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November 20, 2007 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily - michigandailycom

Plan still wouldn't meet disability act rules

STADIUM From Page 1
sions began with the OCR eight
years ago that the stadium is
exempt from Americans with Dis-
abilities Act regulations because
it was built decades before that
law went into effect in 1990. If the
stadium were modified to meet all
ADA requirements, it would need
more than 1,000 wheelchair-acces-
sible seats.
But the University isn't admitting
that the stadium must be brought
into compliance. According to the
letter, the University proposed the
plan in an attempt to show com-
mitment to the needs of disabled
fans and to stave off a lawsuit from
the Department of Justice. The
University has already been sued
by the Michigan Paralyzed Veter-
ans of America, which argues that
Michigan Stadium is in violation of
the ADA.
"To be clear, we are propos-

ing this plan outline as an offer of
compromise," the letter says, "in
the interest of commitment to full
and high quality accessibility to
Michigan Stadium for individuals
who use wheelchairs, and in such
a way that will avoid the time and
expense of protracted litigation
with the Department of Justice."
Richard Bernstein, an attorney
for the MPVA, called the proposal
a "red herring," saying the addi-
tion wouldn't improve the gameday
experience for disabled fans and
wouldn't solve problems like a lack
of accessible parking and a lack of
accessible paths from parking lots
to the stadium concourse. He said
those problems would deter dis-
abled fans from attending games,
meaning the seating platforms
would go unused.
"The University will simply say
there's not enough demand from
disabled people to come to the
game," Bernstein said. "If they

don't fix the other stuff, no one will
want to come."
Estimates vary on the exactnum-
ber of seats that the University's
proposal would add. According to
the letter, University officials esti-
mate that the plan would add 295
wheelchair-accessible seats and
companion seats but OCR officials
have said that it would add more
than 350 of each.
In either case, it would double
the number of wheelchair-acces-
sible seats the stadium is expected
to have after the renovation. The
original project, approved by the
University Board of Regents this
summer, was slated to increase the
number of wheelchair-accessible
seats in the stadium from 90 to
about 300.
The proposal would cause the
University to cover up traditional
bleacher seats, threatening the Big
House's status as the largest col-
lege football stadium in the coun-

try. Athletic Department officials
have said 12 bleacher seats must be
eliminated to make room for one
wheelchair-accessible seat. If that
figure holds true, adding disabled
seating platforms around the entire
stadium could eliminate thousands
of total seats from the bowl.
Gloria Hage, the University's
interim general counsel, wouldn't
say whether the addition of seating
platforms would have an effect on
the stadium's capacity but said it
wasn't a concern.
"That's not how we look at it,"
Hage said. "We'll have as much
accessible seating as we need.
We're convinced that we can meet
everybody's needs, and that's what
we've committed to doing."
The addition of wheelchair-
accessible seats on the sidelines
could help ease concerns that the
stadium's disabled seating configu-
ration doesn't offer fans in wheel-
chairs enough different viewing

angles. All of the wheelchair-acces-
sible seats in the stadium now are
located behind the endzones.
The OCR's letter to the Uni-
versity last month also said the
stadium's concessions, bathrooms
and memorabilia stores were in
violation of federal law concern-
ing accessibility to disabled fans.
Hage said the University has
brought those facilities up to code
since representatives of the office
last visited in September 2006 and
has invited OCR officials to visit
and determine whether the prob-
lems have been fixed.
The OCR will now consider the
University's proposal and decide
whether to refer the case to the
Department of Justice. Bernstein
said he doesn't think the office will
accept the proposalbecauseit doesn't
get to the root of the problem.
"It's just not going to happen,"
Bernstein said. "If it did, I'd be very
surprised."

Tuesday, November 20, 2007 - 7
In Canada,
hopes of
freedom
from coal
SARNIA, Ontario (AP) - The
president of a private firm that is
erecting half a dozen giant wind
turbines in southwestern Ontar-
io says wind power can help the
province wean itself off coal-
fired plants.
The 262-foot-high turbines
being built near Forest will pro-
vide clean power to about 3,000
local homes, said Glen Estill of
Sky Generation.
Estill said his company has
plans to build three more of them
in the same area about 30 miles
northeast of Port Huron, Mich.
Once completed, the turbines
will generate electricity that will
be sold to the Ontario Power
Authority and to Bullfrog Power,
which sells "green" electricity to
customers across the province.
Ontario now gets less than 1
percent of its power from wind..
That figure could reach 20 per-
cent by 2025, Estill said.
That's more than enough to
replace coal plants, which gen-
erate about 16 percent of the
province's electricity. Moreover,
wind power will help conserve
Ontario's natural gas supply,
which also is a nonrenewable
resource, he said.
But Estill believes the biggest
benefits could be environmental,
noting that coal has been blamed
for smog, acid rain and climate
change.
"You're never going to get all
your power from wind, but it'll
be more important" as the years
pass, he said.
Estill said the Great Lakes
region is ideal for turbines
because "wind accelerates as it
moves across flat water bodies."
About 1,240 miles of Great
Lakes shoreline is located in
Ontario.
Each turbine costs about $3
million to build and install.

Part-timers shift colleges away from tenure

Fin
a
des

DEA
tenure
are nog
country
of part
fessors
swelled
analyz
tion of
Elair
store
ing coil
represe
nically,
Spanish
she tea(

ancial pressures, Her days begin at the University
of Michigan, Dearborn, with intro-
dministrators' ductory classes. Some days end
f f i i at 10 p.m. at Oakland Community
ires for flexibility College, in the suburbs north of
affect trend Detroit, as she teaches six courses
at four institutions.
"I think we part-timers can be
By ALAN FINDER everything a full-timer can be,"
The New York Times Zendlovitz said during a break in
a 10-hour teaching day. But she
.RBORN - Professors with acknowledged: "It's harder to spend
or who are on a tenure track time with students. I don't have the
w a distinct minority on the prep time, and I know how to pre-
y's campuses, as the ranks pare a fabulous class."
-time instructors and pro- The shift from a tenured fac-
hired on a contract have ulty results from financial pres-
, accordingto federal figures sures, administrators' desire for
ed by the American Associa- more flexibility in hiring, firing and
University Professors. changing course offerings, and the
ne Zendlovitz, aformerretail growth of community colleges and
tanager who began teach- regional public universities focused
[ege courses six years ago, is on teaching basics and preparing
ntative of the change. Tech- students for jobs.
Zendlovitz is a part-time But it has become so extreme
h professor although, in fact, that some universities are pulling,
ches nearly all the time. back, concerned about the effect on

educational quality. Rutgers Uni-
versity in New Jersey agreed in a
labor settlement in August to add
100 tenure or tenure-track posi-
tions. Across the country, faculty
unions are organizing part-timers.
And the American Federation of
Teachers is pushing legislation in 11
states to mandate that 75 percent of
classes be taught by tenured or ten-
ure-track teachers.
Three decades ago, adjuncts -
both part-timers and full-timers not
on atenure track -represented only
43 percent of professors, accord-
ing to the professors association,
which has studied data reported to
the federal Education Department.
Currently, the association says, they
accountfor nearly 70 percent of pro-
fessors at colleges and universities,
both public and private.
John W. Curtis, the union's
director of research and public
policy, said that while the number
of tenured and tenure-track pro-
fessors has increased by about 25

percent over the past 30 years, they
have been swamped by the growth
in adjunct faculty. Overall, the
number of people teaching at col-
leges and universities has doubled
since 1975.
University officials agree that
the use of nontraditional faculty is
soaring. But some contest the pro-
fessors association's calculation,
saying definitions of part-time and
full-time professors vary, and that
it is not possible to determine how
many courses, on average, each
category of professor actually
teaches.
Many state university presidents
say tight budgets have made it inevi-
table that they turn to adjuncts to
save money.
"Wehavetocontendwithincreas-
ing public demands for account-
ability, increased financial scrutiny
and declining state support," said
Charles F. Harrington, provost of
the University of North Carolina,
Pembroke. "One of the easiest, most

convenient ways of dealing with
these pressures is using part-time
faculty," he said, though he cau-
tioned that colleges that rely too
heavily on such faculty "are playing
a really dangerous game."
Mark B. Rosenberg, chancel-
lor of the State University System
of Florida said art-timers can pro-
vide real-world experience to stu-
dents and fill gaps in nursing, math,
accounting and other disciplines
with a shortage of qualified faculty,
though he, too, said the shift could
come with costs.
Adjuncts are less likely to have
doctoral degrees, educators say.
They also have less time to meet
with students, and research sug-
gests that students who take many
courses with them are somewhat
less likely to graduate.
"Really, we are offering less edu-
cational quality to the students who
needitmost," saidRonald G. Ehren-
berg, director of the Cornell Higher
Education Research Institute.

CHINA
From Page 1
movement that culminated
in the bloody demonstrations
in Tiananmen Square in June
of 1989, said yesterday at the
Law School that the amount of
student activism in China has
diminished since those violent
attacks on students.
This absence of student
activism, Wang said, has
allowed the Chinese govern-
ment to pass economic reforms
- such as the establishment of
a market economy - that are
detrimental to the majority of
Chinese people.
"The economic reforms
from (the Communist Party of
China) have been transformed
into a license to openly steal
the people's property," Wang
said.
Wang, exiled to the United
States in 1998, is working on
a Ph.D. in history at Harvard
University.
Despite China's sudden rise in
the global economy, Wang said
the country's rapid economic
development - often referred to
as the Chinese "miracle" - has
hindered attempts at building
democracy in China.
"In fact, the success of the
(economic) reforms has become
jthe best excuse for the Com-
munist Party of China to reject
freedom and democracy,"
Wang said.
In addition, Wang said the
Chinese government's decision
to privatize its state-owned
properties and companies
directly contradicts efforts to
promote democracy in China.
"This privatization is not for
the benefit of the people," Wang
said. "But rather, it allows only
a small number of elite to own
state property."
Because of China's growing
influence in the global econo-
my, Wang said there will be a
negative impact on other coun-
tries if China's Communist
Party and market economy are
not opposed.
"If China does not change
its current track to move in the
direction of democracy and lib-
erty, tremendous disasters will
happen to the whole world,"
Wang said.
Ultimately, Wang said estab-
lishing a new democratic gov-
ernment is key to laying the
foundation for a positive and
sustainable future in China.
"To deal with the Chinese
communist party is to deal
with China of today," Wang
said. "But to deal with growing
civil society is to deal with the
China of tomorrow."

the michigan daily
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For Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2007
ARIES
(March 21 to April 19)
You're feeling very feisty today. In
fact, if you admit it to yourself, you're
looking for a fight. You want the satis-
faction of asserting yourself.
TAURUS
(April 28 to Hay 281
You migt be unconsciously angry
today and not know why. And if this is
the case, you'll be irritable. Either figure
out what is bothering you or be patient.
GEMINI
(May 21to June 20)
Your interactions with friends and
groups are very energetic today.
However, you'll want to win! You'll
work hard to have the first word or the
land.
CANCER
(June 21 to July 22)
Relationships with bosses and parents
might be a tad prickly today. You don't
want anyone telling you what to do. In
fact, you want to show others you can
get things done without being super-
vised.
LEO
(July 23 to Aug. 22)
You're eager to learn something new
today. You want adventure and thrills! At
the very least, go someplace you've
never been before. (Visit new stores or
restaurants.)
VIRGO
(Aug. 23 to Sept. 22)
Disputes about shared property or who
is responsible for what are likely today.
If they occur, you won't back down. You
feel it's necessary to defend your posi-
tion.
LIBRA
(Sept. 23 to Oct. 22)
Conflict with others is highly likely
today. People are easily irritable and
ready to speak their minds even if it is
unpleasant. Practice patience!

SCORPIO
(Oct. 23 to Nov. 21)
You'll need to hold your temper or
work today. Co-workers might exasper-
ate you. However, don't make a big deal
about things. (You have to work with
these people in the future.)
SAGITTARIUS
(Nov. 2210o Dec. 21)
This is a wonderfu day for arts and
crafts or exploring your creative talents.
Sports will be exciting and competitive.
You'll enjoy playful activities with chil-
dren.
CAPRICORN
(Dec. 22to Jan. 19)
Conflict with family members can
arise easily today, especially with par-
ents. When the Moon is in Aries, every-
one is looking for a fight. Run away!
Run away!
AQUARIUS
(Jan. 20 to Feb. 18)
In discussions with others today,
you'll be very persuasive. Actually, you
might be a bit too pushy. You want to
win any argument becauseyou want oth-
ers to agree with you.
PISCES
(Feb. 19 to March 20)
If shopping today, you'll be impulsive
and spontaneous. Anything might hap-
pen. But if you want something, you'll
get it.
YOU BORN TODAY You're feisty
and quick to defend your beliefs. You
never shy away from conflicts. You have
high ideals, and you believe in fighting
for them. You're intelligent and enjoy a
dry sense of humor. You're quite
excitable; however, you're very practi-
cal. In the year ahead, major changes
could take place, perhaps as significant
as something that occurred around 1999.
Birthdate of: Sean Young, actress;
Robert F. Kennedy, politician; Sheema
Kalbasi, poet/activist.

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EDITING- LANGUAGE,
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or wrileonssiserv.aaet

2007 King Features Syndicate, Inc.

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