The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 23, 2003 - 7A
Continued from Page 1
While Wendy's reported sales increases of,
3.5 percent in September, Burger King's sales
have been down this year.
At the University, students may be respond-
ing to such concerns. Music sophomore Lau-
ren Gross said many of her friends and
classmates are watching their diets. "A lot of
my friends are much more aware of healthy
eating," she said.
But Mancuso warned that the Premium Sal-
ads and other low-fat offerings may only be a
superficial attempt by fast food companies to
make themselves look health conscious,
instead of moving toward a new trend of
healthier meal offerings.
"The fast food industry makes money off ham-
burgers, chicken fingers and French fries," he said.
"That's their niche. They sell burgers and fries."
Some fast food chains such as Wendy's
offered salad bars in their restaurants in the
late 1980s and early 1990s, but the bars were
shut down because the chains realized they
were not profitable, Mancuso said.
Gross said she enjoys salads sold at
Wendy's and appreciates having the option of
ordering a salad at McDonald's. But she
added that she goes to fast food restaurants to
eat food that tastes good without necessarily
worrying about her caloric intake.
Salads "take away the charm of what fast
food places like McDonald's are known for,"
she said. "Usually when I go to a fast food
restaurant it's for the fast food."
Mancuso said that if fast food chains want to
expand their menus to offer more salads and health-
ier meals, they will be moving away from their tra-
ditional market. Because people go to fast food
chains for good tasting food, "it is going to be a
very difficult thing for them to make that move" to
healthier menus, he said.
Mancuso added that the recent criticisms of
fast food chains for the spread of obesity are
not giving due credit to a growing habit
among Americans to eat more and exercise
less. Fast food companies cannot be com-
pared to the tobacco industry in lawsuits
because hamburgers and fries are not clearly
addictive, he said.
According to the McDonald's statement, U.S.
sales increased 9.5 percent compared to the second
quarter. But European restaurants continued to
struggle, with sales falling 0.1 percent, and sales for
Latin America, Australia and Asia also declined.
Despite the decline, Cantalupo said the European
sector produced its highest quarterly sales increase
of the year.
According to the release, company officials
expect new restaurants to add a few percent-
age points to overall 2003 sales, and about 1
percent to 2004 sales.
Continued from Page 1A
"The alternatives might be worse for a nation
that cannot develop a fully integrated leadership
class," Mahoney said.
But despite the University's victory in Grut-
ter v. Bollinger, she said she does not believe
the case justified race-conscious preferences in
other areas of society, such as in the workforce.
"I don't think you can read the Supreme
Court decision as a license to take race into
consideration in the employment sector," she
When the day of the hearing came, Mahoney
said she felt nervous. She described her reaction
when Justice Antonin Scalia fired off questions
about why the University does not lower its
standards in order to avoid contradicting the
Constitution by using racial preferences in
admissions. Mahoney said most people were
surprised by this line of reasoning.
"Justice Scalia is a very honest intellectual,"
Continued from Page 1A Cont
increase in total student aid is a silver Coll
lining in the dark cloud of tuition colle
"However, we are in the middle of a specs
very difficult period in financing high- siona
er education, and I remain greatly con- tions
cerned about the long-term viability of Depa
the social compact that has served stu- MEA
dents and families so well for more "I
than 50 years," Ward said in a written andc
statement. to er
she said. She added that Scalia was implying
that the University would not fold without
diversity, and that it is a conscious decision
being made in admissions policies - not a
compelling interest. Mahoney also recalled
receiving a barrage of questions from several
justices about whether the Law School's admis-
sions policy amounts to quotas.
"I was very happy when they were asking me
about quotas. You can't get to the question of
quotas" if you do not first establish that diversi-
ty is a compelling interest, she said.
But a critical moment came, she said, when
Justice Sandra O'Connor questioned attorney
Kirk Kolbo about whether racial preferences
can be absolutely rejected, because that would
go against Bakke. In Bakke, racial preferences
were allowed only if they served a compelling
state interest. At this point in the Grutter case,
Mahoney felt Rehnquist was "the underdog,"
referring to his known opposition to the prece-
dent set in Bakke, in tandem with Thomas and
Scalia. O'Connor was widely seen as the swing
inued from Page 1A w
ege Test Assessment currently taken by many
ge-bound students. a
lthough a change in the assessment test is only is
Llative, state legislators and education profes- p
als are already discussing its potential implica- t
. Karen Todorov, head of social studies in the c
artment of Education, said that replacing the
AP with the ACT would be unfortunate. n
t would be a move towards 1950s racism c
classism," she said. Schools "are not going n
=courage marginally prepared students to s
vote that would decide the issue.
Mahoney said she was worried most by the
question of how long universities will need to
use racial preferences. Raised by O'Connor,
Mahoney said she did not give an adequate
response. But the court was still willing to give
affirmative action a chance.
"I really feel what Justice O'Connor is saying
to all of us is that we need to fix the underlying
problem, she said. "We shouldn't just be stand-
ing around drinking champagne. There's a lot of
work to be done."
Mahoney warned that the issue will some-
day be revisited and people will be held
accountable for what has been done. "If we
don't fix this, 25 years is going to come ...
and I don't think you're going to get another
The lecture was part of the Elizabeth
Mullin Welch Lecture Series. Sponsored by
the Center for the Education of Women, it
was held at the Power Center for the Per-
ake the test, and they will make those decisions
s they always have, based on who they think
Hart acknowledged that there are advantages
nd disadvantages to the MEAP test, and said he
s "open to discussion" about a switch. "A lot of
eople feel (MEAP) has restricted teachers' abili-
ies to do what they've always done positively in
lassrooms," he said.
"But there is also the argument that we don't
need a cognitive based test, and (for students) to
ompare themselveswith over a million peers
ationally may be even more helpful for gaining a
ense of how they're doing."
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