The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 4, 2003 - 3
Lecture to focus
A lecture titled "Commemorative
Lecture on Postpartum Depression and
Psychosis," will focus on the symp-
toms and treatments of depression and
psychosis in childbearing women. The
event is sponsored by the Institute for
Research on Women and Gender and is
at 4 p.m. today in the Pendleton room
in the Michigan Union.
perform music by
Bach and others
Trombone soloists, quartets and the
University Trombone Choir will per-
form music by Albrechtsberger, Bach,
Casterede, Crespo and Gabrieli. The
concert is at 8 p.m. today in Britton
Recital Hall in the School of Music.
Forum to look at
future of trade
Panelists will discuss the future of
the World Trade Organization as well
as the involvement of developing
nations in trade negotiations. The prin-
ciples of the Doha round of trade talks
will also be discussed. Panelists
include Gerard Depayre, deputy head
of the European Commission to the
United States; Alejandro Jara, Chilean
ambassador to the WTO; and Alberto
Trejos, minister of trade for Costa
Rica. "What Can the World Trade
Organization Do to Help Poor Coun-
tries" is sponsored by the William
Davidson Institute and is from 4 to 6
p.m. tomorrow at Hale Auditorium in
the Business School.
Film screening to
examine youth in
"The Burglar," a film about a young
punk musician living in 1980s
Leningrad, Russia, will be screened as
part of the Celebrating St. Petersburg
themed semester. The film examines
the lives of youth in the era. Sponsored
by the Center for Russian and East
European Studies, the movie will be
presented at 8:30 p.m. in Auditorium A
of Angell Hall.
will highlight war
The performance will include musi-
cal works such as Sergei Prokofiev's
Seventh Sonata in addition to other
pieces that are inspired by wars and
revolutions in society. Sponsored by
and held at the Museum of Art, "Music
of Revolution and Change" is at 7 p.m.
Thursday in the museum's Alumni
choir to perform
St. Petersburg Academic Capella
Choir will perform Sergei Rachmani-
noff's Vespers, referred to by many as
one of the greatest Russian Orthodox
pieces ever written. The ensemble has
existed for over 500 years and Peter the
Great was among its member. The
group performed at the inauguration of
the city of St. Petersburg in 1703. The
concert is at 8 p.m. on Thursday at St.
Francis of Assisi Catholic Church.
General admission is $30, and student
tickets are $10.
Prof to speak on
Epidemiology Prof. James Koopman
will discuss how quarantine helped
stop the spread of Severe Acute Respi-
ratory Syndrome and how quarantine
models can be used to stop emerging
infections such as smallpox. He will
also speak about the extreme forms of
quarantine used to deal with SARS and
whether such forms can be avoided.
"Quarantine for Emerging Infections
like SARS" is presented by the Depart-
ment of Epidemiology and is from 3 to
4 p.m. tomorrow in Auditorium One of
the School of Public Health.
Profs will present
Radiology Prof. Kirk Frey will pres-
ent his paper titled "Imaging Psychos-
+imn1nn+ VPnrmnirmt9" and
Speaker advocates labor-friendly chocolate
By David Branson
Daily Staff Reporter
Every time you drink hot chocolate, make
brownies, or eat a candy bar, you could be
supporting laborers in developing countries.
Abel Fernandez, manager of the Dominican
Republic-based corporation Conacado, spoke
last night at the School of Natural Resources
about how people can support workers like
his by purchasing Fair Trade
certified chocolate. "(The choc
The cocoa plant and
specifically the beans from sweeter in t
its pods are fermented and tath W
produced into chocolate. that the WC
Cooperativs like Conacado, been comp
which includes 9,000 small teW ritt,
farmers in the Dominican the work th
Republic, export commodi- done"
ties like cocoa to Europe and
the United States with a Fair
Trade license. Environm
The individual farmers
who work for Conacado directly benefit from
the purchasing of Fair Trade chocolate.
Unlike corporations, Fair Trade is an inter-
national organization that sets labor and pro-
duction criteria for corporations in
One of the largest appeals of Fair Trade
products is a portion of the profits are rein-
vested into social programs that provide edu-
cation, health services and environmentally
first female to
top police po!
DETROIT (AP) - Ella Bully-Cummings was ap
Detroit's interim police chief yesterday, becoming t
woman to hold the department's top post.
Bully-Cummings, 46, replaces Jerry Oliver, who r
on Friday after reports that he failed to declare a loa
tol in his checked luggage on an Oct. 18 flight. Ye
Oliver was charged with a misdemeanor count of po
of an unlicensed handgun.
Oliver said the distraction caused by the ir
made it too difficult to implement needed cha
Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick said he will not coi
search for a chief other than Bully-Cummings. He w
say how long her interim period would last before sh
manently named chief.
"We will be the model police agency in this cc
Bully-Cummings, who joined the department in 19
19-year-old rookie, promised the audience at an e
press conference last night.
"The most important thing the mayor said today a
day was this is a change in leadership, not directic.
department is headed on the right path," she said.
Bully-Cummings said she, Oliver and the depar
command staff have effected tremendous change a
would continue. After a federal investigation into the
ment, Detroit officials agreed in June to two consentc
from the U.S. Justice Department that called for a
pendent monitor to oversee operations.
Bully-Cummings said she has been part of the adnm
tive team that handled disciplinary cases within the
ment for the past year and a half. There are more t
active cases against Detroit police officers, rang
importance from minor misconduct to felonies, she s
"These cases will be brought to a conclusion a
ones will be opened up if officers commit crimes," sh
"I have a reputation for being tough but that toug
tempered with fairness."~
.Oliver, 56, is expected to stay on staff for a short p
help with the transition.
He stepped down a day after Wayne County Pro
Michael Duggan told the former chief's lawyert
would be charged with a misdemeanor. The federal
portation Safety Administration has already annou
will fine Oliver for failing to declare the gun.
"It doesn't matter who you are' Duggan said. "If
not license your handgun ... I am going to charge you
Oliver, who faces up to 90 days in jail if convi
expected to be arraigned this week.
His attorney, Anthony Chambers, said he was aw
the charge was expected but couldn't comment on sp
"We've cooperated with this investigation at all
and we continue to do so," Chambers said.
Oliver, the chief since January 2002, said he
think he had to register the personal weapon inI
gan, where he was in the process of becon
licensed, sworn police officer. He has been a
officer in other departments and said he has h
gun for years.
By the time of his resignation, Oliver had passed
and firearms tests for out-of-state officers said Davi<
a spokesman for the Michigan Commission o:
The only item outstanding on Oliver's applicatior
required medical screening, which was in process
time, he said.
Bully-Cummings issued a blanket warning yesterc
officers on the force who may expect things to returi
pre-Oliver system were in for a surprise.
"Fair Trade is a bit more expensive, but
the consumer has a clear idea of where the
product is from, how it was grown and what
its story is ... Fair Trade connects the con-
sumer and the small farmer," Fernandez
In addition to being certified by Fair Trade,
Conacado is organically certified. But
because the market for Fair Trade products is
not large enough, Conacado can only sell half
its yearly export with
*olate) the benefits.
The other half is sold
the sense at market price to larger
corporations like Mars
Inc., Hershey Foods Co.
ensated for and Nestle.
ley've demand," said Yochanan
Zakai, one of the organ-
izers of the event and a
- Yochanan Zakai member of the Environ-
nental Justice Group mental Justice Group.
"Since it's just a certifi-
Mr. Abel Fernandez, right, discusses fair trade chocolate and the community of cocoa growers In the Dominican
Republic. Before the event, sponsors served fair trade hot chocolate and brownies and passed out pamphlets.
cation, it can exist for any company. There is
even Fair Trade Starbucks and if people ask
for it they have to brew it."
Most Americans are part of the U.S. con-
sumer market for commodities like chocolate,
which renders Fair Trade's potential for suc-
cess infinitely large.
"I think Fair Trade is relatively new on
campus but will grow as more people hear
about it," LSA sophomore Ariel Kiken said.
Like any alternative product, the compara-
bly higher cost of Fair Trade chocolate is
often a drawback.
But the increase in price results in better
wages and social services.
"You are supporting a lot of small farmers
in developing countries," Fernandez said.
"It's worth it because of things like the
social premium," Zakai said, echoing Fernan-
dez. "Fair Trade supports the people who
The Fair Trade licensing exists for coffee,
fruits, chocolate and other commodities and
is available in many coffee shops and stores
in Ann Arbor.
"It's at Coffee Beanery, Cape Verde, Ren-
dezvous and (Espresso) Royale. And you can
request it anywhere," Zakai said.
"(The chocolate) is sweeter in the sense
that the workers have been compensated for
the work they've done, but it's still from the
cocoa plant and tastes like normal chocolate,"
Nope, I got 'em all cut
Owner Eric Pitts works his magic as he cuts a customer's hair yesterday afternoon at Pitts Barber Shop on
Nainlsrv vlae status of wolveries in Michigan
By Lindsey Paterson
For the Daily
Did real wolverines ever roam the Wolver-
ine State? Patrick Rusz of the Michigan
Wildlife Conservancy says yes.
"I'm a believer that there once were
wolverines," he said.
The question surfaced recently when the
Predator Conservation Alliance, based in
Bozeman, Wyo., petitioned to place the
wolverine on the endangered species list. The
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service declined the
motion due to what they claimed was insuffi-
cient information about the mammal.
In response to the petition, the U.S. Forest
Service will conduct a study in 2004 to
determine the wolverine's "biology, ecology,
distribution and habitat ... as well as poten-
tial threats to its existence," said Ralph Mor-
genweck, director of the Fish and Wildlife
Service's Mountain-Prairie Region, in a writ-
Rusz stated that the U.S. Forest Service will
"most likely not do field work; they will just
check old records."
Currently, the status of the wolverine, a mem-
ber of the weasel family, is labeled as "Sensi-
tive," WolverineFoundation.org states. Their
numbers are declining due to hunting and fur
trapping, but there is evidence that wolverines
exist in the western United States in Montana
and Idaho, as well as some parts of Europe.
The wolverine also resides in Manitoba, a
province in Canada located just 400 miles
from the western edge of the Upper Peninsula.
The wolverine's habitat is not very specific
and their territory is large - it is entirely pos-
sible that the wolverine could live in parts of
the Upper Peninsula, Rusz stated.
"There is lots of evidence that the wolverine
was part of the local fauna,"he added. Newspa-
per accounts are among the only surviving evi-
dence of these sightings, since there have not
been any bones or pelts found at archaeological
sites. "One assumes that if there are newspaper
accounts, they probably did happen," Rusz said.
Rusz has been involved in five years of
research on mountain lions in Michigan, and
has determined that there is sufficient evidence
that mountain lions survive in the state. He said
mountain lion sightings are reported about once
per week, while in the same five-year period, he
has only heard of four wolverine reports - all
in distant locale. Remote areas such as the
Keweenaw Peninsula and Delta County, also in
the Upper Peninsula, are settings of the wolver-
So why does the University boast the
wolverine as its mighty mascot? Dan Madaj,
administrative associate at the University's
Natural History Museum said that the univer-
sity teams originally called themselves the
"Maroons," and in 1869 changed the title to
"Wolverines." The wolverine exhibit in the
Natural History Museum states, "The wolver-
ine has never been the state animal, nor
Michigan officially the wolverine state. The
name applies exclusively to the athletic teams
of the University of Michigan."
But even with evidence showing that the
wolverine was not an integral part of the cam-
pus, many students are not willing to elect a
new mascot. "Wolverines are tradition. I would-
n't want that to change," LSA freshman Brad
LSA sophomore Emily Faistenhammer
echoed Seddon's thoughts. She said, "The hel-
mets (of the university) and the wolverine are
so recognizable, it wouldn't be the same with
a different mascot."
But some students see the wolverine as a
useless mascot. "If we had a mascot we could
do more with, that would be good," LSA jun-
ior Rehab Shabana said.
For those students expecting to see a
wolverine on campus, it will come as a disap-
pointment that the animal has not been spot-
ted in the Lower Peninsula in the past 100
years. But there is always hope for spotting
the large mammal.
The wolverine has large claws and padded
feet, can climb trees and is mostly nocturnal.
Their fur is a dark brown with two lighter
brown stripes curving down its back. Their size
is "considerably larger than a raccoon, (and)
they look about like a bear cub," Rusz said.
They can range from three-to three-and-a-half
feet long and weigh about 25 to 40 pounds.
In comparison, 40-pound bobcats live in
Michigan, so while the wolverine is not mas-
sive, this powerful animal can successfully
attack prey five times its size. The wolverine
lives an average of less than 10 years in the
wild and up to 14 in captivity.
Proposal B would create a green-
belt of 7,000 acres around the city o
Ann Arbor. This was incorrectly report-
ed on Page 4A of yesterday's Daily.
EVERYDAY FINANCE 101-WHAT YOU NEED TO
KNOW Now TO BECOME FINANCIALLY SAvVY!i
Join us Tuesday, November 4th 6:30-7:30 pm
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