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March 08, 2006 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, March 8, 2006

NATION/WORLD

Estimate says 12
million illegal
'nn and inU.S.

NEW S N
NEW YORK

01

AP PHOTO
President Bush emerges from the Crawford Fire Station after voting in the
Texas state primary election yesterday.
Patriot Atpackage. .
keeps 16 provisions

Illegal immigrants from
Mexico are staying longer
in U.S., finding it harder to
move across borders
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
number ofillegal immigrants in the
United States has grown to as many
as 12 million, and they now account
for about one in every 20 workers, a
new estimate says.
Efforts to curb illegal immigra-
tion have not slowed the pace, said
a report yesterday by the Pew His-
panic Center.
Instead, the report's author said,
those efforts are having an unin-
tended consequence: People who
illegally enter the United States
from Mexico are staying longer
because it is harder to move back
and forth across the border.
"The security has done more to
keep people from going back to
Mexico than it has to keep them
from coming in," said Jeffrey Pas-
sel, a senior research associate at
the center.
It is difficult to accurately measure
the number of illegal immigrants in
the United States, but most public
agencies and private groups had set-
tled on a figure of about 11 million.
The Pew Hispanic Center used
Census Bureau data to estimate that
the United States had 11.1 million
illegal immigrants in March 2005.
The center used monthly population
estimates to project a current total
of 11.5 million to 12 million.
The report estimates that 850,000
illegal immigrants have arrived in
United States each year since 2000.
President Bush has called for a
program that would grant temporary
worker status to illegal immigrants
already here. The House rejected
the program and instead passed a
border security bill last year that
leaned toward lawmakers who were
calling for a crackdown.
The Senate is trying to address
both border security and the tempo-
rary worker program, but consensus
has been elusive. Senate Judiciary
Committee Chairman Arlen Specter
(R-Pa.) has said he hopes his panel

will produce a bill by the end of
March.
There are about 7.2 million
undocumented workers in the U.S.,
or about 5 percent of the country's
work force, the Pew report said.
It estimated that illegal immi-
grants fill a quarter of all agricul-
tural jobs, 17 percent of office and
house cleaning positions, 14 percent
of construction jobs and 12 percent
in food preparation.
"Especially if we look at the Mexi-
cans, these are people with fairly low
levels of formal education," Passel
said. "They're not able to get licens-
ing or credentials in the United States
because of their status, so the kinds of
jobs available to them in the United
States are somewhat limited."
Business leaders and advocates
for 'immigrants' rights argue that
America's economy would col-
lapse 'if all the illegal workers were
deported.
"Undocumented immigrants do
pay taxes, and they do contribute
to the economic, social and cultural
developments of their communities,"
said Peta Ikambana of the American
Friends Service Committee. The
group was organizing a rally near
the Capitol yesterday to protest the
House bill.
"Just building walls will not
stop immigration," Ikambana said.
"Those that are here will just go
underground."
Steven Camarota of the Center for
Immigration Studies, which advo-
cates tougher border enforcement,
said he isn't surprised that the num-
ber of illegal immigrants continues
to climb. He called the government's
crackdown halfhearted at best.
Camarota pointed to a recent gov-
ernment report showing that very
few businesses are fined for hiring
illegal immigrants. The govern-
ment filed only three notices that it
intended to fine companies in 2004,
down from 417 notices in 1999,
according to a report by the Govern-
ment Accountability Office.
Camarota said there would be
plenty of Americans willing to
accept jobs done by illegal immi-
grants if they paid adequate wages
and benefits.

New book describes Bonds's drug use
Barry Bonds used a vast array of performance-enhancing drugs, including
steroids and human growth hormone, for at least five seasons beginning in 1998,
according to a book written by two San Francisco Chronicle reporters.
An excerpt from "Game of Shadows," which details the San Francisco slugger's
extensive doping program, appears in the March 13 issue of Sports Illustrated.
"I won't even look at it. For what? There's no need to," Bonds said yes-
terday at Giants camp in Scottsdale, Ariz. The Giants said Bonds would not
comment any further.
Bonds, who testified before a California federal grand jury looking into steroid
use by top athletes, repeatedly has denied using performance-enhancing drugs.
"I've read what was reported," Bonds's agent, Jeff Borris, told The Associated
Press. "Barry is looking forward to playing this year and the improved health of his
knee, and being as productive as he's ever been."
Phone messages left by the AP seeking comment from Bonds' attorney and pub-
licist were not immediately returned yesterday.
Baseball did not ban performance-enhancing drugs until after the 2002 season.
Authors Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams, who led the newspaper's cov-
erage of the BALCO scandal, recount in remarkable detail the specifics of Bonds'
drug regimen, which they write started in 1998 with injections of Winstrol, a pow-
erful steroid also linked to Rafael Palmeiro.
SUGAR LAND, Tex.
DeLay beats back Republican challengers *
Rep. Tom DeLay tried to beat back three challengers for the Republican
nomination yesterday in his first election since he was indicted and forced
to step aside as House majority leader.
While DeLay was widely expected to win, a close race could foretell a
tough contest for the congressman in the fall. For his part, DeLay said he
was confident his constituents would see the campaign-finance case against
him for what it is: "a leftist abuse of power."
The other big Texas primary race yesterday pitted two little-known Dem-
ocrats against each other for the right to challenge Republican Gov. Rick
Perry in a state where the GOP holds every statewide office. Perry had little
GOP opposition.
Texas voters could see a historic four-way race for governor in November if
two independents with considerable political charisma - Texas Comptroller
Carole Keeton Strayhorn and musician and professional wiseacre Kinky Fried-
man - gather enough signatures from voters who do not vote in the primary to
get onto the fall ballot.
WASHINGTON
Republicans move to block Dubai port sale
House Republican leaders yesterday embraced legislation that would
block a Dubai-owned company from taking over operations at several U.S.
ports, brushing aside a veto threat from President Bush.
"We want to make sure that the security of our ports are in America's
hands," said Rep. Jerry Lewis (R-Calif.) whose House Appropriations
Committee planned to approve the measure today.
The move marks the latest step in a Republican revolt in Congress unlike
any other in'Bush's five years in office. The president has yet to veto any
legislation, and GOP leaders have been careful to avoid sending him any-
thing that he wouldn't sign.

Changes to controversial
act includes new restrictions
on information gathering
WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress
was poised to send President Bush a
renewal of the Patriot Act yesterday
night after months of bitter fighting,
authorizing law enforcement to keep
its anti-terror tools but with some new
curbs on government prying.
A final House vote and Bush's signa-
ture would make 14 provisions of the
2001 law permanent before they expired
on March 10. Two other provisions
would have expired in four years.
A two-month Senate filibuster
fueled by the revelation that Bush
had authorized secret, warrant-
less wiretapping forced Congress
to postpone the original Dec. 31
expiration deadline - twice. The
standoff forced the White House
to accept some new restrictions on
information gathering in terrorism
investigations.
Adding those protections gave the
legislation enough support to pass the
Senate overwhelmingly.
During a push for passage in Decem-
ber, Attorney General Alberto Gonzales
said the monitoring and investigating
authorized by the act had helped pre-
vent specific planned attacks.
"The tools of the Patriot Act have
been extremely valuable in allowing
us to deter and prevent attacks, to pros-
ecute terrorism and to prosecute other
kinds of crimes," Gonzales said.
"Intense congressional and public
scrutiny has not produced a single
substantiated claim that the Patriot
has been misused to violate Ameri-
cans' civil liberties," House Judiciary
Committee Chairman James Sensen-
brenner (R-Wis.) said yesterday.
"Opponents of the legislation have

relied upon exaggeration and hyper-
bole to distort a demonstrated record
of accomplishment and success."
Sen. Russell Feingold (D-Wis.)
the law's chief critic, said the new
protections for Americans are so
modest they are almost meaningless.
And the bill's chief Senate author,
Judiciary Committee Chairman
Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) has intro-
duced a new bill "to provide extra
protections that better comport with
my sensitivity of civil rights."
For now, Bush will be signing a pack-
age on which both chambers of Congress
and the president can agree.
The package renews 16 expiring
previsions of the original Patriot Act,
including one that allows federal offi-
cials to obtain "tangible items" like
business records, including those
from libraries and bookstores, for
foreign intelligence and international
terrorism investigations.
Other provisions would clarify that
foreign intelligence or counterintelli-
gence officers should share information
obtained as part of a criminal investi-
gation with counterparts in domestic
law enforcement agencies.
Forced by Feingold's filibuster, Con-
gress and the White House have agreed to
new curbs on the Patriot Act's powers.
These restrictions would:
Give recipients of court-approved
subpoenas for information in terrorist
investigations the right to challenge a
requirement that they refrain from tell-
ing anyone.
Eliminate a requirement that an
individual provide the FBI with the name
of a lawyer consulted about a National
Security Letter, which is a demand for
records issued by investigators.
i Clarify that most libraries are
not subject to demands in those let-
ters for information about suspected
terrorists.

CORRECTIONS

- Compiled from Daily wire reports

Iraqi prime minister vows
to run for second term

An article on page 8 of yesterday's Daily (Goalie situation uncertain for
Icers) incorrectly identified former Michigan goalie Josh Blackburn as Dan
Blackburn.
Please report any error in the Daily to corrections@michigandaily.com.
tibe 1Mkbigun +
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1327
www.michigandaily.com

Rumsfeld rejects idea
that Iraq is engaged in a
civil war
BAGHDAD (AP) - Iraq's Shiite
prime minister declared yesterday he
will not be blackmailed into aban-
doning his bid for a second term, and
the Kurdish president bowed to Shi-
ite pressure to delay calling parlia-
ment into session until a deadlock is
resolved over who should lead a unity
government.
A new video broadcast on Arab
television, meanwhile, showed three
of the four hostage Christian Peace-
maker activists. American Tom Fox
was not present.
In Washington, U.S. Defense Sec-
retary Donald Rumsfeld rejected
suggestions Iraq is engulfed in a civil
war but predicted there would be
additional "bursts" of sectarian vio-
lence in the weeks ahead.
Rumsfeld also claimed that Iranian
Revolutionary Guard elements had
infiltrated Iraq to cause trouble.
"They are currently putting people
into Iraq to do things that are harm-
ful to the future of Iraq," he said.
"And we know it. And it is some-
thing that they, I think, will look
back on as having been an error in
judgment."
He would not be more specific
except to say the infiltrators were
members of the Al Quds Division of
Iran's Revolutionary Guards.
Rumsfeld asserted that media
reports have exaggerated the vio-
lence in Iraq since an attack last
month on a revered Shiite mosque
touched off a wave of violent repri-
sals between sects.
"I do not believe they are in a civil
war today," Rumsfeld said.
On yesterday, scattered bombings, mor-
tar blasts and gunfire killed 16 people.
The unrelenting violence has
complicated already snarled negoti-
ations to form a government reflect-
ing Iraq's main ethnic and religious
communities, which the United
tntS -adi allie shone mmwisa-

of a personal dispute with President
Jalal Talabani, who is at the center
of a campaign by Kurdish, Sunni and
some secular Shiite politicians to
deny him a second term.
"No one can make bargains with
me by enlarging personal disagree-
ments," al-Jaafari told reporters at
his office. "Dr. al-Jaafari will not be
subdued by blackmail. Dr. al-Jaafari
is not violating the constitution."
The Sunni Arab minority blames
him for failing to control Shiite mili-
tiamen, who attacked Sunni mosques
and clerics after the Feb. 22 bombing
of a sacred Shiite shrine in Samarra.
Kurds are angry because they believe
al-Jaafari is holding up resolution of
their claims to control the oil-rich
city of Kirkuk.
In a bid to force a showdown in
the dispute, Talabani said yesterday
he would order parliament into ses-
sion March 12 for the first time since
the December elections and the Feb.
12 ratification of the results in line
with constitutional directives. Such a
meeting would have started a 60-day
countdown for lawmakers to elect a
president, approve al-Jaafari's nomi-
nation as prime minister and sign off
on his Cabinet.
Talabani was mistakenly counting
on the signature of Vice President
Adil Abdul-Mahdi, a Shiite who lost
his own bid for the prime minister's
nomination by one vote to al-Jaaf-
ari. Talabani had in hand a power of
attorney from the other vice presi-
dent, Ghazi al-Yawer, a Sunni, who
was out of the country. The Shiite
bloc closed ranks and Abdul-Mahdi
declined to sign, for now.
A political committee represent-
ing the seven Shiite parties that
make up the United Iraqi Alliance,
the largest group in parliament, sent
Talabani a letter yesterday asking
him to delay the first session until
there is agreement on who should
occupy top government positions,
said Khaled al-Attiyah, an indepen-
dent member of the alliance. Parlia-
ment speaker Hajim al-Hassani said
a new date wouid he st tnmorrow.

DoNN M. FRESARD
Editor in Chief
fresard@michigandaily.com
647-3336
Sun.-Thurs. 5 p.m. - 2 a.m.

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