The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 4, 2005 - 7
Continued from page 1
aged to satisfy many of the conservatives who
helped confirm Roberts - without inflaming
Democrats who repeatedly warned against the
selection of an extreme conservative to suc-
ceed O'Connor, who has voted to uphold abor-
tion rights and preserve affirmative action.
Several officials familiar with Bush's con-
sultations with Congress said that Sen. Harry
Reid of Nevada, the Democratic leader, had
recommended that he consider Miers for the
vacancy. In a written statement, Reid praised
the Dallas native as a "trailblazer for women
as managing partner of a major Dallas law
firm" and said he would be glad to have a for-
mer practicing attorney on the court.
Frist greeted Miers by telling her, "We're so
proud of you." Sen. Mitch McConnell, (R-Ky.),
the second-ranking Republican in the Senate,
issued a statement saying he looked "forward
to Ms. Miers's confirmation."
Republicans hold a 55-44 majority in the
Senate, with one independent. Barring a fili-
buster, they can confirm Miers on the strength
of their votes alone.
Continued from page 1
of these lecturers.
"It tells you what kind of responsibility LSA
feels towards its lecturers," she said.
University spokeswoman Julie Peterson said two
criteria were used to decide if the 20 lecturers in
question were classified in the wrong category.
The first criterion was whether or not the lec-
turer taught upper level courses and the second
was the type of administrative and service duties
the lecturer had performed. Based on this infor-
mation, LSA decided that four lecturers had been
classified with the wrong title.
According to LEO's contract with the Univer-
sity, a formal grievance must be filed with the
provost's office and the LSA dean's office. If LEO
decides to continue forward with the rejected mis-
classification cases. LEO will be holding a meet-
ing next week to discuss further action with its
members. LEO Co-chair Kirsten Herold said she
did not think the lecturers who had been denied
reclassification would continue to fight a frustrat-
ing battle with LSA.
LEO members were also angry that lecturers
denied reclassification were not given an adequate
explanation as to why their request had been reject-
ed. Halloran also said that LSA originally prom-
ised the misclassified lecturers who were denied
reclassifications written responses detailing why
they were denied.
But instead, Halloran said they received one-
sentence responses that stated the individuals did
not meet the criteria to be considered for higher
Lisa Young, an anthropology lecturer said the
process has been very frustrating. She was hired
six years ago as a lecturer II and teaches the hon-
ors seminar classes and is an advisor to honors
students. She said that she received an e-mail from
LSA approving her reclassification to a lecturer III,
but after a week she received another e-mail saying
the reclassification had been a clerical error.
Herold said the review process over the mis-
classified lecturers has been very frustrating for
a number of reasons including the constant delay
the union experienced with LSA. She said that
the original deadline according to the contract for
LSA to respond to the misclassification cases was
July 1, but due to mutual agreement the deadline
was extended to Sept. 30.
"This is a process that has been disrespectful to
the individuals and the union," Herold said.
Continued from page 1
"When you're dealing with complicated
scientific questions, minor subtle changes
can have a major impact," he said.
Additionally, Integrity in Science
claims that companies try to delay or
prevent publication of results that crit-
icize their products and that research-
ers occasionally withhold publishing
such studies for fear of losing corpo-
Goozner said solutions to reducing
academic-industrial ties include requir-
ing university researchers to disclose
all funding sources and to provide
other scientists with access to all data.
He also said the government must
increase funding for risk assessment
research. "We need independent sourc-
es of research funding," he said.
But Garabrant said corporate funding
has not influenced any of his research,
and he points to a study he conducted
funded by Rohm and Haas - a manu-
facturer of a wide range of chemical
products - that linked its DDT pesti-
cide with pancreatic cancer.
Additionally, Garabrant said he
has been leading a two-year study
funded by a multi-million dollar grant
from Dow Chemical Corp., based in
Midland, Mich., to examine whether
residents living in the area have been
exposed to dioxin, a chemical which
has been found in elevated levels in soil
near Dow's central plants.
The contract with Dow provides the
University with the right to publish the
study's results as it sees fit and guar-
antees that Dow or anyone else cannot
obtain the original data without a legal
challenge. Furthermore, Garabrant's
team must report to a scientific adviso-
ry board of professors and government
officials from around the country.
It is through measures such as this
advisory board that the University
claims it has taken steps to keep its
risk-assessment research independent
from corporate sponsors.
Al Franzblau, professor of environ-
mental health science and emergency
medicine and a risk center faculty
member said input from the advisory
boards has already led to changes in
the study's protocol. He added that
Dow cannot impede the progress of
the study because it will only see the
results once they are published. "We
don't report to Dow. We report to the
scientific advisory board," he said.
"Dow has no role in the conduct of the
Paula Lantz, chair of the Department
of Health Management and Policy and
faculty member at the risk center, said
the provisions included in the dioxin
study should be a model for all projects
carried out by the center.
Despite such safeguards, Goozner
said corporate-funded studies like
the dioxin project still lose cred-
ibility in the eyes of the public. He
said people; especially if they do not
understand the technical details of
scientific research, might not trust
the results of studies funded by cor-
porations, even if they are carried
out in a completely objective, inde-
"It's not (sufficient) saying this
money won't affect my judgment,"
Goozner said. When judging studies
like the dioxin project, he said, peo-
ple will think, "I'm living there. Why
should I believe you?"
Yet for the most part that hasn't
been the case with the dioxin study,
said Veronica Horn, chair of the
study's community advisory panel.
Horn, executive vice president of the
Saginaw County Chamber of Com-
merce, said while there will always
be some people who question the
study, overall the meetings with the
University faculty have 'produced
"very thoughtful discussion on how
to approach this."
Garabrant's team has "been as
open with the test results and proce-
dures as I have ever seen," she said.
Although some people initially were
distrustful of the study, "after the
first meeting or second, people read-
ily understood this was being run
correctly," she said.
Continued from page 1
for the nation to have a comprehensive
agenda for the future of higher educa-
tion," he said.
Another concern that McCluskey
shares with many other critics of the
initiative is that the makeup of the
commission does not represent tax-
Most members of the panel, he
said, have personal investments in
the decisions that Spellings makes
concerning the strategy that she sets
"The big businesses and the high-
er education insiders all have vested
interests in getting as much money
out of the taxpayers as possible,"
For example, he predicted that the
executive from Boeing, who is on the
committee, will push for a mandate
requiring higher standards for engi-
neering departments, so that his air-
plane company profits from a better
quality of engineering students. And
the higher education insiders like
Duderstadt will encourage "anything
that would bring more money to their
universities," he said.
The 19 panel members were
approached about the initiative
in the month before Spellings's
announcement, and said they still
know relatively little about what
lies in store for them.
The first meeting of the com-
mission is scheduled for Oct. 17,
and public hearings to be held
around the country will attempt to
draw students and families, poli-
cymakers, business leaders and
the academic community into a
dialogue on the future of higher
Spellings hopes the commission
will determine what skills students
need to succeed in the 21st century
and whether colleges provide those
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