2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 7, 2003
Bush advocates democracy for Mideast NEWS IN BRIEF
WASHINGTON (AP) - Repudi- lack of freedom in the Middle East
ating decades of U.S. policy, Presi- did nothing to make us safe - and ~ "' '
dent Bush said yesterday the United
States and its allies have been
wrong in "excusing and accommo-
dating" a lack of freedom in the
Middle East. He prodded Saudi
Arabia and Egypt to lead Arab
nations toward democracy.
Mindful of widespread anger and
mistrust in the Muslim world
toward the United States, Bush also
said that as democratic govern-
ments emerge in the Middle East,
they should reflect their own cul-
tures and "will not and should not
look like us."
He said it would take time for
democracy to spread and the United
States would be "patient and under-
Bush's speech appeared aimed at
complaints in the Arab world that
the United States has long tolerated
corrupt, undemocratic regimes in
return for stability and a reliable
supply of oil. Washington began to
rethink its policy after the terrorist
attacks of Sept 11, 2001, and the
emergence of deep hostility in the
Mideast toward the United States.
Fifteen of the Sept. 11 hijackers
came from Saudi Arabia.
"Sixty years of Western nations
excusing and accommodating the
in the long run, stability cannot be
purchased at the expense of liberty,"
the president said in a groundbreak-
"As long as the Middle East
remains a place where freedom does
not flourish," he said, "it will remain
a place of stagnation, resentment
and violence ready for export. And
with the spread of weapons that can
bring catastrophic harm to our coun-
try and to our friends, it would be
reckless to accept the status quo."
Bush spoke before the National
Endowment for Democracy, an
organization formed during the Rea-
gan administration to promote glob-
al freedom. In another step crucial to
his policy in the Middle East, Bush
later signed into law an $87.5 billion
package for military and reconstruc-
tion efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan
"With this act of Congress, no
enemy or friend can doubt that
America has the resources and the
will to see this war through to victo-
ry," Bush said.
Middle East scholars said Bush's
appeal for democracy lacked any
"No new programs announced, no
new money for promoting democra-
cy - just rhetoric," said Martin
Secretary of State Colin Powell, left, and Defense Secretary Donald
Rumsfeld, right, applaud President Bush yesterday.
Indyk, who had been assistant secre-
tary of state for the Middle East in
the Clinton administration
"The rhetoric isn't going to move
the hardliners in Iran, Yasser Arafat
or the governments in Saudi Arabia
and Egypt who are now scared of the
consequences of the kind of political
liberalization that the president is
preaching to them," Indyk said.
Bush put Iraq at the center of
hopes for democracy.
"The failure of Iraqi democracy
would embolden terrorists around
the world, increase dangers to the
American people and extinguish the
hopes of millions in the region," he
While a few governments have
made moves toward democracy,
most countries in the region are
ruled by authoritarian regimes and
royal families. "Basically every Arab
country has an autocratic regime,"
said Judith Kipper of the Council on
Foreign Relations. "Some are more
benign than others but there's no real
democracy in the Arab world."
BAG HDAD, Iraq,
Two Americans, one Pole killed in Iraq
Poland suffered its first combat death since the aftermath of World War
II when a Polish major was fatally wounded yesterday in an ambush south
of Baghdad. Two American soldiers died in attacks near the capital and
along the Syrian border.
In al-Assad, a windblown desert base 150 miles northwest of Baghdad,
hundreds of soldiers, some wearing ceremonial spurs and black regimental
hats, remembered 15 comrades killed last weekend when their helicopter
was shot down in the deadliest single attack against U.S. forces since the
Iraq war began March 20.
The Polish officer was wounded when insurgents attacked a convoy of 16
Polish soldiers returning from a promotion ceremony for Iraqi civilian
defense trainees near Baghdad. Maj. Hieronim Kupczyk, 44, died at a mili-
tary hospital in Karbala, the Polish Defense Ministry said.
None of the other Polish soldiers was killed or wounded, according to
Polish Defense Minister Jerzy Szmajdzinski.
"This tragic event proves that the situation in Iraq is getting complicat-
ed," Szmajdzinski told reporters in Warsaw. "The level of professionalism
of the terrorists is increasing."
Judges block new abortion law in two cities
The legal attack against a new ban on certain late-term abortions rapidly
escalated yesterday as federal judges in New York and California blocked
the law, delivering a major setback to President Bush only a day after he
signed the measure.
The ruling by the San Francisco judge affects doctors who work at 900 Planned
Parenthood clinics nationwide. The decision and the ruling in New York hours ear-
lier together cover a majority of the abortion providers in the United States.
And on Wednesday, a federal judge in Nebraska made a similar ruling that cov-
ers four abortion doctors licensed in 13 states across the Midwest and East. The
ruling came less than an hour after Bush signed the law.
The rulings prevent enforcement of the ban until a challenge to the law's consti-
tutionality can be heard.
The law outlaws a procedure generally performed in the second or third
trimester in which a fetus is partially delivered before being killed, usually by
puncturing its skull. Anti-abortion activists call the procedure "partial-birth abor-
tion." President Bill Clinton twice vetoed similar bills.
Continued from Page 1.
dents," he said.
Prompted by increased enrollment in
fall term 1999 and winter term 2000,
Profs. Christopher Peterson and Ann
Merriwether taught Psychology 111
partly through televised lecture. The pro-
fessors were then able to devote more
time to their office hours and additional
sections. "I think as the bugs are worked
out, this might be a wave of the future for
big enrollment courses," Peterson said.
With the addition of the video section,
enrollment was increased to 600 out of
the 1,300 total enrolled in the class in
fall 1999. The lecture was broadcast on
a University television channel, and
transcripts were kept for a few weeks in
the Modern Languages Building.
"One of the reasons people say sys-
tems like this don't work is because after
the lecture is given that they destroy the
tape;' Fricke said. "The students love it
because it gives them flexibility. They
can see the lecture any time they want
and as many times as they want."
But some freshmen disagreed.
"Lecture is boring enough as it is,
someone on video talking could be
worse," LSA sophomore Derek Clark-
son said. "Already we've gone so far
with the Internet, and today the use of
something like Course Tools is a big
step in education. I think if we don't
move with technology, it's a shame."
Also at the University, IBM is team-
ing up with the Business School to col-
lect all the school's "digital assets" into a
broader catalogue. These digital
resources include tapes of conferences,
students interviewing managers after
internships and professors lecturing on
Edward Adams, Director of Comput-
ing at the Business School, said he
hopes to compile these resources into a
"digital course pack" for professors.
Next semester, the Business School will
be conducting an experiment where four
faculty in the MBA program will use
these digital resources on the Course
Tools website."The trend that we're see-
ing is that digital is just the next step in
technology," Adams said.
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Dean gains labor
In a huge campaign coup, Democratic
presidential hopeful Howard Dean won
the support of one of the nation's largest
unions yesterday and was poised to cap-
ture the endorsement of another labor
Andy Stern, president of the 1.6 mil-
lion-member Service Employees Interna-
tional Union, delayed formal
announcement of its endorsement of
Dean until next week, at the request of
the American Federation of State, Coun-
ty and Municipal Employees.
Democratic and labor officials famil-
iar with the unions' dealings said
AFSCME President Gerald McEntee
intends to endorse Dean in a joint move
with Stern, provided McEntee gets
approval from his board at next week's
meeting. That approval is expected to be
given, according to officials who spoke
on condition of anonymity.
Dean conferred with McEntee yester-
day, before meeting with the SEIU board.
fingers point in blame
The Southern California wildfires
have been vanquished, but the second-
guessing is in full swing.
Politicians and residents have a lot of
questions about how the wildfires man-
aged to do so much damage, scorching
more than 740,000 acres, burning about
3,600 homes and killing 22 people. They
were the most destructive wildfires to
ever hit California.
In hard-hit San Diego County, they
want to know whether a lack of coordina-
tion and equipment hindered the fire-
fighting effort and prevented
communities from being saved. President
Bush, Gov. Gray Davis and a 1932 state
law have all come under criticism.
"There's a distinct amount of anger,
fear, confusion and concern" said Coun-
ty Supervisor Dianne Jacob.
Study: Marijuana may
help MS symptoms
A marijuana pill appeared to
relieve some of the symptoms of
multiple sclerosis in the first scien-
tifically rigorous study of the
strongly debated drug.
The research, published this week
in The Lancet medical journal,
found that even though improve-
ments could not be detected by doc-
tors' tests, a greater proportion of
patients taking the drug reported
reduced pain and muscle stiffness
than those taking fake capsules.
Experts said the mixed results make
them tricky to interpret.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
THE JOHN MARSHALL
The John Marshall Law School invites you to attend an open
house to learn how flexible schedules, groundbreaking specialties
and 21st century curricula can help you in your career.
Saturday, November 22; 10 a.m. to noon
Students and faculty will share their insights into John Marshall's
day and evening programs, give tours of the facilities, and
answer your questions about the law school.
"'All I Have Is My Story':
Narrated Lives in the Field
of Human Rights"
Nov 12 2003 * 4:10 P.M.
Hussey Room, Michigan League
The University of Michigan College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
For more information call (734) 998-6251
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li 1.1~ ~~ . 1 r1LuT~ r-aItisU E itrin ChiefTrn
NEWS Shabina S. Khatri, Managing Editor
EDITORS: C. Price Jones, Kylene Kiang, Jennifer Misthal, Jordan Schrader
STAFF: Jeremy Berkowitz, David Branson, Ashley Dinges, Adhiraj Dutt, Sara Eber, Victoria Edwards, Margaret Engoren, Alison Go, Michael
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OPINION Aubrey Henretty, Zac Peskowitz, Editors
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ONLINE Geoffrey Fink, Managing E
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How would you react to losing a
T AC - n~ itarP