The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, February 10, 2004 - 3
Oldest member of
0 'Little Rock Nine'
to visit campus
The University's commemoration of
Brown v. Board of Education continues
with a lecture called "The Long Shad-
ow of Little Rock" on Thursday at 7:30
p.m. in Rackham Auditorium.
The lecture will feature Ernest
Green, oldest of the "Little Rock
Nine," and the first black student to
graduate from Central High School, in
Little Rock, Arkansas in 1958.
The Little Rock Nine was the origi-
nal group of nine African American
students to attend Central High School
under forced desegregation.
Green later worked as assistant sec-
retary of housing and urban affairs
under President Jimmy Carter. Green is
currently vice president of Lehman
Brothers, an investment banking com-
pany in Washington.
Prof to discuss
paper on literary,
Prof. Tobin Sebiers, director of the
in Comparative Literature program,
will discuss his recent paper in the
Osterman Common Room of the
Rackham building. The title of his lec-
ture is "Words Stare Like a Glass Eye:
From Literary to Visual to Disability
Studies and Back Again."
Sponsored by the Institute for the
Humanities, Sieber will talk about how
to picture texts according to theories of
visual culture. His paper uses disability
studies as a connecting point between
literary and visual studies.
Sieber has received fellowships from
the Michigan Society of Fellows, the
Guggenheim Foundation and the Mel-
lon Foundation. In 1999, he was nomi-
nated for a Pushcart Prize for "My
Withered Limb," an account of grow-
ing up with polio.
Art history Prof. Marty Powers, Psy-
chology Prof. Fiona Lee and business
school Prof. Linda Lim will hold a dis-
cussion titled "Do Chinese Think Dif-
ferently?" at noon today in room 1636
in the School of Social Work building.
Powers will review psychology Prof.
Richard Nisbett's new book "Geogra-
phy of Thought" that details how and
why Asians and Westerners think dif-
ferently. Lee and Lim will respond to
Panel to explore
A panel of speakers will discuss the
topic "Brazil: A New Global Leader"
tomorrow at 4:30 p.m. in Hale Audito-
rium of the Business School. Guests
include Albert Fishlow, leading expert
on the Brazilian economy and Busi-
ness Prof. Katherine Terrell.
Other speakers include Horacio For-
jaz, executive vice president of com-
munications at Embraer, one of the
world's largest aircraft builders, and
Nelson Silva, global commercial direc-
tor at CVRD, the biggest iron ore min-
ing company in the world. The
panelists will address challenges Brazil
faces in becoming a market power and
the position of Brazilian businesses in
the world's economy.
poet to perform
excerpts of work
As part of the Visitor Writer's Series,
the English Department will sponsor a
poetry reading by Anne Carson Thurs-
day at 5 p.m. in Rackham Auditorium.
Carson, who is the director of gradu-
ate studies in classics at McGill Uni-
versity in Montreal, has written several
works, including "Plainwater", a book
of poems. She has received many
awards such as the Pushcart Prize for
poetry in 1997 and a nomination for
the National Book Critics Circle Award
Activist speaks on
The International Institute will
sponsor a lecture featuring Juan
Mendez on Thursday at 4 p.m. in
room 1636 in the School of Social
Work building. Mendez is the direc-
tor of the Center for Civil and
Human Rights at the Notre Dame
SA native Argentinean, Mendez has
efforts to slow him
Break a leg
The Associated Press
John Kerry's rivals tried yesterday
to slow his brisk pace toward the
Democratic nomination for president,
with John Edwards and Wesley Clark
searching for upset wins in two
Southern states and Howard Dean
beseeching Wisconsin voters "to keep
this debate alive."
As Edwards and Clark concentrated
on Virginia and Tennessee, which
hold primaries today, Kerry ignored
his rivals and criticized President
Bush on foreign policy and his stew-
ardship of the economy.
Looking ahead to Wisconsin, Dean
said that despite earlier statements that
he viewed the Feb. 17 primary as a do-
or-die contest, he would stay in the race
regardless of the outcome.
"I've just changed my mind," he said.
Before an audience in Roanoke, Va.,
Kerry scorned a White House economic
report released earlier in the day that
predicted the economy would grow by 4
percent and create 2.6 million new jobs
"I've got a feeling this report was pre-
pared by the same people who brought
us the intelligence on Iraq," Kerry said,
citing job losses of more than 2 million
since Bush took office.
The Massachusetts senator also fault-
ed Bush for policy failures on North
Korea, AIDS, global warming and the
Middle East peace process.
Edwards and Clark were each hoping
a strong showing in Tennessee and Vir-
ginia would eliminate the other and turn
the race into a two-man contest with
Kerry, but polls showed Kerry well
ahead in both states.
Dean, the former Vermont governor
who was once the race's front-runner,
urged Wisconsin voters to prove the
polls and the media wrong and use their
"power to choose the strongest candidate
to beat George W. Bush."
"The media claims this contest is
over. They say your voice and your vote
don't count. They expect you to rubber
stamp the choice of others. But you
don't have to listen to them," Dean told
an audience of about 300 at a downtown
Dean began a two-day tour and an
aggressive advertising campaign in
Wisconsin, a state he told supporters
last week he must win to keep his
But yesterday, he said his backers had
persuaded him to stay in the race regard-
less of the results. He dismissed his own
Dean also began airing a 60-second
biographical spot in some Wisconsin
markets, his first advertising buy in the
state in months.
Kerry's winning streak - he handi-
ly won contests over the weekend in
Michigan, Washington state and Maine
- is clearly taking a toll on his com-
Aides to both Clark and Edwards
said they expect their candidates to
lose Virginia and Tennessee, even
though both had earlier been opti-
mistic about winning in their home
region. A total of 151 pledged dele-
gates are at stake in the two states.
Edwards and Clark each have one win
apiece, while Kerry has won 10 of the
12 contests thus far.
I BRETT MOUNTAIN/Daily
Nancy Heusel of Ann Arbor directs the dress rehearsal of Moon Over Buffalo performed by the
Friends of the Michigan League dinner theater yesterday. The play, which opens on Thursday,
includes a cast of alumni, faculty, students and community members.
Kodak testing self-serving fim:
developmient kosks in Detroit,
Billions in tax refunds
waiting to be claimed
ROCHESTER, N.Y. (AP) - The
latest advance in old-fashioned pho-
tography is coming soon: a self-serv-
ice kiosk that can convert a roll of
35mm film into prints in as little as
Eastman Kodak Co.'s Picture Maker
film-processing stations will be test-
marketed in Detroit this month, with a
full-scale rollout set for later this year
in pharmacies, supermarkets and
photo-specialty shops across the United
States and Europe.
Last fall, the world's largest maker
of photographic film unveiled an
ambitious new strategy to accelerate its
push into new digital markets. At the
same time, it acknowledged that its tra-
ditional photography businesses - a
century-old cash cow - were in irre-
The kiosks appear designed to plug a
gap between photography's old and
new ways of creating images and per-
haps even slow the faster-than-expected
migration of shutterbugs to digital
"It is very easy to believe that this.
could change the trajectory in the
decline of film," said Kent McNeley,
general manager of Kodak's consumer
The kiosks will allow customers to
preview, crop, enlarge and tidy up their
snapshots, then print only those they
want - a benefit that digital camera
users already enjoy. Instead of nega-
tives, the machines also will store the
photos on a digital CD.
Digital cameras outsold film cam-
eras for the first time in the United
States in 2003, the Jackson-based
Photo Marketing Association said. As
a result, 200 million fewer rolls of
film were processed last year com-
pared with a peak of 781 million in
2000, it said.
Photography analysts scoffed at
Kodak's notion that film kiosks might
alter those trends.
"It would be nice if it happens but I
wouldn't bet on it," said Ulysses Yan-
nas of Buckman, Buckman & Reid in
Nonetheless, with tens of millions of
film cameras still in use, "there is and
there will continue to be a very big
market for film," particularly in devel-
oping markets in Asia and Latin Ameri-
ca, Yannas said.
The conventional photography busi
ness still provides Kodak with the buk
of its profits, so extending its life could
prove vital as the company steers into
digital waters. To complete the painful
transition, Kodak revealed last month it
is cutting 12,000 to 15,000 more jobs
- or nearly a quarter of its work force
- over the next three years.
Kodak acquired the rapid film,
processing technology from Applied
Science Fiction Inc. of Austi*'
Texas, for $32 million last year.
More than 150 new patents used in"
creating the film kiosk will makeif
difficult for competitors to match;,
"It is very easy to believe that this could
change the trajectory in the decline of fihm"
- Kent McNeley
General manager, Kodak consumer output operations
WASHINGTON (AP) - The IRS
has more than $2.5 billion it could
refund to nearly 2 million taxpayers
who did not file a 2000 return. The
lesson for taxpayers who earned too
little to require a return: You could be
missing out on a big refund.
Those taxpayers, many of them stu-
dents, retirees and part-time workers,
have until April 15 to file a 2000 tax
return or lose the refund forever.
"The clock is running if you want
to get your refund," said IRS Com-
missioner Mark Everson. "Don't wait
until it's too late."
About half the taxpayers due a
return could claim more than $529. In
many cases, the individuals had taxes
withheld from their wages or made
tax payments as a self-employed tax-
payer but had too little income to
require filing a return.
Individuals with income less than
$7,200 and married couples with
income less than $12,950 did not have
to file a return in 2000.
The income threshold was slightly
higher for those age 65 and older.
Dependents, such as students, had to
file a return if they earned $4,400 or
more, or had $700 or more in
unearned income such as interest, div-
idends or capital gains.
Some may also be eligible for the
earned income tax credit, which
refunds a portion of payroll taxes to
lower wage workers.
In 2000, the credit was available to
families with two children who earned
less than $31,152 and families with one
child who earned less than $27,417.
Single taxpayers who earned less than
$10,380 may also qualify for the credit.
There is no penalty for filing a late
return if you qualify for a refund, but
the return must be postmarked by
April 15 to beat the deadline for
claiming the payment.
Taxpayers seeking a 2000 refund
must also have filed a tax return for
2001 and 2002, or else the IRS holds
onto the money until receiving those
If the taxpayer has unpaid child
support or delinquent federal debts
like student loans, the refund will
be applied to those outstanding bal-
City Councilwoman Wendy Woods questioned the findings of the Lam-
berth Consulting study on racial profiling in Ann Arbor at a council meeting.
This was incorrectly reported on Page 4A of yesterday's Daily.
Complete the Questions below and turn in to either the CIC Desk at the Union or the Gift Shop at
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Which room on the third floor of the Michigan League was once a library?
What student founded the Michigan Union?
How many computers are located in the Cyber Lounge in the League Underground?
What was the score to the first MI vs OSU football game in 1904?
Two figures adorn the west entrance of the League. Name one of the titles of these two statues.
In what year were women first admitted through the front doors of the Union without a male escort?
Where was the barbershop located in the Union?