- The Michigan Daily - Election Guide 2004 - Thursday, October 28
The Michigan Daily - Election Guide
HOW WE VOTED
Third party issues range
from political left to right
By Alex Garivaitis
Daily Staff Reporter
Michigan Popular Vote in 2000
George W. Bush
County Vote in 2000
t Majority Republican
While President Bush and Demo-
cratic challenger John Kerry race neck-
and-neck toward Tuesday's election,
the story of third party candidates has
been a struggle to get onto state bal-
lots and to convince voters that a ballot
cast for them is not a wasted vote.
"Third parties are responsible for sys-
temic change in this country and always
have been," Green Party candidate David
Cobb said during a rally at the University
last month, emphasizing third parties'
contributions to abolishing slavery and
promoting women's suffrage.
This year Ralph Nader, the most
successful third-party candidate in
the 2000 election, broke off from the
Green Party and is running as an inde-
pendent candidate in some states, such
as Michigan, and under the Reform
Party on other ballots.
Nader emphasizes the general need
to shift power from corporations and
the wealthy to small taxpayers. He pro-
poses eliminating corporate tax subsi-
dies and tax cuts for the wealthy. He is
also calling for a shift in federal bud-
get priorities from defense spending
to improving education, public works
and pollution controls.
"When you have half of the total
federal budget operating expenditures
going to the military ... you're going
to be starving the education sector,"
Nader also promises to "stop the illegal
Iraq occupation" by immediately pulling
U.S. soldiers out of Iraq.
Nader, who has teamed up with Vice
Presidential candidate Peter Camejo,
also includes among his major issues
the implementation of universal health
care-offering people the freedom
to choose their doctors and hospitals
under Medicare-and replacing the
health insurance industry.
Although Nader's critics claim he
will siphon votes away from Kerry
on election day, Nader claims that he
is more effective than Kerry at expos-
ing Bush's weaknesses because the
Democratic nominee is too tied down
by corporate lobbyists. "He surrounds
himself with some of the worst corpo-
rate lobbyists," he said.
In the 2000 election, running under
the Green Party, Nader brought in 2.7
percent of the vote.
ing for the government to stop subsi-
dizing uncompetitive industries, end
tariffs which they believe hurt the gen-
eral welfare of consumers and balance
the federal budget by cutting spending
instead of tax increases.
Libertarians also believe in the priva-
tization of many public sectors, including
energy, education, health care, mass tran-
sit and public utility systems. The Lib-
ertarians believe private owners would
work harder to make a profit than ineffi-
Additionally, the party is commit-
ted to eliminating all foreign aid and
believes the activity of the United
States armed forces should be limited
to the protection of its borders.
The Green Party
The Green Party, a self-proclaimed
grassroots political movement has
yet to achieve success similar to its
European counterparts, but the party
gained national attention by running
Ralph Nader on its presidential ticket
This year's Green Party candidates,
Cobb and running mate Pat LaMarche,
are deeply committed to protecting the
environment. They advocate a sus-
tainable society by preserving natural
resources, and stressing conservation
instead of the consumption of raw
materials, for the good of future gen-
They also propose eliminating
dependence on nuclear power and oil
by shifting to alternative sources of
energy such as solar and wind power.
The Green Party also promotes
organic agriculture systems which
replenish topsoil instead of eroding it.
The party is committed to with-
drawing U.S. troops from Iraq imme-
diately and providing free, universal
The U.S. Taxpayers party is running
presidential candidate Michael Antho-
ny Peroutka with running mate Chuck
Baldwin. The Natural Law Party is on
the ballot with presidential candidate
Walter Brown and running mate Mary
Among the parties not on the state
ballot, but listed on ballots in some
other states, is the Socialist Equality
Party, with Bill Van Auken running for
president and Jim Lawrence for vice
the wealthy, shift
Shift funding fron
Offer universal h
Protect the envir
resources and us
such as wind anc
as conservation i
Offer universal h
life by legalizing
Privatize public e
they claim amou
MAPS: LINDSEY UNGAR
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March 22, 2003
The United States and United Kingdom
begin military strikes in Baghdad, Iraq.
The ensuing war would become one of the
most contested issues in the campaign
race. U.S. troops are still in Iraq today. As
of Oct. 25, 2004, there had been 1248
deaths among coalition farces in Brat,
1,10 of which were American soldiers.
U.S. Sen. John Edwards, a Democrat.
from North Carolina, officially .
declares his candidacy for president.
U.S. Sen. John Kerry, a Democrat from
Massachusetts, officially declares his
candidacy for president of the United States.
Kerry, one of eight candidates seeking the Democratic presidential nomination at
the time, won a plurality of the votes cast in the Iowa Democratic caucuses. Kerry
garnered 38 percent of the votes in the nation's first primary of the election year,
while former Vermont Gov, Howard Dean - a frontrunner for the party's nomina-
tion until shortly before the caucuses - came away with a third-place finish at 18
percent. Edwards took second place with 32 percent of the vote share.
Kerry wins the New Hampshire primary, the
nation's second, with 38.4 percent of the vote.
The Libertarian Party
Libertarians seek to keep the
Republicans out of the bedroom and
the Democrats out of the wallet.
The Libertarian vision of govern-
ment is as hands-off as possible. Presi-
dential candidate Michael Badnarik
and running mate Richard Campagna
maintain that citizens should have the
right to use all manner of substances,
bear any arms and follow any sexual
lifestyle, as long as such activities do
not violate the rights of other citizens.
The party platform stresses com-
plete government deregulation of the
economy' and financial markets, call-
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President Bush formally files papers with the Federal
Election Commision seeking re-election for president of the
United States. Vice President Dick Cheney had declared his
spot on Rush's re-election campaign just a week earlier.
Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictator, is
captured by U.S. forces in Tikrit, Iraq.
INFORMATIONAL SESSION: Tuesday, November 2, 2004, 5:30 PM, 1014 Dow
CAMPUS INTERVIEWS: Wednesday, November 3, 2004