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The Michigan Daily - michigandaily.com

Bachelor's degree worth
extra $23,000 a year

WASHINGTON (AP) - How
much is a bachelor's degree worth?
About $23,000 a year, the govern-
ment said in a report released yes-
terday.
That is the average gap in earn-
ings between adults with bachelor's
degrees and those with high school
diplomas, according to data from
the Census Bureau.
College graduates made an aver-
age of $51,554 in 2004, the most
recent figures available, compared
with $28,645 for adults with a
high school diploma. High school
dropouts earned an average of
$19,169 and those with advanced
college degrees made an average of
$78,093.
"There appeartobe strongincen-
tives to get a college degree, given
the gaps that we observe," said Lisa
Barrow, senior economist at the
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
The income gap narrowed slight-
ly from five years earlier, when col-
lege graduates made nearly twice as
much as high school graduates. But
the differences remained signifi-

cant for men and women of every
racial and ethnic group.
Eighty-five percent of people 25
and older had at least a high school
diploma or the equivalent in 2005,
according to the Census Bureau's
2005 Current Population Survey. In
2000, 80 percent had a high school
diploma or the equivalent, and a
little more than half did in 1970.
Twenty-eight percent had at
least a bachelor's degree, compared
with about 24 percent in 2000 and
11 percent in 1970.
"I think we've done a very good
job of getting individuals into col-
lege," said Cecilia Rouse, professor
of economics and public affairs at
Princeton University. "But we don't
fully understand why we don't do
as good a job of graduating them."
Chester Finn, president of the
Thomas B. Fordham Institute in
Washington, said too many high
school graduates are unprepared to
succeed in college.
"If you don't emerge from high
school having done at least the
equivalent of advanced algebra, you

are not going tobe ready for college
math," Finn said. "You can make
similar points about English."
Among the other findings in the
report:
* Minnesota, Utah, Montana,
New Hampshire and Alaska had
the highest proportions of adults
with at least a high school diploma
- all at about 92 percent.
" Texas had the lowest propor-
tion of adults with at least a high
school diploma, about 78 percent.
It was followed closely by Kentucky
and Mississippi.
* Connecticut was the state
with the highest proportion of
adults with at least a bachelor's
degree, nearly 37 percent. It was
followed closely by Massachusetts,
Maryland and New Jersey.
* Nearly 47 percent of adults
in Washington, D.C., had at least a
bachelor's degree.
. West Virginia had the lowest
proportion of college graduates, at
15 percent. It was followed at the
bottom by Arkansas, Kentucky and
Louisiana.

FUNDRAISING
From page lA
At the University of Michigan,
donors like Stephen M. Ross - an
alum who gave $100 million, 75
percent of which was earmarked
for the Business School - buoy the
campaign.
Colleges still solicit small dona-
tions from young alumni, but that's
largely to increase the odds that
alumni who strike it rich like Ross,
a real-estate mogul, will already be
in a giving habit.
"We have to have transforma-
tional gifts," says Charles Phlegar,
who heads Cornell's fundraising.
"Fifty million, $100 million - in
that range - and we will certainly
have that."
Typically, 80 percent of a col-
lege's fundraising comes from 20
percent of the donors, says John
Lippincott, president of the Coun-
cil for Advancement and Support
of Education. That ratio gets even
more lopsided with the biggest
campaigns.
Some find the whole language of
"campaigns" puzzling. Universities
are always raising money; "cam-
paigns" are just artificial start and
end points. Typically, they involve
a two-year "quiet" phase, for lining
up top donors and securing about
one-quarter of the goal. After that,
the public phase typically lasts five
years.

Still, the process is valuable.
Fundraising campaigns -like polit-
ical ones - force the participants to
articulate their priorities and val-
ues. That's important because such
campaigns often spark questions
about whether the concentration of
wealth at the richest universities is
good for the public.
A 2005 Associated Press analy-
sis of the then-47 colleges with $1
billion or more found they held
nearly two-thirds of the endowed
wealth in American higher educa-
tion, but educate fewer than one in
25 undergraduates. Those endow-
ments are built with indirect
public subsidies - tax-deductible
donations and tax-exempt bonds.
"There is greater public concern
about, why are they doing this when
they're charging such high tuition,"
said Cornell economist Ronald
Ehrenberg. "It's absolutely incum-
bent on the universities when they
go out and seek this money to show
they are using it for socially impor-
tant purposes."
Cornell, which is partly public,
is in fact fairly poor by Ivy League
standards.
Skorton said he hopes the school
will someday replace loans entirely
with grants for low-income stu-
dents, but can't promise that even
with this $4 billion.
The other priorities are recruit-
ing top faculty to replace retiring
baby boomers, and updating aging
buildings.
The money won't "sit in some

Thursday, October 26, 2006 - 7A
long-term investment pool some-
where just so we can reach an arbi-
trary level," Skorton said, reeling
off a series of research initiatives
in areas like medicine and Third
World development.
"Philanthropy should be spread
around. But we should get our share
because we're one of the places
that's really turning the crank and
changing the world."
Officials at poorer schools envy
Cornell's wealthy alumni base and
access to sophisticated financial
advice that produces better invest-
ment returns. But most say they
don't begrudge Cornell its dona-
tions. Different colleges fish in
different pools; Cornell's gain is
usually not another's loss.
Other colleges are busy with
their own campaigns, which have
fewer zeros, but are often compa-
rable for their size. Mount Holyoke
is announcing a $300 million cam-
paign this weekend.
About a mile from Cornell, Ithaca
College just launched a $115 million
campaign for financial aid, a new
business school, and new dorms
and sports facilities.
Compared to Cornell, Ithaca
"is another world. We're 6,000
students, not 20,000," said Ithaca
President Peggy Williams. But, she
said, "We really believe this is lay-
ing the foundation for a very differ-
ent future."
- The Associated Press and Karl
StampfI contributed to this report

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ness is competing for space with
student groups while the school
undergoes renovation.
Jim Murdock, assistant dean for
finance and planning for the Busi-
ness School, said the school has
found all the temporary classroom
space it needs, but the most diffi-
cult challenge is finding places to
hold events.
Murdock said the school has 60
or 70 student clubs that have been
using the Michigan Union, the
Michigan League, and Pierpont
Commons weekly for student
events. Local hotels have also
been used for corporate presenta-
tions.
Murdock said the Business
School was able to arrange its own
events in the past, but lately the
school has had to rely on commu-
nity resources.
Murdock said this year's events
have required more advanced
planning. The Business School
usually hosts a homecoming tail-
gate party for alumni on its cam-
pus. However, this weekend the
school will have to set up at the
Oosterbaan Fieldhouse.
"Thus far we're still able to
meet both the needs of the school
and our students," Murdock said.
"But that doesn't mean we won't
be happy to have our new building
in two years."
But Wilson said space is always

at a premium and that this year is
no different.
The scheduling conflicts the
Leim dance team faces are numer-
ous.
The team practices for three
hours, three times per week, and
puts on two full-length dance
shows each year. The team's tap
shoes require hardwood floors,
which limits their options for
rooms. Katie Sbordon, the troupe's
leader, said the University has
many dance studios, but they are
not open to the public after oper-
ating hours.
Sbordon said the team wanted to
perform in November at the Power
Center, but the only performance
she could schedule was in January
at the Michigan Theater.
The Royal Shakespeare Com-
pany is performing at the Power
Center this semester - and the
usual performances that would
have been held there have been
moved to the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. The team could perform
at the Mendelssohn, but because
many several other groups' per-
formances have been moved
there, Sbordon had to schedule
the performance at the Michigan
Theater.
It cost them $2,750 for one
night.
"We had to go to the Michigan
Theater and rent out space there,
which is way out of our budget,"
Sbordon said. "We didn't have
anywhere else to perform."
Even groups that the University
provides with rooms have to pay

for space.
Campus Crusade for Christ
holds its meetings in Auditorium
3 of the Modern Languages Build-
ing. Member Kurt Heinold said the
group has no problems reserving
the space. However, Heinold said
it does have to pay $200 each time
it uses the room, which amounts to
about $3,000 a year.
Christopher Blauvelt, coor-
dinator of the Muslim Graduate
Student Association, said the Uni-
versityunions - which include the
Michigan Union, Pierpont Com-
mons and the Michigan League
- are the most difficult places on
campus to get space, and it is nec-
essary to plan far in advance to use
their rooms.
Last year, the Muslim Engi-
neering Student Association
requested a prayer room on North
Campus, and Blauvelt said it was
almost a year before the associa-
tion received temporary space in
a study room in the Duderstadt
Center.
The prayer room was relocat-
ed this year to an old conference
room in Pierpont Commons. This
room was not being used because
of mold, but the University took
care of the problem before allow-
ing students to use it, Blauvelt
said.
"We tried to work with (the
administration) to prevent mov-
ing, but we weren't able to get
them to keep (the prayer room) in
the Duderstadt Center," Blauvelt
said. "We were just happy we had
the room."

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For Thursday, Oct. 26, 2006
ARIES
(March 21 to April 19)
You feel very passionate about certain
issues now -. perhaps something con-
nected with publishing, the media or
traveling somewhere. School concerns
are also important.
TAURUS
(April 20 to May 20)
You'll defend your turf when it comes
to making decisions about shared pos-
sessions or jointly held property today.
You're not going to give away the farm.
GEMINI
(May 21 to June 20)
Discussions with partners and close
friends are very intense today. You might
decide to quit something or terminate a
situation. Feelings are running high!
CANCER
(June 21to July 22)
You have valid ideas about bow to
improve where you work today. Start by
getting rid of whatever you no longer
need around the place. Throw it out, sell
it or recycle it.
LEO
(July 23to Aug. 22)
Flirtations and love affairs are exciting
today! You might be attracted to some-
one. You're also possibly excited about
sports and games.
VIRGO
(Aug. 23 to Sept. 22)
Clean up bathroom and laundry areas
today. Reorganize garbage situations or
places that are dark or hidden. Get rid of
whatever is no longer necessary to have
around.
LIBRA
(Sept. 23 to Oct. 22)
Yaouareso intense and direct today!
Ibis makes all your cammunications
effective and memorable to others. You
have the mind of a sleuth right now.

SCORPIO
(Oct. 23 to Nov. 21)
You feel compulsive about wanting to
spend your money on something or to
buy something you want very much
today. Are you being sensible? (Save
your receipts.)
SAGITTARIUS
(Nov. 22 to Dec. 21)
Power struggles with others are highly
likely today. Yau might also attract
unusually powerful people to you today.
("Hi, Darth.") Be cool.
CAPRICORN
(Dec. 22 to Jan. 19)
Secrets might be revealed to you
today. If so, be discreet. Treat this infor-
mation the way you would want some-
one to treat it if it were about you. (What
goes around comes around.)
AQUARIUS
(Jan. 20to Feb. 18)
Disctissions with a friend, probably a
female friend, aretvery intense today.yry
to take everything with a grain of salt.
Your emotions could distract you from
the truth of the situation.
PISCES
(Feb. 19 to March 20)
This is not a good day to be pushy
with parents, bosses or VIPs. The more
aggressivey yu get, the greater opposi-
tion yau will incur. Postpene important
discussions until tomorrow, which is a
far better day.
YOU BORN TODAY You have strong
reforming instincts: You want to make
the world a better place. You understand
the dynamics of society and how power
is used. You appear fearless because you
are in control of your emotions. You're
practical and always plan ahead. You
bave goodtmoney savvy. This year might
be one of the best years of your life!
Birthdate of: Hillary Rodham Clinton,
politician; Bob Hoskins, actor; Pat
Sajak, TV host-

HYRBIDS
From page LA
The term "hybrid" refers to a
cross between two species.
At the lab on campus, the hybrid
salamander tails are stored in a
negative-80-degree freezer.
The salamanders look exactly
alike except for the bright red
cheeks of the red-cheeked species.
"The coloration of the cheeks
is a warning to predators," Chat-
field said. He said the salamander
secretes a slimy substance through
its skin when attacked.
The hybrid species resembles
the other two species but has red-
dish-gray cheeks. Chatfield said
the hybrid species is a "cryptic"

hybrid because he has to carefully
inspect the cheeks to determine
if the salamander is a hybrid. The
hybrids are increasingly populat-
ing the region.
Chatfield is currently workingto
extract DNA to determine which
genes are responsible for the color
of the salamanders' cheeks. He
hopes to learn about the environ-
ment of the hybrid zone and the
evolutionary value of the red pig-
mentation gene. More generally,
he wants to know why this useful
genetic trait isn't more prevalent in
other salamander species.
Scientific studies like Chatfield's
help shed light on evolution.
The movement of a gene from
one species to another is known as
introgression and can result in a

hybrid species. Selective breeding
or the mating of two different spe-
cies also creates hybrid animals.
Many hybrid species occur nat-
urally, like the zeedonk - a cross
between a zebra and a donkey.
But other hybrids are produced
through human breeding tech-
niques. Examples include tigons,
a cross between a male tiger and
a female lion, and beefalos, a cross
between an American bison and a
domestic cow.
Tucker and others in her field of
evolutionary biology refer to these
hybrid animals as "charismatic
mega-fauna." She said these ani-
mals are the most popular example
of a hybrid to many people because
of the media attention they receive
when they are bred.

N. Korea warns S. Kor10a
against joining sanctions

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -
North Korea warned South Korea
against joining international sanc-
tions, saying yesterday that its
neighbor would "pay a high price"
if it joins the U.S.-led drive to pun-
ish the reclusive communist nation
for its nuclear test.
The statement from the North's
Committee for the Peaceful Reuni-
fication of the Fatherland came as
South Korea struggles to deter-
mine how it should enforce the
U.N. sanctions, including whether
to help interdict North Korean
cargo ships suspected of transport-
ing materials for unconventional
weapons.
"If the South Korean authori-
ties end up joining U.S.-led moves
to sanction and stifle (the North)
we will regard it as a declaration of
confrontation against its own peo-
ple ... and take corresponding mea-

sures," the North's Committee for
the Peaceful Reunification of the
Fatherland said in a statement.
President Bush dismissed North
Korea's threats, saying leader Kim
Jong Il was probing for weaknesses
in the international community.
"The leader of North Korea likes
to threaten," Bush told reporters
in Washington. "In my judgment,
what he's doing is testing the will of
the five countries that are working
together to convince him there's a
better way forward for his people."
The U.N. Security Council unan-
imously adopted a sanctions reso-
lution five days after the North's
Oct. 9 test, and a South Korean task
force met this week to determine
how the country should address
the measures, including what to do
about joint economic projects with
the North.
South Korea's participation

in the sanctioning the North is
important because the country is
one of the main aid providers to the
impoverished communist nation,
along with China.
Both countries have been reluc-
tant to impose stern measures
against their volatile neighbor.
China, North Korea's closest ally,
voted for the U.N. resolution but
is concerned that excessive mea-
sures could worsen the situation.
South Korea has expressed similar
concerns, although there was no
immediate response to Wednes-
day's statement from North Korea.
"If North-South relations col-
lapse due to reckless and impru-
dent sanctions against us the South
Korean authorities will be fully
responsible for it and will have to
pay a high price," said the state-
ment, carried by the North's official
Korean Central News Agency.

2006 King Features SyndicateInc.

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