The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 6, 2004 - 7A
Continued from Page 1A
personal financial situation, which in turn led them to
look for more discounts during the shopping season.
"Smaller than anticipated discounts as well as greater
concerns about their financial situation caused con-
sumers to become more cautious spenders," Curtin
"Retailers viewed the increasing optimism (in the
nation's economic growth) as a reason to cut discounts,
and as a result caused consumers to reduce their pur-
Fornell added that his research indicates the level of
dissatisfaction customers feel toward the products they
buy did not change before the holiday season.
When customer satisfaction - which is based mainly
on the quality of goods, but also on factors such as
prices - remains the same, people usually do not buy
more or fewer goods than in previous months, Fornell
Business School Prof. Aradhna Krishna said another
reason for the lower-than-expected holiday sales is that
consumers are increasingly buying gifts when they are
on sale, which is often before the start of the holiday
"The Christmas shopping season is not as big as it
was" in years before, she said.
Continued from Page 1A
"Michigan's financial aid won't take a cut," Courant said.
When it comes to academic programs, several deans said
they hope expenditure reductions will not affect the education
students receive, even if class sizes grow and certain courses
are canceled this term.
"Students will not see a change in instruction;' said Associ-
ate LSA Dean Phillip Hanlon.
He added that the most likely effect of funding recisions
will be that-certain facilities in need of maintenance will
have to go a little longer without repairs.
As during previ-
ous expenditure "It's a lot easier to n
cutbacks to LSA, te
administrators will to not give them th
departments from equipment.'
major cuts, Hanlon
in the highest
demand - such as
economics, political science, communication studies, psy-
chology and English - will likely receive smaller expen-
diture reductions than other disciplines.
In fact, Hanlon said, "One thing we're going to continue
in the winter is add more instruction when enrollment
surges in the course."
Regarding a $3.8-million, 1.7-percent cut for the
term, Hanlon said LSA will also limit its faculty hirings
and "pull some ... funding mid-year" from research ini-
The LSA policy of safeguarding certain high-demand
courses is common among academic units.
For example, the Medical School will not be able to cut cer-
tain programs and treatment initiatives, as the availability of its
clinics is determined by patients' needs.
In addition, the Medical School will maintain normal
hours for the majority of its facilities, as building opera-
tions hinge on the needs of patients.
The only medical facility whose hours are "flexed" to
save money is the Taubman Medical Library, acting
Medical School Dean James Woolliscroft said.
He added that most of his school's cuts will come in
the form of delaying faculty recruitments where they
are not critical to certain programs - as opposed to not
upgrading equipment or rolling back building hours.
"It's a lot easier to not hire somebody than to not give
them the appropriate equipment," Woolliscroft said.
Similarly, Karen Wolff, dean of the School of Music,
said she would consider not refilling vacant faculty
positions or scaling back the number of admitted stu-
dents before she opted to cut hours in her school's prac-
Echoing other administrators, Wolff and Woolliscroft added
that they have not solemnized any specific program cutbacks.
For the Medical School and other academic units, the majority
of program rollbacks will come over the next couple weeks,
with the hardest-hitting cuts occurring next term, when
Granholm is expected to prolong funding recisions to higher
"The students are not going to feel an impact imme-
diately," said Brent Dickman, assistant to Law School
not hire somebody than
- James Woolliscroft
Acting Medical School Dean
ring to law stu-
dents. "This cut
now was a one-
for this year, but
it's also recur-
Hard-line Likuds yell and clap their hands in disapproval as Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon speaks yesterday during a
committee meeting of his right-wing party. In a break from conservative factions, Sharon has insisted that a peace deal with
the Palestinians entail the dismantling of Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
Amid crticism,Sharonpushes to
dismantle settlements for peace plan
Dickman added that the Law School may hold off
upgrading its facilities and dip into its discretionary
fund in order to cover the latest recisions.
The Law School is facing a recision of $500,000, or
1.7 percent of its overall budget.
Because the latest round of funding cuts do not come as a
surprise to administrators - Granholm said higher education
funding could see cutbacks when the state realized a $920-
million budget deficit last year - academic units may be rea-
sonably prepared to handle short-term rollbacks in their
Several schools, including the Law School and the
School of Natural Resources and Environment, will dip
into their department savings funds in order to make up
for budget recisions.
"Rather than using our general funds ... we will use our dis-
cretionary funds," said Lara Nelson, director of budget and
administration for SNRE, which received a $100,000, 1.75
percent cut last month.
Last term, students found that University libraries closed
earlier than they had in previous years. Reductions in hours
were the result of $2 million in base cuts.
But Library Administration Director Bill Gosling said this
term's recisions will not affect library hours or staff, although
the library administration has been asked to cut $685,000 from
its expenditures for the winter.
During last year's round of budget cuts, the libraries laid off
15 workers and eliminated 16 vacant positions.
TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel
Sharon told jeering leaders of his Likud Party yesterday that
Israel will have to dismantle Jewish settlements as part of any
peace deal and he was prepared to act despite their opposition.
Sharon's speech was his first appearance before his party's
hard-line central committee since he unveiled his plan last
month to dismantle some settlements and unilaterally draw a
boundary with the Palestinians if peace efforts remain stalled.
He refused to back down yesterday, despite a hail of boos from
infuriated committee members who reject a Palestinian state
and oppose any removal of settlements.
"The disengagement plans are mine and I will carry them
out" Sharon declared.
Critics remain skeptical of Sharon's seeming conversion
from one of the great patrons of the settlement movement to a
leader willing to make significant territorial concessions.
Though his rhetoric has changed, he has done little to fulfill
his obligations under the U.S.-backed "road map" peace plan.
Many accuse him of trying to placate the Americans with
pragmatic-sounding pronouncements while playing for time in
the belief the Palestinians will torpedo any progress before he
has to act.
Before Sharon's speech yesterday, Palestinian Prime Minis-
ter Ahmed Qureia said he had called off plans to schedule a
summit with Sharon intended to restart peace moves. Such-a
meeting, Qureia said, would be meaningless while violence
Top aides of the two leaders have met repeatedly in recent
weeks to prepare for the meeting, but Qureia said even those
contacts have stopped.
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Continued from Page 1A
But it could have been worse. Much worse. Navarre
didn't have room to breathe, let alone look for receivers.
Every time center Dave Pearson snapped the ball, the
Southern Cal. defense blew through the offensive line
and swarmed Navarre. The quarterback, who owns a
reputation of having slightly less mobility than a tree
stump, had to dance out of reach of Trojans players to
get his passes off. He was able to scramble away some
of the time, including when Michigan went for it on
4th-and-3, and Navarre followed tailback Chris Perry's
lead and ran the ball those three yards because there
was no time to throw.
So before you go blaming Navarre for this one, you have
to take a hard look at the offensive line. What had been one
of Michigan's top units crumbled. This was the same line
that didn't allow a single sack against Ohio State.
Even Southern Cal. defensive end Kenechi Udeze said he
was "dumbfounded" by how many times the Trojans were
able to get to Navarre.
It was like trying to stop a flood with mesh fencing.
But don't stop with the line. Take a look at the Michi-
gan coaching staff, which was outdone by its Southern
Cal. counterpart. Navarre said Michigan didn't expect
the Trojans to blitz as much as they did. Southern Cal.
cornerback Will Poole said the Wolverines "were just
not ready for" the Trojans' speed or their blitzing
"They kept us on our heels, and they kept us guessing,"
Michigan offensive tackle Tony Pape said. "They changed it
up on a lot of plays. They had great speed around the edge.
They have four great players up front, and I have a lot of
respect for them."
And that is what it came down to: Southern Cal. The
Trojans outplayed the Wolverines. Their receivers won
the one-on-one matchups with Michigan's secondary.
The offensive line wouldn't let Michigan's defense get
to quarterback Matt Leinart, giving the redshirt sopho-
more plenty of time and a chance to shine. The coaches
made the right adjustments.
Michigan made mistakes and didn't make big plays. But
much of that was because of Southern Cal., forcing those
mistakes and wearing the Wolverines down.
The Trojans were faster, more athletic, better.
A lot of Michigan fans probably came in expecting to see
a suave West Coast team with plenty of firepower but no grit.
What a surprise to find that the Trojans had style and sub-
"People say the Pac-10 is finesse, but we're not finesse,"
Poole said. "We've got speed, finesse and we hit"
A lesson Navarre and Michigan's offensive line learned
the hard way.
I understand Michigan fans' need to blame somebody
for the loss. You're not accustomed to seeing your team
lose this way. Usually, it's missed field goals or blocked
punts or multiple interceptions that do the Wolverines
in. It's been a while since Michigan lost without beating
This time, Southern Cal. turned on its defensive
tenacity and got its offense rolling, and Michigan was
never really in it. Just when the Wolverines got some
momentum going, a Southern Cal. linebacker would
burst through for another sack for a loss, or Leinart
would launch another perfectly placed pass.
Southern Cal. was like the big kid that holds the little
Continued from Page 1A
The day before the Rose Bowl, University President Mary
Sue Coleman spoke at a pep rally held by the association in
front of the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles. The march-
ing band and football team also attended, as well as parents
of band members and players.
The Alumni Association sponsored the official tailgate
party, drawing about 8,500 fans, said Catherine Niekro,
director of marketing and communications for the Alumni
Alumni and fans listened to Coleman speak again during
the tailgate as they enjoyed food and live music. Also, fans
watched other bowl games on a giant screen television that
hung as a backdrop.
The athletic department allotted game tickets to the
Still, many of the students who traveled on the tour pur-
chased tickets in the student section, Werthman said.
But few students could afford spending the amount of
money necessary for the tour. In an effort to cut back costs,
LSA freshman Taylor Engers rented an RV with eight
friends and drove to California.
"It was pretty wild at the RV park because they put all of
the students together and there was mad tailgating. It was a
lot of fun, though" Engers said.
"We drove to California. That's an accomplishment in
itself," Engers said, who made the drive nonstop in about 40
LSA freshman Adam Winski traveled with friend R.J.
Caldarazzo, an LSA sophomore and strength coach for the
Despite Michigan's loss in the bowl, the two fans said
they enjoyed their trip, which began with skydiving earlier
in the week.
"It was the best trip I've ever been on, and I had a great
time with all of my friends. I'll probably go to every bowl
every year," Winski said.
For Caldarazzo, the game was especially meaningful
because his roommate is on the team, and his father
was a starting right guard when he was a senior at the
"My dad was on the Michigan team during Bo Schem-
bechler's first team. He was a senior when Bo had a heart
attack the night before the game," Caldarazzo said. His
father also attended the game in Pasadena.
All in all, the loss didn't seem to dampen many students'
"Of course we were disappointed, but when we were talk-
ing about it on the way back, it was just so much fun that
you can't even explain it," Winski added.
Continued from Page 1A
"It's not what we wanted, but it's more than we
expected," Kirk said.
He said strikers were concerned mainly about wage
issues at the downtown store. Currently, a starting wage
for a cashier is $6.50 per hour, while a starting wage
for a bookseller is $7.00 per hour.
Before the strike began in November, Borders
employees asked the company for wages of $7.95 per
hour. Changes to wages have not been announced.
Employees also want to remove a cap on wages for
senior employees. Wage caps halt pay raises for veteran
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