2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 11, 2005 NATION/WORLD
Pakistan to accept Indian aid NEWS IN BRIEF
suspension of violence in
MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan (AP)
- Setting aside decades-old rivalries,
Pakistan said it would accept earthquake
aid from India, and a top rebel command-
er reportedly ordered the suspension of
violence in earthquake-hit areas of Indian
Kashmir. Authorities in New Delhi prom-
ised delivery "on a very urgent basis."
Eight U.S. military helicopters from
Afghanistan arrived in Islamabad with
provisions, and Washington pledged up
to $50 million in relief and reconstruction
aid, U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker said.
"The magnitude of this disaster is
utterly overwhelming," Crocker said. "We
have underway the beginning of a very
major relief effort."
The United Nations said more than 2.5
million people were left homeless by Sat-
urday's magnitude-7.6 quake, and doctors
warned of an outbreak of disease unless
more relief arrives soon. The hardest-hit
area was the Himalayan region of Kash-
mir, which is divided between Pakistan
Shopkeepers clashed with looters, and
hungry families huddled under tents while
waiting for relief supplies after Pakistan's
worst earthquake razed entire villages
and buried roads in rubble. Death toll esti-
mates ranged from 20,000 to 30,000.
British rescuers unearthed a man
With the situation dire, Pakistan set
aside politics and said it would accept
relief aid for earthquake victims from
India. The nuclear-armed neighbors have
been bitter rivals since gaining indepen-
dence from Britain in 1947, fighting
three wars, but they have taken steps to
improve relations since last year.
India will send tents, food and medi-
cine and other aid, Foreign Secretary
Shyam Saran said in the capital, New
The chief commander of the largest
Kashmiri rebel group, the Hezb-ul-Muja-
hedeen, reportedly ordered a suspension
of violence in devastated areas of India-
"We have directed our cadres to
halt their operations in the affected
areas," the private Kashmir News
Service quoted Syed Salah-ud-Din as
saying. The report could not be inde-
Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen is one of
more than a dozen rebel groups fight-
ing since 1989 for Kashmir's inde-
pendence from India or its merger
On Sunday night, suspected Islam-
ic militants killed 10 people, includ-
ing four Hindus in quake-hit villages
whose throats were slit, said senior
police superintendent J.P. Singh.
In Balakot, a badly hit town in North
West Frontier Province, townspeople
broke through concrete to rescue two
girls from a shattered school. Several
men brushed dust from the clothes of
one girl and gave her water.
Rescue workers of the British "RAPID UK Search and Rescue" team and local
staff search for a boy and a woman in Islamabad yesterday.
trapped in rubble for 54 hours, residents
using their bare hands and crowbars freed
two girls buried in a school for more than
two days, and a woman and child were
pulled to safety from a wrecked apart-
ment building after 62 hours.
With landslides blocking roads to many
of the worst-hit areas, Pakistan's army air-
lifted food, water and medicine into the
disaster zone. International relief efforts
cranked into action, and an American
plane full of relief supplies landed at an
air base near Pakistan's capital yester-
Most of the dead were in Pakistan's
mountainous north. India reported at
least 865 deaths, but Home Secretary
V.K. Duggal said it was not expected to
rise much higher. Afghanistan reported
Insurgents rally ahead of constitution vote
Insurgents launched a new salvo of attacks five days ahead of a crucial constitu-
tional referendum, killing at least 18 Iraqis and a U.S. soldier yesterday with suicide
car bombs, roadside explosives and drive-by shootings, police said.
Five mortar shells were fired at a hotel in the southern city of Hillah where a U.S.
regional embassy office is based, with one round hitting the building and leaving a
large hole in a wall, police said. No casualties were reported.
Gunmen also opened fire on a convoy of cars carrying members of an Arab
League delegation that is visiting Iraq, but no one was hurt, police said.
The attacks came as Shiite and Kurdish officials continued to negotiate
with Sunni Arab leaders over last-minute additions to the constitution, try-
ing to win Sunni support ahead of Saturday's referendum. U.S. officials were
acting as mediators.
The sides appeared to remain far apart over basic issues and copies of the draft
constitution already are being distributed to the public across the country.
Merkel to become German chancellor
Conservative Angela Merkel struck a power-sharing deal yesterday that
will make her the first woman and politician from the ex-communist east
to serve as Germany's chancellor, forging a coalition with ousted leader
Gerhard Schroeder's party to reform the faltering economy.
The country's two biggest political forces were forced into talks on
forming a joint government after a Sept. 18 election gave Merkel a victory
- but with a margin so slim Schroeder's party demanded equal treatment
in a "grand coalition."
To resolve the impasse, the Social Democrats gave up Germany's leader-
ship, but the party secured the bulk of the ministries, including the presti-
gious Foreign Ministry.
Reservists shoulder most U.S. deaths
The National Guard and Reserves are suffering a strikingly higher share of U.S. casual-
ties in Iraq, their portion of total American military deaths nearly doubling since last year.
Reservists have accounted for one-quarter of all U.S. deaths since the Iraq war began,
but the proportion has grown over time. It was 10 percent for the five weeks it took to topple
Baghdad in the spring of 2003, and 20 percent for 2004 as a whole.
The trend accelerated this year. For the first nine months of 2005 reservists accounted
for 36 percent of U.S. deaths, and for August and September it was 56 percent, according
to Pentagon figures.
The Army National Guard, Army Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve accounted for
more than half of all U.S. deaths in August and in September - the first time that has
happened in consecutive months. The only other month in which it even approached 50
percent was June 2004.
Casualties in Iraq have shifted toward citizen soldiers as their combat role has grown to
historic levels. National Guard officials say their soldiers have been sent into combat in Iraq
in numbers not previously seen in modern times.
Game theorists win economics Nobel *
A pair of game theorists who defined chess-like strategies in politics and busi-
ness that can be applied to arms races, price wars and actual warfare won the Nobel
Prize in Economic Sciences yesterday.
Israeli-American Robert Aumann and U.S. citizen Thomas Schelling won the
award for research on game theory, a branch of applied mathematics that uses mod-
els to study interactions between countries, businesses or people.
The theory, which was devised in 1944 by John von Neumann and Oskar Mor-
genstern, is often used in a political or military context to explain conflicts between
countries but has been of late used to map trends in the business world, ranging
from how cartels set prices to how companies can better sell their goods and ser-
vices in new markets.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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