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November 23, 2005 - Image 9

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The Michigan Daily, 2005-11-23

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The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 23, 2005 - 9

Ethnic factions
agree to remake
gov t in Bosnia

Lebanese women throw rose petals and rice at the ambulance that carries the coffin of Hezbollah fighter Youssef Barakat, who was killed by Israeli
forces on Monday, during his funeral procession in the village of Zibbeqine, near the southern port city of Tyre, Lebanon, yesterday.
sre jets.strike targets Lebaon

Under U.S. pressure,
groups resolve to
redraft constitution
forged after civil war
WASHINGTON (AP) - With a prod
from the United States, leaders of Bosnia's
three major ethnic factions agreed yester-
day to remake their divided government a
decade after the end of their bloody civil
war, Europe's bloodiest fighting since
World War I.
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
heralded the Balkan accord struck in
Washington, but warned that international
patience has run out for the accused war
criminals who walk free in Bosnia.
"There can be no more excuses and
no more delays," Rice said at a State
Department luncheon celebrating the 10th
anniversary of a U.S.-brokered peace set-
tlement. "Ten years is long enough."
Rice spoke at a luncheon with Bosnian
political leaders and diplomats from the
Clinton administration.
The 1995 agreement signed in Day-
ton, Ohio, ended a three-year civil war
only by allowing Serbs, Croats and
Muslims to preside over separate polit-
ical spheres. The result was an inef-
ficient, three-headed government that
Rice said was appropriate for its day,
but is now outmoded.
The nation of 4 million people - about
the size of Los Angeles - has 14 different
education departments.
"Today, Bosnia-Herzegovina is joining
the international community," Rice said.
Yesterday's agreement com-
mits Bosnian leaders to revamp the
national constitution by March of next
year, with an eye to joining the North
American Treaty Organization and
the European Union.
European nations have told the Bos-
nians that they have little hope of joining
the EU, with its trade, border, economic
and political advantages, under the coun-
try's current constitution.
Ivo Miro Jovic, chairman of Bosnia's
three-president arrangement, spoke after
Rice at the luncheon.
"This key that opens this door of the
future has been given to us, but only if we
know how to use it and open the door," he

said through a translator.
The accord marks the second time in a
month that Rice has applied U.S. pressure
to secure incremental agreements among
former enemies. Last week in Jerusalem,
she put the finishing touches to an Israeli-
Palestinian pact that opens the borders of
the Gaza Strip.
The Bosnian conflict began out of the
disintegration of the former Yugoslavia
and killed 260,000 people and drove 1.8
million from their homes.
The war stunned Europe and the Unit-
ed States, which were slow to get involved
and watched while an educated, Western-
looking nation was shredded along centu-
ries-old ethnic and religious lines.
"We will never forget the massacre at
Srebenica," Rice said Tuesday, referring
to the Bosnian Serb slaughter of 7,500
Muslims in July 1995. The killings galva-
nized international will to end the war.
"America's position is clear and uncom-
promising: Every Balkan country must
arrest its indicted war criminals or it will
have no future in NATO," Rice said.
In a separate statement, the Serb entity
within Bosnia said it will cooperate with
an international criminal tribunal for the
former Yugoslavia.
And all the leaders said they were deter-
mined to deliver all persons indicted for
war crimes to the tribunal in the Hague.
The most notorious of these are Rado-
van Karadzic and Gen. Ratko Mladic,
accused of masterminding brutal Bosnian
Serb offensives against Muslims.
Rice mentioned the two ex-leaders
by name yesterday. Both are believed
to be living under Serb protection,
moving about the region with relative
ease. Karadzic published a book of
poetry last month.
Separately, Rice said the United States
wants quick resolution to the lingering
ethnic standoff in neighboring Kosovo.
Legally part of Serbia-Montenegro, Koso-
vo has been administered by the United
Nations following a 1999 Serb military
crackdown on the province's ethnic Alba-
nian separatists.
Although the Bosnian announcement
was short on details, U.S. diplomats
said Serbs, Croats and Muslims had
all agreed to junk the three-president
system and make parliamentary and
administrative reforms.

Hezbollah and Lebanese
army denies that warplanes
struck southern Lebanon
JERUSALEM (AP) - Israel said its warplanes
struck in Lebanon yesterday in what Israeli Defense
Minister Shaul Mofaz described as the largest-scale
Israeli response to cross-border attacks by Lebanese
guerrillas since 2000.
Mofaz spoke just hours after Israeli fighter jets
attacked a command post of Hezbollah guerrillas
in south Lebanon and after army bulldozers entered
Lebanon to demolish a Hezbollah post just north of
the community of Ghajar.
Hezbollah and the Lebanese army denied Israeli
warplanes struck in southern Lebanon yesterday. On
Monday, Israeli warplanes struck a number of Hez-
bollah targets, Israeli security officials said.
The Israeli strike came a day after the Lebanese
guerrilla group Hezbollah fired mortars and rockets

toward the Israeli-Lebanese border, wounding 11
Israeli soldiers and damaging a house in an Israeli
border community. The shelling sent thousands of
Israeli civilians into bomb-shelters. Israeli return fire
killed four Hezbollah guerrillas.
Monday's Hezbollah attack "was the largest-
scale, most hostile since the departure of Israeli
forces from Lebanon (in 2000)," Mofaz said in
remarks broadcast on Israel Radio. The Israeli
response "was the widest against attempts by Hez-
bollah to escalate the situation."
Mofaz said Israel hit targets that "had not been
attacked since the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon,"
including Hezbollah command, intelligence and com-
munication posts.
The defense minister also said Hezbollah appar-
ently suffered the greatest number of casualties since
Israel's pullout from Lebanon.
The fighting marked a sudden upswing in violence,
the first cross-border fighting in five months. The
United States accused Hezbollah of provoking the
fighting, and urged the Lebanese government to take

charge of the area.
Lebanon has requested that UNIFIL, the U.N.
peacekeeping force stationed in the country, appeal
to Israel to persuade it not to further retaliate for the
Hezbollah strikes, Israel Army Radio.
Israeli army chief Lt. Gen. Dan Halutz con-
firmed that Lebanon had turned to UNIFIL, but
would not elaborate.
Hezbollah frequently targets Israeli troops in
the Chebaa Farms area, which the Iranian-backed
group says should have been returned by Israel
when it withdrew from south Lebanon. Israel says
it captured the area from Syria in 1967 and will
discuss its control of the land only in any future
peace talks with the Arab country.
Hezbollah's actions appeared to have political
motivations. As the powerful Shiite Muslim militant
group in control of the Lebanese side of the border
with Israel, Hezbollah is an ally of Syria in Lebanon.
In recent weeks it has stepped up its criticism of the
United Nations and its investigation into the killing of
former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

U.N. report: Starvation kills
6 million children each year

United Nations food agency
announces goal to reduce number
of starving by half in 2015
ROME (AP) - Hunger and malnutrition kill nearly
6 million children a year, and more people are mal-
nourished in sub-Saharan Africa this decade than in the
1990s, according to a U.N. report released yesterday.
Many of the children die from diseases that are treat-
able, including diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria and mea-
sles, said the report by the Rome-based U.N. Food and
Agriculture Organization.
In sub-Saharan Africa, the number of malnourished
people grew to 203.5 million people in 2000-02 from 170.4
million 10 years earlier, the report states, noting that hun-
ger and malnutrition are among the main causes of poverty,
illiteracy, disease and deaths in developing countries.
The U.N. food agency said the goal of reducing the num-
ber of the world's hungry by half by the year 2015, set by the
World Food Summit in 1996 and reinforced by the Millennium
Development Goals in 2000, remains distant but attainable.
"If each of the developing regions continues to reduce
hunger at the current pace, only South America and the
Caribbean will reach the Millennium Development Goal

target," Jacques Diouf, the agency's director-general, wrote
in the report, the agency's annual update on world hunger.
The food agency said the Asia-Pacific region also has
a good chance of reaching the targets "if it can acceler-
ate progress slightly over the next few years."
"Most, if not all of the ... targets can be reached, but
only if efforts are redoubled and refocused," Diouf said.
"To bring the number of hungry people down, priority
must be given to rural areas and to agriculture as the
mainstay of rural livelihoods."
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns, on a visit to Rome
to meet with FAO and Italian officials, said yesterday that free
trade and economic growth were key to fighting hunger.
"We have world goals in-terms of reducing hunger,
and in terms of long-term prospects, it really does
involve the ability of countries to engage in economic
relationships with each other," he said. "We want econo-
mies around the world to improve, that is really what's
going to provide the long term stable base upon which
people are let out of poverty."
Diseases such as AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, which
kill more than 6 million people a year, hit the hungry and
poor the hardest, according to the report's findings. Mil-
lions of families are pushed deeper into poverty and hunger
by the illness and death of breadwinners, the cost of health
care, paying for funerals and support of orphans.



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