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October 28, 2004 - Image 14

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2B - The Michigan Daily - Election Guide 2004 - Thursday. October 28
P
Poposail would entrenchga marnage ban

-OPINION-

The Michigan Daily -- Election Gu

r

ThfihgnDiy-Eeto i

Bush: stronger on foreig

By Jameel Naqvl
Daily Staff Reporter

Michigan residents will vote on a proposal Tues-
day that could spark a legal controversy over same-
sex marriage, which ultimately may be resolved in
the courts.
State laws already prohibit gay marriages,
but Proposal 2 would amend the state Constitu-
tion by defining "a marriage or similar union"
as strictly between a man and woman. Oppo-
nents claim that the measure would also ban
civil unions and deny benefits from all unmar-
ried couples.
If recent polls are any indication, the proposal
will likely pass. In an EPIC/MRA poll conducted
last week among 610 likely voters, 57 percent of
respondents said they favored Proposal 2 while 39
percent said they opposed the measure.
Kristina Hemphill, spokeswoman for Citizens
for the Protection of Marriage, which collected
the required signatures to put the proposal on the
ballot, said an amendment would "keep Michigan
from going through the fiasco that has occurred in
other states."
In February, the Massachusetts Supreme Court
ruled that the state must recognize same-sex
marriages. In San Francisco, city leaders gained
national attention by granting marriage licenses to
hundreds of gay couples against state law, but the
California Supreme Court invalidated the licenses
in August.
Dana Houle, spokesman for the Coalition for a
Fair Michigan, said a constitutional ban is unnec-

essary because gay marriage is already illegal in
the state. CFM is a group of organizations and vot-
ers who oppose Proposal 2.
Section 1 of the state marriage code states:
"Marriage is inherently a unique relationship
between a man and a woman ... A marriage con-
tractedebetween individuals of the same sex is
invalid in this state." In sections 2 through 4, mar-
riage is defined as "a civil contract between a man
and a woman" and same-sex marriage is explicitly
prohibited.
But if it passes, the proposal would also erect
a legal obstacle to future civil unions, Houle said.
Such partnerships, though not currently recog-
nized in Michigan, would entitle gay couples to the
same legal benefits under state law as heterosexual
married couples. Partners in civil unions would
not qualify for federal benefits.
Houle said the proposal would affect hetero-
sexual as well as same-sex couples. "Unmarried
couples will lose health and pension benefits,"
he said.
Houle said the domestic benefits offered to
unmarried couples by public employers - includ-
ing the University - and private-sector companies
contracted by the state could be denied. He said
even couples that receive benefits from private-sec-
tor employers may face difficulties because public
servants grant the legal status of domestic partner-
ships and would be required to enforce Proposal 2
if it passes.
But Hemphill said marriage does not neces-
sarily guarantee benefits, adding, "This was
never an issue that had anything to do with

-- ----- - - -------- --- -- --- ---
PROPOSAL 04-2
A PROPOSAL TO AMEND THE STATE CONSTITUTION TO
SPECIFY WHAT CAN BE RECOGNIZED AS A "MARRIAGE
OR SIMILAR UNION" FOR ANY PURPOSE
The proposal would amend the state constitution to provide that
"the union of one man and one woman in marriage shall be the
only agreement recognized as a marriage or similar union for any
purpose."

I
I

Should this proposal be adopted?
0 Yes
ElNo

- - - m m m m inm ininin

benefits." She said the immediate cause of the
proposal was the recent developments in Mas-
sachusetts and California.
Hemphill said supporters of the measure
know same-sex marriage is already illegal
under state law, but that such legal prohibitions
did not prevent the issue from being revived in
other states.
University President Mary Sue Coleman said
Proposal 2, if passed, would not affect domes-
tic benefits offered to University employees
and that the University will defend its right

to offer those benefits in court if that right is
challenged.
In fact, Proposal 2's constitutionality will most
likely be decided in the courts.
"If it passes, there will probably be litigation,"
said Judge Jessica Cooper of the State Appeals
Court. The question of what benefits will be
affected if the proposal passes "will probably be
resolved in the courts," she added.
Ten other states also have proposals that could
ban gay marriage on their ballots for Tuesday's
elections.

BY DAVID RUSSELL
President Bush should be re-
elected because he advocates a
multilateral foreign policy and fol-
lows the vital principle of not mak-
ing national interests subject to the
approval of international organiza-
tions. This foreign policy approach
has been successful in bringing
together members of the interna-
tional community to handle issues
of global concern.
Prior to going to war with Iraq,
the president sought approval from
the United Nations, and unfor-
tunately was rebuffed by China,
France, Germany and other coun-
tries. However, the president carried
on and acted with what he thought
was in the best interest of American
security. He put together a coalition
including Australia, Great Brit-
ain, Italy, Japan, South Korea and
yes, Poland. During the debates
the president's insistence that John
Kerry recognize Polish contribu-
tions to the war in Iraq drew a lot
of laughs from the late night shows
and those trying to denigrate the
contributions of our allies to the
international coalition. Thankful-
ly, the president understands that
America should be happy to have
as many allies as possible and has
given them the recognition they
deserve in contributing to the coali-
tion. The president's detractors say
that the president can only act with
approval from the United Nations
Security Council, but if having
Poland at our side isn't enough, how
can having the approval of Algeria,
Angola and Benin make the situa-
tion in Iraq any better?
No one should consider that the
United Nations is a panacea to the
world's problems. There are vari-
ous scandals at the United Nations.,
the most egregious of which is that

many U.N. officials, as well as dip-
lomats from France and Russia are
now being implicated in the U.N.
oil-for-food scam in which Sad-
dam Hussein ripped off the United
Nations for over $10.1 billion. Hus-
sein then used this money to buy off
political allies on the world stage,
while trying to make the claim that
the sanctions placed on him, not
himself, made life for his people
more difficult.
The United States isn't perfect, but to
become a viable organization that has
its authority and resolutions respected
again, it must reform itself and clean up
its act. By providing funding for a quar-
ter of the U.N. budget the United States
has remained committed to the ideals
that the United Nations can be capable
of. Critics will say that the president has
no respect for the United Nations and are
proven wrong by the fact that the presi-
dent has addressed the U.N. General
Assembly three times during his term
about the challenges the international
community must face together.
Multilateralism is the unified
actions of more than two countries
and is not something that is defined
strictly by U.N. approval. The
president realizes that the United
Nations isn't perfect and therefore
has chosen not to give the body veto
power over our national security.
By bringing together a coalition
of 34 countries, the president has
created a multilateral force that is
now working toward peace in Iraq
and replacing a dictatorship with a
democratic government.
The president has also engaged
in multilateralism on a variety of
issues. The United States is now
working with China, Japan, Rus-
sia and South Korea to negotiate a
resolution to the nuclear dilemmas
that North Korea now poses. This
is a departure from the bilateral
negotiations of the past decade that

Oc7,2t03:epr testate House.

i

Aug. 27,2004:
In a party-line vote, the Board of State Canvassers rejects
the signatures, citing deceptive ballot language.

(R-DeWitt) introduces a
ballot proposal in the
Legislature that would
create a constitutional ban
on gay marriage.

S1

March 9,2004:
A vote to place the

I

the North Koreans did not ho
and that aided in the developm
of their nuclear' program. Ke
has been critical of the multilate
approach in North Korea, claim
instead that the United States sho
work with North Korea bilaterall
negotiate not only a solution to
nuclear problems, but also re-oJ
talks- about the 1952 armistice -
the de-militarized zone betw4
the North and South Korea. Fi
the top priority of talks with No
Korea must be ending the dev
opment of its nuclear capabiliti
Second, it is incomprehensible h
excluding South Korea from neg<
ations about the 1952 armistice a
the DMZ would make the reg
or the world a safer place. Thi
it's hypocritical to criticize
President for not bringing counti
together and then promote excl
ing other countries from discuss
issues that directly affect them.
The North Korea situation sho
be handled with a multilate
approach. By having China, Jap
Russia and South Korea involv
the U.S. generates internatio
cooperation and gets regional p
ers involved in a dialogue to sole
common problem.
In Libya, the effects of the pr
ident's foreign policy have resul
This is a p
Hume
Who ne
In spite of pleas from Vie
activists and veteran's gro
successfully sabotaged the
(Senate Bill HR-2833). By d
communist Vietnamese effo
Christian hill tribe peoples
Representative Chris Smith,
aid to Vietnam to "substar
rights record. Smith's bill pa:
410-1 vote in 2001. But it r
Senate, because it was blc
East Asian and Pacific Af
In July 2004, the House
45. The bill was again sta
communists free to continue
Christians and steal their
As late as 1970 there were a
in various tribes living in th
As a direct result of Vietr
extermination, the total popul
650,000. Internal Vietnamese
Human Rights Watch support
standing incidents of torture a
resulting in Vietnam's co
http://www.vietnamveter
kerryhumanrights.htm
Also, search: Kerr
This ad written and paid for by Gar
authorized by any

I

proposal on the ballot
falls short of the
required two-thirds
supermajority in the
state House.

July 5, 2004:
Citizens for the Protection of Marriage
submit more than 475,000 signatures
in support of the proposal to state
election officials.

- U -WVNN

Sept.3,2004:
The state Court of Appeals over-
rules the decision of the board of
canvassers and rules that the
secretary of state must place the
proposal on the November ballot.
GRAPHIC: ASHLEIGH HENTON

--------- - - -

'%AVW

THE MICHIGAN DAILY
ELECTION GUIDE 2004
Editor in Chief: Jordan Schrader
News Editors: Alison Go, Carmen
Johnson, Andrew Kaplan, Emily
Kraack, Tomislav Ladika
Opinion Editors: Sam Butler,
Jennifer Misthal, Jason Pesick
Photo Editors: Jason
Cooper, Tony Ding
News Writers: Farayha Arrine,
Krystin Elizabeth, Donn M. Fresard,
Alex Garivaltis, Anne Joling, Justin
Miller, Jameel Naqvi, Karen Tee
Opinion Writers: Katherine
Cantor, Zackery Denfeld, Whitney
Dibo, Sara Eber, Mara Gay, Rajiv
Prabhaker, Christopher Zbrozek
Cover Art: Elise Bergman
Design Staff: Patricia Chang,
Ashley Dinges, Ashleigh
Henton,Lindsey Ungar

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