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September 30, 2003 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-09-30

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LOCAL/STATE

The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 30, 2003 - 5

MEAT
Continued from Page 1
Campbell's Soup Co.
After her own investigation, Kelkar
was upset at the ambiguity of the
term "natural flavors."
"It's absurd that the FDA doesn't
have a specific rule regarding the
contents of natural flavors," Kelkar
said.
Faulkner attempted to clarify the
confusion.
"Any soup that claims to be labeled
vegetarian is vegetarian. The food
industry can use many ingredients to
create 'meaty flavors,"' Faulkner said.
Faulkner said he was unable to give
a definite answer on natural flavors.
"The term (natural flavors) is a
catch-all for spices. Our spice vendor,
McCormick, uses a variety of prod-
ucts in their spices," Faulkner said.
Neither the FDA nor McCormick
returned calls for comment.
Ruth Blackburn, the nutritional spe-
cialist for Residential Dining Services
at the University, admitted the inher-
ent problems with "natural flavors."
"Natural flavors have always been
a problem for vegetarians," Black-
burn said.
"A company may not tell you the
content of natural flavors because
they want flexibility, they want to
use what's less expensive," she
added.
Blackburn said that because
almost all of the University's resi-
dence hall meals are made from
scratch, they can keep an accurate
list of all the ingredients and can
offer full disclosure on all the dish-
es prepared.
She did say that while the Universi-
ty rarely uses manufactured goods,
some of those products may contain
natural flavors.
"Some products we use, like our
Chef Boyardee Cheese Ravioli con-
tain 'natural flavors,"' Blackburn
said.
Blackburn said the University
offers complete and customizable
programs for both vegetarians and
vegans and produced a list of all the
vegetarian and vegan dishes the
school offers. No items on the list
had "natural flavors" in the list of
ingredients.
At a Residential Dining Services
meeting last night in East Quad Res-
idence Hall, vegan and vegetarian
students simultaneously expressed
their satisfaction with the Universi-
ty's dining options and their wari-
ness of "natural flavors".
LSA sophomore Yosief Gheresus, a
vegan, said he always checks the
labels of the food he purchases.
"I never gave it any thought before
but then I realized 'natural flavors'
could be anything. Spices are natural,
so is chicken stock. It makes me very
worried," Gheresus said.

Journalist:News coverage of
Middle East conflid unbalanced

JOURNALIST
Continued from Page 1
speech.
"She obviously had ulterior motives for promoting
divestment, but it was a powerful presentation," RC
sophomore Becky Eisen said.
"She promoted objectivism, but only provided
one-sided information," LSA sophomore Jonathan
Goldberg said.
"She didn't see the suffering (of Israel)," he
added.
GENDER GAP
Continue ' from Page 1
are highly achieving, we examine whether
women are being afforded the same access to
higher education as men are," said Jeanne
Miller, a librarian at the Center for the Edu-
cation of Women.
The University's research coincides with
this study, said Pamela Davis-Kean, assistant
research scientist for Institute for Research
on Women and Gender and the Institute for
Social Research (ISR).
"Our research consistently shows that girls
outperform boys grade-wise in schools,"
Davis-Kean said.
The study released by OECD cited girls'
strength in reading - but University research
shows that girls also do noticeably better than
boys in math and science, a claim that has
long been disputed.
"We have shown that girls' math grades at their
junior year in high school are better than that of
their male counterparts," Davis-Kean said.
"If you actually look at SAT scores, men do
better, but there has been some theory show-
ing that there's a restricted range for men who
take it. The higher achieving boys take it. The
wide range of girls (both high- and low-
achieving) that take the test bring the overall
mean down," she added.
Davis-Kean, who works on the Gender
Achievement Research Program at ISR,
added that women from all achievement lev-
els strive to enter higher education, while
only the most accomplished boys go to col-
lege. Men, on average, have a greater oppor-
tunity of getting jobs without a college
degree - in fields such as mechanics and
construction.
Although the study did not compare women
and boys' mathematical and scientific skills,
University researchers and administrators in
gender issues expressed both concern and
hope for women in math and science. In sci-
ence and engineering, the pipeline effect is
especially noticeable. In 2002, the Universi-
ty's engineering program conferred 14 per-
cent of its doctoral degrees to women and 24
percent of its masters' degrees.
"Historically, women took fewer math
classes, but that's changing now, which is
good. Then, they can go on to be math and
science majors. And also historically, women
have not done so well on the math portion of

"I do not call myself pro-Palestinian," said Weir.
"I am against the oppression of any human beings,
regardless of race, religion, or ethnicity."
When visiting the Palestinian occupied territo-
ries, Weir recalled being well received. "When I
told Palestinians I was an American, the invariable
response was 'Welcome."'
The event was held in Angell Hall last night and
was sponsored by Students Allied for Freedom and
Equality.
- Sheyonna Manns and Siabhon Sturdivant con-
tributed to this report for the Daily.
A lot of the girls who go
into engineering are
confident, having ambition
to enter a male-dominated
field. Going against those
odds, I think, says a lot
about the character of
women in science and
engineering.
- Evita Nedelkoska
Vice president, Society of Women Engineers
the SAT, but that is also changing. Women are
catching up," said Cinda-Sue Davis, director
of the Women in Science and Engineering
Program.
"We work with women in the elementary and
high schools. We have a large K-12 outreach pro-
gram, and we encourage women to go into sci-
ence and engineering fields," Davis added.
But some students rejected the claim that
scholastic aptitude is a gender-related issue.
"I think that everybody works as hard as
they want to. It all depends on your individ-
ual aptitude, so it's not gender-specific,"
Business School junior Yanru Chen said.
Evita Nedelkoska, vice president of the
Society of Women Engineers, agreed with
this claim.
"I personally don't feel that it's gender-spe-
cific. I definitely see girls who feel the need
to prove themselves, because the spotlight is
on us. There are girls that I see who work
really hard, but it might just be their own per-
sonal nature," Nedelkoska said. "A lot of the
girls who go into engineering are confident,
having ambition to enter a male-dominated
field. Going against those odds, I think, says
a lot about the character of women in science
and engineering."
LSA sophomore Adam Hogan agreed that
academic achievement and ambition are more
personal than gender-related.
"I think it depends on the person. I can see
that women may have added pressure, but I
wouldn't say that I support (the idea). And
achievement changes from person to person,
even day to day," Hogan said.

BUSH
Continued from Page 1
lenges, it was uncertain whether the
FCC would have a role in enforcing
the list.
"They don't have any prohibitions
against them," FTC spokeswoman
Cathy MacFarlane said. "They can go
forward and do what we would have
done."
Powell noted that in yet another court
ruling related to the list, a three-judge
panel of the Denver appeals court on
Friday denied a request from telemar-
keters who wanted to block the FCC's
role in the registry.
Yesterday, Supreme Court Justice
Stephen Breyer refused to block that
decision, but the telemarketers could
renew their request with another jus-
tice. If the Supreme Court grants the
request to temporarily suspend the
FCC's rules, both agencies would be
blocked from enforcing the list.
The FCC joined last summer with the
FTC, which operates the registry, to
ensure the list applies to all industries.
The FCC's do-not-call regulations mir-
ror and expand upon those of the FTC,
which have been put on hold.
On Thursday, U.S. District Judge
Edward Nottingham ruled that the do-
not-call list is unconstitutional on free-
speech grounds because it applies to
calls from businesses but not charities.
That decision effectively blocked the
FTC from enforcing the list.
The FTC says people can still sign
up for the list and file complaints
about telemarketer violations at
www.donotcall.gov or by calling 1-
888-382-1222.
FCC officials said complaints will
be forwarded to their agency for
enforcement. Consumers can also file
complaints directly with the FCC by
calling 1-888-225-5322.
"The FCC will enforce its do-not-
call rules against telemarketers that
have obtained the do-not-call list from
the FTC, beginning tomorrow," Powell
said.
Adding another wrinkle to the
bewildering situation, the FTC on
Sunday shut down the service that
allows telemarketers to obtain the list
so they can know who not to call. So
not all telemarketers have the list.
Many of those that do have it say
they will comply despite the legal
confusion,
The Direct Marketing Association,
representing more than 70 percent of the-
telemarketing industry, asked its mem-
bers last week to abide by the list.
Nearly 200 of the largest members
have voiced no objection to the request
and some have actively pledged to com-
ply, association spokesman Louis Mas-
tria said yesterday.
"The industry seems to understand
what we've said for almost 20 years:
People don't want to get called, they
shouldn't get called," Mastria said.

H ISPAN ICS
Continued from Page 1
Engineering Senior Edgar Garza, another organizer of the
forum, said Hispanic students at the University are con-
cerned because most of the new conglomerate's chairmen
"are supporting issues that hurt us."
Between 1994 and 1996 Perenchio donated money to for-
mer California Gov. Pete Wilson, who supported Califor-
nia's Proposition 187 to restrict the children of illegal
immigrants from access to public education.
Univision's news programs also cover little opposition to
President Bush's policies, including the war in Iraq and
Bush's nomination of Miguel Estrada to the Supreme
Court, Garza said.
"The Bush administration needs the Latino vote to get
him re-elected. The two companies in the merger support
Bush," he said. "They also have very biased viewpoints.
... There was much opposition to Estrada, but it was not
announced."
Garza added that he is equally concerned that the merger
may reduce competition in the Hispanic media and that Uni-
vision's chairmen may use the revenues to donate political
issues that most Hispanics do not support.
Maldonado said the company has promised that program-
ming would not change after the merger, adding that "we're
more concerned about where the power lies."
Spanish-language media are the only news source for
many Hispanics, Maldonado said. "In some cases that's all
they'll hear," he said.
Despite the students' concerns that Univision may not
accurately represent the views of the Hispanic community,
the chairmen of Univision and HBC said the merger will
place Spanish-language media on a level playing field with
other media conglomerates.
"Our employees will see expanded professional
opportunities, our audiences will enjoy expanded news,
information and entertainment programming and we
will be able to better serve our communities, both local-
ly and nationally, with even deeper involvement," said
Univision Radio President Mac Tichenor, the former
CEO of HBC, in a written statement.
More than 100 Hispanic organizations supported the
merger, including the Hispanic Media Coalition and civil
rights group La Raza, Perenchio said in the statement.
. Politicians encouraging the merger included Congres-
sional Hispanic Caucus Chairman Ciro Rodriguez (D-
Texas), New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson and Sens.
Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Barbara Baxter (D-Calif.),
according to the statement.
"We continue to be guided by our commitment to serve
our audience, and we take great pride in the unique role
Univision plays in the lives of millions of Hispanic Ameri-
cans"Perenchio said.
"We expect that Univision's new ability to offer advertis-
ers the brand-building power of television in combination
with the promotional power of radio will accelerate their
development of Spanish-language marketing campaigns," he
added.
Perenchio also donated $1.5 million to fight California's
Proposition 227, which would have abolished the state's
bilingual public education system.
The Latino Media Merger Forum is part of a greater
effort to increase awareness about the merger and its possi-
ble repercussions among Hispanic students at the University,
many of who do not realize that the merger took place,
Garza said.
In addition to educating students on campus, Maldonado
said he also plans to contact state legislators, Congressmen,
University administrators and media outlets about the issue.
Increased awareness among the Hispanics may affect
how they vote in the 2004 election, he added. As a result,
Bush and politicians serving constituencies dominated
by Hispanics may need to address the merger and its
effects, he said.

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