2 - Friday, April 11, 2008
In Other Ivory Towers
The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com
Before there was Title IX
Several decades after women had
joined their male peers in the Uni-
versity's classrooms, their extracur-
ricular interests in sports and fitness
still remained somewhat of a mystery
to the rest of campus. According to
the archives of the Bentley Historical
Library, a University report published
in 1894 speculated that "the favorite
amusements of the college girls are
walking and tennis."
In 1896, long before the days of a
female athletics program, Dr. Eliza
Mosher was hired as the University's
first Dean of Women and personally
oversaw physical training and health
of female students.
The Women's Athletic Association
organized athletic, recreational and
social activities for female students
on campus. As opposed to promoting
female athletics or competition, the
events functioned primarily to encour-
age overall heath and fitness.
Basketball burst onto the female
sports scene in 1898, making it the first
competitive team sport available for
women. During its exhibition called
"Open Day," male spectators were
allowed into the gymnasium by invita-
In accordance with national guide-
lines, Women's Athletic Association
teams couldn't participate in intercol-
legiate competition until 1920. Before
then, women began rivalries and inter-
class matches to quench their thirst
Female athletes also joined local
groups to compete.
But while women's participation
in athletics became more prevalent
over time, certain social expectations
remained. In 1907, a female student
caused abang when she showed off her
considerable shooting skills in front of
the men's rifle club.
According to reports, "The men
were amazed, dismayed, and hoped
that she would not compete for a posi-
tion on their team."
Margaret Bell, the Director of Physi-
cal Education for Women from 1923 to
1957, didn't support varsity competition
for women, believing it wasn't a wom-
an's place to compete and fearing that
athletics could have adverse effects on
the female reproductive system.
A push to increase University funding
for female athletics began in the 1960s.
In 1972, the U.S. Congress passed
the landmark Title IX of the Education
Amendment Act, banning sexual dis-
crimination in all education programs
receiving federal funding. By 1974, the
University had established six varsity
teams for women.
Since then, many female alums have
gone on to compete in the Olympics. Of
them, diver Micki King is the only gold
A student trains for Women's gymnastics in 1910.
Wamen's athletic tearns weren't allowed to partici-
pole in intercollegiate competition antil 1920.
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CAMPUS EVENTS & NOTES
Graffiti found Food, computer Funkyard Wars Men's Glee Club
WHERE: Fletcher Hall
WHEN: Wednesday at 10 a.m.
WHAT: A graffiti was found
spray-painted on the face of the
building near the front doors,
the Department of Public Safety
reported. Random letters and
an arrow pointingto the ground
was written inblack. The dam-
age was estimated at about $50.
Police have no suspects.
WHERE: Michigan Union
WHEN: Wednesday at about
WHAT: An Apple computer
mouse and a dish of food were
stolen from a third-floor room
sometime overnight, DPS
reported. The mouse was val-
ued at $25. The food was valued
at $7. Police have no suspects.
WHAT: A percussion perfor-
mance featuring music played
on both traditional and impro-
vised instruments, including
guitars, garbage cans, toys
and laptop computers.
WHEN: Tonight from 7to
WHERE: Michigan Theater,
603 E. Liberty
Forgotten USB Political graffiti Play about life of
drive taken found in men's troubled writer
room stall .nom.--.
WHAT: A performance by
campus's oldest choral group.
Studenttickets are $5.
WHO: Men's Glee Club
WHEN: Tonight at 8 p.m.
WHERE: Hill Auditorium
WHAT: Seven new dance
pieces, performedby Masters
in Fine Arts students
WHO: School of Music, The-
ater and Dance
WHEN: Tonight at 8p.m.
WHERE: Betsy Pease Studio
Theater, 1310 N. University
" A photo on the cover of
Wednesday's edition of The
Statement (The Businessman),
was miscredited. The photo
was taken by Rodrigo Gaya.
. Please report any error in
the Daily to corrections@
The Federal Communica-
tions Commission approved
on Wednesday a plan for a
federal emergency text mes-
sage system, CNN reported.
Text messages would be sent in
the event of a terrorist attack,
a major natural disaster, or a
child abduction. T-Mobile, Ver-
izon, Sprint, Nextel and AT&T
all said they would likely carry
Yesterday President Bush
announced that the ongo-
ing troop drawdown in
Iraq will halt indefinitely in
July. This may leave up to
140,000 American servicemen
and women inIraq when Bush's
term ends in November.
FOR MORE, OPINION, PAGE 4
Sixteen of Haiti's 27 sena-
tors demanded the res-
ignation of the country's
prime minister yesterday,
Reuters reported. The demand
comes in the aftermath of vio-
lent riots that paralyzed the
capital city for a week.
WHERE: Modern Language
WHEN: Wednesday at about
WHAT: A USB drive was
reported missing after its
owner left the device unat-
tended between noon on
Tuesday and 9 a.m. the next
morning, DPS reported.
WHERE: East Quad
WHEN: Thursday at about
WHAT: Graffiti of a political
nature was found written on a
stall in a first floor men's room,
DPS reported. Staff were able
to clean up the writing with
WHAT: A performance of
'Brooklyn Boy,' a play about
a man whose memoirs make
him nationally famous as his
personal life falls apart.
WHO: Basement Arts
WHEN: Tonight from 7 to 1
WHERE: Studio 1, Walgreen
Are you graduating?
Then you're a
8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Noon to 7 p.m.
" Pick up your commencement tickets
* Sign up for your free one-year
membership in the Alumni
Association E m
" Stay for free food, giveways,
shopping and photo opps
" Enter our grand prize drawing for a 13" Apple MacBook.
Stop by the Alumni Center,
where your student ID is
your backstage pass. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN