2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 30, 2004
Bombings in Uzbekistan kill 19 NEWS IN BRIEF
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TASHKENT, Uzbekistan (AP) -
A series of bombings and attacks
linked to Islamic militants, including
the first known suicide missions in
Uzbekistan, killed 19 people and
injured 26, the country's prosecutor-
general said yesterday.
"A preliminary investigation shows
all the events are interconnected and
aimed at destabilization of the coun-
try," Prosecutor-General Rashid Kady-
rov said after the attacks in the Central
Asian country Sunday and yesterday.
Female suicide bombers carried out
the blasts at the Chorsu market, the
biggest bazaar in Tashkent, near the
"Children's World" store, and at a
nearby bus stop, Kadyrov said.
Police and intelligence agents closed
off the market in the capital's Old City.
A witness who did not give her name
said she felt the ground shake when
one of the explosions went off. She
said she saw a woman crying over the
motionless body of a child.
President Islam Karimov said the
attacks had been planned at least six
months in advance and had been origi-
nally set to take place before the March
21 Central Asian new year holiday of
Navruz. The operation's planning and
financing indicated it had outside sup-
port, he said.
"As the president, I promise all meas-
ures will be taken to stop such terrorist
acts," Karimov said on state television in
a Russian translation of remarks in
Kadyrov said the events began Sun-
day night with a blast that killed 10 peo-
ple at a house being used by an
extremist in the central province of
There were also two attacks on police
Sunday night and early yesterday, killing
three policemen. The two suicide bomb-
ings near the Chorsu bazaar killed three
policemen and a young child, he said.
NEW YORK .T
Three courts hear federal abortion ban cases
The federal ban on a type of late abortion was challenged in three courtrooms
across the nation yesterday as abortion-rights activists argued that the law is so
broad it infringes on women's basic right to choose.
The Bush administration argued in defense of the law that fetuses feel pain dur-
ing such "inhumane" procedures.
The law, signed in November by President Bush, has not been enforced
because judges in New York, Lincoln, Neb., and San Francisco agreed to hear evi-
dence in three separate trials before deciding whether it violates the Constitution.
The law is the first substantial limitation on abortion since the U.S. Supreme
Court's landmark Roe v. Wade decision. The current cases also appear likely to
reach the high court.
Attorney A. Stephen Hut Jr., speaking for the plaintiffs, argued that the law
"in its stunning breadth would ... remove the range of abortion alternatives
available to women in the second trimester." He cautioned that the evidence
will include "very raw stuff" and that descriptions of surgery were "not for
the faint of heart."
Lawmakers move toward gay marriage ban
The Massachusetts Legislature gave final approval - for this year - to a con-
stitutional amendment that would ban gay marriage but legalize civil unions, tak-
ing the first decisive step toward stripping same-sex couples of court-mandated
Within moments of yesterday's 105 to 92 vote, Gov. Mitt Romney said he would
ask the state's highest court to delay implementation of its November ruling that
ordered same-sex marriages to begin taking place as of May 17. He said he will
seek a formal stay until the constitutional amendment process is complete.
The vote, which must be affirmed again during the next two-year session and
by voters in the fall of 2006, completes the Legislature's action on gay marriage
for the year. Without action from the court, yesterday's decision will not affect the
May 17 deadline. If the amendment is approved by voters, Massachusetts would
join Vermont in offering same-sex couples the chance to join in civil unions.
The amendment's approval brought a roar from activists on both sides of the
debate, who packed the Statehouse to watch the proceedings.
Uzbek President Islam Kadmov speaks to the nation on television about a series of
explosions that ripped through the Uzbek capital of Tashkent yesterday.
Continued from Page 1
"We've been very diligent in caring to not have an
undiversified tree population. Because our forest is
very diversified, we won't be as impacted as much as
surrounding community. ... Five percent of campus
trees have been affected," he said.
The beetle, about half the size of a penny, is
most destructive in September when it is growing
out of its larva stage. Feeding on sapwood
beneath the tree's bark, the larva starves the tree
of its nutrients and eventually kills branches and
Because leaf dropping is a natural process that
also occurs in the fall, the large dead branches of
an ash tree will not be apparent until the follow-
ing spring, Pettway said.
By cutting down trees, the campus may face a
heat problem as paved surfaces absorb the sun,
"Urban heat island is where there is a lot of
pavement and you get a lot of heat absorption
from the sun," she said. "Tree cover kind of
blocks the sun and you don't get as much heating.
It will take a few years for the nursing industry to
keep up with bringing in more trees. The nursing
industry is 25 percent ash trees."
The city of Ann Arbor has defined measures
that will be taken to eradicate the pest.
The steps include encouraging the community
to gain information about the borer, monitoring
and marking infested trees, removing dying trees
infested with the pest, improving capabilities for
wood disposal and replacing dead trees in a time-
In the past two years, the University has taken
differgnt approaches to eliminate the pest, includ-
ing the injection of insecticide treatments into the
soil surrounding a tree and underneath its bark.
"We were still saving when I was hearing other
communities were removing dead trees. We were
postponing the death of the trees longer than
other communities were," University Facilities
and Operations spokeswoman Diane Brown said.
Pettway said the $40,000 that has been provid-
ed by University Maintenance for tree removal is
insufficient to remedy the pest epidemic while
sustaining standard tree maintenance.
"Something has got to give. (The pest) is not
really ever going to be under control. We're han-
dling it but at the risk of campus trees in terms of
cultural practices - fertilizing, cabling, water-
ing, bracing. We have to look at cost management
in regards to percent of total resources to be man-
aged. Primary means is saying we have to remove
these trees," Pettway said.
Dead trees are being ground and used as mulch
around campus. In the process, the wood is dried
out and the insect dies.
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®** Putting idealism
Continued from Page 1.
people. Ayittey's main solution to these
problems was to return Africa to its cit-
izens, but he also offered a few specific
suggestions to improve the condition of
He called for an implementation of
an independent central bank, judiciary
and electoral commission, with a neu-
tral and professional security force. He
also talked about the need for inde-
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pendent media, which he said only
exists in eight African countries.
While Ayittey was able to present an
African viewpoint to these problems,
other panelists who were not native
Africans presented research or work
they had done in the continent.
Political science Prof. Jennifer Wid-
ner focused her talk on the constitu-
tions of African countries and
presented patterns and correlations that
had been found in studying constitu-
tional writing processes. She also spoke
on how the findings from these studies
could be implemented in Iraq.
"People are more likely to lay down
arms if they feel they are being repre-
sented," Widner said, citing representa-
tion as a key provision in a successful
constitution. Changing quickly from a
political look at Africa to a health-relat-
ed one, Afroamerican and African
Studies and anthropology Prof. Elisha
Renne talked briefly about the World
Health Organization's efforts to stop
the spread of polio in Nigeria.
Renne took a similar approach to
Ayittey by saying that WHO could have
been more effective in achieving its goal
- to eradicate polio by 2000 - if they
had educated the African people on the
polio immunization before implement-
ing programs to battle the disease.
Visiting Afroamerican and African
Studies and public health Prof. Howard
Stein contributed to the event with an
economic viewpoint. Stein talked about
the "stabilization, liberalization and pri-
vatization" of the African economy and
summarized some of its weaknesses.
Even a slow change to the African
economy would be beneficial due to its
current rut, he said.
Afroamerican and African Studies
Prof. and women's studies lecturer
Nesha Hanif spoke about her work with
the Pedagogy of Action Program in
Through the program, she instructed
both literate and illiterate South African
citizens on how to teach others about
health issues, focusing on AIDS pre-
vention and dealing with the stigma of
contracting the disease.
seven new members
President Bush welcomed seven for-
mer Soviet-bloc nations into NATO
yesterday, saying the 55-year old West-
ern alliance would be strengthened
because "tyranny for them is still a
The expansion of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization to 26 members
was celebrated as NATO signaled a
willingness to play a military role in
Iraq if authorized by a new U.N. Securi-
ty Council resolution.
Standing with prime ministers in a
ceremony on the South Lawn of the
White House, Bush said the new
members "earned their freedom
through courage and perseverance,
and today they stand with us as full
and equal partners in this great
Joining Bush were the leaders of
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,
Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Two more charged
for Spain bombings
A Spanish judge charged two more
suspects in the Madrid bombings early
yesterday as the incoming Socialist gov-
ernment, facing international pressure
over plans to withdraw troops from Iraq,
doubled its deployment to Afghanistan.
Judge Juan del Olmo charged Basel
Ghayoun, a Syrian, with mass killings in
the March 11 bombings that left at least
190 people dead. The judge also charged
Morrocan Hamed Ahmidam with col-
laborating with a terrorist organization.
At the same time, the judge released
three suspects after questioning. Of the
21 people arrested, 14 have been
charged, six have been released and one
has not been publicly identified or
appeared in court.
,Jury dispute almost
causes Tyco mistrial
An uproar over an apparently pro-
defense holdout on the jury brought the
grand-larceny case against two former
Tyco executives dangerously close to a
mistrial yesterday before the judge sent
the jurors back into deliberations.
"It seems to me that it would be inap-
propriate to declare a mistrial when all
12 jurors, who have devoted six months
of their lives to this trial, are prepared to
continue," Judge Michael Obus said in
denying a defense request for a mistrial.
Obus said he had spoken with the
juror, a 79-year-old woman, and she
assured him that "nothing that has hap-
pened will, from her point of view, pre-
vent her from deliberating in good
conscience with the other jurors."
- Compiled from Daily wire reports
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