2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 28, 2006
Protesters across the
as Judiciary Committee
mulls immigration bills
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate
Judiciary Committee struggled toward
approval yesterday of sweeping, elec-
tion-year legislation affecting the fate
of 11 million illegal immigrants and
uncounted others yet to arrive. Street
protests spread from California to the
grounds of the U.S. Capitol.
"If we work together, I'm confident
we can meet our duty to fix our immi-
gration system and deliver a bill that
protects our people, upholds our laws
and makes our people proud," Presi-
dent Bush said, attending a naturaliza-
tion ceremony for new citizens a few
blocks from where lawmakers worked.
It wasn't easy, though, as senators on
the Judiciary Committee haggled in a
daylong session over a measure that is
to reach the Senate floor today.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.)
won approval for a five-year program
to permit as many as 1.5 million agri-
culture workers into the country. "It
will provide the agriculture industry
with a legal work force and offer agri-
culture workers a path to citizenship,"
she said. The vote was 11-5, with
Republicans casting all the votes in
In addition, Sen. Edward Kennedy
(D-Mass.) prevailed on a proposal
to allow an additional 400,000 green
cards for future immigrants, regardless
of the industry where they find jobs.
But lawmakers disagreed sharply
over the terms of temporary worker
programs affecting future immigrants.
They clashed, as well, over whether to
require illegal workers who are current-
ly in the United States to return to their
home countries before being allowed to
apply for American citizenship.
Kennedy and other Democrats said
no, and appeared to have enough GOP
allies on the committee to prevail in a
But Sen. Jon Kyl of Arizona and
other conservatives said anything but
a requirement for illegal immigrants
to return home amounted to amnesty.
Kyl said he had national opinion on his
"Well over 60 percent of Americans
in all the polls I see think it's OK to
have temporary workers, but you do not
have to make them citizens," said the
Republican lawmaker, who is seeking
re-election this fall.
"We have a fundamental difference
between the way you look at them
and the way I look at them," Kennedy
The committee met as several thou-
sand demonstrators rallied at the foot of
the Capitol. Many were members of the
clergy who donned handcuffs and sang
"We Shall Overcome," the unofficial
anthem of the civil rights era.
"The first Christian value is love thy
neighbor," read some of the signs.
Shiite politicians quit talks over U.S. raid
This artist's rendering shows Zacarias Moussaoui, left, telling his defense attorneys that he wants to testify dur-
ing his sentencing trial, on Thursday at the U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Va.
Moussaoui says he was
to fly 5t1
Suspect tells court he
and shoe bomber Richard
Reid were supposed to fly
plane into White House
ALEXANDRIAVa. (AP) - Laying
out a stunning new version of his terror-
ist mission, al-Qaida conspirator Zac-
arias Moussaoui testified yesterday that
he was supposed to hijack a fifth jetliner
on Sept. 11, 2001, with would-be shoe
bomber Richard Reid and fly it into the
Testifying against the advice of his
court-appointed lawyers, Moussaoui
shocked the courtroom. Jurors who will
decide whether he is executed or impris-
oned for life were almost motionless dur-
ir.g his nearly three hours on the stand.
They didn't look down to take notes; all
eyes locked on the bearded 37-year-old
Frenchman of Moroccan descent - the
only person charged in this country in
connection with Sept. 11.
His testimony started in familiar
territory. He denied that he was sup-
posed to be the so-called missing 20th
Lpla n e4
hijacker of Sept. 11. He testified he was
not intended to be a fifth terrorist on
United Airlines Flight 93 that crashed
into a Pennsylvania field - the only
plane hijacked by four instead of five
Then came the shock.
Defense attorney Gerald Zerkin:
"Before your arrest, were you sched-
uled to pilot a plane as part of the Sept.
Moussaoui: "Yes. I was supposed to
pilot a plane to hit the White House"
He said he didn't know details of the
other hijackings set for that day except
that planes were to be flown into the twin
towers of the World Trade Center.
Zerkin asked if he knew who else
would be on his plane.
"Richard Reid. The other crew mem-
bers were not definite" Moussaoui
replied, referring to a man he had met
in the 1990s at London's Finsbury Park
mosque where Islamic fundamentalists
On Dec. 22, 2001, Reid was subdued
by passengers aboard American Air-
lines Flight 63 from Paris to Miami
when he attempted to detonate a bomb
in his shoe. That plane landed safely in
Boston. Reid later pleaded guilty and
was sentenced to life in prison.
This account by Moussaoui diverged
sharply from his previous statements
including his confession when pleading
guilty last April. For three years, he has
said he had no involvement in the Sept.
11 plot. Instead, he has said he was taking
pilot lessons in Minnesota to fly a 747 jet-
liner into the White House at a later date
if the United States refused to release a
radical Egyptian sheik imprisoned for
separate terrorist convictions.
Former federal prosecutor Pres-
ton Burton said in an interview that
Moussaoui was admitting "far more
individual involvement than he had
made before" Now in private prac-
tice in Washington, Burton called it
"a stunning revelation that would help
prosecutors rather than him."
On cross-examination, prosecutor Rob
Spencer underlined that Moussaoui was
now saying his attack was to be part of
the Sept. 11 plot.
Spencer: "Osama bin Laden put you
back in as the pilot of the fifth plane?"
Moussaoui: "That's correct."
Shiite politicians raged at the United States and halted negotiations on a new
government yesterday after a military assault killed at least 16 people in what
Iraqis claim was a mosque. Fresh violence erupted in the north, with 40 killed in
a suicide bombing.
The firestorm of recrimination over Sunday's raid in northeast Baghdad will
likely make it harder for Shiite politicians to keep a lid on their more angry fol-
lowers as sectarian violence boils over, with at least 151 dead over the two-day
period. A unity government involving Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds is a benchmark
for American hopes of starting to withdraw troops this summer.
There were numerous conflicting statements from Iraqis and the Americans
about the raid. Iraqi police, Shiite militia officials and major politicians have all
said the structure attacked was the al-Mustafa mosque. But the U.S. military dis-
puted this, saying no mosques were entered and that the raid targeted a building
used by "insurgents responsible for kidnapping and execution activities."
Afghan Christian convert seeks asylum abroad
An Afghan man who faced the death penalty for converting from Islam to Chris-
tianity has appealed for asylum in another country, the United Nations said yesterday
after hundreds of Muslims marched against a court's decision to dismiss his case.
Afghan officials did not say whether Abdul Rahman had been released after the
case against him was dismissed Sunday, but the U.N. statement came amid uncon-
firmed reports that he was being freed.
"We do understand that he will be released," State Department spokesman Sean
McCormack said in Washington. "We're pleased by that."
Earlier yesterday, hundreds of clerics, students and others chanting "Death to
Christians!" marched through the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif to protest the
court's decision to toss out the case.
Several Muslim clerics have threatened to incite Afghans to kill Rahman if he is
freed, saying that he is clearly guilty of apostasy and deserves to die.
Judge refuses to put off mayoral election
A federal judge yesterday refused to delay New Orleans's April 22 may-
oral election, telling both sides to solve any problems that might hinder
displaced residents' ability to vote.
"If you are a displaced citizen, like I am, we have a burning desire for
completeness," said U.S. District Judge Ivan Lemelle, whose own New
Orleans home flooded after Hurricane Katrina.
Lemelle said voting will help the city rebuild, but he warned that its resi-
dents have already lost trust in institutions. "I recognize that there is still
room for improvement in that electoral process," he said.
Former Enron exec's testimony challenged
Lawyers for Enron Corp. founder Kenneth Lay sought yesterday to weaken
testimony from the company's treasurer that Lay lied to employees and Wall
Street about Enron's financial health in October 2001.
Ben Glisan Jr. acknowledged under cross-examination in the fraud and conspiracy
trial of Lay and former Enron Chief Executive Jeffrey Skilling that he had assured
Lay and company directors that Enron had adequate access to cash to operate.
The ex-treasurer asserted last week that he had advised his boss in a separate
conversation that liquidity was strained and cash flow was paltry.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
A story on page 5A of yesterday's Daily (Blowin' in the Wind) incorrectly identi-
fied the cost of Noble Environmental Power's wind turbine construction project.
The actual cost is $90 million. The same story also mistakenly described the
second phase of the project. It should have said the second phase has added seven
leases, bringing the total number of wind turbines to 39.,,
Please report any error in the Daily to corrections Cmichigandaily.coin.
New pill may prevent AIDS
Scientists say two
drugs already used to
treat HIV seem to prevent
disease in monkeys
ATLANTA (AP) - Twenty-five
years after the first AIDS cases jolted
the world, scientists think they soon
may have a pill that people could
take to keep from getting the virus
that causes the global killer.
Two drugs already used to treat
HIV infection have shown such
promise at preventing it in monkeys
that officials last week said they
would expand early tests in healthy
high-risk men and women around the
"This is the first thing I've seen
at this point that I think really could
have a prevention impact," said
Thomas Folks, a federal scientist
since the earliest days of AIDS. "If it
works, it could be distributed quickly
and could blunt the epidemic."
Condoms and counseling alone
have not been enough - HIV spreads
to 10 people every minute, 5 million
every year. A vaccine remains the
best hope but none is in sight.
If larger tests show the drugs
work, they could be given to people
at highest risk of HIV - from gay
men in American cities to women
in Africa who catch the virus from
People like Matthew Bell, a 32-
year-old hotel manager in San Fran-
cisco who volunteered for a safety
study of one of the drugs.
"As much as I want to make the
right choices all of the time, that's not
the reality of it," he said of practic-
ing safe sex. "If I thought there was
a fallback parachute, a preventative, I
would definitely want to add that."
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