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January 23, 2008 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2008-01-23

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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Wednesday, January 23, 2008 - 3A

NEWS BRIEFS
LANSING
Michigan Senate
bans partial-birth
abortion
On the anniversary ofRoe v. Wade,
the Michigan Senate has voted to ban
a procedure opponents call partial-
birth abortion.
The legislation mirrors a federal
prohibition against the procedure
that was upheld by the U.S. Supreme
Courtlast year.
Abortion opponents say the mea-
sure is needed so state and local
authorities can prosecute doctors
who perform the procedure and send
a message that Michigan opposes the
method.
Abortionrights supporters say the
legislation is a waste of time since
the procedure already is outlawed by
federal law.
Federal courts have struck down
previous laws passed in Michigan to
ban the procedure.
WASHINGTON
In emergency move,
Feds slash key
interest rate
The Federal Reserve unexpect-
edly slashed a key interest rate by a
bold three-fourths of a percentage
point on Tuesday, responding to a
global plunge in stock markets that
heightened concerns about a reces-
sion. The Fed signaled that further
rate cuts were likely.
The reduction in the federal
funds rate from 4.25 percent down
to 3.5 percent marked the biggest
reduction in this target rate for
overnight loans on records going
back to 1990. It marked the first
time that the Fed has changed
rates between meetings since 2001,
when the central bank was battling
the combined impacts of a reces-
sion and the terrorist attacks.
NEW YORK
Wall Street slowly
climbs back after
rate adjustment
Wall Street struggled to steady
itselfyesterday, climbingback from
an early plunge after the Federal
Reserve implemented an emer-
gency interest rate cut in hopes
of restoring stability to a falter-
ing U.S. economy. The Dow Jones
industrials, down 465 points at the
start of the session, recovered to a
loss of more than 180 points.
The U.S. markets joined a global
selloff amid growing fears that
a recession in the United States
could send economies around the
world into a downturn. Though
stocks regained ground as inves-
tors digested the Fed's move to
cut its benchmark federal funds
rate by 0.75 percentage point and
as bargain-hunters entered the
market, trading remained volatile
and the major indexes fluctuated
sharply, at times approaching the
break-even point before heading
down again.

BAGHDAD
Suicide bombing
kills 18 during
Iraqi funeral
A suicide bomber apparently
targeting a senior security official
blew himself up inside a funeral
tent Monday, killing 18 people in
the latest of a series of deadly at-
tacks chipping away at the notion
of a calmer Iraq.
The U.S. military has repeatedly
warned that the fight againstinsur-
gents is not over, and the bombing
in a village north of Baghdad was
the third in as many days in Sunni
Arab areas thought to have been
largely rid of al-Qaida militants.
There was no claim of respon-
sibility for Monday's bombing
in Hajaj, a village about midway
along the nearly 20 miles between
Saddam Hussein's hometown of
Tikrit and the oil hub of Beiji, 155
miles north of Baghdad.
- Compiled from
Daily wire reports
k.S 'EATHS
3,929
Number of American service mem-
bers who have died in the war in
Iraq, according to The Associated
Press. There were no dead service
members identified yesterday.

PRESS
From Page 1A
written by Bard College Prof. Joel
Kovel.
In "Overcoming Zionism,"
Kovel argues that Zionism has
created an apartheid-like racist
state in Israel. He contends that
a single democratic secular state
is the only solution to the Israeli-
Palestinian conflict.
The University Press created
the distribution guidelines after
it admitted to not having read the
books it distributed for the Lon-
don-based Pluto Press. The press
has been described as anti-Semit-
ic and anti-Israel by pro-Israel
groups like the Michigan chapter
of Stand With Us and the Ameri-
can Movement for Israel.
Under the new guidelines, the
University Press can now decide
whether it will distribute books
from third-party presses based
on the publisher's policies for
reviewing books before publica-
tion.
Peggy McCracken, the chair of
the University Press's executive
board, said Pluto's review poli-
cies were not in line with those
of the University Press. She said
University Press director Phil
Pachoda plans to discuss Pluto's
review policies with the publish-
er before its contract expires at

the end of May.
"Wedthink they're not reason-
ably similar, but we're going to
look into that further in the com-
ing months," McCracken said.
At the University Press, a com-
plete manuscript under consid-
eration for publication will now
be sent to at least two scholars
in the same field. Those scholars
will evaluate the book's merit and
decide whether to send a positive
or negative review of the book to
the University Press.
With the scholarly reviews in
mind, the University Press will
either proceed with publication,
advise the writer to make edito-
rial changes or reject the book
outright.
At Pluto Press, an author sub-
mits a book proposal to the press,
rather than a complete manu-
script. The company then sends
that proposal for peer review to
other authors who work ina simi-
lar field.
After the proposals are
reviewed, Pluto will either accept
the proposal and offer the writer
a contract, ask for changes to the
proposal or reject the proposal.
Roger van Zwanenberg, chair-
man of Pluto Press, said in an
e-mail interview that the Uni-
versity Press was aware of Pluto's
review policies because the com-
pany had provided the University
Press with examples of its peer

review process since it began its
contract with Pluto in 2004.
Anne Beech, managing direc-
tor at Pluto Press, said the press
would, on occasion, have an
entire manuscript sent out for
peer review. But she said that
step wasn't part of Pluto's review
policies.
Beech said she thinks the Uni-
versity Press's new distribution
guidelines are vague and will
do little to clarify the University
Press's position on third-party
distribution deals.
"There's not a lot there, really,"
Beech said. "I think Pluto will
look forward to a period of clari-
fication and discussion with the
(University Press) over the next
few months to clarify what these
guidelines actually mean."
Although "Overcoming Zion-
ism" doesn't bear the University
Press's seal, the University Press
halted distribution of Kovel's
book in August. It resumed sell-
ing the book a month later after
some accused the press of sup-
pressing free speech by refusing
to distribute it.
Upon resuming distribution of
the book, the University Press's
executive board released a state-
ment saying that it had "deep
reservations" about the book but
understood that not distributing
it raised First Amendment and
censorship concerns.

Duderstadt says Engin. should
only be option for grad students

REPORT, From Page 1A
neers would gain a broad liberal
arts education as undergraduates
before continuing to an engineer-
ing school. He said the extra
education would give them the
abilities necessary to succeed in an
international economy.
"Those areas and disciplines
may give them a perspective on
how to interact with different
people, different cultures and so
forth," he said.
EngineeringjuniorAdamHashi-
moto said he'd like the opportunity
to study other interests in college
besides engineering.
"I'm also interested in music,"
Hashimoto said. "I think it'd be
cool tobe able to have more inter-
disciplinary stuff."
While the University's Engi-
neering school offers programs in
conjunction with the Ross School
of Business, Duderstadt said entre-
preneurial skills are still lacking
in most engineering curriculums
today.
Certain engineering disciplines,
like civil engineering or architec-
ture, already require a profession-
al degree and advanced education

for licensing. Duderstadt said that
while he thinks these changes are
a step in the right direction, even
professional programs should be
reworked because they don't place
enough emphasis on practical
experience.
"One of the more controversial
parts of the recommendations is
we believe that those profession-
ally-oriented programs really
should be staffed by faculty with
strongexperience and professional
practice, in the same way that you
would not become a surgeon sim-
ply by sitting into a course taught
by someone who knew molecular
biology," he said.
Duderstadt's report has its crit-
ics. David Munson, the dean of the
College of Engineering, said some
areas of engineering shouldn't
require a graduate degree.
"There's quite a lot of need
with engineers with just four-year
degrees," Munson said.
Munson said programs like the
Engineering school's partnership
with the Ross School of Business
already give real-world experience
as undergrads.
"I think some of the things
that he'd like to see, we're already
doing," Munson said.

Study: Bush issued many false statements before war

WASHINGTON (AP) - A study
by two nonprofit journalism orga-
nizations found that President Bush
and top administration officials
issued hundreds of false statements
about the national security threat
from Iraq in the two years follow-
ing the 2001 terrorist attacks.
The study concluded that the
Thompson
drops out
of race
NAPLES, Fla. (AP) - Repub-
lican Fred Thompson, the actor-
politician who attracted more
attention as a potential presiden-
tial candidate than as a real one,
quit the race for the White House
yesterday after a string of poor
finishes in early primary and cau-
cus states.
"Today, I have withdrawn my
candidacy for president of the
United States. I hope that my
country and my party have ben-
efited from our having made this
effort," the former Tennessee sen-
ator said in a brief statement.
Thompson's fate was sealed last
Saturday in the South Carolina
primary, when he finished third
in a state he had said he needed to
do well in, if not win.
In the statement, Thompson did
not say whether he would endorse
any of his former rivals. He was
one of a handful of members of
Congress who supported Arizona
Sen. John McCain in 2000 in his
unsuccessful race against George
W. Bush for the party nomination.
Thompson, best known as the
gruff district attorney on NBC's
"Law & Order," placed third in
Iowa and South Carolina, two
states seemingly in line with his
right-leaning pitch and laid-back
style, and fared even worse in the
four other states that have held
contests thus far. Money already
tight, he ran out of it altogether as
the losses piled up.
Thompson, 65, exits the most
wide open Republican race in half
a century; three candidates each
having won in the six states that
have voted.
I i TIniEANY D R

statements "were part of an orches-
trated campaign that effectively
galvanized public opinion and, in
the process, led the nation to war
under decidedly false pretenses."
The study was posted yester-
day on the Web site of the Center
for Public Integrity, which worked
with the Fund for Independence in

Journalism.
White House spokesman Scott
Stanzel did not comment on the
merits of the study Tuesday night
but reiterated the administration's
position that the world community
viewed Iraq's leader, Saddam Hus-
sein, as a threat.
The study counted 935 false

statements in the two-year period.
It found that in speeches, briefings,
interviews and other venues, Bush
and administration officials stated
unequivocally on at least 532 occa-
sions that Iraqhad weapons of mass
destruction or was trying to pro-
duce or obtain them or had links to
al-Qaida or both.

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1301 South University at South Forest. Photography. Film. Video. A temporary gallery space open during the
expansion and restoration of the University of Michigan Museum of Art. www.umma.umich.edu. 734.763.UMMA
The exhibition was curated by John P. Jacob, Director, The inge Morath Foundation, and organized by The Inge Morath Foundation. New York.
The Ann Arbor presentation is made possible in part by the Office of the President of the University of Michigan, The University of Michigan Health System.
Coenica Bank, the Lois Zenkel Photographic Exhibitions Fund. the Michigan Council for Arts and Cultura l Affairs, and other generous partners.
lnge Morath, 6:3oam, Chang An Avenue, Be (detail Copyright 1978-83 The Inge Morath Foundation/Magnum Photos
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