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December 08, 2004 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2004-12-08

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 8, 2004

NATION/WORLD

*1

House passes intel overhaul bill NEWS IN BRIEF >$

\x'

WASHINGTON (AP) - The House
voted yesterday to overhaul a national
intelligence network that failed to prevent
the Sept. i1 attacks, combining under
one official control fo 15 spy agencies,
intensifying aviation and border security
and allowing more wiretaps of suspected
terrorists.
"We have come a long way toward tak-
ing steps that will ensure that we do not
see another September l1th," said House
Rules chairman David Dreier (R-Calif.).
Now "we have in place a structure that
will ensure that we have the intelligence
capability to deal with conflicts on the
ground wherever they exist."
The House voted 336 to 75 to send the
Senate legislation to create a new national

intelligence director,
establish a counter-
terrorism center, set
priorities for intelli-
gence gathering and
tighten U.S. borders.
The measure would
implement the big-
gest change to U.S.
intelligence gath-
ering and analysis
since the creation of
the CIA after World
War II to deal with
the newly emergingL
Cold War.
The new structure

Intel revisions
House version of intelligence
bill combines control of 15
spy agencies under one
intelligence director
Proposal also steps up
aviation and border security
Bill passed House 336 to 75,
and the Senate is expected
to pass it today

together to protect
the country from
attacks like the
ones that killed
nearly 3,000 peo-
ple in New York,
Washington and
Pennsylvania,
lawmakers said.
"I have always
said that good
people need bet-
ter tools. Here
come the tools to
help good people
succeed," said
of California, the

Committee.
The GOP-controlled Senate plans to
pass the bill today and send it to Presi-
dent Bush for his signature.
Congressional approval would be a
victory for Bush, whose leadership was
questioned after House Republicans
refused to vote on the bill two weeks
ago despite his urging."The president
was monitoring the debate on C-SPAN
in the conference room on Air Force
One," White House spokesman Trent
Duffy said. "The president is very
pleased with House passage. He knows
that this bill will make America safer.
... He greatly looks forward to Senate
passage and ultimately to signing the
bill into law."

should help the

Rep. Jane Harman

nation's 15 intelligence agencies work

top Democrat on the House Intelligence

FBI

:

U.S. interrogation

JERUSALEM
Mideast peace deal may be in works*
Egypt said yesterday it had brokered an understanding to halt Israeli-Pales-
tinian violence and move toward a peace accord, hours after Hamas militants
set off a bomb in Gaza that killed an Israeli soldier and triggered Israeli retali-
ation that left four Palestinian militants dead in the most serious violence since
the death of Yasser Arafat.
Egypt's state-run news agency, MENA, reported that Cairo would call for a
July peace conference in Washington to include all parties to the agreement:
Israel, the Palestinians, the United States and the European Union. The plan
calls for an early cease-fire and contains overall principles for ending the Israe-
li-Palestinian conflict, MENA reported, adding that a dialogue among Pales-
tinian factions on a cease-fire agreement would begin in March in Cairo.
The agency said the Egyptian plan, which was discussed with Israeli Prime
Minister Ariel Sharon and other officials, included the withdrawal of all Israeli
forces from Gaza and a plan for Egyptian border troops to be responsible for
security of the Egyptian-Palestinian border and the Palestinian side of the bor-
der with Israel.
BEIJING
Chinese firm buys IBM's PC division
China's biggest computer maker, Lenovo Group, said yesterday it has
acquired a majority stake in International Business Machines Corp.'s per-
sonal computer business for $1.75 billion, one of the biggest Chinese overseas
acquisitions ever.
The deal shifts IBM to a peripheral role in a corner of the technology
industry it pioneered.
It creates a joint venture in which Lenovo Group Ltd. takes over the IBM-
brand personal computer business, including research and development and
manufacturing, while IBM will keep an 18.9 percent stake in the company,
said Lenovo's chairman, Liu Chuanzhi.
The deal makes Lenovo the third-largest PC company in the world, he
said.Like other major Chinese manufacturers hoping to expand overseas,
Lenovo is planning to leverage a well-known foreign brand name. Liu said
the company would be entitled to freely use IBM's brand name in five
years' time.

methods 'aggressive'

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) - FBI agents
witnessed "highly aggressive" interrogations of
terror suspects at the Guantanamo Bay prison
camp in 2002, and warned the same question-
able techniques could have been used in Iraq
after the Abu Ghraib prison scandal broke,
according to FBI documents obtained by The
Associated Press and the American Civil Lib-
erties Union.
In a letter obtained by the AP, a senior Jus-
tice Department official suggested the Penta-
gon didn't act on FBI complaints about four

incidents at Guantanamo, including a female
interrogator grabbing a detainee's genitals
and bending back his thumbs, another where
a prisoner was gagged with duct tape and a
third where a dog was used to intimidate a
detainee who later was thrown into isolation
and showed signs of "extreme psychological
trauma."
One Marine told an FBI observer that some
interrogations led to prisoners "curling into a
fetal position on the floor and crying in pain,"
according to the letter dated July 14, 2004.

AP PHOTO
Army Spc. Charles Graner, right, with Military Police inves-
tigator Joe Willis, arrives for a hearing yesterday, at Fort
Hood, Texas. Graner accused of assaulting and humiliat-
ing male detainees at the Baghdad prison in late 2003.

q

CONFLICT
Continued from page 1
explosion, SAFE expanded the focus of
their vigil to also remember the deaths
from the hotel bombing. Members from
both sides trickled across from one vigil
to the other, in a rare moment of solidar-
ity, Cheshin said.
But the moment was a fleeting one.
Although seeking an end to the violence
prompted the groups to hold the vig-
ils, the vigils were still separate. Salhi
said the need for the separate vigils
stem from the different views on which
deaths to commemorate and which to
ignore. In some cases, the pro-Israeli
and pro-Palestinian groups clashed over
the vigils last year, when a group of stu-
dents sang the Israeli national anthem in
protest of a SAFE vigil, Salhi said.
Moreover, arguments over issues
related to the conflict are often traded
in the The Michigan Daily's letter to the
editor section, sometimes angering the
different group members. For the most
part, the organizations have remained
separated from one another, left alone

to carry out their own actions.
This continual strife between the
groups needs to stop, said Or Shotan,
chair of the Israeli Students Organiza-
tion. Having witnessed the violence
caused by the suicide bombers and the
decay of Palestinian life as a medic in the
Israeli army, Shotan
said if the campus "We stude
groups continue
arguing, they will be able to
just embody the
same cycle of vio- an agreen
lence occurring in o
the Israeli-Palestin- one anoth
ian conflict. end this a
Shotan asked how
peace can ever be 1
achieved if students
on campus, who
have more in com- Israeli Stude
mon than the lead-
ers of the Israelis and
Palestinians, cannot agree.
"There has to be a common ground.
... We students should be able to reach
an agreement with one another and end
this arguing," he said.

To break down the barriers between
the two sides, last Thursday SAFE and
ISO, along with two pro-Israeli groups
the American Movement for Israel and
the Union for Progressive Zionists, met at
the coffee shop Espresso Royale on South
University Avenue.

nts should
reach
nent with
ler and
rguing."
- Or Shotan
Chair,
nts Organization

Acting as if they
were official nego-
tiators for the Israeli-
Palestinian conflict,
group members
opened dialogue in
which they discussed
possible plans to
achieve peace in the
region. The benefits
of a two-state solu-
tion and a bi-national
state were examined,
while group mem-
bers also discussed
how the Israeli gov-

ernment would compensate for the homes
lost by Palestinian refugees due to the
Israeli occupation.
During the meeting, group mem-
bers said they began to understand the

r *1

motives behind the other side's perspec-
tive and noticed that on several critical
issues an agreement could be reached.
In the end, group members said they
felt the meeting was a breakthrough and
plan to meet again.
To Shotan, the meeting symbolized
progress beyond many previous prec-
edents. "Let's show that our leaders
cannot do what we can. Instead, let's
show how our leaders from both sides
are wrong and we as students can come
together and show that both countries
can have a good life.""I want to have
these (meetings). This is my only hope,"
ISO vice chair Ziv Zagowsky said.
Group members said in the future
they hope the cooperation can spur joint
community service events and co-spon-
sored vigils. With this united vision,
group leaders said they can project it
upon the campus and use it to educate
the student body with a more hopeful
view of the conflict.
But coordination between the pro-
Israeli and pro-Palestinian groups has
been attempted before. The Progres-
sive Arab Jewish Alliance was one
such endeavor to establish cooperation,
between the groups, but dissolved last
semester because the coalition empha-
sized SAFE events over any pro-Israeli.
events, Cheshin said. Salhi of SAFE
said the alliance disbanded when its
leaders abdicated for personal reasons.
Although the first meeting showed
great promise, Cheshin said it's still yet
to be seen how those intentions will be
translated into reality as he was unsure
if either side would be able to stop con-
frontational statements from entering
the Daily's editorial page. At the same
time, SAFE has recently renewed talks
on strategies to force the University
to divest from Israel. The pro-Israeli
groups do not plan to back down from
their support of the University's position
against divestment, although dialogue
with SAFE will continue, Shotan said.
In the past, SAFE staunchly com-
mitted itself to the efforts, while in turn
pro-Israeli groups fiercely defended the
University. Both sides may need to bro-
ker a compromise on the heated issue if
the coalition is too last. Disagreements
will be inevitable, Salhi said during the
meeting. But he added, "The focus of
this (coalition of groups) is to look past
the disagreements or defeat them by
understanding the disagreements."
Regardless, many students might not
care about the new collective effort. "I
think a lot of people are fairly apathetic
about them," LSA senior Matt Cassidy
said. Cooperation between the groups
might be possible if they are willing to
make concessions, he said. But from his
experiences at the University, Cassidy
said, "I think the people involved in these
groups already have their opinion formu-
lated. ... I don' t think they will change
their views because the groups both have
different things they want."

WASHINGTON
Pentagon: USAF failed to prevent abuse
Air Force Academy commanders over the past 10 years failed to recognize
and deal with the seriousness of sexual assault against female cadets, according
to the Pentagon's inspector general.
In a memo to Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld that was released yester-
day, Inspector General Joseph Schmitz wrote, "We conclude that the overall
root cause of the sexual assault problems at the Air Force Academy was the
'failure of successive chains of command over the past 10 years to acknowledge
the severity of the problem."' He quoted his own report on the academy in the
Dec. 3 memo. The Pentagon did not release his full report.
A LBA NY, N.Y.
Attorney general to run for New York governor
New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer, whose investigations of white-col-
lar crime have shaken the nation's financial institutions, said yesterday he will
run for governor in 2006.
Spitzer has long been known to be interested in the job, but it was the first
time the high-profile attorney general has said he will definitely run.
"The state is at a point of crisis," the Democrat told The Associated Press.
"We are bleeding jobs. We need reform in the process of government."
In his tw6 terms, Spitzer has won national and international attention with
groundbreaking investigations of Wall Street investment houses, mutual fund
managers and, most recently, the insurance industry.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
MARKET UPDATE
TUE. CLOSE CHANGE
DOW JONES 10,440.58 -106.48
NASDAQ 2,114.66 - 36.59

4

6

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