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February 13, 2004 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2004-02-13

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 13, 2004

NEWS

S. Korea
clones
human
embryo
Scientits are frst i
world to success lly complete
experiment

Army Lt. Col. Stephen Barger, a public affairs officer, addresses a throng of photographers and
reporters outside the gates of Fort Lewis. Wash., yesterday, to announce the arrest of a National
soldier there who is suspected of giving intelligence to the al-Qaida terrorist network.
US.d national guardsmar
arrested for terrorsttie

FORT LEWIS, Wash. (AP) - A National Guards-
man was arrested yesterday and accused of trying to
provide information to the al-Qaida terrorist network,
the Army said.
Army Lt. Col. Stephen Barger said Spc. Ryan Ander-
son was being held at Fort Lewis "pending criminal
charges of aiding the enemy by wrongfully attempting to
communicate and give intelligence to the al-Qaida ter-
rorist network." Anderson, 26, will remain at the base
near Tacoma.
Barger declined to give any details on the arrest, includ-
ing what information allegedly was given to al-Qaida or
how it was provided.
Anderson converted to Islam five years ago, and studied
military history with an emphasis on the Middle East
while attending Washington State University, the Everett
Herald reported last week.
Anderson is a tank crew member from the National
Guard's 81st Armor Brigade, a 4,000-member unit set to
depart for Iraq for a one-year deployment. It is the biggest
deployment for the Washington Army National Guard since

Army Lt. Col. Stephen Barger sa
Spc. Ryan G. Anderson was bein
held at Fort Lewis "pending Crim
charges of aiding the enemy by
wrongfully attempting to
communicate and give intelligen
to the al-Qaida terrorist network
World War II.
The brigade has been training at Fort Lewi
November. Eighty percent of the soldiers - 3,200
from Washington state, and 1,000 are from guardt
California and Minnesota.
It includes two tank battalions, a mechanized i
battalion, engineers, support troops, artillery and an
gence company.

WASHINGTON (AP)- Researchers
in South Korea have become the first
to successfully clone a human embryo,
and then cull from it master stem cells
that many doctors consider key to one
day creating customized cures for dia-
betes, Parkinson's and other diseases.
This is not cloning to make babies,
but to create medicine.
It immediately revived controversy
over whether to ban all human cloning,
as the Bush administration wants, or to
AP PHOTO allow this "therapeutic cloning" that
might eventually let patients grow their
Guard own replacement tissue.
"We have to do this research because
of its promise for treating disease,"
said Dr. Moon Shin-yong of Seoul
National University, who co-led the
new research.
Without cloning, stem cells won't be
genetically identical to the patient who
needs them, causing "a rejection prob-
lem, and we would like to overcome
it," Moon told The Associated Press.
"This kind of science should be con-
ducted in South Korea and in the Unit-
ed States. It is very important to
oid medicine."
Embryonic stem cells are the body's
lg building blocks, cells from which all
ninal other tissue types spring. They're
present in an embryo only days after
conception and are ethically sensitive
because culling stem cells destroys
the embryo.
Scientists have used therapeutic
Ce cloning to partially cure laboratory
mice with an immune system dis-
ease. And they can cull stem cells
from human embryos left over in fer-
s since tility clinics.
- are Attempts to clone human
units in embryos, to supply stem cells, have
failed until now.
nfantry The Seoul scientists say they suc-
intelli- ceeded largely because of using
extremely fresh eggs donated by South
Korean volunteers and gentler handling
of the genetic material inside them.
Moon and colleague Woo Suk
Hwang discussed the research yester-
R day at a meeting of the American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of
Science. Details will be pulished'in
the journal Science.
It's elegant work that provides
long-anticipated proof that human
therapeutic cloning is possible, said
stem-cell researcher Dr. Rudolf
Jaenisch of the Whitehead Institute
for Biomedical Research in Cam-
bridge, Mass.
"It's not of practical use at this
point," Jaenisch cautioned.
Years of additional research are
required before embryonic stem cell
transplants could be considered in peo-
ple, he stressed.
Critics immediately urged Congress
to ban all forms of human cloning. The
House last year voted to do that, but
the Senate stalled over whether there
should be an exception for-some
research.
"The instrumentalization of
human life for the benefit of others
demeans the value of all human life'
said Sen. Sam Brownback (R-Kan.)
who has sponsored legislation for a
complete ban.
There's nothing to stop the next
cloned embryo from being used for
pregnancy, contended Richard Doer-
flinger of the U.S. Conference of
Catholic Bishops.
"The how-to instructions have been
posted," he said. "If you can bring an
embryo to the one-week-old stage, you
can implant that embryo in the womb.
Once you do, no government can stop
you unless they want to coerce abor-
tions."

VIENNA, Austria
Files connect Iran to
nuclear black market
U.N. inspectors sifting through
Iran's nuclear files have discovered
drawings of high-tech equipment that
can be used to make weapons-grade
uranium - a new link to the black
market headed by the father of Pak-
istan's atomic bomb, diplomats said
yesterday.
Beyond adding another piece to the
puzzle of who provided what in the
clandestine supply chain headed by
Abdul Qadeer Khan, the revelations
cast fresh doubt on Iran's commitment
to dispelling suspicions it is trying to
make atomic arms. But Iran insisted
yesterday that it was cooperating.
The diplomats, who spoke on con-
dition of anonymity, said the designs
were of a P-2 centrifuge - more
advanced than the P-1 model Iran has
acknowledged using to enrich urani-
um for what is says are peaceful pur-
poses.
WASHINGTON
Political groups raise
$100M in soft money
In the first year of a new law
broadly banning "soft money" dona-
tions, political groups still managed
to collect more than $100 million in
big checks from companies, unions
and wealthy individuals.
Among the largest recipients are new
groups like America Coming Together
and the MoveOn.org Voter Fund, which

want to help win the White House for
Democrats, and the Republican State
Leadership Committee, which is focus-
ing on state and local races.
Such tax-exempt political groups
began cropping up in larger numbers
after a law enacted by Congress in 2002
banned political parties from accepting
soft money donations as they had for
two decades.
Their biggest donors include people
and companies who used to write huge
checks to political parties.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti
Militants halt raly
against president
Militants crushed a rally against
Haiti's president before it began yes-
terday, setting up flaming barricades
along the route of a protest march and
hurling stones as demonstrators tried
to gather in the capital.
Opposition leaders accused Presi-
dent Jean-Bertrand Aristide of
orchestrating the suppression, but the
United States said it was standing by
him as he confronts an armed rebel-
lion affecting a dozen provincial
tfwns:
"The policy of the administration is
not regime change," Secretary of
State Colin Powell told the U.S. Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee.
"President Aristide is the elected
president of Haiti," he said.
A week of violence has killed 49
people and blocked food and fuel
supplies to northern Haiti.

NEWS IN BRIEF
BAGHDAD, Iraq
U.S. commander attacked by rebels
The top U.S. commander in the Middle East came under a bold attack yes-
terday by gunmen in the turbulent Iraqi city of Fallujah. No Americans were
hurt, but a local police official said two Iraqis were killed in the shooting.
Also yesterday, a U.N. envoy told Iraq's leading Shiite cleric the world was
100 percent behind his demand for national elections, but there was no sign
of agreement on when a vote would be held.
In Fallujah, residents said Iraqis died as U.S. troops sprayed the area with
gunfire after insurgents ambushed Gen. John Abizaid's convoy as it pulled
into the headquarters of the Iraqi Civil Defense Corps in the Sunni Triangle
city 50 miles west of Baghdad.
Police said the car in which the slain Iraqis were riding was riddled with
bullet holes, apparently from a heavy-caliber machine gun.
"We heard from a citizen that someone was killed in a car," Fallujah police
Lt. Omar Ali said.
SAN FRANCISCO
City-ordained gay marriages defy Calif. law
In an open challenge to California law, city authorities performed at
least 15 same-sex weddings yesterday and issued about a dozen more mar-
riage licenses to gay and lesbian couples.
By midafternoon, jubilant gay couples were lining up under City Hall's
ornate gold dome and exchanging vows in two-minute ceremonies that fol-
lowed one after another.
"Today a barrier to true justice has been removed," said Gavin Newsom,
the newly elected mayor of the metropolis considered the capital of gay
America.
No state legally sanctions gay marriage, and it remains unclear what
practical value the marriage licenses will have.
The weddings violate a ballot measure California voters approved in
2000 that defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman.

4

4

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