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March 23, 2004 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 23, 2004



Palestinians vow

Masses of civilians, UN
condemn Israel's killing of
Hamas founder
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) -
Hundreds of thousands of Palestini-
ans chanting "revenge, revenge"
flooded Gaza's streets yesterday to
bury assassinated Hamas founder
Sheik Ahmed Yassin, as militants
pledged unprecedented retaliation
- including threats against the
United States.
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi
Annan and many world leaders con-
demned yesterday's killing of
Yassin, the most prominent Pales-
tinian targeted by Israel in 3 1/2
years of fighting.
The Bush administration said it
was "deeply troubled" by the attack
and that it had no advance warning.
"We will get revenge for every
drop of blood that spilled," said
Salman Bdeiri, a Hamas supporter
crying near the mosque where
Yassin prayed shortly before being
killed by an Israeli airstrike.
Israel sealed off the West Bank and
Gaza, banning Palestinians from

ie H anoun. Israeli security officials
&* said the purpose of the operation
was to prevent further rocket fire.
The Yassin assassination was part of
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's effort to
crush Hamas ahead of a possible
Israeli withdrawal from Gaza.
However, the killing was seen as
a major gamble that could galva-
nize the Palestinians behind Hamas.
Rival Palestinian militant groups
immediately pledged solidarity with
The missile strike dealt what could
be the final blow to the stalled U.S.-
led "road map" peace plan.
It also angered Egypt and Jordan,
moderate Arab states whose tacit
support Sharon needs for any uni-
lateral withdrawal from Gaza.
APPHOTO Since Yassin founded Hamas in
ik Ahmed 1987, the group has killed hundreds
of Israelis in scores of attacks.
Hamas said it wants to destroy the
srael's border Jewish state and replace it with an
ael responded Islamic one.
artillery fire. For the first time yesterday,
orted. Hamas threatened the United States
o the rocket and suggested it might seek outside
ks into north- help in carrying out revenge
own of Beit attacks.

WANA, Pakistan
Al-Qaida may have used tunnels in Pakistan
Top al-Qaida terrorists may have escaped a siege by thousands of Pakistani sol-
diers through several secret tunnels leading from mud fortresses to a dry moun-
tain stream near the border with Afghanistan, a security chief said yesterday.
The longest tunnel found so far was more than a mile long and led from the
homes of two local men - Nek Mohammed and Sharif Khan - to a stream near
the frontier, said Brig. Mahmood Shah, head of security for Pakistan's tribal regions.
"There is a possibility that the tunnel may have been used at the start of the
operation," Shah told journalists in Peshawar, the provincial capital. He said the
tunnels began at the homes in the village of Kaloosha and led in the direction of a
mountain range that straddles the border.
Three senior officials have told AP that they believe al-Qaida No. 2 Ayman al-
Zawahri may have been at the site, though the government has repeatedly said it
does not know who is inside. President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said Thursday that
a "high-value" target was likely involved
The militants may have used the tunnel to escape during the disastrous first day
of the operation on Mar. 16, when at least 15 soldiers were killed in fierce fighting.
High court hears case on right to anonymity
Do you have to tell the police your name? Depending on how the Supreme
Court rules, the answer could be the difference between arrest and freedom.
The justices heard arguments yesterday in a first-of-its kind case that asks
whether people can be punished for refusing to identify themselves.
The court took up the appeal of a Nevada cattle rancher who was arrested
after he told a deputy that he had done nothing wrong and didn't have to
reveal his name or show an ID during an encounter on a rural highway four
years ago.
Larry "Dudley" Hiibel, 59, was prosecuted, based on his silence, and finds
himself at the center of a major privacy rights battle.
"I would do it all over again," Hiibel, dressed in cowboy hat, boots and a bolo
tie, said outside the court. "That's one of our fundamental rights as American
citizens, to remain silent."
The case will clarify police powers in the post-Sept. 11 era, determining if
officials can demand to see identification whenever they deem it necessary.


Palestinian mourners carry the coffin of Hamas spiritual leader Shei
Yassin yesterday. Yassin was killed Sunday by Israeli helicopters.

Israel, and placed its security forces
on high alert. Later yesterday, Pales-
tinian militants fired several home-
made rockets and mortar shells at
Israeli targets in and near Gaza.
To the north, Hezbollah guerril-
las fired an anti-tank missile at

Israeli troops along I
with Lebanon, and Isr
with an airstrike and
No casualties were rep
Israel responded t
attack by sending tank
ern Gaza near the t

Parents' rivalry may bring down pledge case

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) - The
historic challenge to the words "under
God" in the Pledge of Allegiance might
never have reached the Supreme Court
if not for a collision of faith between
two parents - one an atheist, the other
a born-again Christian.
Normally, the personal sagas of the
parties in a Supreme Court case are
just a footnote to the constitutional
principles. But the clash between the
parents threatens to derail the entire
case, which will be heard by the high

court tomorrow.
The case was brought by Michael
Newdow, an atheist who does not
want his 9-year-old daughter exposed
to the phrase "under God," which
Congress inserted in 1954 in a Cold
War expression of abhorrence of god-
less communism.
The girl's mother, Sandra Banning, is
a born-again Christian locked in a bitter
custody dispute with Newdow, whom
she never married. Backed by former
Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr,

she has told the justices that her daugh-
ter has no objection to reciting "under
God" in school each day.
Should the justices wish to side-
step the church-and-state issues, the
custody quarrel between the former
lovers presents them with an easy
out. They may just decide that New-
dow, because he did not have custody
at the time, could not sue without the
mother's consent, and dismiss the
case outright.
"This custody issue could be a


presents a
lecture by


E3 Rt 0 1U P


Larry Pintak
2003-2004 Howard R. Marsh Visiting Professor of Journalism
Reflections in a Bloodshot Lens:
The Communications Gap between
America and the Muslim World
Thursday, April 1, 2004, 4:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Kalamazoo Room in the Michigan League
911 N. University / Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1265
Contact the Department of Communication Studies
(734-764-0420) for more information.

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stumbling block on the way to getting
an answer," said Douglas Kmiec, a
constitutional law expert at the Pep-
perdine University School of Law.
"It's clear the law gives Newdow a
right as a parent to instruct his daugh-
ter in what he believes about the
world, but what the law doesn't give a
parent is the right to unilaterally veto
what the other parent believes about
the world."
In an explosive ruling in June
2002, the San Francisco-based 9th
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, the
nation's most liberal appellate
court, declared that reciting the
pledge in public schools in uncon-
stitutional because the words
"under God" amount to an endorse-
ment of religion.
The ruling spun heads from Cali-
fornia to Washington. If upheld, the
ruling would overturn 50 years of
common practice in America's
schools. Last October, the Supreme
Court justices announced that they
wanted to hear more about whether
Newdow had legal standing.
"How weird it is, that standing on a-
case may ultimately determine the
pledge case, that it depends on quirky
domestic relations," said Vikram
Amar, a Hastings College of the Law
The acrimony between Banning
and Newdow is intense. They could
not even agree whether the fourth-
grader in the Elk Grove school district
near Sacramento could attend the
Supreme Court arguments.

Bush to ease controls
on mercury cleanup
Concluding that technology to signifi-
cantly cut mercury pollution isn't avail-
able, the Bush administration is leaning
toward stretching out a cleanup until
2018 and letting some power plants buy
their way out of reducing their emissions.
High doses of mercury can cause neu-
rological damage, prompting the govern-
ment to warn last week that some fish in
which the toxic chemical accumulates
can pose a hazard to children and to
women who are pregnant or nursing.
Three months ago the Environmental
Protection Agency offered two options
for reducing the 48 annual tons of mer-
cury emitted from 1,100 coal-burning
power plants, the largest pollution source.
One favored reliance on short-term tech-
nology; the other on long-term market
forces through which companies could
buy rights to continue polluting from
companies doing more than required.
Antidepressants may
increase suicide risk
Doctors who prescribe some popular
antidepressants should monitor their
patients closely for warning signs of
suicide, especially when they first start
the pills or change a dose, the govern-
ment warned yesterday.

The Food and Drug Administration
asked makers of 10 drugs to add or
strengthen suicide-related warnings on
their labels.
The agency insists it's not yet clear
whether the drugs actually spur suicide
on occasion, or whether the underlying
mental illness is to blame. But FDA
bowed to pressure from anguished fam-
ilies who, at an emotional meeting last
month, blamed the pills for their loved
ones' suicides and pleaded for better
Prosecutor: Nichols
hated government
Terry Nichols went on trial for his
life yesterday in the Oklahoma City
bombing and was alternately portrayed
as an eager participant in the attack and
a fall guy in a conspiracy wider than
the government has acknowledged.
Nichols hated the U.S. government
and worked hand-in-hand with Timothy
McVeigh in assembling and detonating
the "huge, monstrous bomb;" prosecu-
tor Lou Keel said during opening state-
ments in the state murder trial, recalling
the explosion that killed 168 civilians
- including many children - in the
spring of 1995. McVeigh was executed
in 2001.
"These two were partners, and their
business was terrorism," Keel said.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports

The University of Michigan Mathematical Biology Research Group
And the Center for the Study of Complex Systems present
A Distinguished Lecture Series in Mathematical


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frl 1.'r.] -rmrT! e ! rfe -1 .UruJ f

Sync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order
What caused hundreds of Japanese children to fall into seizures while watching an episode of the cartoon show
Pokemon? Why do women roommates sometimes find that their menstrual periods occur in sync? The tendency
to synchronize is one of the most mysterious and pervasive drives in all nature. Every night along the tidal rivers
of Malaysia, thousands of fireflies flash in silent, hypnotic unison; the moon spins in perfect resonance with its
orbit around the Earth; the intense coherence of a laser comes from trillions of atoms pulsing together. All these
astonishing feats of synchrony occur spontaneously-almost as if the universe had an overwhelming desire for
order. On the surface, these phenomena might seem unrelated. After all, the forces that synchronize fireflies
have nothing to do with a laser. But at a deeper level, they are all connected by the same mathematical theme:
self-organization, the spontaneous emergence of order out of chaos.
Steven Strogatz, professor of applied mathematics at Cornell University and author of Sync: The Emerging Science
of Spontaneous Order, will convey the excitement of this new field in a lecture aimed at a general audience. He has
been hailed as "a gifted and inspiring communicator" (New Scientist) and "a first-rate storyteller and an even better
teacher" (Nature). Popular Science called Sync "the most exciting new book of the spring...masterful...a gem."

March 24,2004
East Hall
5:00 p.m. - Reception for Professor Strogatz in the Mathematics Atrium
6:00 p.m. - Lecture in room 1324 East Hall (Auditorium)
7:00 p.m. - Book signing by Professor Strogatz in the Auditorium lobby
For additional information, contact Patrick Nelson at pwn@umich.edu. 734-763-3408

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