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January 04, 2007 - Image 7

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9 The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Thursday, January 4, 2007 - 7A

CLINTON
From page IA
University President Mary Sue
" Coleman, who heads the com-
mencement speaker search process,
said it took over a year to secure
Clinton's commitment.
"Throughout the year, people
with (Coleman's) office checked
in on the invitation and reiterated
our desire to have him speak," said
Lisa Jeffreys, a project specialist in
Coleman's office.
Krenz said those involved in the
process worked with contacts close
to Clinton to bolster the Universi-
ty's chances of recruiting the for-
mer president.
Name recognition is not the
only significant factor in the
search for a commencement
speaker, Krenz said. Candi-
dates must meet the criteria for
an honorary degree and have a
reputation as being a good public
speaker.
Clinton will likely be awarded an
honorary doctorate oflaws, pending
approval by the University Board of
Regents this month.
Rob Scott, chair of the Universi-
ty's chapter of the College Repub-
licans, said that although he is
conservative, he looks forward to
hearing Clinton speak.
Scott said it is an enormous
honor to have a former president
speak at his graduation ceremony,
but he feels some resentment that
the University may never have a
conservative speaker of Clinton's
distinction.
"I'm disappointed that the
University's reputation seems to
limit us to one side of the political
spectrum for notable speakers," he
said.
Commencement ceremonyatten-
dance is likely to increase this year
* because of Clinton's popularity. In
previous years, graduating seniors
said they were so disappointed
with the speaker that they wouldn't
attend.
"I know some of my relatives
now want to attend given that he'll
be there," LSA senior Brittany Nuc-
citelli said.
Each graduate receives a set
number of tickets to the ceremo-
ny for his or her guests. Jeffreys
said non-graduating students
will also be able to purchase tick-
ets. More ticket information will be
released in February.
NORTH QUAD
From page IA
the cost of bringing in a new archi-
tecture firm and enhanced archi-
tectural features.
The building will stand on the
current site of the Frieze Building,
the demolition of which the regents
approved at their September meet-
ing.
The new complex, designed to
merge academic facilities and resi-
dential space, will house 460 stu-
dents, the School of Information,
the departments of Communica-
tion Studies and Screen Arts and
Culture, the Language Resource
Center and the Sweetland Writing
Center. The residential part of the
building will include a top-floor
community lounge overlooking
campus, air conditioning in every
room, personal bathrooms and
updated dining facilities.
Image Caf6, a new restaurant on
the State Street commercial cor-
ridor, will also be located in the

complex. It will be accessible from
both inside the building and from
the street.
During his presentation of the
designs to the regents, architect
Jeffrey Povero said the design will
take on a distinctly Michigan fla-
vor.
"What we tried to do is cre-
ate a complex that felt very much
like Michigan, one that could be
nowhere else," he said. "It's not
like Princeton, and it's not like
Berkeley. It's not like any of those
places. It has an architectural tra-
dition that's all it's own."
The construction of North Quad
is part of the University's Residen-
tial Life Initiative, an effort to
improve the living and learning
environment in the University's
residence halls. In addition to
North Quad, the initiative also
includes proposed renovations to
"heritage residence halls" - those
with distinctive architecture.
Currently, Mosher-Jordan resi-
dence hall is closed for repairs. It
will reopen in fall 2008. The fol-
lowing spring, the University will
close Stockwell residence hall
until the fall of 2010 for similar
renovations.
Although no construction proj-
ects have yet been announced, the
University is considering renovat-
ing the West Quad, Betsy Barbour
and Helen Newberry halls, Uni-
versity Housing Director Carole
Henry told the regents today.
Write for us:
News@
michigandaily.com

BOOK RUSH

ROB MIGRiN/Daily
Rackham students Megan Levad and Jane Martin purchase their books for next semester yesterday at Shaman Drum Bookshopon State Street.

ROSE BOWL
From page IA
OhioState, in whichonlyMichigan's
vaunted defense struggled, the Wol-
verines floundered on both sides of
the ball against the Trojans.
"(Michigan is) a traditional
straight up offense," Southern Cal
defensive end Lawrence Jackson
said. "If they line up one way, if
they're in certain formations, it
doesn't take a rocket scientist to
pick out what they were going to do.
Our coaches have been around for a
long time and were able to exploit
that."
In the days leading up to the
game, the Wolverines fielded count-
less questions about the Trojans'
defense and said they were ready
for Southern Cal's relentless pass
rush and creative blitzing.
The game said otherwise.
Michigan's offensive line strug-
gled to protect quarterback Chad
Henne (26-of-41 for 309 yards) and
gave up six sacks, which cost the
Wolverines 44 yards.
. The Trojans' swarming defen-
sive performance on Monday was
reminiscent of their standout day
in the 2004 Rose Bowl, when they
sacked Michigan quarterback John
Navarre nine times in a 28-14 vic-
tory.
"(Southern Cal) just has a great
way of bringing pressure, you
know, uncanny styles of pressure,"
Michigan right tackle Rueben Riley
said. "You have unorthodox rush-
ers such as (Brian) Cushing and
Jackson ... just doing a good job at

what they do."
And Michigan couldn't stop
them, especially in the first half.
The Wolverines went into half-
time with 76 yards of total offense,
thanks in part to the Trojans' five
first-half sacks.
Michigan's sluggish running
game didn't help.
Including yards lost due to sacks,
the Big Ten's top rushing offense
amassed a meager 12 yards against
Southern Cal. Tailback Mike Hart,
the nation's seventh-leading rusher,
finished with 47 yards on 17 car-
ries.
"I thought Henne made some
big plays in the first half on third
and long ... to keep drives alive,"
Michigan coach Lloyd Carr said.
"But it's just a matter of time when
you can't run the football against a
team pressuring as well as (South-
ern Cal) that you end up (allowing)
some sacks, and that's what hap-
pened to us."
The Wolverines found a little
offensive rhythm in the second half
- especially through the air - and
finished the game with 321 total
yards.
But that wasn't enough to keep
pace with the Trojans' offensive
fireworks.
Southern Cal (7-2 Pac-10, 11-2
overall) played it safe in the first
half but came out swinging in the
second. Trojan quarterback John
David Booty threw four second-
half touchdowns and finished with
391 yards on 27-for-45 passing.
Michigan's vaunted defense
couldn't keep up.
"We just have too many weapons

on offense," Southern Cal receiver
Dwayne Jarrett said. "We just have
too many players that can get the
ball, execute the plays (and) make
the big plays when it's on the line.
Michigan, I don't think they knew
who to cover."
After the Wolverines' top-ranked
run defense held the Trojans to
20 rushing yards in the first half,
Southern Cal wisely abandoned the
run in the third quarter, rushing
just twice in the frame. Excluding
two quarterback keepers, the Tro-
jans passed 27 straight times in the
second half.
Boasting a first-team All-Ameri-
ca receiver in Jarrett, the Southern
Cal offense exploited Michigan's
secondary. Jarrett finished with 11
receptions for 205 yards en route
to earning Offensive Player of the
Game honors.
Even cornerback Leon Hall, a fel-
low All-America selection, couldn't
stop Jarrett, who burned Hall for
one of his two touchdowns.
The score came at a particularly
heartbreaking point forthe Wolver-
ines. The momentum had shifted in
Michigan's favor after Henne found
junior Adrian Arrington in the end
zone to pull the Wolverines within
eight at the start of the fourth quar-
ter.
But Michigan's defense couldn't
stop the Trojans aerial assault.
Seven plays later, Booty found a
streaking Jarrett to all but put the
game away.
When Michigan did manage to
contain Jarrett, Southern Cal sim-
ply turned to another member of
its standout receiving corps. Senior

Willis Barringer (19) and David Harris (45) hit USC reciever Dwayne Jarrett in the
end zone, causing an incomplete pass and breaking up a likely touchdown.

Steve Smith grabbed seven catches
for 108 yards and a touchdown.
"If (the secondary is) a weak-
ness, why wouldn't they focus on
it?" linebacker Shawn Crable said.
"I think once they realized they
couldn't run on us, they :really
resorted to the pass game, and it
took us awhile to realize they were
passing on every down."
Even the Wolverines' highly
regarded front seven didn't bounce
back completely from its break-
down against Ohio State. Booty had
plenty of time to throw, especially
in the second half, and Michigan
notched just one sack all game

(senior co-captain LaMarr Wood'
ley).
In a battle of two supposedly
stout defenses, Southern Cal had
the edge.
"The media does a great job of
building people up, but we knew
we were a great front seven," Jack-
son said. "We missed a couple sacks
today, so it could have been a lot
worse. Our defense showed up
to play, and we did outplay their
defense and we're happy about
that. ... We weren't surprised at all
about how this one turned out."
The Wolverines couldn't say the
same.

Amid uneasy calm, Somali government
asks citizens to lay down their weapons

Ethiopian troops
bring peace, but
Somalis fear what
may come next
MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP)
- Ahmed Hassan has no plans to
part with his AK-47, the weapon of
choice in this notoriously violent
city, even now that a legitimate gov-
ernment is functioning here for the
first time in more than a decade.
"I won't do it," Hassan said
Wednesday, tugging on his gray
beard. "For 16 years this country has
been in chaos. It would be suicide."
From freelance gunmen on the
streets to women selling mangoes
by the sea, everybody seems to have
a weapon in Mogadishu. Many in
the Somali capital say they would
rather protect themselves for now
than trust the government forces
who captured the city from Islamic
militants just last week.
Prime Minister Ali Mohamed
Gedi has called for residents to turn
in all their weapons by today. After
that, he said, his forces will "forc-
ibly extract" them.

The country's police command-
er - who has only about 1,000
officers under his control, none of
them yet in Mogadishu - admits
he's outgunned.
"I cannot say there is a viable
police operation in Mogadishu,"
Ali Mohamed Hassan Loyan told
The Associated Press during a trip
to a police recruitment center in
Mogadishu where about 100 men,
most of them older than 50, were
signing up. "We are depending on
the military."
Gedi has said his military forces,
backed by Ethiopian troops with
tanks and MiG fighter jets, have
neutralized the Islamists over the
past two weeks and forced them to
give up or scatter into the bush. Yes-
terday, the government claimed it
captured two more southern towns
from the militants and said its forces
were headed toward a third.
In Washington yesterday, State
Department spokesman Sean
McCormack said U.S. Navy vessels
were deployedoffthecoastofSoma-
lia looking for al-Qaida and other
militants allied with the Islamists
who may be trying to escape.
Ethiopia has promised to with-
draw its troops from Somalia as

soon as possible, and many Somalis
fear that when they do, there will be
a power vacuum and even a return
to the anarchy and warlord rule of
the past.
Somalia's last effective central
government fell in 1991, when clan-
based warlords overthrew military
dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and
then turned on each other. The gov-
ernment was formed two years ago
with the help of the United Nations,
but has been weakened by internal
rifts.
The intervention of Ethiopia late
last month prompted a military
advance that was a stunning turn-
around for the government, which
is seeking international peacekeep-
ers to help restore order.
In the meantime, the Bakaara
Market in downtown Mogadishu
is doing brisk business in weapons.
The market is a network of narrow,
dusty streets, with rickety wooden
stands selling Kalashnikov rifles,
machine guns and hand grenades.
By yesterday, only a handful of
people had heeded Gedi's demand
and turned in any weapons. Twen-
ty freelance militiamen turned in
20 small guns and a "technical" _ a
truck mounted with machine guns.

"I got tired working for my clan,"
said Mohamed Mohamud Hassan,
the militia's leader. "Now I can
work for the nation."
But those arms barely register in
Somalia's ocean of guns.
"Nobody wants to totally surren-
der their weapons," said Sacida Gedi
Hassan, a merchant at Bakaara. "If
we hand over our weapons, we'll be
vulnerable."
Loyan, the police commander,
said safety isn't the only reason for
disarmament. His forces are sodes-
perate, he said, they will eventually
need to commandeer the weapons
now hidden away in Mogadishu's
homes and businesses.
"During the civil war, the guns
spread throughout the country,"
said Loyan, who returned to Moga-
dishu last week for the first time
since 1991. "Now we just need to
find them. We are going to have to
use the guns that we collect."
His police force is not up to the
task just yet.
"Asyoucansee,these areveryold
people," Loyan said at the recruit-
ment center, gazing at the tag tag
crowd over his wire-rimmed glass-
es. "Even women are here."
Madino Mohamed Farge, 46,

said she'sjoining the policebecause
she wants a job _ an impossible
dream under the Council of Islamic
Courts, the radical militia the gov-
ernment chased from the capital
and much of southern Somalia.
"Of course I couldn't work under
the Islamic courts," she said. "We
were hated by them."
The Islamic group's strict inter-
pretation of Islam drew compari-
sons to the former Taliban regime
in Afghanistan, although many
Somalis credited the council with
bringing a semblance of order to
the country.
The Council of Islamic Courts
terrified residents into submission
with the threat of public executions
and floggings. And now that it's on
the run, the group is threatening an
Iraq-style guerrilla war using fight-
ers they claim are hiding in Moga-
dishu.
Islamic courts spokesman Abdi-
rahin Ali Mudey suggested this
week that his forces might use the
abundance of .available weaponry
a to disrupt any attempts to pacify
the city.
"Somalia has weapons every-
where, and we are everywhere in
the country," he said.

Immigrants behind 1 in 4 U.S. technology startups

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - For-
eign-born entrepreneurs were
behind one in four U.S. technol-
ogy startups over the past decade,
accordingto a study to be published
today.
A team of researchers at Duke
University estimated that 25 per-
cent of technology and engineer-
ing companies started from 1995
to 2005 had at least one senior
executive - a founder, chief execu-
tive, president or chief technology
officer - born outside the United

States.
Immigrant entrepreneurs' com-
panies employed 450,000 workers
and generated $52 billion in sales
in 2005, according to the survey.
Their contributions to corporate
coffers, employment and U.S. com-
petitiveness in the global technolo-
gy sector offer a counterpointto the
recent political debate over immi-
gration and the economy, which
largely centers on unskilled, illegal
workers in low-wage jobs.
"It's one thing if your gardener

gets deported," said the project's
Delhi-born lead researcher, Vivek
Wadhwa. "But if these entrepre-
neurs leave, we're really denting
our intellectual property cre-
ation.
Wadhwa, Duke's executive in
residence and the founder of two
tech startups in North Carolina's
Research Triangle, said the country
should make the most of its ability
to "get the best and brightest from
around the world."
The study comes nearly eight

years after an influential report
from the University of California,
Berkeley, on the impact of foreign-
born entrepreneurs.
AnnaLee Saxenian, now dean of
the School of Information at UC-
Berkeley, estimated immigrants
founded about 25 percent of Silicon
Valley tech companies in 1999. The
Duke study found the percentage
had more than doubled, to 52 per-
cent in 2005.
California led the nation, with
foreign-born entrepreneurs found-

ing 39 percent of startups, even
though they make up only 25 per-
cent of the state's population. In
New Jersey, 38 percent of tech
startups were founded by immi-
grants, followed by Michigan (33
percent), Georgia (30 percent), Vir-
ginia (29 percent) and Massachu-
setts (29 percent).
Saxenian, also co-author of
the new study, said the research
debunksthe notionthat immigrants
who come to the United States take
jobs from Americans.

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