The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 15, 2006 - 7
Continued from page 1
Kraker Goodridge. She would go on to make two
Olympic teams and become a coach at University.
The team was named the Michigammes. It was
. one of the only athletic programs open to women
in the area. At the time, competitive sports were
thought to endanger the internal organs of young
Goodridge took the risk, and the rest is his-
Immediately, Goodridge realized she need-
ed to follow Simmons's instructions if she
wanted to improve.
"He was a firm believer in overall training
for strength and flexibility," Goodridge said.
"He trained me just the way he would have
trained a boy, including lifting weights."
Simmons's investment paid dividends.
Goodridge became the first Michigan-born
woman ever to earn a spot on an Olympic
She was a long-distance runner on the 1968
squad in Mexico City and 1972 in Munich.
Goodridge, who coached the Michigan
women's track and field team from 1981 to
1983, had Simmons's full support when she
sought the job.
In Munich, her semifinal performance in
the 1,500-meter was the second fastest all-
time by an American woman at the time.
Simmons said he has seen vast improve-
ments in the abilities of female athletes.
Simmons qualified for the 1932 Olympic
team by running the 400-meter hurdles in
"The women are running 53.8 now," he
said. "When you see what they're doing now,
in relation to what they did then, it's amaz-
Simmons said he provided all the girls
needed - equipment, a facility and a coach.
"With that first group that we had, I was the
bus driver, the trainer, I set up the hotel reser-
vations - I did it all," he said.
These sacrifices gave the Michigammes an
opportunity at a time when organized wom-
en's athletics programs were, in many parts of
the country, still more than a decade away.
(Mis)perceptions of women's weight
Simmons said he has always believed
weightlifting helps athletes avoid reaching
performance plateaus. He saw the activity's
benefits at a time when many thought it pro-
duced minimal or even no results for runners.
"There really was no weight training (dur-
ing that time), but I trained all of my women
with weights," Simmons said. "(Women)
always thought weight-training would make
them look fat and bulk them up. But then they
realized they could get stronger and look bet-
ter (without giving) them big muscles."
Goodridge said the idea of women getting
bigger drew skepticism.
"My parents had to be reassured I wouldn't
become the Incredible Hulk," Goodridge said.
But Goodridge said she never feared the
regimen Simmons prescribed. She said she
saw results soon after starting a lifting rou-
"He had expertise in weight-training and
could see obvious muscle weakness just
visually, as well as imbalances when I ran,"
Goodridge said. "With weights, you can see
muscle development fairly quickly, so I saw
development in my quadriceps, and I never
had a knee injury because the support muscles
were evenly developed and in balance."
'Yes, we can do that'
Although Simmons said weightlifting
helped women achieve better results, he attri-
butes more of their success to finally getting
the chance to prove their talents.
"There got to be a point where women said,
'Yes, we can do that, and we are capable of
doing it,' " Simmons said.
Most people thought women belonged in
the home at the time, he said.
"Now they realize they can do it, and they
are getting very competitive," Simmons said.
Goodridge thinks the expansion of the
NCAA, specifically the rise in female partici-
pation, has greatly contributed to better per-
formances across the board.
"More women are competing now," she
said. "In a larger pool of athletes, there are
bound to emerge better and better athletes."
According to Simmons, athleticism was
not seen as a feminine characteristic when he
began coaching. Many girls shied away from
competing because of negative perceptions
they imagined would follow.
"They didn't think (training) was ladylike,"
Simmons said. "They didn't want to sweat."
Simmons said an increase in the number of
girls who participate in sports camps and who
try to earn athletic scholarships has helped
women come closer to equaling men's perfor-
Simmons is confident that women are des-
tined for even greater feats in sports.
"Women are still breaking records, and
that's happening in all sports - not just track
and field," he said. "I don't think they have
reached their plateau yet."
Continued from page 1
were sold than were projected.
Deutsch said the yearbook has
an uncertain future and therefore
had "nothing to lose" by asking
MSA to put the initiative on the
Deutsch said if the resolu-
tion had passed and students had
approved it, the money would
have provided a book for every
Although asked to, yearbook
representatives could not present
a budget at the meeting to explain
how the plan would be feasible.
Other schools, including the
University of Notre Dame and
Michigan State University, fund
their yearbooks through student
The programs work because
that many students don't pick up
a yearbook, but all others pay the
Deutsch said the Michiganensi-
an plans to propose the resolution
again for next year's ballot.
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THESIS EDITING. LANGUAGE, organiza-
tion, format. All disciplines. 25 yrs. exp.
For Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2006
(March 21 to April 19)
You might be surprised by the raw
truth that you learn from a friend or a
member of a group today. Nevertheless,
the truth is always better than a lie, isn't
(April 20 to May 20)
It pleases you to see new ways of
using old resources. Perhaps you will
discover new applications for things you
thought were useless or obsolete.
(May 21 to June 20)
Your naturally curious nature helps
you see a new philosophy or way of
thinking about something today. Keep an
open mind. Fresh truths are revealed to
(June 21 to July 22)
This is an excellent day to do research
or delve deeply for answers you seek.
You could learn a new way of doing
something that might be handy for you.
(July 23 to Aug. 22)
Your willingness to be truthful with
someone close to you can take a rela-
tionship to a new level. A deeper honesty
simply promotes a deeper appreciation
and stronger sense of trust.
(Aug. 23 to Sept. 22)
Be open to entirely new methods of
(Oct. 23 to Nov. 21)
This is a good day to get rid of what-
ever you don't need at home. Tackle
garbage areas, bathroom areas and laun-
dry. Your aim is to make big improve-
ments at home - and you can succeed!
(Nov. 22 to Dec. 21)
You might buy something new today
or hear advice from someone that alters
your appearance for the better. Don't be
afraid to follow a hot tip.
(Dec. 22 to Jan. 19)
You want to use your money in a use-
ful, productive way today. You want to
buy something that is going to improve
your life. You might also see new ways
of earning money.
(Jan. 20 to Feb. 18)
You're on a new self-improvement
kick. You want to look better and relate
better to everyone you know. You want
to be a better person!
(Feb. 19 to March 20)
Your ability to discover secrets is
amazing now. Use this ability to research
things at work. You might also use this
ability to discover skeletons in the
YOU BORN TODAY Your curiosity
takes you to strange places. You have a
fine mind, and often put an entirely orig-
inal twist on things. You like to experi-
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