2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 15, 2004
Female Hamas bomber kills four NEWS IN BRIEF
EREZ CROSSING, Gaza Strip (AP) - A Pales- threatening to impose a new boundary between Israel Two of the dead were immigrants from the former
tinian blew herself up yesterday at the Israel-Gaza and the Palestinians if no progress is made soon. Soviet Union. Police Staff Sgt. Vladimir Trostinsky,
border, killing three Israeli soldiers and a private
security guard and signaling a new tactic by Hamas
militants, who had never before dispatched a female
Hamas spiritual leader Sheik Ahmed Yassin said
the use of a woman was unique for the Islamic
group, but holy war "is an obligation of all Muslims,
men and women."
Israel said it would temporarily close the crossing to
Palestinians, preventing thousands of workers from
reaching an Israeli-Palestinian industrial zone that is
one of the last vestiges of cooperation between the two
peoples after more than three years of violence.
The army said four of the seven people wounded
in the attack were Palestinians.
The bombing came as efforts to restart peace
negotiations remained stalled, with Israel's leaders
Violence over the past 39 months has killed
2,618 people on the Palestinian side and 909 on
the Israeli side.
At the Erez crossing yesterday morning, a woman
identified as Reem Raiyshi, 22, told soldiers she
would set off a metal detector because she had an
implant to repair a broken leg. She was taken for a
security search to a special room, where she set off
the bomb, said Maj. Sharon Feingold, a military
"I heard soldiers screaming, the blast was very
strong," said a Palestinian who identified herself only
After the explosion, a makeshift checkpoint
structure of corrugated metal had a large hole in
the roof, and destroyed desks and computers were
22, moved to Israel with his mother and brother
seven years ago, Channel Two TV reported. Cpl.
Andrei Kegeles, 19, was drafted four months ago.
The other dead soldier was Staff Sgt. Tzur Or, 20.
The name of the security guard was not immediately
The bombing was claimed by Hamas and the Al
Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a group linked to Yasser
Arafat's Fatah movement. Before the attack, Raiyshi
made a video standing before two Hamas flags.
"This is an indication that resistance will contin-
ue, Yassin said.
Using a woman as a bomber aimed at piercing
Israeli security, which mainly focuses on men as pos-
sible attackers. Other militant groups have used
women to carry out bombings, but Hamas had not
DES MOINES, Iowa
Mosely Braun leaves presidential race
Former Illinois Sen. Carol Moseley Braun, whose campaign for the Democrat-
ic presidential nomination never got off the ground, will drop out of the race and
endorse front-runner Howard Dean, campaign officials said yesterday.
Braun was to officially endorse the former Vermont governor this afternoon
during an appearance at Carroll High School in Carroll, Iowa, said Dean cam-
paign manager Joe Trippi.
Dean said yesterday that he welcomed Braun's endorsement.
"She's a principled person. We just hit it off. I like her a lot," Dean told
reporters at a hotel in Fort Dodge, where he was spending the night after starting
a statewide bus tour.
"It's going to be a big help to us," he said.
Officials said Braun, who often made the point that she was the only woman in
the nine-person field, approached Dean after a recent debate and told him she was
considering leaving the race and backing him.
One of two black candidates in the campaign, Braun is giving Dean her endorse-
ment even as he has faced questions about his record on race issues, including his
lack of minority Cabinet members during his five terms as Vermont governor.
lea s to nuclear test
ban treaty ratification
12 of 44 ratifications
still needed for test ban to
be entered into force
VIENNA, Austria (AP) - In a new
signal that Libya is serious about
renouncing its weapons of mass destruc-
tion, U.N. officials said yesterday the
North African country has ratified the
nuclear test ban treaty.
Libya's nuclear program was far from
producing a weapon and the treaty is 12
nations short of the 44 ratifications
needed for it to enter into force. Still, the
announcement by the U.N. agency over-
seeing the agreement appeared to be a
further sign of commitment by Libyan
leader Moammar Gadhafi to give up
nuclear weapons ambitions.
The Vienna-based agency - known
as the Preparatory Commission for the
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Orga-
nization - said that in ratifying the pact
earlier this month, Libya agreed to host
a monitoring station at Misratah. That
would be part of a network of 337 sta-
tions being set up worldwide to verify
compliance with terms of the treaty.
Libya announced Dec. 19 it was giv-
ing up its weapons of mass destruction
after months of secret talks with the
United States and Britain. It said then it
would sign the test ban treaty and
become a party to the convention pro-
hibiting chemical weapons. Once it
enters into force, the treaty bans any
nuclear weapon test explosion in any
A Western diplomat who works with
the Preparatory Commission said the
ratification "fit the picture" of Libya's
actions to prove it was serious since
announcing it was scrapping programs
or stocks of nuclear, chemical or biolog-
Since then, both the International
Atomic Energy Agency - the U.N.
nuclear watchdog - and Washington
have sent experts to Libya to take
inventory of Libya's nuclear activi-
ties ahead of supervising their
Differences continue on who should
take the lead, however.
Earlier this month, U.N. Secretary
General Kofi Annan said the IAEA
should assume that role. IAEA Director
General Mohamed ElBaradei also
staked out his agency's claim.
But U.S. administration officials insist
that with U.S.-British negotiations lead-
ing to the Libyan decision, Washington
and London should have primacy.
While the IAEA says Libya was
nowhere near producing a weapon,
Washington and London say it was fur-
ther along than the agency realizes.
Both sides sought to play down the
A U.S. official speaking on condition
of anonymity said "we're doing well" on
bridging differences. IAEA spokesman
Mark Gwozdecky said the agency is in
"frequent contact with the British, U.S.
and other governments to ensure a com-
mon understanding of our respective
roles ... and discussions are continuing
over the coming days."
Still, diplomats familiar with the
agency said differences continue, noting
that IAEA officials were not invited to
recent talks between U.S. Undersecre-
tary of State John Bolton and British
officials on Libya.
The diplomats, who also spoke on
condition of anonymity, said a U.S.-
British team and a group of IAEA
experts planned new separate inspec-
tion trips to Libya in the next two
weeks. The two teams would have no
direct contact, although information
would probably be shared after they
were debriefed, they said.
Several diplomats said if the dispute
is not resolved, the agency and a joint
U.S.-British operation might end up per-
forming essentially the same tasks in
verifying and destroying Libya's nuclear
U.S. soldier suicide rates on the rise *
U.S. soldiers in Iraq are killing themselves at a high rate despite the work of
special teams sent to help troops deal with combat stress, the Pentagon's top doc-
tor said yesterday.
Meanwhile, about 2,500 soldiers who have returned from the war on terror-
ism are having to wait for medical care at bases in the United States, said
William Winkenwerder, assistant secretary of defense for health affairs. The
problem of troops on "medical extension" is likely to get worse as the Penta-
gon rotates hundreds of thousands of troops into and out of Iraq this spring,
Both situations illustrate the stresses placed on the troops and the military's
health system by the war in Iraq.
Suicide has become such a pressing issue that the Army sent an assessment
team to Iraq late last year to see if anything more could be done to prevent troops
from killing themselves. The Army also began offering more counseling to return-
ing troops after several soldiers at Fort Bragg, N.C., killed their wives and them-
selves after returning home from the war.
Bush unveils plan for
manned Mars mission
President Bush, envisioning "new
journeys to the worlds beyond our
own," unveiled a plan yesterday to
send astronauts to the moon, Mars
and beyond on missions sure to cost
hundreds of billions of dollars and
stretch the bounds of technology. He
called for a manned lunar landing as
early as 2015.
Bush's election-year initiative repre-
sents the boldest space goals since John
F. Kennedy laid the groundwork for the
Apollo program that landed Americans
on the moon in 1969.
Intended to inject new life into a
space program shattered by last year's
loss of the Columbia shuttle and its
crew of seven, Bush's proposal faces
tough questions in Congress. Many
Democrats say the administration
should take care of problems at home'
before setting its sights on costly space
initiatives, particularly in the face of
budget deficits of about $500 billion.
Former Enron exec
pleads guilty in court
Andrew Fastow, chief architect of
the shady, off-the-books deals that
brought down Enron, pleaded guilty
along with his wife yesterday in an
agreement that could take prosecutors
to the top of the corporate ladder at
the scandal-ridden company.
The plea bargains represent the
biggest breakthrough yet in the two-year
investigation into a scandal that led to
the energy giant's collapse and rocked
Wall Street and Washington alike.
Fastow, Enron's former finance
chief, agreed to a 10-year prison
sentence that will make him the
highest-ranking executive to do time
in the case.
Burger King gives
nod to protein diets
It has come to this in America: Burg-
ers are losing their buns.
Some of them, at least.
Burger King's rollout of breadless
Whoppers this week is a nod to the low-
carb craze that's'sweepingithe nation.
Smaller chains Hardee's and Carl's Jr.
dumped the bread from some hamburg-
ers last month, going lettuce-wrapped
instead, and TGI Friday's restaurant has
started serving a bunless cheeseburger.
"This won't be a big segment of the
(burger) market," said Jerry McVety, a
foodservice industry consultant based in
Farmington Hills, Mich. "I don't see it
lasting very long."
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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