2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 25, 2005
Pope has surgery to aid breathing NEWS IN BRIEFy
that operation was not an
VATICAN CITY (AP) - Pope John
Paul IIunderwent a successful operation
to insert a tube in his throat to relieve his
breathing problems, hours after he was
rushed back to the hospital yesterday for
the second time in a month with flu-like
symptoms of fever and congestion, the
A top aide to Italian Prime Minister.
Silvio Berlusconi who visited the pope
said John Paul was "serene" after waking
up from the anesthesia. The pope raised
his hand and attempted to speak with doc-
tors but was told not to try, Cabinet Under-
secretary Gianni Letta told reporters at
Gemelli Polyclinic Hospital in Rome.
Vatican spokesman Joaquin Navarro-
Valls said the tracheotomy lasted 30
minutes and the outcome was "posi-
tive." The pope had approved the pro-
cedure, which the Vatican characterized
as elective - underscoring that it was
not done as an emergency measure.
The frail, 84-year-old pontiff, who
was taken to the hospital shortly
before 11 a.m. in an ambulance, will
be spending the night in the hospital,
But the tracheotomy may require a
longer hospital stay and have serious
consequences for the pope's abilities to
carry out his duties since he will not be
able to speak, at least initially, while the
breathing tube is in his throat.
Before the tracheotomy, outside
medical experts had said John Paul
may have pneumonia. But Navarro-
Valls' statement made no reference to
pneumonia, saying the pope suffered a
narrowing of his larynx.
The pope's sudden turn for the worse
I -* FUWnINF.S FROAU tlg*W TNT TfAFwAnR n
Worshippers genuflect before a portrait of Pope John Paul II before praying
for his health yesterday night at St. Adalberts Basilica in Grand Rapids.
condition of anonymity, said the pope
had a fever and congestion in addition to
the breathing problems.
ANSA reported the pope was con-
scious when he arrived at Gemelli and
that he was sitting upright in a stretcher.
According to the report, people who
saw him enter the hospital said his face
looked "quite relaxed."
Vatican officials had said the pope
suffered from a "syndrome of influ-
Chile's ambassador to the Holy See,
Maximo Pacheco, told The Associ-
ated Press that the pope suffered a "bad
relapse," citing a conversation he had
with the Vatican's secretary of state,
Cardinal Angelo Sodano.
But outside experts said people don't
get a relapse of influenza itself. Instead,
flu can lead to a bacterial infection such
as pneumonia or bronchitis, which is
an inflammation of the tubes that carry
air into the lungs, or to congestive heart
failure, a treatable condition in which
the heart is unable to pump enough
blood to meet the body's needs.
It's also possible that the pope's
earlier illness was not influenza but
a flu-like infection, or that John Paul
has caught a cold or genuine influ-
enza if he didn't have it before or if
he encountered a different strain of
Thursday's hospitalization was the
pope's eighth since his election in 1978.
The pope's common touch and his
willingness to travel to remote places,
despite serious health problems that
include knee and hip ailments, make
him much loved among Catholics.
As with the previous hospitalization,
which lasted 10 days, the latest was cer-
tain to fuel speculation about whether he
could continue as pope, and what would
happen if he was incapacitated.
alarmed the faithful from Nigeria to the
Philippines to St. Peter's Square, and
raised more doubts about his ability to
"We have prayed for the pope to live
as long as possible so we can still share
our joy with him," said Zofia Gebala, a
73-year-old retiree, as she left a church
in Wadowice, the pope's birthplace in
southern Poland. "We are praying for
him every day, for his well-being. But
it's all in God's hands now."
John Paul, who suffers from Par-
kinson's disease, had greeted pilgrims
twice at the window of his studio at St.
Peter's Square since his release from the
same hospital on Feb. 10. On Wednes-
day, he made his longest public appear-
ance - 30 minutes - since he fell ill
more than three weeks ago.
With each successive appearance, he
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seemed a little stronger, a little more
alert, and his voice rang out with greater
That made Thursday's reversal all the
more shocking for the faithful.
"We are so scared because he has
been sick in the past," said Vanessa
Animo Bono, 32, a Roman Catholic
being treated at Gemelli. "He is one of
the few popes who is actually able to lis-
ten to people."
Earlier Thursday, Vatican officials
said the pope was suffering breathing
problems similar to those that sent him
to Gemelli on Feb. 1, and Italian news
reports said the latest respiratory crisis
was more severe than the first.
Papal officials played down the seri-
ousness of the hospitalization, saying a
patient of the pope's age is always at risk
from the flu. Vatican aides, speaking on
Canada opts out of U.S. missile defense
Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin said yesterday that Canada would not join
the contentious U.S. missile defense program, a decision that will further strain
brittle relations between the neighbors but please Canadians who fear it could lead
to an international arms race.
Martin, ending nearly two years of debate over whether Canada should par-
ticipate in the development or operation of the multibillion-dollar program, said
Ottawa would remain a close ally of Washington in the fight against global terror-
ism and continental security.
He said he intended to talk to President Bush later Thursday and that Secretary
of State Condoleezza Rice had been informed of the decision earlier this week.
A State Department official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the Unit-
ed States had been informed beforehand of the decision, adding that Washington
expects that cooperation with Canada will continue on a wide variety of issues.
DA MASCUS, Syria
Syria to withdraw troops from Lebanon
Syria will withdraw troops from mountain and coastal areas in Lebanon in line with
a 1989 agreement, Lebanon's defense minister said Thursday amid international pres-
sure following the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
Lebanese Defense Minister Abdul-Rahim Murad said the troops will be with-
drawn to the eastern Bekaa Valley on the Syrian border, but he gave no timeframe.
Lebanese and Syrian military officers have begun meetings to define "the dates and
the way" the withdrawal will take place, Murad said, adding that the pullback was in
line with the Arab-brokered Taif agreement that ended Lebanon's 1975-90 civil war.
"The decision to withdraw has been taken," Murad said in television interviews.
"What remains is the exact timing."
In the wake of Hariri's Feb. 14 assassination, the Bush administration has issued
strong calls for Syria to withdraw completely from Lebanon, where Damascus has
about 15,000 troops. The Americans have also said Syria should remove its intelligence
agents, but there was no sign of such a move.
A U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the United States has not
been notified about a withdrawal and it remains to be seen how many troops would be
removed from Lebanon and when the pullout would occur.
RAMALLAH, West Bank
Palestinian government approves new Cabinet
Nearly half of the 24 ministers joining a new Palestinian Cabinet on
Thursday hold doctorates - many earned at topflight universities in the
United States or elsewhere in the West.
The new lineup of doctors, lawyers, engineers and economists embrace a one-word
credo - reform - in sharp contrast to the outgoing body of Yasser Arafat cronies.
After swearing-in his new ministers late Thursday, Palestinian leader
Mahmoud Abbas told reporters, "They are young and professional ... We
have chosen them very carefully"
The Cabinet revolution, spurred by lawmakers' demand for a clean sweep
of thepolitical hacks associated with Arafat's corruption-plagued regime,
signaled the decade-old Palestinian Authority is ready for a new era.
Iraqi TV airs tape of Syrian intelligence officer
The Syrian intelligence officer who appeared on the U.S.-funded Iraqi state tele-
vision station had a stark message about the insurgency - he'd helped train people
to build car bombs and behead people.
"My name is Anas Ahmed al-Essa. I live in Halab. I am from Syria," he said
by way of introduction - naming what he said was his home in Syria. Halab i
another name for Aleppo, a city north of Damascus.
"What's your job?" he was asked by someone off-camera. "I am a lieu-
tenant in intelligence."
Then a second question. "Which intelligence?" The reply: "Syrian intelligence."
And so began a detailed 15-minute confession broadcast by al-Iraqiya TV
on Wednesday, in which the man, identified as 30-year-old Lt. Anas Ahmec
al-Essa, said his group was recruited to "cause chaos in Iraq ... to bar Americ$
from reaching Syria."
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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Anglican church asks U.S., Canada to leave
U.S. Episcopal Church,
Anglican Church of Canada told
to withdraw from church over
positions on gay issues
LONDON (AP) - Anglican primates agreed yes-
terday that the U.S. Episcopal Church and the Angli-
can Church of Canada would withdraw from a key
body of the global Anglican Communion after failing
to overcome internal church disagreements about the
election of a gay bishop in the United States and the
blessing of same-sex unions there and in Canada.
The agreement marked the first formal breach in the
communion over the explosive issues of sexuality and
A statement from leaders of Anglican national
churches who met this week in Northern Ireland also
called on the two churches to explain their thinking on
gay issues at another Anglican meeting in June.
The presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church,
Frank T. Griswold, said the debate would continue and
that his fellow church leaders had made room "for a
wide variety of perspectives.''
"I am grateful that the Anglican Communion is still
able to make room for different points of view so we
can avoid schism and fracturing and stay together for
the sake of the Gospel," Griswold said.
The U.S. church precipitated the most serious rift in
the communion's history when it affirmed the election
of V. Gene Robinson, who openly lives with a male
partner, as bishop of New Hampshire. Both churches
have been criticized by conservatives for sanctioning
blessings of gay unions.
The two churches would temporarily step away
from the Anglican Consultative Council, a key body
for contact among the national churches and one of the
four so-called "instruments of unity."
However, the Anglican primates also recommended
a special hearing be held at the next council meeting in
June to allow the North American churches to explain
their actions on homosexuality.
"In the meantime, we ask our fellow primates to
use their best influence to persuade their brothers
and sisters to exercise a moratorium on public rites of
blessing for same-sex unions and on the consecration
of any bishop living in a sexual relationship outside
Christian marriage," the statement said.
Griswold issued a brief statement stressing that dis-
cussions were continuing:
"These days have not been easy for any of us and
the communiqu reflects a great deal of prayer and the
strong desire to find a way forward as a communion in
the midst of deep differences which have been brought
into sharp relief around the subject of homosexual-
"Clearly, all parts of the communiqu will not please
everyone. It is important to keep in mind that it was
written with a view to making room for a wide variety
The primates' communique reaffirmed a resolu-
tion adopted by all Anglican bishops in 1998 which
NEWS Farayha Arrine, Managi
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The presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church of the United States, Frank Griswold, speaks in a press
conference after a 2003 meeting of Anglican primates in London. -
declared that gay practices were "incompatible with
Scripture" and opposed gay ordinations and same-sex
The communique said many of the 35 primates, or
leaders of national churches, who met this week were
"deeply alarmed that the standard of Christian teach-
ing on matters of human sexuality" expressed in that
1998 resolution had "been seriously undermined by
the recent developments in North America."
The Anglican Consultative Council is the body
through which leaders of the national churches meet
and consult in between the once-every-l0-years Lam-
beth Conferences. The U.S. and the Canadian churches
each send three delegates to the council, which is the
only global Anglican body which includes bishops,
priests and laity, said James Rosenthal, spokesman for
the Anglican Communion.
The Americans and Canadians were asked to vol-
untarily withdraw, Rosenthal said.
Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams, the
spiritual leader of the communion, issued no comment
but planned to appear at a news conference today.
Before the Northern Ireland meeting, Williams said
the dispute had "weakened, if not destroyed, the sense
that we are actually talking the same language within
the Anglican Communion."
A commission headed by Irish Archbishop Robin
Eames sharply criticized the American church for
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