2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 1, 2004
Sweeping U.N. reforms proposed NEWS IN BRIEF
UNITED NATIONS (AP) -A high- L C 1 -'01 *
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level panel called for sweeping reform
of the United Nations in the wake of
bitter divisions over the U.S.-led war
in Iraq, with proposals to expand the
Security Council and to give the pow-
erful body clear guidelines for autho-
rizing pre-emptive military attacks.
The panel's long-awaited report,
which was commissioned by Secretary-
General Kofi Annan after last year's
diplomatic battle over Iraq, said the
dangers confronting the world today
cannot be dealt with by any nation act-
ing alone, even a superpower.
The 95-page report laid out a new
vision for collective action to tackle
threats to global security and to make
the Security Council "more proactive."
"Today's threats recognize no nation-
al boundaries, are connected and must
be addressed at the global and regional
(-,antrtLcttue ixecurtty cA)Uttcttc xpansi on
as well as the national levels," the panel
said. "No state, no matter how powerful,
can by its own efforts alone make itself
invulnerable to today's threats."
Former Thai Prime Minister
Anand Panyarachun, who chaired the
panel, said members were divided
over expanding the 15-nation Secu-
rity Council, an issue that has chal-
lenged the world body's 191 member
states for more than a decade.
The panel therefore presented two
options: One would add six new perma-
nent members and the other would cre-
ate a new tier of eight semi-permanent
members, two each from Asia, Africa,
Europe and the Americas.
Panel members agreed that only the
current five permanent members - the
United States, Russia, China, Britain and
France - should retain veto power.
Seeking more influence over global
decisions, Brazil, Germany, India and
Japan joined forces in September to
lobby for permanent seats. Japan's Chief
Cabinet Secretary Hiroyuki Hosoda said
yesterday that new permanent members
should have veto power.
South Africa and Nigeria are the top
candidates for one African seat and Egypt
is pushing for the other, insisting that Arab
nations must be permanently represented
on the council, diplomats said.
The 53-nation U.N. Human Rights
Commission also should be expanded to
include all member states, the panel said.
The issues facing the internation-
al community, the panel said, go far
beyond fighting wars and must include
campaigns to fight poverty, terrorism,
environmental destruction, organized
crime and weapons proliferation.
The report also addressed ques-
tions about the Security Council's
role in authorizing the use of force,
which came to the fore in the run-
up to last year's war in Iraq when
the United States had to abandon an
attempt to get U.N. approval because
of sharp opposition from France,
Germany, Russia and other council
The panel said it saw no reason to
change the U.N. Charter, which per-
mits the use of force for self-defense
only in case of an attack or if autho-
rized by the Security Council.
Continued from Page 1A
Officials said some of the proposed changes to Michi-
gan Stadium are being modeled on the Ohio Stadium
project. "They did do a heck of ajob," Taylor said of Ohio
State's renovations. "It's a model for us to look at."
"With the changes they've made, they can bet-
ter serve their fans," Martin said. "Obviously they
have enclosed seatings of various types, and they've
been extremely well received. A lot of these stadi-
ums have built suites in them because the demand
for alternative seating types has grown in the mar-
Eighty percent of Ohio State's renovations were paid
for by the sale of luxury boxes and club seats, which are
sold on a yearly basis and have chair backs. The rest was
covered by bonds, gifts from donors and increased ticket
sales due to added capacity.
Beaver Stadium's expansion also began in 1999 and
was completed just before the start of the 2001 season.
The $93 million project added a second deck to the
south endzone and added 60 enclosed suites that each
sell for $40,000 to $65,000 per season. As was the
case in Ohio Stadium, changes were made to improve
the existing structure, such as additional restrooms
and concession stands, as well as to improve traffic
flow into and out of the stadium.
If introduced to Michigan Stadium, luxury boxes
could serve several purposes. Because of the high
long-term revenues they would undoubtedly bring
in, they could cover both the stadium renovations
and future projects in the athletic department. Mar-
tin has previously spoken of the difficulties of having
the department's revenue-producing sports - football
and, to a lesser extent, men's basketball and ice hockey
- support the rising costs that come with the rest of
"What I think (enclosed seating) does is helps you
pay for the cost of improving the bowl," Martin said.
"Putting in wider seats, wider aisles, more lavatories,
more points of sale - how are you going to pay for all
those improvements? Well, at a lot of places the eco-
nomic model they have followed is to build enclosed
seating, which pays for the enclosed seating and pays
for the other improvements."
The athletic department's operating budget is inde-
pendent from the University's operating budget, and any
construction costs would not take money away from the
Role models for the Big House?
Big Ten schools that recently renovated their stadiums
* Ohio State's stadium received a face lift
which was completed in 2001.
The $194 million reconstruction added
1,062 seats in 81 "hospitality suites."
Each brings in from $20,000 to $75,000
Penn State completed renovations to
Beaver Stadium in 2001.
The $93 million project added 60 enclosed
suites and a second deck to the south endzone
* Each suite sells for $40,000 to $65,000
U.S. expands military force in Iraq
The United States is expanding its military force in Iraq to the highest level of
the war - even higher than during the initial invasion in March 2003 - in order
to bolster security in advance of next month's national elections in January.
The 12,000-troop increase is to last only until March, but it says much about the
strength and resiliency of an insurgency that U.S. military planners did not foresee
when Baghdad was toppled in April 2003. Brig. Gen. David Rodriguez, deputy
operations director of the Joint Staff, told reporters yesterday that the American
force will expand from 138,000 troops today to about 150,000 by January.
The previous high for the U.S. force in Iraq was 148,000 on May 1, 2003, when
President Bush declared that major combat operations were over and most soldiers
thought the war had been won. The initial invasion force included thousands of sail-
ors on ships in the Persian Gulf and other waters, plus tens of thousands in Kuwait
and other surrounding countries. The expansion in Iraq will be achieved by sending
about 1,500 troops from the 82nd Airborne Division in Fort Bragg, N.C., this month
and by extending the combat tours of about 10,400 troops already in Iraq.
Ukraine govt receives no-confidence vote
Ukraine's parliament brought down the government of Prime Minister Viktor
Yanukovych with a no-confidence motion yesterday in a show of the opposition's
strength in the country's spiraling political crisis.
Yanukovych and his opposition rival Viktor Yushchenko, who both claim the
presidency after a Nov. 21 run-off vote, sat down for talks yesterday in the pres-
ence of European mediators and outgoing President Leonid Kuchma in an attempt
to work out a resolution.
Earlier, Kuchma called for an entirely new election to be held. A new vote would
bring in more candidates.
Yanukovych was declared the winner of the run-off by the election com-
mission, but Yushchenko has insisted he won and was robbed of victory by
widespread fraud. Hundreds of thousands of opposition supporters have set up
tent camps on Kiev's main avenue and blockaded official buildings, paralyzing
the capital for 10 days.
RAMALLAH, West Bank
Imprisoned leader to run for president of PA
Jailed Palestinian uprising leader Marwan Barghouti declared his candidacy for
president yesterday, a stunning last-minute reversal that shook up Palestinian poli-
tics ahead of the Jan. 9 vote for Yasser Arafat's replacement.
Adding to the uncertainty, the militant group Hamas said it would boycott the
election. It was the first sign of open divisions between the interim Palestinian lead-
ership and the Islamic opposition group since Arafat's death Nov. 11.
The moves injected drama into what has been a smooth transition of power.
Before yesterday, interim leader Mahmoud Abbas managed to win pledges of unity
- if not outright support - from the disparate Palestinian factions and seemed
a shoo-in to win the presidency. The fiery, charismatic Barghouti, who is serving
five life terms in an Israeli prison for his role in deadly attacks, is far more popular
among young Palestinians than the staid Abbas.
GOP leader indicted in phone jamming plot
President Bush's former New England campaign chairman was indicted yesterday
on charges he took part in the jamming of the Democrats' get-out-the-vote phone lines
on Election Day 2002. James Tobin, 44, stepped down Oct. 15 after the Democrats
accused him of involvement. At the time, he called the allegations "without merit."
In 2002, six phone lines run by the Democrats and the Manchester firefighters'
union were tied up for 1 1/2 hours by 800 computer-generated hang-up calls.
Federal prosecutors said Tobin and other Republicans hired a company to make
the calls to disrupt the organizations' get-out-the-vote efforts.
Tobin was charged with conspiracy to commit telephone harassment and aiding,
and abetting of telephone harassment. He could get up to five years in prison.
The athletic department's search for new revenues
has been going on for some time. For the 2005 season,
the department will introduce the Preferred Seating
Program to Michigan Stadium, in which some sea-
son ticket holders will be required to make annual
donations of as much as $500 to be able to renew.
At the time the program was introduced, department
officials said it was needed because the donations the
department receives are far less than those of its rival
Big Ten schools.
Taylor said the program was a first step in the athletic
department's larger plans to increase revenue, which will
continue with the stadium renovations.
Ohio State's annual athletics fundraising doubled
after the completion of its stadium's renovation and
But if significant renovations are made or luxury boxes
are added to Michigan Stadium, regents said, intense
scrutiny will be placed on preserving the stadium's cur-
rent, traditional look. Taylor said officials are taking care
to avoid any unpopular changes like the "halo" of maize
and blue lettering around the stadium, introduced in
1998, which was widely considered garish and was taken
down two years later in response to outcry from students
Taylor said there is a "general consensus" among offi-
cials discussing the renovation plans that buyers of luxury
boxes would not be allowed to use them for advertising
of any form. Michigan Stadium has never had any adver-
tisements inside the stadium or on the scoreboard.
Martin said that while possibilities are being exam-
ined, the athletic department still hasn't completed a fea-
sibility analysis, in which it would determine how best to
pay for the construction.
"We've got a long ways to go," Martin said. "The next
"They did do a heck of a job....
It's a model for us to look at."
- Regent S. Martin Taylor, referring to the
renovations made to Ohio State's stadium
step might be why don't we hire an architect and look at
some formal plans and cost it out and see where we are.
"Michigan Stadium is a wonderful old lady that's a bit
tired, and we need to fix it so that in its next 75 to 80 years
it will be able to serve the Michigan family."
University President Mary Sue Coleman said the sta-
dium is in need of renovations.
"It would be irresponsible for us not to look at this
issue," Coleman said. "I'm concerned about the expe-
rience every single fan has at the stadium. We know
we've got some challenges right now. All you have to
do is look at the lineup of Porta-Potties outside the sta-
dium and the fact that it takes people a long time to get
in and outside the stadium. We don't have the best cir-
cumstance for concessions. And those are the types of
things that we need to look at."
Later this month, Martin said, the department will
present plans to build a facility, called the Champions
Center, where prospective student-athletes can gather
while visiting the campus. The facility will be built
between the Crisler Arena tunnel and the stairs leading
to gate one of Michigan Stadium.
The athletic department also has plans for building a
softball and baseball complex on the South Campus near
the Varsity Tennis Center and a basketball and wrestling
practice facility next to Crisler Arena, but those projects
are in the preliminary stages.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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HALIFAX, Nova Scotia (AP) - Pres-
ident Bush asked Canadians yesterday
to move beyond their deep opposition to
the Iraq war and get behind his vision of
democracies blooming from Baghdad
to the West Bank.
"Sometimes even the closest of
friends disagree, and two years ago we
disagreed about the course of action in
Iraq," Bush said, standing at the side of
Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin.
Bush said, "there is no disagreement
at all with what has to be done in going
forward. We must help the Iraqi people
secure their country and build a free and
Bush conceded that the United States
can be a difficult "elephant" to live next
to but delivered a forceful defense of his
approach to combatting terrorism.
"We must take the fight to them, we
must be relentless and we must be stead-
fast in our duty to protect our people,"
Former Canadian Prime Minister
Jean Chretien refused to send Canadian
troops to Iraq, and polls show more than
80 percent of Canadians still support
Bush's visit to this port city was
linked to the Sept. 11 attacks, the defin-
ing event of his presidency and the spark
for his eventual decision to invade Iraq.
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