2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 10, 2004
U.S.: Sudan violence was genocide NEWS IN BRIEF w
I: -1160WW UNGI- -V 1 *VAS a-pp -- Mel -
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary
of State Colin Powell said yesterday that
abuses by government-supported Arab
militias in Sudan qualify as genocide
against the black African population in
the Darfur region - a determination
that should pressure the government to
rein in the fighters.
Powell told the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee the conclusion was
based on interviews conducted with
refugees from the Darfur violence as
well as other evidence.
"We concluded that genocide has
been committed in Darfur and that
of Sudan and "We conclud
the Janjaweed .
(Arab militias) genocide ha
bear responsi- c m ted
bility - and
genocide may and that th(
still be occur-
ring," he said. of Sudan an
that as a con-Janjaweed (
tracting party to
an international bear respon
vention, Sudan - Secreta
is obliged to
punish acts of genocide.
"To us, at this time, it appears that
Sudan has failed to do so," he said.
Powell noted that Article VIII of the
convention provides that parties to the
accord may call on the United Nations
to take such action under the U.N.
charter "as they consider appropriate
for the prevention and suppression of
acts of genocide ..."
Powell called on the United Nations
to undertake a full investigation.
"To this end, the U.S. will propose
that the next U.N. Security Council
resolution on Sudan request a U.N.
investigation into all violations of inter-
national humanitarian law and human
rights law that have occurred in Dar-
fur, with a view to ensuring account-
ability," he said.
He said the evidence corroborates
the specific intent of perpetrators to
destroy a "group in whole or part."
In Abuja, Nigeria, Najeeb El-Khair
Abdel-Wahab, speaking at talks there on
the situation in Darfur, said, "We don't
think this kind of attitude can help the
situation in Darfur. We expect the inter-
national community to assist the process
- -_ - ..
of State Colin Powell
that is taking
place in Abuja
and not put oil
on the fire."
ister said the
to resolve the
crisis and that
is why we are
owe it to our
Sudanese displaced cleric Ahmed Abdullah calls Muslims for prayers at Abu
Shouk camp, in North Darfur, Sudan, Where more than 40,000 displaced people
receive assistance from intemational aid agencies Aug. 31.
people and we will do everything pos-
sible to achieve peace no matter what
other people do or say."
European Union officials were stay-
ing away from describing the situation in
Darfur as acts of genocide. Last month the
EU said it was up to the United Nations to
say whether the killings and other report-
ed attrocities in Sudan's western Darfur
region amount to genocide, adding that
EU officials did not have adequate evi-
dence of genocide there.
"We are extremely concerned," said
EU spokesman Jean-Charles Ellermann-
Kingombe. "We have not discussed spe-
cifically the use of the word genocide. For
us, we have noted that there is an extremely
serious situation that still requires a huge
humanitarian aid effort."
Ellermann-Kingombe said the EU
has repeatedly "expressed its deep con-
cern with the situation in Darfur and
we have requested on several occasions
for the urgent disarmament of the Jan-
"We concluded that we would still
contemplate the possibility of sanctions,"
he said. Ellermann-Kingombe added
that the EU stood ready to give more aid
to alleviate the crisis if asked upon.
The State Department said in a
report released yesterday that the 1,136
interviews by U.S. officials with Dar-
fur refugees revealed a "consistent and
widespread pattern of atrocities com-
mitted against non-Arab villagers."
The interview project was partly
intended to help the Bush administration
determine whether the abuses in Darfur
should be classified as genocide.
Bomb kills nine in front of embassy.
A car bomb exploded outside the gates of the Australian Embassy in Jakarta
yesterday, killing nine people and wounding scores in an attack police blamed
on al-Qaida-linked terrorists.
The blast flattened the embassy's gate, mangled cars on the busy commercial
street and shattered the windows of nearby high-rise buildings. Dazed survi-
vors desperately tried to locate colleagues and relatives.
"I can't find my family," said Suharti. "I am terrified. I don't know where
Most of the nine killed in the 10:15 a.m. blast were Indonesian police-
men, embassy security guards and passers-by. Health officials said 160 were
, Australian Embassy spokeswoman Elizabeth O'Neill said the staff was
shocked by the force of the bomb and "the enormity of the crater" left behind.
"The police truck outside has been blown to bits. It's like the wind has been
pushed out of you," O'Neill told Australia's Nine TV Network.
Police chief Gen. Dai Bachtiar said an initial investigation showed the blast was
caused by a car bomb, but "we do not know whether anyone was in the car."
U.S. troops strike back at Iraqi insurgents
American warplanes struck militant positions in two insurgent-controlled cities
yesterday and U.S. and Iraqi troops quietly took control of a third in a sweeping
crackdown following a spike in attacks against U.S. forces.
More than 60 people were reported killed, most of them in Tal Afar, one of
several cities which American officials acknowledged this week had fallen under
insurgent control and become "no-go" zones.
Nine people, including two children, were reported killed in an airstrike in Fal-
lujah against a house which the U.S. command suspected of being used by allies of
the Jordanian-born terror mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
The robust strikes came during a week in which nearly 20 American troops were
killed, pushing the U.S. military death toll in the Iraq campaign above 1,000.
President Bush received a National Security Council briefing on Iraq early yes-
terday from Gen. John Abizaid, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq John Negroponte and
other top officials. White House spokesman Scott McClellan refused to say what
they told Bush of the surging violence.
Chechen militants behind Russian school siege
Ten of the militants who seized a school in southern Russia have been identified
and six were from Chechnya, security officials said yesterday, drawing a strong con-
nection to the Chechen insurgents who have been fighting Russian forces for years.
None were Arabs, despite the government's contention that Arabs were
involved in the hostage-taking last week in the North Ossetian town of Beslan,
which ended in gunfire and explosions that killed more than 350 people, many
of them children.
According to the officials, who spoke to The Associated Press on condition of
anonymity, the other four militants came from Ingushetia, which is sandwiched
between North Ossetia and Chechnya and was targeted in brazen coordinated
attacks against police that killed 90 people in June.
ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada
Another hurricane may pummel Florida soon
Hurricane Ivan intensified yesterday, heading straight for Jamaica and possibly
Florida with 160 mph winds after it killed at least 20 people while pummeling
Grenada, Barbados and other islands. Foreigners began fleeing Jamaica, and U.S.
officials ordered people to evacuate the Florida Keys.
Widespread looting erupted in St. George's, Grenada's capital, and dazed sur-
vivors picked through debris and tried to salvage remnants left by the storm.
People were taking televisions and shopping carts of food from warehouses.
Troops from other Caribbean nations were on the way to help restore order in
Grenada, where the country's police commissioner said every police station was
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
Wed. Close Chan~ge
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facility, kill 50 fighters
WANA, Pakistan (AP) - Paki-
stani warplanes pummeled a suspect-
ed al-Qaida training facility near the
border with Afghanistan yesterday,
flattening a vast mud-brick compound
and killing at least 50 fighters, the
The assault was among the fiercest in
months of fighting in the dusty border
region, considered a possible hideout
for Osama bin Laden and his deputy,
who are still on the run nearly three
years after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks
on the United States.
Army spokesman Maj. Gen. Shaukat
Sultan told The Associated Press that
at least 50 people were killed. He said
the camp was believed to be linked to
bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
"The foreign elements operating in
these tribal areas have links with al-
Qaida," Sultan said. He said he had
no information on whether any high-
value al-Qaida targets were present at
Sultan said the military made that
assessment based on intelligence of
who was there and surveillance of
the area, which had been watched for
some time. It said the bodies retrieved
confirmed the initial intelligence on
the ethnicity of those killed in the
Sultan said the camp near the vil-
lage of Dila Khula was destroyed in the
assault and all the people inside were
believed killed. He described the site
as being composed of two mud-brick
buildings, with an explosives training
facility in the middle.
"I don't think they put up a fight.
They were taken by surprise," he said.
Military officials said ground troops
moved in after the air assault; no mili-
tary casualties were reported.
Alam Khan, a resident of Ladha, a
village near Khunkhela, told AP by
phone that three other nearby villages
were also hit in the operation. He said
he saw at least two jets and about 10
army helicopters flying over the scene
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