2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 8, 2004
Rwandan leaders commemorate NEWS IN BRIEF
10th anniversary of genocide Covce9-1onprtrwlsfe
control of the country.
He said Rwanda would never stand
by and allow widespread slaughter to
take place unchecked.
"God forbid, but if a similar situa-
tion was to occur anywhere else ...
we will be available to come and
fight to protect those who will be tar-
geted," Kagame told a crowd of thou-
sands at a stadium in Kigali, the
Rwanda will act because "the last
10 years have shaped us differently
and have given us the spirit to be
able to stand up and fight ... in
defense of others who are targeted in
a genocide," Kagame said.
The central African country fell quiet
at noon yesterday as the country
observed threeminutes of silence in
tribute to those hacked to death by their
neighbors or shot by the army and Hutu
militias following orders of the extrem-
ist Hutu government then in power.
As the ceremonies continued, people
in the stands broke into tears. Others
started screaming hysterically and had
to be carried off into white tents set up
by the Red Cross. Members of the
national choir wept as they sang.
When the 100-day slaughter
began, the U.N. had 2,519 peace-
keepers in Rwanda. The most heavily
armed U.N. contingent was a 450-
member Belgian battalion, but Brus-
sels withdrew days after Hutus killed
10 Belgian soldiers on April 7, 1994.
Other U.N. troops were busy "tan-
ning at the pool" in neighboring
Uganda and monitoring its border to
ensure that weapons did not reach
Kagame's rebels, who were fighting
to end the slaughter, Ugandan Presi-
dent Yoweri Museveni said during the
ceremony. U.N. troops at the time
had been withdrawn from Rwanda
and were staying at hotels in Uganda.
South African President Thabo
Mbeki criticized the United Nations
for abandoning Rwanda "as
Africans were exterminated like
But Kagame was the most critical
of the international community.
"All these powerful nations
regarded 1 million lives as value-
less, as another statistic and could
be dispensed with," Kagame said,
referring to all of the people killed
in Rwanda between 1990 and the
end of the genocide in 1994.
Earlier, genocide survivors gathered
on a hillside to bury the remains of
hundreds of victims recovered from
pit-latrines and mass graves, marking
the beginning of a week of mourning.
The only Sept. 11 suspect ever convicted walked out of jail yesterday smiling and
laughing, freed less than 2 1/2 years into a 15-year sentence after judges ruled the
evidence was too weak to hold him pending a retrial.
Mounir el Motassadeq, whose conviction on charges of aiding the Sept.
11 plotters was overturned last month, seemed euphoric as he left the Ham-
burg court building with two friends and his lawyer. He said nothing but
laughed as reporters peppered him with questions.
The 30-year-old Moroccan, who had been behind bars since his Novem-
ber 2001 arrest, headed home to his apartment in a Hamburg suburb to be
reunited with his wife and two children.
Explaining their decision, the judges said evidence for the main charges against el
Motassadeq - more than 3,000 counts of accessory to murder - was no longer
"urgent" because they lack testimony from an al-Qaida suspect in U.S. custody. El
Motassadeq was ordered to stay in Hamburg and report to police twice a week.
The accessory to murder charges remain in force, along with a charge of member-
ship in a terrorist organization. But freeing el Motassadeq was a fresh blow to Sept.
11 prosecutions after the same court acquitted his friend and fellow Moroccan,
Abdelghani Mzoudi, of identical charges in February.
L.A. suburb bars construction of Wal-Mart
Voters rejected a ballot measure that would have cleared the way for a colossal
Wal-Mart in this Los Angeles suburb, one of several communities across the
nation to resist the retailer's advances.
Activists who opposed the measure - which would have allowed Wal Mart to
skirt zoning, traffic and environmental reviews - said it would hurt the communi-
ty by inviting the Supercenter to drive out small business and encourage sprawl.
With all 29 precincts and absentee ballots counted late Tuesday night, Ingle-
wood voters opposed the measure 60.6 percent to 39.3 percent, said Gabby Contr-
eras of the city clerk's office. "This is very, very positive for those folks who want
to stand up and ... hold this corporate giant responsible," said Daniel Tabor, a for-
mer City Council member who had campaigned against the initiative.
Debate raged for weeks in this working-class community. Opponents said pas-
sage would clear the way for Wal-Mart to build a combination supermarket-retail
store next to Hollywood Park racetrack.
Survivors of the 1994 government orchestrated genocide buried the remains of
hundreds of victims recovered from mass graves and pit-latrines.
KIGALI, Rwanda (AP) - Mark-
ing the 10-year anniversary of the
Rwandan genocide, President Paul
Kagame lashed out at the interna-
tional community yesterday for fail-
ing to stop the slaughter, and pledged
that if another genocide should hap-
pen, Rwanda would be the first to
send troops to stop it.
While he acknowledged that the
Rwandan people were ultimately respon-
sible for the massacres that claimed more
than 500,000 lives in 100 days in 1994,
he said world powers refused to do any-
thing to stop the killing, which eventual-
ly ended when his rebel forces seized
Advisers brief Bush on Iraq violence
CRAWFORD, Texas (AP) - President Bush was
briefed yesterday on the spiraling violence and U.S.
casualties in Iraq where American forces are facing the
heaviest fighting since the fall of Baghdad a year ago.
Bush, at his ranch in Crawford, Texas, through
Easter Sunday, got an update on fighting by U.S.
Marines in the Sunni Muslim stronghold of Fallujah.
Bush spoke via a secure video conference call with
his national security advisers. The call was to have
included Gen. John Abizaid, commander of the Cen-
tral Command which has jurisdiction in Iraq, and L.
Paul Bremer, the top U.S. civilian in Iraq.
Bush also spoke by telephone for 30 minutes with
British Prime Minister Tony Blair, his closest ally in
Iraq. The two leaders will meet in Washington late next
week to discuss Iraq and other foreign policy problems.
Yesterday's briefing was a follow up to a confer-
ence call Tuesday night among the president,
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, Air Force Gen.
Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
national security adviser Condoleezza Rice and
White House chief of staff Andy Card.
As the security situation in Iraq remains dangerous,
a U.S. official speaking on the conditiono
said that a variety of elements are con
attacks in Iraq, including Shiites and me:
fallen Baathist regime, a group that is
incorporate former Iraqi military
or intelligence figures.i"
A defense official, also speak- S
ing on the condition of anonymi- jUt
ty, said the idea that there's a f
popular uprising from a Shiite O
monolith is "ludicrous." For eq
example, radical Shiite cleric
Muqtada al-Sadr doesn't have a tar
large following and his militia -
the Al-Mahdi Army - only -
numbers perhaps in the thou-
sands, the official said.
This official also said the military
progress in places including Ramadi
Marines were killed late Tuesday.
The Marines died in heavy fighting
uprising involving both Sunni and Shiib
stretched from Kirkuk in the north to th
mbers of the
s thought to
Rumsfeld said on Tuesday that if violence gets
worse, U.S. military commanders will get the troops
they need to deal with it.
On Capitol Hill, a senior Democrat, Sen. Robert
Byrd of West Virginia, urged
t, at this caution.
"Surely I am not the only one
lore U.S. who hears echoes of Vietnam in
this development;' he said. "Sure-
aq ly, the administration recognizes
ire U.S. that increasing the U.S. troop pres-
,, ence in Iraq will only suck us
maq. deeper, deeper into the maelstrom,
into the quicksand of violence that
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- Sen. Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.) has become the hallmark of that
unfortunate, miserable country.
"Starkly put, at this juncture,
is making more U.S. forces in Iraq equates more U.S. targets in
i, where 12 Iraq," Byrd said. "The harsh reality is this: One year
after the fall of Baghdad, the United States should
part of an not be casting about for a formula to bring additional
tes that now U.S. troops to Iraq. We should instead be working
he far south. toward an exit strategy."
SCEContinued from Page 1A
The Army said a soldier died yester-
day in the capital. Another had died
Tuesday in Balad, the Sunni Triangle
As DEcity north of Baghdad, the U.S. Central
Command in Tampa, Fla., said.
Defense Secretary Donald Rums-
feld, at a Pentagon news conference
with Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman
Gen. Richard Myers, discounted the
strength of the al-Sadr force, which
appears to have been bolstered by dis-
gruntled, unemployed young men.
U.S. officials estimate the al-Sadr
force at about 3,000 fighters.
"The number of people involved in
those battles is relatively small," Rums-
feld said. "There's nothing like an army
or large elements of people trying to
.,..~sm . change the situation. You have a small
number of terrorists and militias cou-
nd ;J pled with some protests."
%e bo, Myers said the fighting came in two
broad categories. West of Baghdad in
cities such as Ramadi and Fallujah, the
tL& ~ I rI m main opposition is "former regime loy-
alists, including supporters of former
president Saddam Hussein, and anti-
American foreign fighters loyal to Abu
Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian-born
terrorist believed linked to al-Qaida.
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Wife of Enron exec
withdraws guilty plea
The wife of former Enron finance
chief Andrew Fastow backed out of a
plea bargain yesterday after a federal
judge refused to go along with a sentence
of five months in prison and five months
of home confinement.
The proposed sentence for Lea Fastow
had been carefully worked out as part of
a larger plea agreement involving her
husband's criminal case. But prosecutors
said her decision will not affect his part
of the bargain, which calls for up to 10
years in prison for conspiracy.
Lea Fastow, 42, withdrew her guilty
plea to a tax crime after U.S. District
Judge David Hittner said he wanted a
sentence of between 10 and 16 months.
The judge did not specify whether he
wanted a combination of prison and
ran to start nuclear
Iran will start building a nuclear
reactor in June that can produce
weapons-grade plutonium, diplomats
said yesterday. Although Tehran insists
the heavy water facility is for research,
the decision heightens concern about its
One diplomat said the planned 40-
megawatt reactor could produce
enough plutonium for a nuclear
weapon each year, an amount experts
commonly say is 8.8 pounds. The
diplomats said Iran told the U.N.
nuclear watchdog agency last year of
its plans to build a reactor, and Iran-
ian officials have previously suggest-
ed it was already being built.
The diplomats said construction had
not yet begun and that Iranian officials
announced the June start date for the
first time during talks Tuesday.
Agency issues first
private rocket license
The government announced yesterday
that it has issued the first license for a
manned suborbital rocket, a step toward
opening space flight to private individu-
als for the first time.
The Federal Aviation Administration
gave a one-year license to Scaled Com-
posites of Mojave, Calif., headed by Burt
Rutan. He is best known for designing
the Voyager airplane that made the first
nonstop, unrefueled flight around the
world in 1986. "This is a big step," FAA
spokesman Henry Price said.
The Scaled Composites craft consists
of a rocket plane and a jet designed to
carry it aloft for a high-altitude launch.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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