January 21, 2004
02004 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
I Vol. CXIII, No. 80
One-hundred-thirteen years ofeditorialfreedom
Snow show-UK L
winds in the 12
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SPOTLIGHT TURNS TO BUSH
By Victoria Edwards
and Genevieve Lampinen
Daily Staff Reporters
Students and faculty of the Uni-
versity gathered at various sites to
give their perspectives on last night's
State of the Union address.
The two events demonstrated
At the Residential College, an
event titled, "The True State of the
Union" was co-sponsored by the Ann
Arbor Committee for Peace and the
"I don't think he really addressed
the gravity of the situation. The
forum in which he's speaking doesn't
really allow him to address the
issues," LSA junior Ellen Kolasky
She also said that some issues did-
n't receive proper attention.
"I think it would be nice if he
addressed his really poor environ-
mental issue," Kolasky added.
She said was unconvinced by
Bush's No Child Left Behind Act.
"I think it's flawed to begin with.
He's cut funding from his own pro-
gram. I don't think it even has a
chance of reaching it's goals,"
Kolasky said of the act.
Closing the evening, a panel
offered some opinions on several
aspects of address.
AACP coordinator Phillis Engel-
bert said the event was meant to offer
rebuttal from local perspectives.
"The idea behind it was, we want-
ed a coordinated response to the state
of the union address," said Engelbert.
But 60 other students watching the
address at the nearby Michigan
League expressed a more positive
reaction to Bush.
LSA sophomore Laura Davis said
the most important part of the speech
for her was Bush emphasizing that
See STUDENTS, Page 5
acc used of
By Aymar Jean
Daily Staff Reporter
Students sitting In East Quad Residence Hail watch President Bush address the nation In his State of the Union speech
yesterday. Bush, who spoke for 54 minutes, focuses on terrorism and the recent success of the economy.
Bush addresses nation, focuses on
tenrovrm and recent economic spurt
By Michael Qurovitsch
Daily Staff Reporter
Proclaiming that the American "republic will lead the
great cause of freedom," President Bush wrestled away the
political spotlight from the Democratic presidential hope-
fuls for at least one evening as he delivered the State of the
Union address to a joint session of Congress last night.
In what was billed as the unofficial beginning to the
President's re-election campaign, Bush spent the majority
of his 54-minute speech praising the war on terrorism and
the recent economic growth. He also spent time discussing
education and definition of marriage.
"We refuse to live in the shadow of the ultimate danger,"
Bush said, referring to what he called the continued threat
of weapons of mass destruction.
Bush subsequently spoke of American triumphs in the
area of national defense - which he billed as the nation's
top priority for the upcoming year - highlighting recent
successes in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya.
After praising law enforcement officials for their "vigi-
lance in protecting America," Bush defended the Patriot
Act, calling it necessary in the fight against terrorism. He
added that similar methods that some consider controver-
sial in the Patriot Act are being used successfully against
drug dealers and embezzlers without problems.
But as Bush announced key provisions of the Patriot Act
were set to expire this year, he was interrupted by cheers
from the Democratic elements of the audience, who gener-
ally oppose the Patriot Act.
"The terrorist threat will not expire on that schedule.
Law enforcement needs this vital legislation to protect our
citizens - you need to renew the Patriot Act," Bush coun-
Bush also defended the reasons for going to war in Iraq,
saying that former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein hid
weapons of mass destruction, disobeyed numerous United
Nations resolutions and tortured or killed countless Iraqis.
Shifting to domestic issues, Bush credited tax cuts for
the recent economic improvement. "The American econo-
my is growing stronger and the tax relief you passed is
working," he said.
The president also made an appeal for the continuation
of tax cuts. "These numbers (of economic improvement)
confirm that American people are using their money far
better than government could've and you were right to
return it," Bush said. "Unless you act, Americans face a tax
increase. ... The tax cuts you passed should be permanent."
Turning to education, Bush defended the No Child Left
See ADDRESS, Page 5
The recording industry's aggressive
campaign to curtail Internet file-shar-
ing made its first inroads into the Uni-
versity community this week.
Last night, in an e-mail to the stu-
dent body, E. Royster Harper, vice
president for student affairs,
announced that nine students were
recently identified for copyright
infringement through file-sharing.
The Recording Industry Association
of America, which represents record
companies, issued subpoenas to the
of these indi-
U nive rs i ty Helpful webstes 4
officials have CUPYd PMCtCi
tacted the nine ww ecopu
students, but cotisnfrao
their informa- Networking's Condi'
tion has not
been released w w wumich.edu
to RIAA or Provides informatic
any other students' rights an
source, the ties regarding privy
officials said. tains information o
The only infringements.
way RIAA -
or any outside www.copyright.u)
source - can Offers information c
determine Internet law and int
what files an ty and University pc
Internet user these issues
is sharing or
storing is if individuals allow these
files to be uploaded from their hard
"Typically, our students are upload-
ing files unbeknownst to (the RIAA),"
said University Assistant General
Counsel Jack Bernard, who specializes
in intellectual property issues.
Many file-sharing programs are
automatically configured to allow files
to be uploaded by other users. But
even if this option is shut off, updating
a program - like Kazaa, Grokster,
Morpheus or Limewire - can reset
Before the University can release a
student's information, RIAA must
overcome a number of legal barriers.
University administrators will evaluate
the subpoenas to make sure they com-
ply with the laws, rules and regula-
tions, most of which were set forth by
the Digital Millennium Copyright Act
In addition, an appellate court case
in December involving Verizon Com-
munications and RIAA banned the
issuance of a subpoena prior to a trial
or suit. This case curtailed the indus-
try's ability to solicit private informa-
tion from Internet service subscribers.
These nine subpoenas, issued before
this ruling, were released in this fash-
ion and may not be legally viable.
The RIAA searches for information
being shared in violation of copyright
provisions by using a webcrawler - a
simple software that scours the Internet
for specific information.
"What they're doing is very easy to
do. What the RIAA is doing is sending
out this software that searches the
Internet and IP
oi They're look-
ing for store-
houses of mp3
17 M-s rng files, o f
' and le~lI8 ?0AS s o n g s , "
>res of Use material means
itu the recording
on University industry has
responsibili, been the most
y, Also Cori vigilant oppo-
copyright' nent of file-
ich.edu explained that
i copyright law, most of the
lectual proper- files shared
icy toward through these
as movies and
some documents, are copyrighted.
"Any work that's fixed in a tangible
medium of expression is copyright
protected," he said.
Some students may not be aware
that mp3's are the main focus of those
seeking to end file-sharing and that the
size of the file is of little significance.
"I don't download that much stuff,
and I only download songs (mp3's).
I'm sure there are people who down-
load bigger files," LSA senior Neil
By sharing this material, students
are also violating University comput-
ing policy, University spokeswoman
Julie Peterson said.
But the repercussions for these vio-
lations are educational, rather than
punitive, she said. Usually, students in
violation are notified and then
informed. Rarely, if ever, will a student
who is alerted of his actions continue
to violate this policy, she said.
Many students, such as Engineer-
See FILE-SHARING, Page 7
Bush pledged to renew the Patriot Act as some of the key provsonsare set to
expire. He called theat vtal for law enforcement andc the protetion of U.S. citizens.
e efended the No Cild Left Behind Act, and alo proposedhigher ediuation
grns o high school students taking rigorous course loads.
I He creited hitaxj* cut program for th~e economy'~s recent turaond, and he
asked fo~r the~ tax cuts to be madepermanent.
i missing rom
DPS says equipment, software and
laptops worth about $22,000 may
have been stolen
By Ashley Dinges
Daily Staff Reporter
Recent budget cuts aren't the only problem draining
the pockets of the University lately.
Department of Public Safety reports indicate that about
$22,000 worth of electronic equipment - including comput-
er hardware and software - is missing from an office located
in the Medical Science Building I on Catherine Street.
A staff member noticed the equipment missing Mon-
day morning. DPS officers suspect it was stolen some-
time this weekend.
In total, eight laptop computers, five sets of Windows
XP programs, two liquid crystal display projectors, two
Canon digital cameras, a flat screen monitor and a
Pocket PC were reported missing.
DPS officers declined to comment on which depart-
ment the items were taken from.
At this time, DPS is not releasing any information
about suspects or possible leads, as the investigation
L has just begun.
Surprise Iowa result
gives new direction
to presidential race
By Jameel Naqvi
Daily Staff Reporter
U.S. Rep. Dick Gephardt and his supporters
began some serious thinking about the politician's
future yesterday after the candidate officially
dropped out of the race for the 2004 Democratic
The Missourian representative, who was in a
tight race in the Iowa caucuses with former Ver-
mont Gov. Howard Dean only two weeks ago,
finished fourth with only 11 percent of the dele-
gates in Iowa Monday night. Gephardt confirmed
he would from Congress at the end of this year
after serving 28 years and holding the House
minority leader position from 1995 to 2003.
Dean, who finished third with 18 percent of
Iowa votes, may have been hurt by his opponents'
negative ads and the revelation of remarks made
four years ago by the governor in which he
claimed the Iowa caucuses were dominated by
Kerry finished first in the caucuses with 38
percent of the vote. David DiMartino, press sec-
retary for Sen. John Kerry's campaign, said vot-
Thursday showed Kerry, Sen. John Edwards,
Gephardt and Dean in a statistical dead heat in
"Polling for caucuses is notoriously inaccu-
rate," DiMartino said.
A Washington Post entrance poll taken at Iowa
caucus sites Monday showed Kerry leading
among voters aged 18 to 29, among first-time
caucus-goers, union members and voters who
strongly valued experience. Kerry won these
groups despite Dean's youth appeal and
Gephardt's congressional experience and consis-
tent union advocacy.
"John Kerry did well among almost every
demographic breakdown," DiMartino said. "This
speaks to his broad appeal."
Gephardt competed for union support. Dean
received key endorsements from unions such as
the International Union of Painters and Allied
Trades, the American Federation of State, County
and Municipal Employees and the Service
Employees International Union.
But Gephardt remained confident 24 hours
before the caucuses began.
"I'm more optimistic this time around because