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January 10, 2005 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2005-01-10

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 10, 2005

NATION/WORLD

Deal may signal peace in Sudan NEWS IN BRIEF.i

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NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) - Sudanese leaders
signed a peace deal that, if implemented, will end
Africa's longest-running conflict and transform poli-
tics in a nation which has spent 40 of the last 50 years
at war with itself.
Turning the incredibly detailed agreement into real-
ity, though, may prove more difficult than the eight
years of talks required to draft it.
Vice President Ali Osman Mohammed Taha and
John Garang, chairman of the Sudan People's Libera-
tion Army, signed the peace agreement in a lavish cer-
emony in neighboring Kenya, where talks were based

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"This peace
agreement will
change the
Sudan forever."
-John Garang
Chairman of the Sudan
People's Liberation Army

since 1997.
The north-
south war has
pitted Sudan's
Islamic govern-
ment against
rebels seeking
greater autonomy
and a greater
share of the coun-
try's wealth for
the largely ani-
mist south. The
conflict is blamed
for more than 2

million deaths, primarily from war-induced famine
and disease.
"Our people have experienced the bitterness of war.
... Peace is indeed going to bring our country abun-
dance," Sudanese President Omar el-Bashir said after
witnessing the signing. He said the agreement is not
only between the rebels and the government but, "a
new contract for all Sudanese."
Garang said the deal will transform the nation,
guaranteeing equality for all races, ethnic groups and
religions for the first time in the country's history.
"This peace agreement will change the Sudan for-
ever," Garang told a cheering crowd.
The deal calls for an autonomous south with
its own army, national power and wealth sharing,
religious freedom and a new constitution during a
six-year interim period. At the end of that period,
the 10 southern states will hold a referendum on
independence.
This deal is similar to one reached to end the north-
south civil war that lasted from 1955 to 1972. That
agreement was declared void by the northern govern-
ment in 1983, setting off this war.
"This agreement came as a result of our struggle,"

AP PHOTO
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, right, shakes hands with Sudanese President Hassan Omar el-Bashir
during the peace agreement signing yesterday In Nairobi, Kenya. Sudan's vice president and the country's
main rebel leader signed the agreement to end Africa's longest-running conflict.

said Abraham Jok, a 29-year-old Sudanese man, who
was recruited into the rebel army at the age of 12.
Speaker after speaker at the ceremony told the thou-
sands of spectators that the massive problems facing
the country - and the dramatic compromises made
by both sides - will make implementing the agree-
ment extremely difficult. There are dozens of militias
in Sudan loosely allied to both the government and
rebels who have not signed on to the deal.
And while the north-south conflict may be close to
solved, there are major rebel groups in the northern,
eastern and western Darfur region that are not part of
the peace deal.
"A peace settlement that does not seriously

address the causes of conflict in Darfur and other
areas cannot be comprehensive, nor can it be sus-
tained without community involvement," Cynthia
Gaigals, a spokeswoman for six international aid
agencies working in Sudan.
"The next six months are the most fragile for this
fledgling peace deal."
Secretary of State Colin Powell said the United
States will not normalize relations with Sudan until
there is peace throughout the country.
The deal "will close a dark chapter in the his-
tory of Sudan. ... This is a promising day for the
people of Sudan, but only if today's promises are
kept," Powell said.

LOS ANGELES
Stranded motorists saved from storm
About 180 people, including some who spent more than 12 hours stuck in deep
snow in the San Bernardino Mountains, were rescued Saturday as the latest in a
series of storms struck California.
The storms quickly moved eastward, closing all three major highways over the
Sierra Nevada.
Up to 10 feet was expected over the weekend at the Sierra's higher elevations,
according to the National Weather Service.
Snow piled up three to four feet deep along a 15-mile stretch of highway
between the Snow Valley ski resort and Big Bear dam, said Tracey Martinez, a
spokeswoman for the San Bernardino County fire department.
Rescue crews used tracked vehicles to pick up the snowbound motorists in the
mountains about 90 miles east of Los Angeles. Many of the vehicles remained
abandoned while the roads were being cleared of snow.
"People were panicking and calling 911 on their cell phones," Martinez said.
"Most of them are elated to be out of there. But some continued on and said they
were going skiing."
No serious injuries were reported.
BAGHDAD, Iraq
U.S. troops mistakenly kill Iraqi civilians
U.S. troops opened fire near a checkpoint after their convoy was hit by a road-
side bomb, and a hospital official said yesterday at least eight people were killed in
the second mistaken American attack in two days to have deadly results.
South of Baghdad, seven Ukrainian soldiers and one from Kazakhstan were
killed in an apparently accidental explosion at an ammunition dump.
U.S. officials said they had no information about the shooting at the checkpoint,
which occurred overnight Saturday. Interior Ministry spokesman Col. Adnan
Abdul-Rahman said a U.S. convoy was hit by a roadside bomb near a police check-
point in Yussifiyah, nine miles south of Baghdad, and troops opened fire, killin
two police officers and three civilians.
Anmar Abdul-Hadi of the al-Yarmouk hospital said eight people were killed in
the attack and 12 were wounded.
American commanders recently said they were changing tactics in the way
they respond to roadside bombings. Rather than pushing on after the blast,
they now stop and try to engage the perpetrators, who may have detonated the
explosives remotely.
GUANTANAMO BAY, Cuba
Prison camp to get face lift with new facility
The U.S. prison camp for terror suspects is taking on a look of permanence as the
mission marks its third year tomorrow, with plans for a new $25 million prison facil-
ity, $1.7 million psychiatric wing and a permanent guard force.
Most of the 550 prisoners from 42 countries no longer are considered of signiifi-
cant intelligence value, but many swept up in the U.S.-led war in Afghanistan aren't
expected to be freed anytime soon, some because of stalled legal proceedings, others
because they allegedly still pose a threat to the United States or its allies.
"Where this will go four or five years down the road, I don't know,"said Army Brig.
Gen. Jay Hood, who has commanded the mission for nine months.
Such uncertainties, coupled with multiplying allegations of abuse, are
under attack from lawyers and human rights groups who say the camp is an
affront to American values.
WASHINGTON
Bush plans crackdown on piracy in China
The Bush administration wants China to crack down on the rampant piracy of
U.S. movies, music and computer programs and will not be satisfied until copy-
right violators get stiff prison sentences, Commerce Secretary Donald Evans said.
Evans, who today is leaving on his fourth and final trip to China as a member
of President Bush's Cabinet, said in an Associated Press interview that he wanted
to learn firsthand what China was doing to fulfill promises to better enforce its
intellectual property laws.
Chinese Vice Premier Wu Yi led a 70-person delegation to Washington last
April for economic talks that resulted in a number of pledges by the Chinese on
trade, including protections for U.S. copyrights.
The Motion Picture Association estimates that its members lost up to $3.5 bu-
lion last year from movie pirates.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
1 1 3

Is lamic militants face terror charges
Sixteen accused ofplotting attacks on U.., Israeli embassies in Jordan

AMMAN, Jordan (AP) - Jordan charged 16
Islamic militants yesterday with plotting terror
attacks, including strikes against the U.S. and
Israeli embassies in Amman.
The suspected cell members were detained
between August and September, but details about
the allegations against them surfaced only after
they were charged at the office of Jordan's mili-
tary prosecutor.
One of the suspects remains at large.
The men, led by 50-year-old Jordanian Abed
al-Tahawi, were charged with conspiring to carry,
out the attacks and illegal possession of automat-
ic weapons, a court official said.
A military prosecutor accused the defendants of
plotting attacks against the U.S. and Israeli embas-

sies in Amman and a hotel housing Israeli tourists
in Irbid, some 55 miles north of the capital.
They also allegedly planned attacks on the
home of the director of the Jerash Festival of Cul-
ture and Arts and on Americans performing in
festival, some 20 miles north of Amman.
No details were available on how the men were
arrested or how the plots were foiled.
According to the charge sheet, al-Tahawi had
recruited his accomplices while preaching in
mosques in Irbid before instructing them to carry
out the planned attacks.
Last week, military prosecutors charged two
Jordanians with a foiled plot to kill four Ameri-
can archaeologists working in the town of Har-
tha, near Irbid.

They also charged another four men with plot-
ting to attack security officials, foreign and Israe-
li tourists and illegal possession of an automatic
weapon.
Jordan, a key U.S. ally and peace partner to Isra-
el, has been targeted by Jordanian militant Abu
Musab al-Zarqawi, al-Qaida and other terrorists.
Twenty-two Islamic militants, including al-
Zarqawi, were convicted of plotting to attack U.S.
and Israeli tourists during the kingdom's millen-
nium celebrations.
Al-ZaaWi'is belie'ved'to be direbting anti-U.S.
attacks and kidnappings in Iraq, and his group
has beheaded several hostages.
He has been sentenced to death for the 2002 kill-
ing of U.S. aid worker Laurence Foley in Jordan.

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