled nearly200
people, includingsix Americans.
Rice and Bush wanted anoppor-
tunity "to express the condolences
of the American government
directly to the Indian govern-
ment and the Indian people," Rice
spokesman Sean McCormack said.
Rice was scheduled to leave
Sunday night for a meeting in Lon-
don and then travel to Brussels for
a NATO gathering. On Wednes-
day, following the NATO meet-
ing, she will travel to New Delhi,
accordingto her new itinerary.
"Secretary Rice's visit to India
is a further demonstration of the
United States' commitment to
stand in solidarity with the people

of India as we all work together
to hold these extremists account-
able,"WhiteHousepresssecretary
Dana Perino said ina statement.
Rice had planned to attend the
meeting of NATO foreign min-
isters Tuesday and Wednsday,
with talks focusing on a broad
international agenda, including
Afghanistan, Georgia and the
Ukraine. From there she was to
visit Rome, Helsinki and Copen-
hagen, but it was unclear whether
the trip to India would cancel or
only postpone those visits.
Rice spoke with President-elect
Barack Obama about India earlier
on Sunday, McCormack said. It
was the third phone conversation
between the two since the attacks.
Rice has also been in daily phone
- contact with Indian and Pakistani
officials.
The announcement of Rice's
trip came hours after Bush assured
India's leader that the U.S. gov-
ernment will put its full weight
behind the investigation into the
attacks in Mumbai.
Earlier Sunday, a Republican

senator endorsed a campaign
suggestion from President-elect
Barack Obama - appointment
of a special envoy, perhaps for-
mer President Bill Clinton, to the
disputed region of Kashmir - as
the U.S. seeks to ease tensions
between India and its nuclear-
armed neighbor Pakistan.
The lone gunman captured
by police after the attacks told
authorities he belonged to a Paki-
stani militant group with links to
Kashmir, a senior Indian police
officer said. India has blamed
"elements" from Pakistan for the
60-hour siege during which sus-
pected Muslim militants hit 10
sites across India's financial capi-
tal, leaving at least 174 dead.
Bush told India's prime minis-
ter, Manmohan Singh, in a tele-
phone call that "out of this tragedy
can come an opportunity to hold
these extremists accountable and
demonstrate the world's shared
commitment to combat terror-
ism," White House spokesman
Gordon Johndroe said in a state-
ment.

United Auto Workers Pres dent Ron Gettelfinger testfies at a Senate hearing on the
automotive industry bailout on Capitol Hill earlier this month.
UA-W- chief calls on
Congress to give aid

In Switzerland, program legalizing
heroin for addicts approved

In place since 1994,
program credited
with reducing crime
GENEVA (AP) - The world's
most comprehensive legalized
heroin program became perma-
nent yesterday with overwhelm-
ing approval from Swiss voters
who simultaneously rejected the
decriminalization of marijuana.
The heroin program, started
in 1994, is offered in 23 centers
across Switzerland. It has helped
eliminate scenes of large groups
of drug users shooting up openly
in parks that marred Swiss cit-
ies in the 1980s and 1990s and is
credited with reducing crime and
improving the health and daily
lives of addicts.
The nearly 1,300 selected
addicts, who have been unhelped
by other therapies, visit one of the
centers twice a day to receive the
carefully measured dose of her-
oin produced by a government-
approved laboratory.
They keep their paraphernalia
in cups labeled with their names
and use the equipment and clean
needles to inject themselves -

four at a time - under the super-
vision of a nurse, and also receive
counseling from psychiatrists and
social workers.
The aim is to help the addicts
learn how to function in society.
The United States and the U.N.
narcotics board have criticized
the program as potentially fuel-
ing drug abuse, but it has attract-
ed attention from governments as
far away as Australia and Canada,
which in recent years have started
or are considering their own pro-
grams modeled on the system.
The Netherlands started a
smaller program in 2006, and it
serves nearly 600 patients. Brit-
ain has allowed individual doc-
tors to prescribe heroin since the
1920s, but it has been running tri-
als similar to the Swiss approach
in recent years. Belgium, Germa-
ny, Spain and Canada have been
running trial programs too.
Sixty-eight percent of the 2.26
million Swiss voters casting bal-
lots approved making the heroin
program permanent.
By contrast, around 63.2 per-
cent of voters voted against the
marijuana proposal, which was
based on a separate citizens'
initiative to decriminalize the

consumption of marijuana and
growing the plant for personal
use.
Olivier Borer, 35, a musi-
cian from the northern town of
Solothurn, said he welcomed the
outcome in part because state
action was required to help her-
oin addicts, but he said legalizing
marijuana was a bad idea.
"I think it's very important
to help these people, but not to
facilitate the using of drugs,"
Borer said. "You can just see in
the Netherlands how it's going.
People just go there to smoke."
Sabina Geissbuehler-Strupler
of the right-wing Swiss People's
Party, which led the campaign
against the heroin program, said
she was disappointed in the vote.
"That is only damage limita-
tion," she said. "Ninety-five per-
cent of the addicts are not healed
from the addiction."
Insurance pays for the bulk
of the program, which costs $22
million a year. All residents in
Switzerland, which has a popula-
tion of 7.5 million, are required to
have health insurance, with the
government paying insurance
premiums for those who cannot
afford it.

In a public plea,
Gettelfinger says
Big Three can't fail.
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
head of the United Auto Workers
made a public plea yesterday for
government help for U.S. carmak-
ers as the Big Three put the final
touches on stabilization plans to
submit to Congress.
"We cannot afford to see these
companies fail," said Ron Gettelf-
inger, the UAW chief, calling on
Congress to approve the aid dur-
ing a special session the week of
Dec. 8.
Gettelfinger said a $25 bil-
lion rescue plan for the carmak-
ers is "not a bailout, this is a loan
- a bridge loan - that will get us
through until we can take a longer-
term look at exactly what needs to
be done in the industry."
Democratic leaders are demand-
ing blueprints from . Chrysler
LLC, Ford Motor Co. and Gen-

eral Motors Corp. before they will
schedule votes on any new federal
aid. The plans, due Tuesday, are to
be scrutinized at a Senate hearing
Wednesday and a House hearing
on Friday.
If lawmakers like what they see,
Congress may reconvene the fol-
lowingweek to consider abailout.
Members of Congress remain
deeply divided on the aid, with
many in both parties wary of sup-
porting another costly government
rescue on the heels of the $700 bil-
lion Wall Street bailout.
Sen. Lindsey O. Graham, R-S.C.,
said he would not back the help for
the U.S. auto industry.
"I don't believe it is a good idea
to take $25 billion and give it to the
three major car companies, which
I think have a business plan that's
doomed to fail," he said.
Like many Republicans and
some Democrats, Graham said it
would be better to allow one or
more of the struggling companies
to go under and restructure in
bankruptcy.
Princeton
Re.Cview

17 Full-length C~
All of AAMC' Features
800-2Revlew PrincotonReview comI
Corner of S. University and S Forest
H,-,,U

EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN SENATE'S
DAVIS, MARKERT, NICKERSON LECTURE ON
ACADEMIC AND INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM
My University.com, My Government.com:
Is the Internet Really a Blessing for Democracy?
Thursday, December 4, 2008, 4:00 p.m.
Honigman Auditorium, Law School
University of Michigan
Cass R. Sunstein
Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law
Harvard Law School
Cass Sunstein is the Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law at the Harvard Law
School. He is the most-cited law professor of any faculty in the United States.
He is a contributing editor to The New Republic and is a frequent witness
before congressional committees. He worked in the Office of Legal Counsel
in the Justice Department as an Attorney-Advisor. He is a member of the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Law Institute.
Cass Sunstein is an expert on behavioral economics and its implications for
business and public policy-how thinking and emotions affect markets, and
how to use recent research in human behavior to improve human decisions.
He is the author of Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and
Happiness. Nudge urges that we design policies, in both the public and private
sectors, that make people better off, not with coercion but with nudges-
well-chosen default rules and other incentives that help us act in our own
best interest. Other books include Infotopia and Worst-Case Scenarios and
Republic.com 2.0. Professor Sunstein has testified frequently before various
government bodies on separation of powers, administrative law, regulatory
policy and constitutional law. He has worked on briefs in the US Supreme
Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals and the U.S. District Courts.
For additional information:
Web site: www.umich.edu/-aflf Telephone: 734-764-0303
The 2008 Davis, Markert, Nickerson Lecture on Academic and Intellectual Freedom is sponsored
by the Academic Freedom Lecture Fund, American Association of University Professors University
of Michigan-Ann Arbor Chapter and Michigan Conference, University of Michigan Office of the
President, University of Michigan Office of the Vice President for Communications, University of
Michigan Vice Provost for Academic Information, University of Michigan Law School, University of
Michigan Board for Student Publications, and the Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs.
This lecture is free and open to the public.

Do you have Acne?
o If you are 12 years of age or older and have
acne you may qualify for a 12 week long
research study at the University of Michigan
Department of Dermatology.
o If you are interested in participating, call the
University of Michigan Department of Derma-
tology to find out more.
o Compensation may be provided.
oThe number is: (734) 764-DERM
University of Michigan
Hospitals and Health Centers
IRBMED # HUM00020608

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