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March 11, 2005 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, March 11, 2005

NATION/WORLD

Pro-Syria premier reappointed NEWS IN RIEF

0

BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - The
Lebanese prime minister, who was
forced to resign by a wave of popular
opposition, was returned to his post
yesterday, riding a counterwave of
this week's huge pro-Syrian demon-
stration.
Omar Karami's reappointment,
which ensures Damascus's continued
dominance in Lebanon's politics, is a
slap to the opposition and forces it to
evaluate how to recoup the momentum
that had forced his Feb. 28 resignation.
"Reappointing Karami to form a
new government is the peak of political
insolence," said Gibran Tueni, a mem-
ber of the Lebanese opposition and gen-
eral manager of the leading An-Nahar
daily newspaper. He said such a move
was to be expected from this "useless,
bankrupt, laughable government that is
entirely subject to Syrian tutelage."
Karami rejected suggestions his reap-
pointment by President Emile Lahoud was
inspired by Syria, saying his supporters
had the majority in parliament and with
the people, a reference to the hundreds of
thousands of pro-Syrian supporters who
participated in a Hezbollah-organized
rally Tuesday.
"It was a massive demonstration that
asserted our legitimacy in the Leba-
nese street," Karami told a news con-
ference after his reappointment was
announced.
Both Karami and Lahoud are
staunchly pro-Syrian.
In Washington, State Department
Spokesman Adam Ereli said "the
immediate challenge for the new gov-
ernment of Lebanon, and what I think
the international community will be
looking for, is that it responds to the

aspirations of the Lebanese people for
freedom and for sovereignty, untram-
meled by foreign forces."
Another anti-Syrian demonstration
was planned for Monday, marking one
month since the Feb. 14 assassination
of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri,
which the opposition has blamed on the
Lebanese government and its Syrian
backers. Both deny involvement.
Karami's reinstatement was consid-
ered an affront to many who had par-
ticipated in the demonstrations that led
to his resignation.
"This shows how little respect they
(authorities) have for the Lebanese
people," said Salma Saadeh, a 23-year-
old student.
Syria is keen to keep its hold on
Lebanese decision-making as it pulls
its forces back to Lebanon's eastern
Bekaa Valley and negotiates with
the Beirut government on a com-
plete troop withdrawal at a later date.
Lebanese officials have said the first
phase of the pullback, including of
Syrian intelligence, would be com-
pleted by March 23.
Lebanon's defense minister said
"thousands" of the 14,000 Syrian sol-
diers in Lebanon will return to Syria
and the others will reposition in the
Bekaa Valley for an undetermined
time.
In the last two days, troops have left
most of their positions in the northern
port of Tripoli and two hilltop posi-
tions above that city, filling trucks with
supplies and towing weapons behind
them in long convoys driving eastward.
More empty trucks and buses arrived
in central Lebanon yesterday, appar-
ently to pick up supplies and soldiers.

MOSUL, Iraq
Suicide bomber at funeral kills 47
A suicide attacker set off a bomb that tore through a funeral tent jammed with
Shiite mourners yesterday, splattering blood and body parts over rows of over-
turned white plastic chairs. The attack, which killed 47 and wounded more than
100, came as Shiite and Kurdish politicians in Baghdad said they overcame a major
stumbling block to forming a new coalition government.
The explosion, in a working class neighborhood of this northern city, tore
through a large funeral tent pitched next to a smaller one on a grassy patch in the
courtyard of a mosque. Survivors scrambled to get the wounded to a hospital, lug-
ging them to ambulances and cars in blankets or prayer rugs as a strong smell of
gunpowder filled the yard.
"As we were inside the mosque, we saw a ball of fire and heard a huge explo-
sion," said Tahir Abdullah Sultan, 45. "After that blood and pieces of flesh were
scattered around the place."
At first, some mourners thought it was an air strike - but once they smelled the
gunpowder, they said they knew it was a suicide bombing.
Blood was spattered across the grass, car windows were shattered and survivors
wailed as corpses were loaded onto the backs of pickup trucks.
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan
Pakistan admits scientist sold arms to Iran 0
After years of denials, Pakistan admitted yesterday that its top nuclear
scientist sold crucial equipment to Iran, but said it knew nothing of his activi-
ties when they occurred and insisted he will not be turned over to another
country for prosecution.
The admission by the Pakistani information minister was the first public
acknowledgment that Abdul Qadeer Khan provided Iran's secret nuclear program
with centrifuges, a crucial component needed to enrich uranium and produce
nuclear material for warheads.
"Dr. Abdul Qadeer gave some centrifuges to Iran," the minister, Sheikh Rashid
Ahmed, told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. "He helped Iran in his
personal capacity, and the Pakistan government had nothing to do with it."
Ahmed initially made the admission at a seminar in Islamabad organized by a
local newspaper group, in which he stuck by Pakistan's insistence that Khan would
never be handed over to a third country for prosecution. The scientist is considered
a hero by his countrymen for nearly single-handedly producing atomic bombs for
Pakistan to counter rival India's nuclear arsenal.
MADRID, Spain
Annan: World treaty needed to define terror
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan called yesterday for a world treaty on ter-
rorism that would outlaw attacks targeting civilians and establish a framework for
a collective response to the global threat.
Although the United Nations and its agencies already have 12 treaties covering 0
terrorism, a universal definition has been elusive.
World leaders and officials have had deep disagreements over whether resisters
to alleged oppression - for example, Palestinian suicide bombers attacking Israeli
targets - are terrorists or freedom fighters; and whether states that use what they
think is legitimate force might be branded terrorists.
"The right to resist occupation ... cannot include the right to deliberately kill or
maim civilians," Annan told the conference on democracy, terrorism and security.
MOSCOW
Islamic fundamentalist to lead Chechen rebels
An Islamic fundamentalist judge emerged yesterday as the likely succes-
sor to Chechen rebel commander Aslan Maskhadov, raising the prospect of
the separatist conflict turning decisively into a religious war more than a
decade after it first erupted.
Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev was backed both by supporters of Maskhadoy
- who was killed in a Russian raid Tuesday - and by Chechnya's most
feared warlord, Shamil Basayev.
Yesterday, Basayev urged his people to rally behind Sadulayev in a mes-
sage on a separatist Web site.

AP PHOTO
Lebanese opposition demonstrators wave Lebanese flags during a rally after
the government's resignation in Beirut, Lebanon on March 1.

Rice vows cooperation with Mexico

Secretary of state
deems cooperation on
border to be best policy
MEXICO CITY (AP) - Secretary
of State Condoleezza Rice said yester-
day that al-Qaida and other terrorist
groups are doing everything they can
to get into the United States through
Mexico and Canada.
Rice, on her first trip to Mexico since
taking over at the State Department, in
late January, echoed concerns raised by
government officials in congressional
testimony last month about the motives
of the terrorist network blamed for the
Sept. 11 attacks.
"Indeed we have from time to time
had reports about al-Qaida trying to
use our southern border but also trying
to use our northern border," Rice told
reporters. "There is no secret that al-
Qaida will try to get into this country
and into other countries by any means

they possibly can.
"That's how they managed to do it
before and they will do everything that
they can to cross the borders," she said.
Recent intelligence from current
investigations, detentions and other
sources suggests that al-Qaida has
considered using the Southwest bor-
der to infiltrate the United States,
according to testimony from a top
Homeland Security Department offi-
cial last month before the Senate
Intelligence Committee.
"Several al-Qaida leaders believe oper-
atives can pay their way into the country
through Mexico, and also believe illegal
entry is more advantageous than legal
entry for operational security reasons,"
James Loy, deputy secretary at the time,
said in his testimony.
Rice made the one-day trip to Mex-
ico t6'meet with President Vicente Fox
and Foreign Secretary Luis Ernesto
Derbez. Emerging from her meeting
with Derbez, Rice announced that the

two countries had settled a decades-old,
cross-water debt.
Mexico will transfer enough water
to the United States to cover a debt that
Texas has claimed that Mexico has owed
under a 1944 treaty. That water-sharing
pact requires Mexico to send the United
States an average of 350,000 acre-feet
of water annually from six Rio Grande
tributaries. The United States in return
must send Mexico 1.5 million acre feet
from the Colorado River.
"I'm delighted that we have been able
to reach this understanding," Rice said.
Rice also was announcing a $10 mil-
lion grant to support the expansion of
a Mexican program that provides citi-
zens with banking services and small
business loans.
Rice said progress has been made
in securing the border since Sept. 11,
2001. But she also said'theUnited
States is obligated to alert its citizens
of concerns.
"We and the Mexicans have a robust

dialogue about border security, and I
believe we're going to continue to have
that," she said. "This is not a matter of
pointing fingers. This is a matter of real-
ly trying to get the best possible coor-
dination and work that we can so that
there's safety for citizens in both coun-
tries, on both sides of the border."
She said Washington does not sup-
port vigilante groups that are recruit-
ing volunteers to patrol the border for
undocumented Mexican crossers.
President Bush's former national
security adviser faced a diplomatic
test in her first visit to Mexico. She
discussed with Derbez immigration,
border issues, free trade and econom-
ic growth.
Recently, Mexican politicians have
accused the Bush administration of
interfering with Mexico's internal
affairs. They have denounced U.S. offi-
cials' comments about human rights
abuses, drug trafficking and possible
election related instability.

Fi

- Compiled from Daily wire reports
+a I

U

What Do
These Leaders Have
in Common?

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