The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 7, 2003 - 7
Nobel prize for medicine
awarded to MRI inventor
The Associated Press
An American and a Briton won the
Nobel Prize in medicine yesterday for
discoveries that led to MRI, the body-
scanning technique that has revolution-
ized the detection of disease by
painlessly revealing internal organs in
exquisite 3-D detail.
Paul Lauterbur, 74, of the University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Sir
Peter Mansfield, 69, of the University of
Nottingham in England were honored
for work they did independently of each
other in the 1970s.
Magnetic resonance imaging, or
MRI, represents "a breakthrough in
medical diagnostics and research," with
more than 60 million procedures done
each year around the world, the Nobel
Assembly in Stockholm, Sweden, said.
The now-routine technique became
available to doctors in the 1980s. It
excels at creating images of so-called
soft tissue, allowing many patients to
avoid exploratory surgery. For example,
doctors can see a tumor in the abdomen
or get detailed images of cartilage and
ligaments within the knee without oper-
MRI can also reveal whether lower
back pain stems from pressure on a
nerve or the spinal cord. It can show
chemical changes in tissue that indicate
disease. And it can lay out road maps for
surgeons before they operate for cancer
or other diseases.
Lauterbur said he was "surprised and
very gratified" by the award. "In partic-
ular, I believe, I think the work has been
helpful to many people, and I'm happy
that has been acknowledged by the
Swedish academy" he said.
Mansfield said: "We've waited a long
time, but I must say, I didn't really
expect anything like this to come at this
point in my life. ... My 70th birthday is
this week and although I'm retired, I'm
still working in research, but I'd given up
all hopes and ideas of receiving anything
in the way of an accolade of this type."
The Nobel in medicine comes with a
check equivalent to $1.3 million.
Walter Kucharczyk, president-elect of
the International Society of Magnetic
Resonance in Medicine and chairman of
medical imaging at the University of
Toronto, said MRI is "now an indispen-
sable part of my daily work for diagnos-
ing disorders of the brain and spine, and
similarly for neural surgeons and neurol-
Kucharczyk said the prize for Lauter-
bur and Mansfield is "appropriate
recognition of two tremendous scien-
Former Arkansas gov. dies at 91
Josh Schwadron, a graduate student instructor in accounting, watches himself on the TV show
"Fear Factor" last night in anticipation of winning over $100,000 on the show. Schwadron invited
friends to Touchdown Cafe, which he rented for the occasion.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) - Former Arkansas Gov.
Sid McMath, who had become a powerful prosecutor
and the state's leader by the age of 40, died at his home
in Little Rock. He was 91.
After serving in the military during World War II,
McMath began a career in public service, becoming a
prosecutor in Hot Springs and winning election to his
first of two terms as governor in 1948.
The year McMath left office, however, an investigation
into the state Highway Department led to indictments
against three members of his administration. Two were
acquitted and charges were thrown out against the third.
McMath was never directly linked to any wrongdoing,
but he spent more than 50 years living down the allega-
In his book, "Promises Kept," released this year,
McMath chronicled a dozen years of public service that
began with his military service in the South Pacific and
ended with his 1952 defeat for a third term as governor
in the midst of the scandal.
McMath formed a law practice in Little Rock after
leaving office. In 1954, he made an unsuccessful attempt
to oust Sen. John McClellan, a Democrat. Eight years
later, he unsuccessfully ran again for governor.
Use of stem cells draws
attention of many groups
Continued from Page 1
as well," Kelch said.
Opponents apprehensive about
the research also express a fear of
In order to work with embryonic
stem cells, researchers must first
clone them, and many expressed a
general fear that this may lead to
the cloning of humans.
According to the President Coun-
cil on Bioethics, commissioned to
evaluate the moral and ethical rami-
fications of stem cell research, the
NIH is required to attach guidelines
to all federal funding. Among a
number of provisions, the NIH will
not fund any research "for stem
cells from embryos created through
cloning," as stated in a September
meeting of the council.
"Part of that stems from a lack of
understanding of science. That may
be our fault, not translating the
importance and significance of the
research," said Nancy Reame, who
is a faculty member at the School of
Nursing and has studied the
bioethics of cloning and assisted
"It's wonderful that we're allowed
to get involved with stem cell
research, but there are other coun-
tries that have a less restrictive
political environment," she said.
Reame said she opposes the pres-
ident's stand, which she feels is
based on religious views and scien-
Kelch refuted the claim that stem
cell research will lead to human
"I don't know any reputable sci-
entist who favors human cloning.
And I am very opposed to human
Doing work on stem cell research
will not lead to human cloning,"
According to Kelch, the $2.3 mil-
lion in grant funds that the Univer-
sity will receive has enormous
potential. Studying the un-replicat-
ed cells may allow scientists to
eventually regenerate parts of
organs, like the pancreas and liver,
Kelch added that, although the
government has placed considerable
restrictions on ESCR, he is pleased
that the federal government is mov-
ing forward with public research, as
private research has continued
In August 2001, Bush formally
restricted public research of embryon-
ic stem cells, saying that the govern-
ment would not support the
"destruction" of new embryos.
Bush has limited research on the 30
to 60 publicly available stem cell
When addressing the nation on
stem cell research two years ago,
Bush highlighted the debate within
the church over the issue and
claimed that the "more (people)
know about stem cell research, the
less certain they are about the right
ethical and moral conclusions."
Continued from Page 1
information about a possible sus-
pect in this case. "It sounds really
fuzzy - there's just not a whole lot
to go on right now," she said.
Brown said the alert was issued in
the hopes that it would bring wit-
"In this case, maybe somebody
would have seen something," she
said. Anyone with information
should call the confidential tip line
"We debated that yesterday and
decided to err on the side of issuing
a crime alert so it didn't look like
we were trying to hide anything,"
Brown said. "The theory behind
them is that we're trying to alert the
A crime alert was not issued last
Thursday when a male student
assaulted a 22-year-old female with
an art tool in the Art and Architec-
Brown said DPS did not issue an
alert for that assault because there
was an identified suspect in the
case, which DPS is still investigat-
Brown said that she did not feel
there was a heightened level of dan-
ger on campus, but still recom-
mended that students exercise good
sense when out and about.
She advised that students be
aware of their surroundings, walk
with a buddy if possible, stay in
well-lit areas and to be careful of
anything that would inhibit their
Brown also said that students
shouldn't hold their breath for a
quick resolution to Sunday's assault.
"I'm not convinced this is going to
develop much or develop fast," she
Continued from Page 1
vention's 2003-2004 influenza statis-
tics, about 36,000 people die each
year from the flu, and 114,000 more
are hospitalized. This is partly due to
the fact that the flu can also lead to
The CDC also offers information
Continued from Page 1
gency-room medicine study showed
that among patients with broken
bones, 55 percent of Hispanics did not
receive pain medication while only 26
percent of non-Hispanic whites did
In exploring these findings and its
implications about society, Green
said, "We can't put a finger on one
answer in particular, but at a perceptu-
al level, this has to do with patient
communication, gender, social status,
health care policies and many other
Chronic pain is another area in
which a distinction between ethnici-
ties can be seen. The article cited a
study by Said Ibrahim that showed
blacks with chronic knee and hip pain
testified to more pain severity and
disability than non-Hispanic whites
with chronic pain.
Pain that results in psychological
effects is also displayed differently by
race. Green reported that in a popula-
tion of senior citizens with chronic
pain, non-Hispanic whites do not suf-
fer as large of a psychological burden
about FluMist, a live, intranasal influen-
za vaccine. FluMist was licensed in
2003, and is only available for healthy
individuals ages five to 49.
UHS is not currently offering Flu-
Mist, but it is considering it for possible
use in the future. For now, vaccination is
the only method UHS offers for pre-
venting the flu.
"I think that the vaccination is an
as do blacks. Symptoms of depression
- such as panic, anxiety, irritability
and disability - were reported more
frequently in blacks.
In some cases, it is difficult to tell
if these disparities can be attributed to
patients' individual reactions to pain
or health care providers' assessment
of their pain.
LSA sophomore Vinton Christie
recalled going to the hospital for a
"I wasn't given}the option for med-
ication, or instructions on how to help
my injury heal faster," Christie said.
Possible reasons as to why he received
no medication to alleviate his pain
may be due to the fact that Christie, as
a patient, didn't convey his need for
medication, or that his doctor may
have assessed his injury incorrectly.
Concrete answers as to why these
differences exist are hard to discern.
"This article doesn't call for a
direct explanation of why these dif-
ferences exist, but raises the aware-
ness of health care providers, and
provides them with concrete evi-
dence," Green said.
The review article concluded that
these disparities could be attributed to
option for people who are otherwise
healthy, because influenza is a 10-day
illness and rather severe. But, for people
who do not want it, it is not absolutely
necessary," said Winfield.
Vaccinations are also regularly given
at the Allergy, Immunization and Travel
Clinic, located on the first floor of the
UHS Building. No appointment is nec-
'We can't put a finger
on one answer in
particular, but at a
particular level, this has
to do with patient
gender, social status,
health care policiesand
many other factors:'
- Carmen Green
factors such as patient variables, indi-
vidual health care providers or the
overall health care system in a partic-
The consistency of these findings
convinced Green that deeper research
"Most of the people who wrote for
this paper are still actively looking
into how age, race and gender affect
pain," she said.
The article can be found in Volume
4, Number 3 of Pain Medicine.
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